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William Brown McKinley (September 5, 1856 – December 7, 1926) was a United States Representative and United States Senator from the State of Illinois. He was a member of the Republican Party. He was born near Petersburg, Illinois.

William Brown McKinley
William Brown McKinley.jpg
United States Senator
from Illinois
In office
March 4, 1921 – December 7, 1926
Preceded by Lawrence Yates Sherman
Succeeded by Otis F. Glenn
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 19th district
In office
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1921
Preceded by Charles M. Borchers
Succeeded by Allen F. Moore
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 19th district
In office
March 4, 1905 – March 3, 1913
Preceded by Vespasian Warner
Succeeded by Charles M. Borchers
Personal details
Born (1856-09-05)September 5, 1856
Petersburg, Illinois, United States
Died December 7, 1926(1926-12-07) (aged 70)
Martinsville, Indiana, United States
Political party Republican
Alma mater University of Illinois

After graduating from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, McKinley became a drug clerk in Springfield. He returned to Champaign to become a banker. In 1902, he was elected a trustee of the university. McKinley ran for U.S. House of Representatives in 1905, winning his first of four consecutive terms. In 1913, he ran for the U.S. Senate against Lawrence Yates Sherman and lost.

He ran for Congress again in 1914 and won, serving from 1915 until 1921. In 1920, McKinley ran against Sherman for the Senate, this time winning. In 1926, he ran for re-election and lost to Frank L. Smith (who ultimately was denied the seat by the Senate on the grounds of fraud and corruption in his campaign).

McKinley was also chief executive of the Illinois Traction System. The McKinley Bridge between Venice, Illinois and St Louis, Missouri was named for him. The McKinley Health Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is also named for him.

McKinley died on December 7, 1926, aged 70.

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