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2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan

The 2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan were held on November 8, 2016, to elect the 14 U.S. Representatives from the state of Michigan, one from each of the state's 14 congressional districts. The elections coincided with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate in 33 other states and various state and local elections. The deadline for candidates to file for the August 2 primary election was April 19.[1]

2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan

← 2014 November 8, 2016 (2016-11-08) 2018 →

All 14 Michigan seats to the United States House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Republican Democratic
Last election 9 5
Seats won 9 5
Seat change Steady Steady
Popular vote 2,243,402 2,193,980
Percentage 48.03% 46.97%
Swing Increase0.55% Decrease2.20%

United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2016.svg
Results by Congressional district.

Contents

District 1Edit

When Republican Dan Benishek first ran to represent Michigan's 1st congressional district in the 2010 elections, he pledged to serve no more than three terms. In March 2015, he decided to run for a fourth term as the district's representative.[2] But he changed his mind in September and decided not to seek re-election.[3]

On June 24, Michigan Democratic Party chairman Lon Johnson declared his run for the seat.[4] Former Democratic nominee Jerry Cannon also announced his candidacy.[5] Republican state senator Tom Casperson announced his run in November 2015.[6] Casperson was challenged in the Republican primary by former state legislator Jason Allen who announced he was running in January 2016[7] and retired U.S. Marine Jack Bergman who declared in March.[8] In January 2016, Benishek endorsed Casperson's candidacy.[9]

In the August 2 primary, Jack Bergman won the GOP nomination and Lon Johnson won the Democratic nomination.[10]

Republican primaryEdit

NomineeEdit

Defeated in primaryEdit
DeclinedEdit
  • Dan Benishek, incumbent U.S. Representative[11]

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jack Bergman 33,632 38.6
Republican Tom Casperson 27,813 32.0
Republican Jason Allen 25,607 29.4
Total votes 87,052 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

NomineeEdit

Defeated in primaryEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lon Johnson 31,677 71.6
Democratic Jerry Cannon 12,539 28.4
Total votes 44,216 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 1st congressional district, 2016[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jack Bergman 197,777 54.9
Democratic Lon Johnson 144,334 40.1
Libertarian Diane Bostow 13,386 3.7
Green Ellis Boal 4,774 1.3
Total votes 360,271 100.0
Republican hold

District 2Edit

Republican Incumbent Rep. Bill Huizenga is running for re-election. His Democratic opponent is Dennis Murphy, and his Libertarian opponent is Kentwood City Commissioner Erwin Haas.[14][16][17]

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Huizenga (incumbent) 60,844 100.0
Total votes 60,844 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Dennis Murphy

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dennis Murphy 26,498 100.0
Total votes 26,498 100.0

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 2nd congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Huizenga (incumbent) 212,508 62.6
Democratic Dennis Murphy 110,391 32.5
Libertarian Erwin Haas 8,154 2.4
Green Matthew A. Brady 5,353 1.6
Taxpayers Ronald Graeser 2,904 0.9
Independent Joshua Arnold (write-in) 18 0.0
Total votes 339,328 100.0
Republican hold

District 3Edit

Republican Incumbent Rep. Justin Amash is running for re-election and his Democratic opponent is Douglas Smith.[17]

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (incumbent) 55,889 100.0
Total votes 55,889 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Douglas Smith

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Douglas Smith 20,352 100.0
Total votes 20,352 100.0

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 3rd congressional district, 2016[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Justin Amash (incumbent) 203,545 59.5
Democratic Douglas Smith 128,400 37.5
Taxpayers Ted Gerrard 10,420 3.0
Total votes 342,365 100.0
Republican hold

District 4Edit

Republican Incumbent Rep. John Moolenaar is running for re-election and his Libertarian opponent is Leonard Schwartz. Keith Butkovich is the candidate for the Natural Law Party, George Zimmer for the U.S. Taxpayers Party and George Salvi for the Green Party.[14] There was no Democratic opponent on the August primary ballot, but Debra Wirth launched a successful write-in campaign to be the Democratic nominee for the November election.

