Metropolitan statistical area

  (Redirected from Metropolitan Statistical Area)

In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. Such regions are neither legally incorporated as a city or town would be, nor are they legal administrative divisions like counties or separate entities such as states; because of this, the precise definition of any given metropolitan area can vary with the source. The statistical criteria for a standard metropolitan area were defined in 1949 and redefined as metropolitan statistical area in 1983.[1] A typical metropolitan area is centered on a single large city that wields substantial influence over the region (e.g., New York City or Chicago). However, some metropolitan areas contain more than one large city with no single municipality holding a substantially dominant position (e.g., Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, Virginia Beach–Norfolk–Newport News (Hampton Roads), Riverside–San Bernardino (Inland Empire) or Minneapolis–Saint Paul (Twin Cities)). MSAs are defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and used by the Census Bureau and other federal government agencies for statistical purposes.[2]

MapEdit

 
An enlargeable map of the 939 core-based statistical areas (CBSAs) of the United States and Puerto Rico as of 2020. The 392 MSAs are shown in medium green  .

DefinitionsEdit

U.S. Census statistics for metropolitan areas are reported according to the following definitions.

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget defines a set of core based statistical areas (CBSAs) throughout the country, which are composed of counties and county equivalents.[3] CBSAs are delineated on the basis of a central contiguous area of relatively high population density, known as an urban area or urban cluster. The counties containing the core urban area are known as the central counties of the CBSA; these are defined as having at least 50% of their population living in urban areas of at least 10,000 in population.[4] Additional surrounding counties, known as outlying counties, can be included in the CBSA if these counties have strong social and economic ties to the central counties as measured by commuting and employment. Outlying counties are included in the CBSA if 25% of the workers living in the county work in the central count(ies), or if 25% of the employment in the county is held by workers who live in the central count(ies).

Adjacent CBSAs are merged into a single CBSA when the central county or counties of one CBSA qualify as an outlying county or counties to the other CBSAs.[4] One or more CBSAs may be grouped together or combined to form a larger statistical entity known as a combined statistical area (CSA) when the employment interchange measure (EIM) reaches 15% or more.

CBSAs are subdivided into MSAs (formed around urban areas of at least 50,000 in population) and micropolitan statistical areas (μSAs), which are CBSAs built around an urban cluster of at least 10,000 in population but less than 50,000 in population. Some metropolitan areas may include multiple cities below 50,000 people, but combined have over 50,000 people.[4] Previous terms that are no longer used include standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA) and primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA).[5]

On January 19, 2021, OMB submitted a regulation for public comment that would increase the minimum population needed for an urban area population to be a metropolitan statistical area to be increased from 50,000 to 100,000.[6] It ultimately decided to keep the minimum at 50,000 for the 2020 cycle.[7]

United StatesEdit

The 384 MSAs of the United States (the 50 states and the District of Columbia) are ranked, including:

  1. The MSA rank by population as of July 1, 2021, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[8]
  2. The MSA name as designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget[9]
  3. The MSA population as of July 1, 2021, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[8]
  4. The MSA population as of April 1, 2020, as enumerated by the 2020 United States Census[8]
  5. The percent MSA population change from April 1, 2020, to July 1, 2021[8]
  6. The combined statistical area (CSA)[10] if it is designated and the MSA is a component[9]
The 384 Metropolitan Statistical Areas of the United States[8]

