Berrien County, Michigan
Lighthouse at St. Joseph
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
|Founded||October 29, 1829 (created)|
|Named for||John M. Berrien|
|• Total||1,581 sq mi (4,090 km2)|
|• Land||568 sq mi (1,470 km2)|
|• Water||1,014 sq mi (2,630 km2) 64%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||272/sq mi (105/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
As one of the Cabinet counties, Berrien County was named for John M. Berrien of Georgia, US Attorney General (1829–1831) under US President Andrew Jackson. The county was founded in 1829, and was organized in 1831, before Michigan was accepted into the Union as a state.
About 1780, New Jersey resident William Burnett established a trading post at the mouth of the St. Joseph River (present-day site of St. Joseph) to serve indigenous peoples and French Canadian residents. Also during that time, Joseph Bertrand established a trading post on the river, in present–day Niles Charter Township. In December 1822, missionary Isaac McCoy moved his family and 18 Indian students from Indiana to the St. Joseph River near present-day Niles, Michigan, to open a religious mission (the Carey Mission) to the Potawatomi Indians, 160 km from the nearest White settlement.
The boundary of Berrien County was delineated by the Michigan Territory Legislature on October 29, 1829 with its present limits. For purposes of revenue, taxation and judicial matters, it was attached to Cass County, and was designated as Niles Township. This assignation was terminated in 1831 when Berrien County's government was organized and initiated.
Berrien County began with three townships:
- Berrien Township – consisted of present-day townships of Berrien, Oronoko, and Lake plus a two-mile strip north of that territory
- St. Joseph Township – consisted of the area north of Berrien Township
- Niles Township – consisted of the area south of Berrien Township.
In recent times, Berrien County, especially the coastal cities of New Buffalo and Lakeside, has received notice as a vacation destination for Chicagoland residents and other Midwesterners. It has earned multiple nicknames in this capacity, including "Harbor Country" and "the Hamptons of the Midwest", with the latter recognized by the Wall Street Journal.
Berrien County has favored a Republican Party candidate in all but six elections since 1884.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages and vital records, oversees public health, and participates with the state in welfare and social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws and ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police, fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
- Prosecuting Attorney: Steve Pierangeli
- Sheriff: L. Paul Bailey
- County Clerk: Sharon Tyler
- County Treasurer: Bret E. Witkowski
- Register of Deeds: Lori D. Jarvis
- Drain Commissioner: Christopher J. Quattrin
- County Surveyor: John G. Kamer
(information as of January 2021)
The St. Joseph River is a major geographical feature, flowing mostly north and west through the county from Niles to its mouth on Lake Michigan at St. Joseph. The southwest of the county is drained by the Galien River and its tributaries. Paw Paw Lake is in the north of the county, along with the Paw Paw River, which flows into the St. Joseph River just before it enters Lake Michigan. A tiny portion along the Indiana state line is drained by small tributaries of the Kankakee River, which ultimately flows into the Mississippi River. This is one of two areas of Michigan drained by the Mississippi River, the other being an area of Michigan's Upper Peninsula near the Wisconsin border.
- I-94 – runs north along the western edge of the county near Lake Michigan. Turns inland to skirt the St. Joseph/Benton Harbor urban area. Runs east to Kalamazoo. Business Loop 94 passes through downtown Benton Harbor and St. Joseph.
- BL I-94 – runs through St. Joseph and Benton Harbor.
- I-196 – from its intersection with I-94 east of Benton Harbor, runs north to Holland, then east to Grand Rapids.
- US 12 – runs east–west through the southern portion of the county from south of Niles through Three Oaks to New Buffalo and Michiana, Michigan. From Berrien County it connects with Michigan City, Indiana.
- US 31 – running north from South Bend, Indiana, enters the southeast county as the St. Joseph Valley Parkway, near Niles, and continues north and west. A segment of the freeway was completed in August 2003, running from Berrien Springs north to Napier Avenue east of Benton Harbor. US 31 follows Napier Avenue west to I-94 before branching off with I-196. A final segment is planned to continue the freeway from Napier Avenue north to the junction with I-94 and BL I-94 with a full cloverleaf interchange. The former route of US 31 between Berrien Springs and St. Joseph was redesignated as M-139.
- M-51 – enters from Indiana as a continuation of State Road 933. Runs north through Niles, then northeast toward Dowagiac, Michigan.
- M-60 – runs east from Niles to I-94 at Jackson.
- M-62 – from its intersection with M-140, runs east toward Dowagiac, Michigan.
- M-63 – from its intersection with M-139 (formerly US 31) in Scottdale, runs northwest into St. Joseph, then northeast to intersection with US 31/I-196 near the county line.
- M-139 – from its intersection with US 12 southwest of Niles, runs northeasterly into downtown Niles, then follows the former route of US 31 US 33 northwesterly through Berrien Springs to Scottdale, then north near St. Joseph and Benton Harbor to an intersection with Business Loop I-94.