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Moolenaar (incumbent) 57,886 100.0
Total votes 57,886 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Debra Wirth, Write-in

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debra Wirth (write-in) 2,013 100.0
Total votes 2,013 100.0

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 4th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Moolenaar (incumbent) 194,572 61.6
Democratic Debra Wirth 101,277 32.1
Libertarian Leonard Schwartz 8,516 2.7
Taxpayers George M. Zimmer 5,595 1.8
Green Jordan Salvi 3,953 1.2
Natural Law Keith Butkovich 1,838 0.6
Total votes 315,751 100.0
Republican hold

District 5Edit

Democratic incumbent Rep. Dan Kildee is running for re-election and his Republican opponent is Al Hardwick.[17]

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dan Kildee (incumbent) 59,090 100.0
Total votes 59,090 100.0

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Al Hardwick

ResultsEdit

Republican Primary Results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Al Hardwick 18,246 100.0
Total votes 18,246 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 5th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dan Kildee (incumbent) 195,279 61.2
Republican Al Hardwick 112,102 35.1
Libertarian Steve Sluka 7,006 2.2
Green Harley Mikkelson 4,904 1.5
Total votes 319,291 100.0
Democratic hold

District 6Edit

Incumbent Fred Upton is seeking re-election to his House seat. His Democratic challenger in 2014, Paul Clements, is running again.[18]

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 49,733 100.0
Total votes 49,733 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Paul Clements 21,622 100.0
Total votes 21,622 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 6th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Fred Upton (incumbent) 193,259 58.6
Democratic Paul Clements 119,980 36.5
Libertarian Lorence Wenke 16,248 4.9
Independent Richard Miller Overton (write-in) 78 0.0
Total votes 329,565 100.0
Republican hold

District 7Edit

The 7th district is located in Southern Michigan. The incumbent is Republican Tim Walberg, who has represented the district since 2011 and previously represented the district from 2007 to 2009. He was re-elected with 53% of the vote in 2014 and the district has a PVI of R+3. Walberg is being challenged by Doug North.[20] Democratic state representative Gretchen Driskell, the former mayor of Saline, has announced that she will run against Walberg in 2016,[21] As will Libertarian Ken Proctor.[14] Former state representative and 2014 nominee Pam Byrnes may also run.[22][23] Walberg won the Republican nomination.[24]

Republican primaryEdit

NominatedEdit

Defeated in primaryEdit
  • Doug North

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Walberg (incumbent) 43,120 75.2
Republican Doug North 14,247 24.8
Total votes 57,367 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gretchen Driskell 25,611 100.0
Total votes 25,611 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

PollingEdit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Tim
Walberg (R)
Gretchen
Driskell (D)
Undecided
Harper Polling (R) September 12–13, 2015 404 ± 5.0% 49% 32% 20%
IMP/Revsix/Change Media March 13–16, 2015 422 ± 5.0% 37% 42% 21%

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 7th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Walberg (incumbent) 184,321 55.1
Democratic Gretchen Driskell 134,010 40.0
Libertarian Ken Proctor 16,476 4.9
Total votes 334,807 100.0
Republican hold

District 8Edit

Freshman Republican incumbent Mike Bishop ran for re-election. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary. Jeff Wood ran as a Libertarian.[14]

Two Democratic candidates were originally slated to face each other in the Democratic primary. They were former actress Melissa Gilbert (Little House on the Prairie) and a former president of the Screen Actors Guild, and Linda Keefe.[17]

Gilbert withdrew from the race in May 2016 due to health issues, and at that time Keefe did not appear to have collected enough valid petition signatures to be placed on the ballot.[25]

On July 6, 2016, Democrats introduced 29-year-old Suzanna Shkreli, an Assistant Macomb County Prosecutor to be the party's nominee.[26] At the time of Shkreli's announcement, it was still unclear if Michigan Secretary of State Ruth Johnson would allow Gilbert to be removed from the ballot. Johnson said that the Office of the Secretary of State would not make a ruling until after the state's August 2 primary.[27] Gilbert's name remained on the ballot.

