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The Sixtieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1907, to March 4, 1909, during the last two years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

60th United States Congress
59th ←
→ 61st
March 4, 1907 – March 4, 1909
Senate PresidentCharles W. Fairbanks (R)
Senate President pro temWilliam P. Frye (R)
House SpeakerJoseph G. Cannon (R)
Members92 senators
391 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityRepublican
1st: December 2, 1907 – May 30, 1908
2nd: December 7, 1908 – March 3, 1909


Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

States admittedEdit

  • November 16, 1907: Oklahoma was admitted as the 46th state.

Party summaryEdit

Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 60th Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans and blue by two Democrats. Purple states are represented by one senator from each party.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 32 58 90 0
Begin 29 60 89 1
End 31 61 920
Final voting share 33.7% 66.3%
Beginning of next congress 32 59 91 1

House of RepresentativesEdit

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of previous congress 133 0 246 379 7
Begin 161 1 221 383 3
End 164 220 3856
Final voting share 42.6% 0.3% 57.1%
Beginning of next congress 170 1 218 389 2



Skip to House of Representatives, below


At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1908; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1910; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1912.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membershipEdit

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 10
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 1
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 11
Vacator Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Rhode Island
Vacant Legislature failed to elect. George P. Wetmore (R) January 22, 1908
John C. Spooner (R) Resigned April 30, 1907. Successor was elected. Isaac Stephenson (R) May 17, 1907
John Tyler Morgan (D) Died June 11, 1907. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected John H. Bankhead (D) June 18, 1907
Edmund Pettus (D) Died July 27, 1907. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected Joseph F. Johnston (D) August 8, 1907
New seats Oklahoma achieved statehood November 16, 1907 Robert L. Owen (D) December 11, 1907
Thomas Gore (D)
Stephen Mallory II (D) Died December 23, 1907. Successor was appointed. William J. Bryan (D) December 27, 1907
South Carolina
Asbury Latimer (D) Died February 20, 1908. Successor was appointed. Frank B. Gary (D) March 6, 1908
Redfield Proctor (R) Died March 4, 1908. Successor was appointed. John W. Stewart (R) March 24, 1908
William P. Whyte (D) Died March 17, 1908. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. John W. Smith (D) March 25, 1908
William J. Bryan (D) Died March 22, 1908. Successor was appointed. William H. Milton (D) March 27, 1908
William B. Allison (R) Died August 4, 1908. Successor was elected. Albert B. Cummins (R) March 17, 1909
John W. Stewart (R) Successor was elected. Carroll S. Page (R) October 21, 1908

House of RepresentativesEdit

  • replacements: 13
  • deaths: 10
  • resignations: 7
  • contested elections: 0
  • new seats: 7
  • Total seats with changes: 20
District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Michigan 5th Vacant Rep. William Alden Smith resigned during previous congress Gerrit J. Diekema (R) April 27, 1907
Kansas 1st Vacant Rep. Charles Curtis resigned during previous congress Daniel R. Anthony Jr. (R) May 23, 1907
Virginia 8th Vacant Rep. John F. Rixey died during previous congress Charles C. Carlin (D) November 5, 1907
Pennsylvania 2nd John E. Reyburn (R) Resigned March 31, 1907, after being elected Mayor of Philadelphia Joel Cook (R) November 5, 1907
Virginia 9th Campbell Slemp (R) Died October 13, 1907 C. Bascom Slemp (R) December 17, 1907
Oklahoma 1st New seat New State November 16, 1907. Bird S. McGuire (R) November 16, 1907
Oklahoma 2nd Elmer L. Fulton (D)
Oklahoma 3rd James S. Davenport (D)
Oklahoma 4th Charles D. Carter (D)
Oklahoma 5th Scott Ferris (D)
Philippines Resident Commissioner New seat New territory November 22, 1907 Benito Legarda (R) November 22, 1909
Philippines Resident Commissioner Pablo Ocampo (D)
Illinois 25th George W. Smith (R) Died November 30, 1907 Napoleon B. Thistlewood (R) February 15, 1908
Louisiana 1st Adolph Meyer (D) Died March 8, 1908 Albert Estopinal (D) November 3, 1908
New York 3rd Charles T. Dunwell (R) Died June 12, 1908 Otto G. Foelker (R) November 3, 1908
Indiana 13th Abraham L. Brick (R) Died April 7, 1908 Henry A. Barnhart (D) November 3, 1908
Alabama 2nd Ariosto A. Wiley (D) Died June 17, 1908 Oliver C. Wiley (D) November 3, 1908
South Dakota At-large William H. Parker (R) Died June 26, 1908 Eben Martin (R) November 3, 1908
Maine 4th Llewellyn Powers (R) Died July 28, 1908 Frank E. Guernsey (R) November 3, 1908
Maine 2nd Charles E. Littlefield (R) Died September 30, 1908 John P. Swasey (R) November 3, 1908
Louisiana 2nd Robert C. Davey (D) Died December 26, 1908 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 12th Charles N. Brumm (R) Resigned January 4, 1909, after becoming judge for Schuylkill County Court of Common Pleas Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Connecticut At-large George L. Lilley (R) Resigned January 5, 1909, after being elected Governor of Connecticut Seat remained vacant until next Congress
North Carolina 5th William W. Kitchin (D) Resigned January 11, 1909, after being elected Governor of North Carolina Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Rhode Island 1st Daniel L. D. Granger (D) Died February 14, 1909 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Ohio 21st Theodore E. Burton (R) Resigned March 3, 1909, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Seat remained vacant until next Congress


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (5 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit




House of RepresentativesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Walgren, John A. (1916). Federal Employers' Liability Act: practitioner's manual. T.H. Flood. Retrieved September 14, 2009.