- M-140 – from Niles, runs north through the eastern part of the county toward South Haven, Michigan.
- M-239 – its 1.1 miles (1.8 km) length links I-94 at Exit 1 near New Buffalo to State Road 39 north of LaPorte, Indiana.
- A-2 – Berrien County's only signed county highway. Begins in Hagar Shores at M-63 and I-196. It follows the Lake Michigan shoreline and continues to South Haven, Michigan.
|US Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census indicates Berrien County had a 2010 population of 156,813. This is a decrease of 5,640 people from the 2000 United States Census, or a 3.5% population decrease. In 2010 there were 63,054 households and 41,585 families in the county. The population density was 276.2 per square mile (106.6 square kilometers). There were 76,922 housing units at an average density of 135.5 per square mile (52.3 square kilometers). 78.3% of the population were White, 15.3% Black or African American, 1.6% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% of some other race and 2.4% of two or more races. 4.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 29.0% were of German, 7.4% Irish, 6.8% English and 5.5% American ancestry.
There were 63,054 households, 29.6% of which had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were husband and wife families, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.0% were non-families, and 28.7% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.
The county population contained 23.4% under age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
The 2010 American Community Survey 1-year estimate indicates the median income for a household in the county was $40,329 and the median income for a family was $51,305. Males had a median income of $26,745 versus $16,289 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,337. About 12.1% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under the age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
Resorts and beachesEdit
- The Golf Club at Harbor Shores - Benton Harbor
- Blossom Trails Golf Club – Benton Harbor
- Brookwood Golf Course - Buchanan
- Lake Michigan Hills Golf Club - Benton Harbor
- Lost Dunes Golf Club - Bridgman
- Milan Creek Golf Club - Baroda
- Orchard Hills Country Club - Buchanan
- Paw Paw Lake Golf Club - Coloma/Watervliet
- Pebblewood Country Club - Bridgman
- Pipestone Creek Golf Course - Eau Claire
- Point O'Woods Golf & Country Club - Benton Harbor
- 12 Corners Vineyards - Benton Harbor
- Baroda Founders Wine Cellar - Baroda
- Contessa Wine Cellars - Coloma
- Dablon Winery and Vineyard - Baroda
- Domaine Berrien Cellars – Berrien Springs
- Free Run Cellars - Berrien Springs
- Gravity - Baroda
- Hickory Creek Winery - Buchanan
- Karma Vista Vineyards - Coloma
- Lazy Ballerina Winery - St. Joseph
- Lemon Creek Winery – Berrien Springs
- Round Barn Winery, Distillery & Brewery - Baroda
- Tabor Hill Winery and Restaurant - Buchanan
- White Pine Winery - St. Joseph
- Vineyard 2121 - Benton Harbor
- Red Top Winery - Baroda
- Bainbridge Township
- Baroda Township
- Benton Charter Township
- Berrien Township
- Bertrand Township
- Buchanan Township
- Chikaming Township
- Coloma Charter Township
- Galien Township
- Hagar Township
- Lake Charter Township
- Lincoln Charter Township
- New Buffalo Township
- Niles Charter Township
- Oronoko Charter Township
- Pipestone Township
- Royalton Township
- Sodus Township
- St. Joseph Charter Township
- Three Oaks Township
- Watervliet Charter Township
- Weesaw Township
- The Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians has a reservation occupying a portion of the southeastern corner of Berrien County. The tribe also occupies areas in Allegan, Cass, and Van Buren counties, as well as extending south into the state of Indiana. The reservation headquarters are located in neighboring Cass County in the city of Dowagiac. The Berrien County reservation surrounds the entire portion of the city of Niles that lies within the county, as well as portions of Bertrand Township and Niles Charter Township along the St. Joseph River.
- "Bibliography on Berrien County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "The History of Berrien County, Michigan". Southwest Michigan Business & Tourism Directory. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- Coolidge, Orville W. (1906). A Twentieth Century History of Berrien County Michigan, pp. 19-20. The Lewis Publishing Company.
- ”Rev. Isaac McCoy” "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 20, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), accessed February 19, 2011
- Coolidge (1906), p. 24.
- De Zutter, Hank; Little De Zutter, Pamela (October 6, 1988). "Invasion of the FIPs: boom time in southwestern Michigan". Chicago Reader. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- Jones, Al (April 6, 2013). "Report: The Wall Street Journal calls the Southwest Michigan shoreline the Hamptons of the Midwest". mlive. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Bureau, US Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
- "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians (2019). "Pokégnek Bodéwadmik (Pokagon Band of Potawatomi)". Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- United States Census Bureau (2000). "Michigan County Subdivision Outline Map" (PDF). Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- Berrien County government – official web site
- Berrien County Health Department
- Berrien County Road Department
- Berrien County Sheriff's Department
- Berrien County GenGuide for Berrien County Genealogy Information
- "Bibliography on Berrien County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012.
- History of Berrien and Van Buren counties, Michigan (Ensign, 1880)
- History of Berrien County (Southwest Michigan Directory)