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Bishop (incumbent) 56,424 100.0
Total votes 56,424 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

On August 2, Gilbert received the most votes in the Democratic primary, receiving 28,810 votes, despite previously announcing her withdrawal from the race. Michigan Democratic Party Chairman Brandon Dillon said the day after that the party would begin the process to remove Gilbert from the November ballot and replace her with Shkreli within 48 hours.[28] Bishop's campaign described Gilbert's attempt to be removed from the ballot as unprecedented. A Democratic campaign spokesman said they had retained legal counsel for the process.[28]

The Michigan state elections director said that Gilbert's name could be removed from the ballot in the general election.[29] On August 22, 2016, the state board of canvassers allowed Gilbert's name to be replaced on the November ballot with that of Shkreli.[30]

NominatedEdit

  • Suzanna Shkreli, Assistant Macomb County Prosecutor

Failed to qualifyEdit

WithdrewEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Melissa Gilbert 28,810 100.0
Total votes 28,810 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

PollingEdit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample>
size
Margin of
error
Mike
Bishop (R)
Suzanna
Shkreli (D)
Undecided
Public Opinion Strategies (R-Bishop/NRCC) September 10–12, 2016 400 ± 4.9% 53% 34%

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 8th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Bishop (incumbent) 205,629 56.0
Democratic Suzanna Shkreli 143,791 39.2
Libertarian Jeff Wood 9,619 2.6
Green Maria Green 5,679 1.6
Natural Law Jeremy Burgess 2,250 0.6
Total votes 366,968 100.0
Republican hold

District 9Edit

Democratic Incumbent Rep. Sander Levin is running for re-election. His Republican challenger is Christopher Morse, and his Libertarian opponent is Matt Orlando.[13][17][14]

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 48,393 100.0
Total votes 48,393 100.0

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Christopher Morse

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Christopher Morse 32,964 100.0
Total votes 32,964 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 9th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 199,661 57.9
Republican Christopher Morse 128,937 37.4
Libertarian Matthew Orlando 9,563 2.8
Green John V. McDermott 6,614 1.9
Total votes 344,775 100.0
Democratic hold

District 10Edit

Republican incumbent Candice Miller, who has represented the 10th district since 2003, was not running for reelection.[32] State representative Tony Forlini,[33] State Senator Phil Pavlov, businessman Paul Mitchell, former state senator Alan Sanborn, and retired military veteran David VanAssche are seeking the Republican nomination to succeed Miller.[34] State Senator Jack Brandenburg considered entering into the race, but declared in January 2016 that he would not run.[35][36] Paul Mitchell won the Republican nomination.[24]

Republican primaryEdit

NominedEdit

Defeated in primaryEdit
WithdrewEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Paul Mitchell 30,114 38.0
Republican Phil Pavlov 22,018 27.8
Republican Alan Sanborn 12,640 15.9
Republican Tony Forlini 7,888 9.9
Republican David VanAssche 6,690 8.4
Total votes 79,350 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Frank Acavitti, Jr.

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Acavitti, Jr. 20,710 100.0
Total votes 20,710 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 10th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Paul Mitchell 215,132 63.1
Democratic Frank Accavitti, Jr. 110,112 32.3
Libertarian Lisa Lane Gioia 10,612 3.1
Green Benjamin Nofs 5,127 1.5
Total votes 340,983 100.0
Republican hold

District 11Edit

The 11th district is located northwest of Detroit. The incumbent is Republican Dave Trott, who has represented the district since 2015. He was elected in 2014, winning the general election with 55.9% of the vote. He is running for re-election. Anil Kumar is his Democratic opponent, and Jonathan Osment is his Libertarian opponent.[13][14] Kerry Bentivolio, who represented the 11th District from 2013 to 2015 and lost to Trott in the 2014 Republican primary, announced on July 21, 2016, that he planned to seek the seat as an independent after losing to Osment in the Libertarian convention.[39]

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dave Trott (incumbent) 51,221 100.0
Total votes 51,221 100.0

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Anil Kumar, physician

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anil Kumar 29,349 100.0
Total votes 29,349 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

IndependentEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 11th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dave Trott (incumbent) 200,872 52.9
Democratic Anil Kumar 152,461 40.2
Independent Politician Kerry Bentivolio 16,610 4.4
Libertarian Jonathan Ray Osment 9,545 2.5
Total votes 379,488 100.0
Republican hold

