Michigan's 6th congressional district

Michigan's 6th congressional district is a United States congressional district in southwest Michigan. It consists of all of Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, and Van Buren, counties, and includes most of Allegan county. Its largest city is Kalamazoo.

Michigan's 6th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 6th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Fred Upton
RSt. Joseph
Population (2019)721,508
Median household
income
$56,520[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+5[2]

2011 redistricting removed the portion of Calhoun County that had been in the district, and added northwestern Allegan County, leaving only parts of the city of Holland in the 2nd district.

Major citiesEdit

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2020 President Trump 51 - 47%
2016 President Trump 51 - 43%
2012 President Romney 50 - 49%
2008 President Obama 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 44%
1992 President Clinton 39 - 38%

HistoryEdit

Michigan's sixth congressional district was originally formed in 1862. At this time it had all the Upper Peninsula except Menominee, Delta and Mackinac counties.

The district was vaguely contiguous, in that it did not contain the Straits of Mackinac but did include Presque Isle County, which can be reached without going through another district's area. It included another 21 counties on the Lower Peninsula. The southern boundary of the district was formed by Clinton, Shiawassee, Genesee, Tuscola and Huron counties. The district had a population of 97,783.[3]

In 1872, the sixth district was shifted southward. It retained Clinton, Shiawassee, and Genesee counties while adding Ingham, Livingston and Oakland counties. With 163,000 residents the district had 12,000 more inhabitants than the next most populous district, and 65,000 more residents than Michigan's least populous district.[4]

In 1882, Shiawassee County was removed from the district. The new district had about 165,000 people. In 1892, Clinton County was removed but the townships of Livonia, Nankin (now Westland, Michigan and surrounding cities), Redford (including the eastern portion since annexed by Detroit), Greenfield (almost all now in Detroit, except the portion that became Highland Park, Springwells (since annexed by Detroit and Dearborn), and Dearborn in Wayne County were added, as well as the part of Detroit west of Lawton. This new district had a population of 190,539 that was 0.8% African-American.[5]

No changes were made in the boundaries of the district in 1902. Its population had risen to 221,699.[6]

It was not until 1932 that the boundaries of the 6th district were altered. In this year it lost its parts of Oakland and Wayne counties and was shifted to Ingham, Livingston, and Genesee Counties. These boundaries were not changed until 1964, when the district was redrawn to cover Jackson, Ingham, and Shiawassee counties.

In 1972, the district was redrawn to include Jackson, Ingham, and Livingston counties, as well as the western portion of Washtenaw County.

In 1982 the district was redrawn to Ingham, Livingston, and northwestern Oakland counties with a finger stretching all the way to Pontiac. Waterford Township was in the district, as was Auburn Hills, but Orion Township, Rochester Hills and Bloomfield Hills were all in other districts. The boundaries also included Independence Township, White Lake Township, Rose Township, Springfield Township and Highland Township. Brighton and the areas directly east of it in Livingston County were also not in this district. Most of Lansing was put in the 3rd district. In Jackson County the district covered Henrietta Township, Rives Township, and Tompkins Township. In Clinton County it included Bath Township. In Shiawassee County the district included Antrim Township, Perry Township, Perry, and Woodhull Township.[7][8]

