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Broome County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,600.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Binghamton. The county was named in honor of John Broome, who was lieutenant governor in 1806 when Broome County was established.

Broome County, New York
County
County of Broome
Broome County Courthouse Dec 08.jpg
Broome County Courthouse
Flag of Broome County, New York
Flag
Seal of Broome County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Broome County
Location in the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1806
Named for John Broome
Seat Binghamton
Largest city Binghamton
Area
 • Total 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Land 706 sq mi (1,829 km2)
 • Water 9.7 sq mi (25 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 200,600
 • Density 284/sq mi (110/km²)
Congressional districts 19th, 22nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gobroomecounty.com

Broome County is part of the Binghamton, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The current county executive is Jason T. Garnar. Broome County is also home to Binghamton University, one of four university centers in the SUNY system.

Contents

HistoryEdit

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Broome County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

In 1791, Tioga County split off from Montgomery County, along with Herkimer and Otsego Counties. Tioga County was at this time much larger than the present county and included the present Broome and Chemung Counties and parts of Chenango and Schuyler Counties.

In 1798, Tioga County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Chemung County (which also included part of the present Schuyler County) and by the combination of a portion with a portion of Herkimer County to create Chenango County.

In 1806, the present-day Broome County was split off from Tioga County.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 706 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 9.7 square miles (25 km2) (1.4%) is water.[2]

Broome County is located in south-central New York, directly north of the border with Pennsylvania in a section of the state called the Southern Tier. The Chenango River joins the Susquehanna River, which flows through the county.

The western half of the county is hilly but has wide valleys that accommodate Binghamton and its suburbs. In the northern portion Interstate 81 takes advantage of another glacial valley. To the east, however, the terrain becomes much more rugged as the land tilts up to the Catskills.

The highest elevation is a U.S. National Geodetic Survey benchmark known as Slawson atop an unnamed hill in the Town of Sanford. It is approximately 2087 feet[3] (636 m) above sea level. An area due east on the Delaware County line in Oquaga Creek State Park also lies within the same elevation contour line. The lowest point is 864 feet (263 m) above sea level, along the Susquehanna at the Pennsylvania state line.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1810 8,130
1820 14,343 76.4%
1830 17,579 22.6%
1840 22,338 27.1%
1850 30,660 37.3%
1860 35,906 17.1%
1870 44,103 22.8%
1880 49,483 12.2%
1890 62,973 27.3%
1900 69,149 9.8%
1910 78,809 14.0%
1920 113,610 44.2%
1930 147,022 29.4%
1940 165,749 12.7%
1950 184,698 11.4%
1960 212,661 15.1%
1970 221,815 4.3%
1980 213,648 −3.7%
1990 212,160 −0.7%
2000 200,536 −5.5%
2010 200,600 0.0%
Est. 2016 195,334 [4] −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 200,536 people, 80,749 households, and 50,225 families residing in the county. The population density was 284 people per square mile (110/km²). There were 88,817 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.33% White, 3.28% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.79% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.1% were of Irish, 13.3% Italian, 12.3% German, 11.6% English, 6.4% American and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000 [2]. 91.4% spoke English, 2.0% Spanish and 1.1% Italian as their first language.

