1980 United States census

The United States census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 census.[1] It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

Twentieth census
of the United States

← 1970 April 1, 1980 1990 →

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
USCensus1980.svg
1980 U.S. census logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population226,545,805 (Increase 11.4%)
Most populous ​stateCalifornia
23,667,902
Least populous ​stateAlaska
401,851

Census questionsEdit

The 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents:[2]

  • Address
  • Name
  • Household relationship
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Whether of Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent

It was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household."[3]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availabilityEdit

Microdata from the 1980 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2052.[4]

State rankingsEdit

 
A map showing the population change of each US State by percentage.
Rank State Population as of
1980 census
Population as of
1970 census
Change Percent
change
1   California 23,667,902 19,953,134 3,714,768   18.6%  
2   New York 17,558,072 18,236,967 –678,895   –3.7%  
3   Texas 14,229,191 11,196,730 3,032,461   27.1%  
4   Pennsylvania 11,863,895 11,793,909 69,986   0.6%  
5   Illinois 11,426,518 11,113,976 312,542   2.8%  
6   Ohio 10,797,630 10,652,017 145,613   1.4%  
7   Florida 9,746,324 6,789,443 2,956,881   43.6%  
8   Michigan 9,262,078 8,875,083 386,995   4.4%  
9   New Jersey 7,364,823 7,168,164 196,659   2.7%  
10   North Carolina 5,881,766 5,082,059 799,707   15.7%  
11   Massachusetts 5,737,037 5,689,170 47,867   0.8%  
12   Indiana 5,490,224 5,193,669 296,555   5.7%  
13   Georgia 5,463,105 4,589,575 873,530   19.0%  
14   Virginia 5,346,818 4,668,494 678,324   15.0%  
15   Missouri 4,916,686 4,676,501 240,185   8.3%  
16   Wisconsin 4,705,767 4,417,731 288,036   6.5%  
17   Tennessee 4,591,120 3,923,687 667,443   17.0%  
18   Maryland 4,216,975 3,922,399 294,576   7.5%  
19   Louisiana 4,205,900 3,641,306 564,594   15.5%  
20   Washington 4,132,156 3,409,169 722,987   21.2%  
21   Minnesota 4,075,970 3,804,971 270,999   7.1%  
22   Alabama 3,893,888 3,444,165 449,723   13.1%  
23   Kentucky 3,660,777 3,218,706 442,071   13.7%  
24   South Carolina 3,121,820 2,590,516 531,304   20.5%  
25   Connecticut 3,107,576 3,031,709 75,867   2.5%  
26   Oklahoma 3,025,290 2,559,229 466,061   18.2%  
27   Iowa 2,913,808 2,824,376 89,432   3.2%  
28   Colorado 2,889,964 2,207,259 682,705   30.9%  
29   Arizona 2,718,215 1,745,944 972,271   55.7%  
30   Oregon 2,633,105 2,091,533 541,572   25.9%  
31   Mississippi 2,520,638 2,216,192 304,446   13.7%  
32   Kansas 2,363,679 2,246,578 117,101   5.2%  
33   Arkansas 2,286,435 1,923,295 363,140   18.9%  
34   West Virginia 1,949,644 1,744,237 205,407   11.8%  
35   Nebraska 1,569,825 1,483,493 86,332   5.8%  
36   Utah 1,461,037 1,059,273 401,764   37.9%  
37   New Mexico 1,302,894 1,017,055 285,839   28.1%  
38   Maine 1,124,660 992,048 132,612   13.4%  
39   Hawaii 964,691 769,913 194,778   25.3%  
40   Rhode Island 947,154 946,725 429   0.0%  
41   Idaho 943,935 712,567 231,368   32.5%  
42   New Hampshire 920,610 737,681 182,929   24.8%  
43   Nevada 800,493 488,738 311,755   63.8%  
44   Montana 786,690 694,409 92,281   13.3%  
45   South Dakota 690,768 665,507 25,261   3.8%  
46   North Dakota 652,717 617,761 34,956   5.7%  
  District of Columbia 638,333 756,510 –118,177   –15.6%  
47   Delaware 594,338 548,104 46,234   8.4%  
48   Vermont 511,456 444,330 67,126   15.1%  
49   Wyoming 469,557 332,416 137,141   41.3%  
50   Alaska 401,851 300,382 101,469   33.8%  

Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States population increased by approximately 22,164,837 or 9.8%.