Rank Metropolitan statistical area 2021 estimate 2020 Census % change Encompassing combined statistical area
1 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA MSA 19,768,458 20,140,470 −1.85% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA MSA 12,997,353 13,200,998 −1.54% Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA
3 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI MSA 9,509,934 9,618,502 −1.13% Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA
4 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA 7,759,615 7,637,387 +1.60% Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA
5 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX MSA 7,206,841 7,122,240 +1.19% Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA
6 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV MSA 6,356,434 6,385,162 −0.45% Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA
7 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA 6,228,601 6,245,051 −0.26% Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
8 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Alpharetta, GA MSA 6,144,050 6,089,815 +0.89% Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA-AL CSA
9 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL MSA 6,091,747 6,138,333 −0.76% Miami-Port St. Lucie-Fort Lauderdale, FL CSA
10 Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler, AZ MSA 4,946,145 4,845,832 +2.07% Phoenix-Mesa, AZ CSA
11 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH MSA 4,899,932 4,941,632 −0.84% Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA
12 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA 4,653,105 4,599,839 +1.16% Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA
13 San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, CA MSA 4,623,264 4,749,008 −2.65% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
14 Detroit–Warren–Dearborn, MI MSA 4,365,205 4,392,041 −0.61% Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA
15 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA 4,011,553 4,018,762 −0.18% Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA
16 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI MSA 3,690,512 3,690,261 +0.01% Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA
17 San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA MSA 3,286,069 3,298,634 −0.38%
18 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA 3,219,514 3,175,275 +1.39%
19 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO MSA 2,972,566 2,963,821 +0.30% Denver-Aurora, CO CSA
20 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD MSA 2,838,327 2,844,510 −0.22% Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA
21 St. Louis, MO-IL MSA 2,809,299 2,820,253 −0.39% St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL CSA
22 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC MSA 2,701,046 2,660,329 +1.53% Charlotte-Concord, NC-SC CSA
23 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL MSA 2,691,925 2,673,376 +0.69% Orlando-Lakeland-Deltona, FL CSA
24 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX MSA 2,601,788 2,558,143 +1.71% San Antonio-New Braunfels-Pearsall, TX CSA
25 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MSA 2,511,612 2,512,859 −0.05% Portland-Vancouver–Salem, OR-WA CSA
26 Sacramento-Roseville-Folsom, CA MSA 2,411,428 2,397,382 +0.59% Sacramento-Roseville, CA CSA
27 Pittsburgh, PA MSA 2,353,538 2,370,930 −0.73% Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV CSA
28 Austin-Round Rock, TX MSA 2,352,426 2,283,371 +3.02%
29 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MSA 2,292,476 2,265,461 +1.19% Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ CSA
30 Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN MSA 2,259,935 2,256,884 +0.14% Cincinnati-Wilmington-Maysville, OH-KY-IN CSA
31 Kansas City, MO-KS MSA 2,199,490 2,192,035 +0.34% Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS CSA
32 Columbus, OH MSA 2,151,017 2,138,926 +0.57% Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH CSA
33 Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN MSA 2,126,804 2,111,040 +0.75% Indianapolis-Carmel-Muncie, IN CSA
34 Cleveland-Elyria, OH MSA 2,075,662 2,088,251 −0.60% Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH CSA
35 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN MSA 2,012,476 1,989,519 +1.15% Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro, TN CSA
36 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSA 1,952,185 2,000,468 −2.41% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
37 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA 1,803,328 1,799,674 +0.20% Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA-NC CSA
38 Providence-Warwick, RI-MA MSA 1,675,774 1,676,579 −0.05% Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA
39 Jacksonville, FL MSA 1,637,666 1,605,848 +1.98% Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA CSA
40 Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI MSA 1,566,487 1,574,731 −0.52% Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI CSA
41 Raleigh-Cary, NC MSA 1,448,411 1,413,982 +2.43% Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC CSA
42 Oklahoma City, OK MSA 1,441,647 1,425,695 +1.12% Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK CSA
43 Memphis, TN-MS-AR MSA 1,336,103 1,337,779 −0.13% Memphis-Forrest City, TN-MS-AR CSA
44 Richmond, VA MSA 1,324,062 1,314,434 +0.73%
45 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN MSA 1,284,566 1,285,439 −0.07% Louisville/Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Bardstown, KY-IN CSA
46 Salt Lake City, UT MSA 1,263,061 1,257,936 +0.41% Salt Lake City-Provo-Ogden, UT CSA
47 New Orleans-Metairie, LA MSA 1,261,726 1,271,845 −0.80% New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS CSA