District 12Edit

Democratic first term congresswoman Debbie Dingell ran for re-election and is unopposed in the primary. Jeff Jones was the Republican challenger, a Taylor resident, a former independent United States Senate candidate in 2014.[40] Also running was Tom Bagwell of Wyandotte, libertarian activist and former Ypsilanti Township Park Commissioner won the Libertarian Party nomination for District 12 on May 14, 2016, in Lansing, Michigan. [41]

Democratic primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debbie Dingell (incumbent) 55,046 100.0
Total votes 55,046 100.0

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Jeff Jones

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Jones 15,115 100.0
Total votes 15,115 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 12th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debbie Dingell (incumbent) 211,378 64.3
Republican Jeff Jones 96,104 29.3
Working Class Gary Walkowicz 9,183 2.8
Libertarian Tom Bagwell 7,489 2.3
Green Dylan Calewarts 4,377 1.3
Independent Ejaz Virk (write-in) 11 0.0
Total votes 328,542 100.0
Democratic hold

District 13Edit

John Conyers, a Democrat, the incumbent representative in the 13th district, has served 26 terms in Congress and is the Dean of the United States House of Representatives. Detroit and City Clerk Janice Winfrey will run against Conyers in the Democratic Party primary election.[43] Jeff Gorman is running on the Republican side, and Tiffany Hayden is running on the Libertarian side.[13][17][14] Conyers won the nomination.[44]

Democratic primaryEdit

NominatedEdit

Defeated in primaryEdit
  • Janice Winfrey, Detroit city clerk
Failed to qualifyEdit
  • Kenneth Garner

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Conyers (incumbent) 30,971 60.8
Democratic Janice Winfrey 19,965 39.2
Total votes 50,936 100.0

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Jeff Gorman

ResultsEdit

Republican primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Gorman 4,894 100.0
Total votes 4,894 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 13th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Conyers (incumbent) 198,771 77.1
Republican Jeff Gorman 40,541 15.7
Libertarian Tiffany Hayden 9,648 3.8
Working Class Sam Johnson 8,835 3.4
Independent Clyde Darnell Lynch (write-in) 2 0.0
Total votes 257,797 100.0
Democratic hold

District 14Edit

Democratic Incumbent Rep. Brenda Lawrence is seeking re-election and had two Democratic challengers, Terrance Morrison and Vanessa Moss. Lawrence won the Democratic nomination.[45] The Republican candidate is Howard Klausner and the Libertarian candidate is Gregory Creswell.[17][14]

Democratic primaryEdit

NominatedEdit

Defeated in primaryEdit
  • Terrance Morrison
  • Vanessa Moss

ResultsEdit

Democratic primary results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brenda Lawrence (incumbent) 55,544 87.4
Democratic Vanessa Moss 5,253 8.3
Democratic Terrance Morrison 2,770 3.6
Total votes 63,567 100.0

Republican primaryEdit

DeclaredEdit

  • Howard Klausner

ResultsEdit

Republican Primary Results [12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Howard Klausner 10,964 100.0
Total votes 10,964 100.0