There were 80,749 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.60% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.80% were non-families. 31.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,347, and the median income for a family was $45,422. Males had a median income of $34,426 versus $24,542 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,168. About 8.80% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politicsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 47.6% 40,943 45.6% 39,212 6.9% 5,917
2012 46.2% 37,641 51.5% 41,970 2.4% 1,954
2008 45.1% 40,077 53.1% 47,204 1.8% 1,556
2004 47.4% 43,568 50.4% 46,281 2.2% 2,041
2000 42.4% 36,946 52.1% 45,381 5.5% 4,757
1996 36.1% 31,327 51.2% 44,407 12.8% 11,080
1992 34.7% 34,653 43.5% 43,444 21.8% 21,749
1988 49.4% 47,610 50.0% 48,130 0.7% 625
1984 60.5% 58,109 39.2% 37,658 0.3% 322
1980 44.0% 39,275 41.5% 37,013 14.6% 12,992
1976 55.5% 50,340 43.9% 39,827 0.5% 491
1972 59.8% 55,736 39.9% 37,154 0.3% 245
1968 52.5% 46,872 41.9% 37,451 5.6% 4,988
1964 35.2% 32,048 64.8% 59,021 0.1% 70
1960 59.4% 56,467 40.5% 38,462 0.1% 62
1956 74.3% 67,024 25.7% 23,217 0.0% 0
1952 71.4% 64,738 28.5% 25,833 0.1% 119
1948 60.7% 43,110 36.1% 25,654 3.1% 2,222
1944 58.5% 44,013 41.3% 31,056 0.2% 137
1940 57.7% 44,013 42.1% 32,092 0.2% 179
1936 54.7% 36,945 43.9% 29,708 1.4% 950
1932 58.0% 32,751 40.4% 22,802 1.7% 941
1928 65.3% 39,860 32.0% 19,563 2.7% 1,669
1924 67.7% 28,262 22.3% 9,289 10.1% 4,198
1920 69.0% 24,759 25.8% 9,251 5.3% 1,893
1916 53.3% 11,445 41.5% 8,906 5.2% 1,105
1912 43.6% 7,949 35.8% 6,533 20.7% 3,770
1908 58.2% 10,705 36.2% 6,671 5.6% 1,032
1904 59.5% 10,853 35.6% 6,480 4.9% 897
1900 58.0% 10,397 37.1% 6,652 4.9% 877
1896 63.8% 10,630 32.8% 5,461 3.5% 583
1892 52.4% 8,259 38.3% 6,040 9.3% 1,474
1888 53.7% 8,405 41.2% 6,447 5.1% 801
1884 53.0% 7,182 42.6% 5,780 4.4% 602

Broome County's offices are housed in the Edwin L. Crawford County Office Building of Government Plaza located at 60 Hawley Street in Downtown Binghamton. In 2016 Donald Trump became the first Republican to win the county since Ronald Reagan in 1984.

ExecutiveEdit

Broome County Executives
Name Party Term
Edwin L. Crawford Republican 1969–1976
Donald L. McManus Democratic 1977–1980
Carl S. Young Republican 1981–1988
Timothy M. Grippen Democratic 1989–1996
Jeffrey P. Kraham Republican 1997–2004
Barbara J. Fiala Democratic 2005–Apr. 15, 2011
Patrick J. Brennan Democratic Apr. 16, 2011–Dec. 31, 2011
Debra A. Preston Republican Jan. 1, 2012–Dec. 31, 2016
Jason T. Garnar[11] Democratic Jan. 1 2017–

LegislatureEdit

The Broome County Legislature consists of 15 members.[12] All fifteen members of the legislature are elected from individual districts. Currently, there are 11 Republicans and 4 Democrats.

Broome County Legislature
District Legislator Title Party Residence
1 Stephen J. Flagg Majority Leader Republican Colesville
2 Scott D. Baker Republican Windsor
3 Kelly F. Wildoner Republican Binghamton
4 Daniel D. Reynolds Democratic Vestal
5 Daniel J. Reynolds Chairman Republican Vestal
6 Greg W. Baldwin Republican Endicott
7 Matthew J. Pasquale Republican Endicott
8 Jason E. Shaw Republican Endwell
9 Ronald J. Keibel Republican Triangle
10 Cindy O'Brien Republican Chenango
11 Ron Heebner Republican Johnson City
12 Michael P. Sopchak, Jr. Republican Johnson City
13 Robert Weslar Democratic Binghamton
14 Mary Kaminsky Democratic Binghamton
15 Mark R. Whalen Minority Leader Democratic Binghamton

Party affiliationEdit

Voter registration as of April 1, 2016[13]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 40,835 5,446 46,281 37.00%
Republican 40,667 3,176 43,843 35.06%
Unaffiliated 20,997 4,145 25,142 20.10%
Other[nb 1] 8,548 1,254 9,802 7.84%
Total 111,047 14,021 125,068 100%

EducationEdit

The four primary institutes of higher education in Broome County include:

CommunitiesEdit

Notable nativesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Included are voters affiliated with the Conservative Party, Green Party, Working Families Party, Independence Party, Women's Equality Party, Reform Party, and other small parties.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  3. ^ http://www.cnyhiking.com/BroomeCounty.htm
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ "County Executive - Jason T. Garnar | broomecountyny". www.gobroomecounty.com. Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "NYSVoter Enrollment by County, Party Affiliation and Status" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. April 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 30, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016. 
  14. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

Coordinates: 42°10′N 75°49′W / 42.16°N 75.82°W / 42.16; -75.82