In 1992, most of the old 6th's territory became the 8th district, while the 6th was redrawn to cover most of the old 4th and a small portion of the old 3rd, ending the splitting of Kalamazoo County between two districts. There were minor changes in the districts boundaries in 2002 and 2012.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Term Cong
ress
Electoral History
District created March 4, 1863
  John F. Driggs Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1869 38th
39th
40th
Elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
Retired.
  Randolph Strickland Republican March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 41st Elected in 1868.
Lost renomination.
  Jabez G. Sutherland Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 42nd Elected in 1870.
Retired.
  Josiah Begole Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 43rd Elected in 1872.
Lost re-election.
  George H. Durand Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877 44th Elected in 1874.
Lost re-election.
  Mark S. Brewer Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881 45th
46th
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Retired.
  Oliver L. Spaulding Republican March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 47th Elected in 1880.
Lost re-election.
  Edwin B. Winans[9] Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Retired.
  Mark S. Brewer Republican March 3, 1887 – March 3, 1891 50th
51st
Elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Retired.
  Byron G. Stout[10] Democratic March 3, 1891 – March 3, 1893 52nd Elected in 1890.
Lost re-election.
  David D. Aitken Republican March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 53rd
54th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Retired to run for Governor of Michigan.
  Samuel W. Smith Republican March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1915 55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
.Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Retired.
  Patrick H. Kelley Republican March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923 64th
65th
66th
67th
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
  Grant M. Hudson Republican March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1931 67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Lost renomination.
  Seymour H. Person Republican March 4, 1931 – March 3, 1933 72nd Elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
  Claude E. Cady Democratic March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 73rd Elected in 1932.
Lost re-election.
  William W. Blackney Republican January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1937 74th Elected in 1934.
Lost re-election.
  Andrew J. Transue Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 75th Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.
  William W. Blackney Republican January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1953 76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Retired.
  Kit Clardy Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955 83rd Elected in 1952.
Lost re-election.
  Donald Hayworth Democratic January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1957 84th Elected in 1954.
Lost re-election.
  Charles E. Chamberlain Republican January 3, 1957 – December 31, 1974 85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Retired and resigned early.
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
93rd
  Bob Carr Democratic January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981 94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
  Jim Dunn Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983 97th Elected in 1980.
Lost re-election.
  Bob Carr Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993 98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
  Fred Upton Republican January 3, 1993 – present 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Redistricted to the 4th district and retiring at the end of his term.

Recent election resultsEdit

2012Edit

Michigan's 6th congressional district, 2012[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 174,955 54.6
Democratic Mike O'Brien 136,563 42.6
Libertarian Christie Gelineau 6,366 2.1
Independent Jason Gatties 2,591 0.7
Total votes 320,475 100.0
Republican hold

2014Edit

Michigan's 6th congressional district, 2014[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 116,801 55.9
Democratic Paul Clements 84,391 40.4
Libertarian Erwin Haas 5,530 2.6
Green John Lawrence 2,254 1.1
Total votes 208,976 100.0
Republican hold

2016Edit

Michigan's 6th congressional district, 2016 [13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 193,259 58.6
Democratic Paul Clements 119,980 36.5
Libertarian Lorence Wenke 16,248 4.9
Independent Richard Miller Overton (write-in) 78 0.0
Total votes 329,565 100.0
Republican hold

2018Edit

Michigan's 6th congressional district, 2018[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 147,436 50.2
Democratic Matt Longjohn 134,082 45.7
Constitution Stephen Young 11,920 4.1
Total votes 293,438 100.0
Republican hold

2020Edit

Michigan's 6th congressional district, 2020[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 211,496 55.8
Democratic Jon Hoadley 152,085 40.1
Libertarian Jeff DePoy 10,399 2.7
Green John Lawrence 4,440 1.2
Independent Jerry Solis (write-in) 560 0.2
Total votes 378,980 100.0
Republican hold

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013
 
1993 - 2003

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "My Congressional District".
  2. ^ "Full Cook PVI Map". Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  3. ^ Parson, Beach and Dubin. Congressional Districts and Data p. 119
  4. ^ Parson et al.Congressional Districts and Data p. 180-181
  5. ^ Parsons, Dubin and Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 222
  6. ^ Parsons et al. Congressional Districts p. 359
  7. ^ Barone, Michael and Grant Ujifusa. The Almanac of American Politics. (Washington: National Journal, 1983) p. 576
  8. ^ http://www.censu.gov[permanent dead link] maps
  9. ^ Edwin B. Winans was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  10. ^ Byron G. Stout was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1890 to the 52nd Congress.
  11. ^ "2012 Michigan House Results". Politico.
  12. ^ "2014 Michigan Official General Election Results - 11/04/2014".
  13. ^ "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  14. ^ Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  15. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 42°09′51″N 86°09′22″W / 42.16417°N 86.15611°W / 42.16417; -86.15611