City rankingsEdit

Rank City State Population[5] Region (2016)[6]
01 New York New York 7,071,639 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,005,072 Midwest
03 Los Angeles California 2,966,850 West
04 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,688,210 Northeast
05 Houston Texas 1,595,138 South
06 Detroit Michigan 1,203,339 Midwest
07 Dallas Texas 904,078 South
08 San Diego California 875,538 West
09 Phoenix Arizona 789,704 West
10 Baltimore Maryland 786,775 South
11 San Antonio Texas 785,880 South
12 Indianapolis Indiana 700,807 Midwest
13 San Francisco California 678,974 West
14 Memphis Tennessee 646,356 South
15 Washington District of Columbia 638,333 South
16 Milwaukee Wisconsin 636,212 Midwest
17 San Jose California 629,442 West
18 Cleveland Ohio 573,822 Midwest
19 Columbus Ohio 564,871 Midwest
20 Boston Massachusetts 562,994 Northeast
21 New Orleans Louisiana 557,515 South
22 Jacksonville Florida 540,920 South
23 Seattle Washington 493,846 West
24 Denver Colorado 492,365 West
25 Nashville-Davidson Tennessee 455,651 South
26 St. Louis Missouri 453,085 Midwest
27 Kansas City Missouri 448,159 Midwest
28 El Paso Texas 425,259 South
29 Atlanta Georgia 425,022 South
30 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 423,938 Northeast
31 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 403,213 South
32 Cincinnati Ohio 385,457 Midwest
33 Fort Worth Texas 385,164 South
34 Minneapolis Minnesota 370,951 Midwest
35 Portland Oregon 366,383 West
36 Honolulu Hawaii 365,048 West
37 Long Beach California 361,334 West
38 Tulsa Oklahoma 360,919 South
39 Buffalo New York 357,870 Northeast
40 Toledo Ohio 354,635 Midwest
41 Miami Florida 346,865 South
42 Austin Texas 345,496 South
43 Oakland California 339,337 West
44 Albuquerque New Mexico 331,767 West
45 Tucson Arizona 330,537 West
46 Newark New Jersey 329,248 Northeast
47 Charlotte North Carolina 314,447 South
48 Omaha Nebraska 314,255 Midwest
49 Louisville Kentucky 298,451 South
50 Birmingham Alabama 284,413 South
51 Wichita Kansas 279,272 Midwest
52 Sacramento California 275,741 West
53 Tampa Florida 271,523 South
54 Saint Paul Minnesota 270,230 Midwest
55 Norfolk Virginia 266,979 South
56 Virginia Beach Virginia 262,199 South
57 Rochester New York 241,741 Northeast
58 St. Petersburg Florida 238,647 South
59 Akron Ohio 237,177 Midwest
60 Corpus Christi Texas 231,999 South
61 Jersey City New Jersey 223,532 Northeast
62 Baton Rouge Louisiana 219,419 South
63 Anaheim California 219,311 West
64 Richmond Virginia 219,214 South
65 Fresno California 218,202 West
66 Colorado Springs Colorado 215,150 West
67 Shreveport Louisiana 205,820 South
68 Lexington-Fayette Kentucky 204,165 South
69 Santa Ana California 203,713 West
70 Dayton Ohio 203,371 Midwest
71 Jackson Mississippi 202,895 South
72 Mobile Alabama 200,452 South
73 Yonkers New York 195,351 Northeast
74 Des Moines Iowa 191,003 Midwest
75 Grand Rapids Michigan 181,843 Midwest
76 Montgomery Alabama 177,857 South
77 Knoxville Tennessee 175,030 South
78 Anchorage Alaska 174,431 West
79 Lubbock Texas 173,979 South
80 Fort Wayne Indiana 172,196 Midwest
81 Lincoln Nebraska 171,932 Midwest
82 Spokane Washington 171,300 West
83 Riverside California 170,876 West
84 Madison Wisconsin 170,616 Midwest
85 Huntington Beach California 170,505 West
86 Syracuse New York 170,105 Northeast
87 Chattanooga Tennessee 169,565 South
88 Columbus Georgia 169,441 South
89 Las Vegas Nevada 164,674 West
90 Metairie Louisiana 164,160 South
91 Salt Lake City Utah 163,033 West
92 Worcester Massachusetts 161,799 Northeast
93 Warren Michigan 161,134 Midwest
94 Kansas City Kansas 161,087 Midwest
95 Arlington Texas 160,113 South
96 Flint Michigan 159,611 Midwest
97 Aurora Colorado 158,588 West
98 Tacoma Washington 158,501 West
99 Little Rock Arkansas 158,461 South
100 Providence Rhode Island 156,804 Northeast

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 46 (p. 52 of PDF). Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York: Basic Books. p. 246. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
  4. ^ PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff. "The "72-Year Rule" – History – U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  5. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  6. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

External linksEdit