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Westland is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located about 16 miles (26 km) west of downtown Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 84,094.[6] It is the 10th largest city and 12th largest municipality in Michigan.

Westland, Michigan
City

City of Westland

(pronounced: West Land', not West'lind)
Westland City Hall
Westland City Hall
Flag of Westland, Michigan
Flag
Official seal of Westland, Michigan
Seal
Nickname(s): An all American City.
Location of Westland within Michigan
Location of Westland within Michigan
Westland, Michigan is located in the US
Westland, Michigan
Westland, Michigan
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°19′27″N 83°24′1″W / 42.32417°N 83.40028°W / 42.32417; -83.40028
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 • Mayor William R. Wild
Area[1]
 • City 20.45 sq mi (52.97 km2)
 • Land 20.43 sq mi (52.91 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 666 ft (199 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 84,094
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 81,545
 • Density 4,100/sq mi (1,600/km2)
 • Metro 4,296,250 (Detroit metro)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48185-48186
Area code(s) 734
FIPS code 26-86000[4]
GNIS feature ID 1616212[5]
Website http://www.cityofwestland.com

Contents

PoliticsEdit

 
The Westland City Hall Sign

The current mayor of Westland is William (Bill) Wild. During his first term as President of the Westland City Council, Mr. Wild was appointed as mayor after Mayor Sandra A. Cicirelli was elected as judge of the 18th District Court in November 2006. Mr. Wild took office in January 2007 and continues to serve as mayor.

In the judicial branch of government, Sandra A. Ference Cicirelli and Mark A. McConnell. Cicirelli have served all three branches of government in the City of Westland.

The legislative body of Westland is the City Council, which contains seven members. The current President of the City Council is James Godbout. He was re-elected in 2015 and has spent almost 20 years on City Council.

In addition to Council President Godbout, Council President Pro-Tem Christine Cicirelli is the daughter of Judge Sandra Cicirelli. Other Council members are Elbert Johnson, Adam Hammons, Michael Kehrer, Kevin Coleman and Peter Herzberg.

Councilman Peter Herzberg, elected in 2015, is the youngest elected Council person in the history of the City of Westland. At 25 years old, Herzberg has already spent countless years volunteering for community organizations and working as a public servant.

Richard Leblanc was elected as City Clerk in the November 2015 election. He has experience as a former City Council Member in Westland, as well as time in the State House of Representatives and the Wayne County Commission.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

 
The Octagon House, part of the Westland Historical Park
 
Nankin Mills

During the 18th century, the area was inhabited by the people of a Potawatomi Native American village. Other tribes, particularly three Algonquian tribes, used the area as hunting territory.

Before becoming Westland, the area had several other names. Though white settlers did not begin to settle the area until about 1824, they began passing through at the beginning of the 19th century.

Bucklin Township was first organized in 1827 and included what is now the cities of Westland, Livonia, Garden City, Inkster, Wayne, Dearborn, Dearborn Heights and Redford Township.

The Norwayne subdivision is one of the oldest areas of the city, having existed for over 65 years. The area was built immediately after World War II to provide temporary housing for returning soldiers who worked in nearby factories. In late 2009 the City of Westland received $2.061 million to radically clean up, restore and rehabilitate this historic district. This is through Stimulus/Recovery funds and was allocated under the NSP - Neighborhood Stabilization Program of 2008. Please see the City of Westland Development for additional details. This project is expected to be completed by 2013 and was highlighted in the 2009 State of the City mayoral address.

Later historyEdit

By 1960, Nankin's population had increased to 70,000, giving the area the distinction of being the world's largest township. During the early 1960s, the city of Livonia wanted to annex the part of Nankin in which a large shopping mall, Westland Shopping Center, was to be built. The shopping center eventually opened in 1965, joining Northland and Eastland malls in Southfield and Harper Woods, respectively. In reaction to Livonia's annexation attempts, the people of Nankin voted on May 16, 1966, to change the remainder of the township to the City of Westland. At that time, it was the fourth largest city in Wayne County.

