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Chelsea is a city in Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 4,944 at the 2010 census.[6]

Chelsea, Michigan
Downtown Chelsea and the clock tower
Downtown Chelsea and the clock tower
Official seal of Chelsea, Michigan
Seal
Motto(s): 
A city of history, a city of pride
Location within Washtenaw County
Location within Washtenaw County
Chelsea is located in Michigan
Chelsea
Chelsea
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°19′05″N 84°01′13″W / 42.31806°N 84.02028°W / 42.31806; -84.02028Coordinates: 42°19′05″N 84°01′13″W / 42.31806°N 84.02028°W / 42.31806; -84.02028
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyWashtenaw
Area
 • Total3.67 sq mi (9.50 km2)
 • Land3.62 sq mi (9.37 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation
932 ft (284 m)
Population
 • Total4,944
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
5,474
 • Density1,440.82/sq mi (556.25/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
48118
Area code(s)734
FIPS code26-15020[4]
GNIS feature ID0623143[5]
Websitecity-chelsea.org

In March 2004 by a 995-226 vote, residents approved a change in municipal status from a village into a city. Residents no longer pay property taxes to adjacent Lima and Sylvan townships as they had under the village government. The city provides all services formerly provided by both village and township governments.[7]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.68 square miles (9.53 km2), of which 3.63 square miles (9.40 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[8]

 
Chelsea Milling Co. grain elevators

ClimateEdit

This climatic region has large, varying seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chelsea has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[9]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18701,013
18801,16014.5%
18901,35616.9%
19001,63520.6%
19101,7647.9%
19202,07917.9%
19302,2689.1%
19402,246−1.0%
19502,58014.9%
19603,35530.0%
19703,85815.0%
19803,816−1.1%
19903,772−1.2%
20004,39816.6%
20104,94412.4%
Est. 20185,474[3]10.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,944 people, 2,224 households, and 1,284 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,362.0 inhabitants per square mile (525.9/km2). There were 2,436 housing units at an average density of 671.1 per square mile (259.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 2,224 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 43.5 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 22.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.5% male and 54.5% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,398 people, 1,840 households, and 1,133 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,315.3 per square mile (508.4/km²). There were 1,913 housing units at an average density of 572.1 per square mile (221.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.14% White, 0.70% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 1,840 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the village the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 24.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $51,132, and the median income for a family was $72,266. Males had a median income of $50,506 versus $35,579 for females. The per capita income for the village was $27,609. About 2.5% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

 
Chelsea High School

Chelsea residents typically send their children to public institutions, including North Creek Elementary School (formerly North Elementary), South Meadows Elementary School (formerly South Elementary), Pierce Lake Elementary School (now closed), Dwight E. Beach Middle School, and Chelsea High School.

EconomyEdit

Chelsea Milling, maker of Jiffy Mix, is based in Chelsea. Other employers include Saint Joseph Mercy Chelsea, the Chrysler Proving Grounds, and the Special Alternative Incarceration Facility.[11]

AwardsEdit

In 2008, Chelsea District Library was named Best Small Library in America[12] by Library Journal.[13]

Notable peopleEdit

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Chelsea city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
  7. ^ News-Herald. "thenewsherald.com - The Voice of Downriver". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  9. ^ "Chelsea, Michigan Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ Search Results - Chelsea, Michigan - ReferenceUSA Archived 2016-05-18 at the Portuguese Web Archive Current Businesses
  12. ^ John N. Berry, III (1 February 2008). "Best Small Library in America 2008: Chelsea District Library-A Michigan Model". Library Journal. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Library Journal". Library Journal.
  14. ^ XVIII Airborne Corps biography Archived August 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Jeff Daniels". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Sister Cities Association of Chelsea, Michigan, Inc". Retrieved 1 December 2016.

External linksEdit