Libertarian conventionEdit

NominatedEdit

General electionEdit

ResultsEdit

Michigan's 14th congressional district, 2016 [15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brenda Lawrence (incumbent) 244,135 78.5
Republican Howard Klausner 58,103 18.7
Libertarian Gregory Creswell 4,893 1.6
Green Marcia Squier 3,843 1.2
Total votes 310,974 100.0
Democratic hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SUMMARY CALENDAR FOR CANDIDATE AND PROPOSAL DEADLINES : August 2, 2016 Primary and November 8, 2016 General Election" (PDF). Michigan.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  2. ^ "Benishek planning to run for 4th term despite signing term-limit pledge". Detroit Free Press. March 24, 2015. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  3. ^ "Benishek announces retirement". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  4. ^ Livengood, Chad (June 25, 2015). "Michigan Democratic Party chairman to run for Congress". The Detroit News. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
  5. ^ "George Weeks: State politicians focus on vets, firefighters". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  6. ^ Livengood, Chad (November 9, 2015). "Casperson runs for Congress, gets attacked by tax votes". The Detroit News. Jonathan Wolman. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Bergman vies for First Congressional seat". The Alpena News. March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  9. ^ Spangler, Todd (January 14, 2016). "U.S. Rep. Benishek endorses Casperson for seat". Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  10. ^ "2016 Michigan Primary Election: Statewide races". Associated Press. August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  11. ^ "GOP Michigan Rep. Benishek will retire from House". US News & World Report. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Election Results - Primary Election". Michigan Department of State. August 3, 2016. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Candidate and Committee Viewer". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "2016 Michigan Candidate Listing". Michigan Department of State. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  16. ^ "City Commission". City of Kentwood. Archived from the original on July 18, 2016. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "2016 Michigan Official Primary Candidate Listing". Miboecfr.nictusa.com. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  18. ^ "Democrat Paul Clements announces bid for Congress in 2016". MLive.com. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  19. ^ "Wenke Running For Congress As Libertarian". WMUK. May 18, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  20. ^ "Newcomer Douglas North hopes to defeat Tim Walberg for 7th Congressional District for under $5,000". MLive.com. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  21. ^ Will Forgrave (February 9, 2015). "Democratic state Rep. Gretchen Driskell announces bid for 7th Congressional seat in 2016". MLive. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  22. ^ Kyle Melinn (February 11, 2015). "Congressional race". City Pulse. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  23. ^ *Jack Bergman, retired United States Marine Corps lieutenant general
  24. ^ a b "Detroit Free Press". Hosted.ap.org. August 3, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  25. ^ Spangler, Todd; Gray, Kathleen (May 24, 2016). "Actress Melissa Gilbert drops out of race for Congress". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  26. ^ Todd Spangler (July 6, 2016). "Dems want newcomer to step into Melissa Gilbert's shoes". Detroit Free Press.
  27. ^ Chad Livengood (July 6, 2016). "Dems recruit prosecutor as foe against U.S. Rep. Bishop". Detroit News.
  28. ^ a b Wayne Peal (August 4, 2016). "Democrats moving to get Melissa Gilbert off November ballot". Livingston Daily. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  29. ^ Spangler, Todd. ""Republicans challenge decision to let Melissa Gilbert off ballot", Detroit Free Press, August 19, 2016.
  30. ^ Gibbons, Laura. "Suzanna Shkreli to replace actress Melissa Gilbert on 8th Congressional ballot", MLive.com, August 22, 2016.
  31. ^ Wayne Peal (May 26, 2016). "Another Democratic congressional challenger falls". Livingston Daily Press & Argus. Retrieved July 6, 2016.
  32. ^ Shepardson, David (March 6, 2015). "Rep. Miller: 'We all know when it is time to move on'". The Detroit News. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  33. ^ "Macomb Rep. Forlini jumps into race for Congresswoman Miller's seat - Politically Speaking". Politicscentral.org. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  34. ^ Nann Burke, Melissa (April 21, 2015). "Sanborn plans to run for Miller's House seat". The Detroit News. Jonathan Wolman. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  35. ^ a b "Millionaire Mitchell joins race for Rep. Miller's seat". Detroit News. July 13, 2015. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  36. ^ Livengood, Chad (January 27, 2016). "Brandenburg declines to run for Congress". Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  37. ^ Mitch Hotts (May 31, 2015). "Shelby Township treasurer announces candidacy for Congress". Macomb Daily.
  38. ^ "Report of Receipts and Disbursements for an Authorized Committee" (PDF). fec.gov. Federal Election Commission. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  39. ^ a b Chad Livengood (July 21, 2016). "Ex-Rep. Bentivolio seeks political comeback". Detroit News.
  40. ^ "Money pours in to Michigan congressional campaigns". WZZM13.com. April 18, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  41. ^ "Wyandotte man announces candidacy for Michigan's 12th District". Thenewsherald.com. April 6, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  42. ^ "Michigan congressional candidate apologizes for teen sex remarks". Freep.com. June 6, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  43. ^ "Detroit Clerk Janice Winfrey to challenge John Conyers". Detroit Free Press. September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  44. ^ "Conyers, Mitchell, Bergman win congressional primaries". Freep.com. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  45. ^ "Crain's Detroit Business : Subscription Center". Crainsdetroit.com. Retrieved January 24, 2017.

External linksEdit