 
View from Ford Road (M-153) in central Westland, MI

EducationEdit

Westland and the city of Wayne form the Wayne-Westland Community School District. There are four high schools, John Glenn, Tinkham Center, and William D. Ford Career Tech Center in Westland, and Wayne Memorial in Wayne. There is a historical site, Perrinsville School in Westland on Warren Road. Nearly all students that live in the city of Wayne go to Wayne Memorial High School, along with some residents of Van Buren Township, Inkster, Romulus, Canton and southern Westland. Students in central Westland and portions of northern Westland, as well as isolated areas of neighboring Inkster and Canton, attend John Glenn High School. The northernmost portions of Westland are in the Livonia Public Schools district.[7]

Portions of Westland that had been in the Taylor School District prior to the 2013 dissolution of the Inkster School District are assigned to Taylor Parks Elementary School,[8] Hoover Middle School,[9] and Harry S. Truman High School in Taylor.[10]

Portions in Livonia School District are assigned to Hayes (in Westland), Rosedale, Garfield, and Cleveland K-4 elementary schools.[11][12] 5-6 elementary schools include Johnson Upper Elementary School (in Westland) and Cooper Upper Elementary School (in Westland). Livonia SD middle schools serving Westland include Frost and Emerson. Livonia SD high schools serving Westland include Churchill High School and Franklin High School.[11][13]

There is a portion of southeastern Westland that is currently divided between Romulus Community Schools and the Taylor School District that was previously assigned to the Inkster School District.[14][15] Romulus Senior High School is the assigned high school for Romulus students. Students in the Inkster zone previously attended Inkster High School.

There is a charter school in Westland, Universal Learning Academy.

Private schools:

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.45 square miles (52.97 km2), of which 20.43 square miles (52.91 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

DemographicsEdit

 
The 18th District Court, located in Westland
Census Pop.
1930 9,806
1940 15,838 61.5%
1950 30,407 92.0%
1960 60,743 99.8%
1970 86,749 42.8%
1980 84,603 −2.5%
1990 84,724 0.1%
2000 86,602 2.2%
2010 84,094 −2.9%
Est. 2016 81,545 [3] −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 84,094 people, 35,886 households, and 21,289 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,116.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,589.3/km2). There were 39,201 housing units at an average density of 1,918.8 per square mile (740.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.8% White, 17.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 35,886 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 86,602 people, 36,533 households, and 22,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,234.9 per square mile (1,635.1/km²). There were 38,077 housing units at an average density of 1,862.0 per square mile (718.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.21% White, 6.77% African American, 0.46% Native American, 2.81% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.47% of the population.

There were 36,533 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,308, and the median income for a family was $55,323. Males had a median income of $45,111 versus $30,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,615. About 4.7% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

City servicesEdit

 
The William P. Faust Public Library

Westland has a full-time police department and fire department. The fire department offers advanced EMS, fire protection and prevention, and several specialized rescue teams.

The City is known for having an abundance of parks. Hines Park (wayne county parks) is located in the northern region of Westland. Residents along this corridor enjoy seeing deer, fox and hummingbirds all year long as well as easy access to the bike paths of Hines Park. Westland also has numerous City owned parks throughout many of the neighborhoods.

The Westland Public Library offers books, magazines, CDs, playaways, videos, DVDs and electronic materials through access to subscription databases.

The City of Westland offers automated recycling services. For waste disposal, residents have black bins for garbage, and blue bins for recycling. Recycle bins are picked up every other week, while trash is picked up weekly.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Westland city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  7. ^ Wayne RESA School District Map
  8. ^ "Elementary School Boundary Map." Taylor School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Middle School Boundary Map." Taylor School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "High School Boundary Map." Taylor School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Official Zoning Map." City of Westland. September 2014. Retrieved on April 21, 2016.
  12. ^ "K-4 Elementary areas." Livonia School District. Retrieved on April 21, 2016.
  13. ^ "Upper elementary areas, middle school areas, and high school areas." Livonia School District. Retrieved on April 21, 2016.
  14. ^ "NEW SCHOOL DISTRICT BOUNDARIES FOR INKSTER RESIDENTS" (Map). Wayne RESA. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  15. ^ "Street Jurisdiction Map" (Archive) City of Westland. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  17. ^ Clemens, Paul. "Breakdown ‘Detroit: An American Autopsy,’ by Charlie LeDuff." The New York Times. February 22, 2013. Retrieved on July 12, 2014.

External linksEdit