48 Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT MSA 1,211,906 1,213,531 −0.13% Hartford-East Hartford, CT CSA
49 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA 1,162,336 1,166,902 −0.39% Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Cattaraugus, NY CSA
50 Birmingham-Hoover, AL MSA 1,114,262 1,115,289 −0.09% Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL CSA
51 Grand Rapids-Kentwood, MI MSA 1,091,620 1,087,592 +0.37% Grand Rapids-Kentwood-Muskegon, MI CSA
52 Rochester, NY MSA 1,084,973 1,090,135 −0.47% Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY CSA
53 Tucson, AZ MSA 1,052,030 1,043,433 +0.82% Tucson-Nogales, AZ CSA
54 Tulsa, OK MSA 1,023,988 1,015,331 +0.85% Tulsa-Muskogee-Bartlesville, OK CSA
55 Fresno, CA MSA 1,013,581 1,008,654 +0.49% Fresno-Madera-Hanford, CA CSA
56 Urban Honolulu, HI MSA 1,000,890 1,016,508 −1.54%
57 Worcester, MA-CT MSA 978,447 978,529 −0.01% Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA
58 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA MSA 971,637 967,604 +0.42% Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, NE-IA CSA
59 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT MSA 959,768 957,419 +0.25% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
60 Greenville-Anderson, SC MSA 940,774 928,195 +1.36% Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC CSA
61 Albuquerque, NM MSA 918,259 916,528 +0.19% Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM CSA
62 Bakersfield, CA MSA 917,673 909,235 +0.93%
63 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA 899,286 899,262 0.00% Albany-Schenectady, NY CSA
64 Knoxville, TN MSA 893,412 879,773 +1.55% Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN CSA
65 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA 880,356 870,781 +1.10% McAllen-Edinburg, TX CSA
66 Baton Rouge, LA MSA 871,905 870,569 +0.15%
67 El Paso, TX MSA 871,234 868,859 +0.27% El Paso-Las Cruces, TX-NM CSA
68 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ MSA 865,310 861,889 +0.40%
69 New Haven-Milford, CT MSA 863,700 864,835 −0.13% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
70 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MSA 859,760 833,716 +3.12% North Port-Sarasota, FL CSA
71 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA MSA 839,784 843,843 −0.48% Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA
72 Columbia, SC MSA 838,250 829,470 +1.06% Columbia-Orangeburg-Newberry, SC CSA
73 Dayton, OH MSA 813,516 814,049 −0.07% Dayton-Springfield-Kettering, OH CSA
74 Charleston-North Charleston, SC MSA 813,052 799,636 +1.68%
75 Boise City, ID MSA 795,268 764,718 +3.99% Boise City-Mountain Home-Ontario, ID-OR CSA
76 Stockton, CA MSA 789,410 779,233 +1.31% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
77 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL MSA 787,976 760,822 +3.57% Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL CSA
78 Greensboro-High Point, NC MSA 778,848 776,566 +0.29% Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, NC CSA
79 Colorado Springs, CO MSA 762,793 755,105 +1.02%
80 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA 753,520 725,046 +3.93% Orlando-Lakeland-Deltona, FL CSA
81 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR MSA 750,936 748,031 +0.39% Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR CSA
82 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA MSA 719,146 709,466 +1.36% Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA CSA
83 Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSA 706,696 694,863 +1.70% Salt Lake City-Provo-Ogden, UT CSA
84 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY MSA 701,637 697,221 +0.63% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
85 Akron, OH MSA 700,015 702,219 −0.31% Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH CSA
86 Provo-Orem, UT MSA 697,141 671,185 +3.87% Salt Lake City-Provo-Ogden, UT CSA
87 Springfield, MA MSA 695,305 699,162 −0.55%
88 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL MSA 685,344 668,921 +2.46% Orlando-Lakeland-Deltona, FL CSA
89 Madison, WI MSA 683,183 680,796 +0.35% Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI CSA
90 Winston-Salem, NC MSA 681,438 675,966 +0.81% Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, NC CSA
91 Syracuse, NY MSA 658,281 662,057 −0.57% Syracuse-Auburn, NY CSA
92 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MSA 654,012 649,903 +0.63% Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC CSA
93 Wichita, KS MSA 647,919 647,610 +0.05% Wichita-Winfield, KS CSA
94 Toledo, OH MSA 644,217 646,604 −0.37% Toledo-Findlay-Tiffin, OH CSA
95 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL MSA 616,628 606,612 +1.65%
96 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC MSA 615,933 611,000 +0.81%
97 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA MSA 596,305 591,712 +0.78% Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA CSA
98 Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA MSA 593,466 585,784 +1.31% Spokane-Spokane Valley-Coeur d'Alene, WA-ID CSA
99 Jackson, MS MSA 587,202 591,978 −0.81% Jackson-Vicksburg-Brookhaven, MS CSA
100 Scranton–Wilkes-Barre, PA MSA 567,750 567,559 +0.03%
101 Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA 567,641 562,647 +0.89% Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA CSA
102 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR MSA 560,709 546,725 +2.56%
103 Portland-South Portland, ME MSA 556,893 551,740 +0.93% Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, ME CSA
104 Lancaster, PA MSA 553,652 552,984 +0.12%
105 Modesto, CA MSA 552,999 552,878 +0.02% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
106 Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA 540,281 541,297 −0.19%
107 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA MSA 538,069 541,243 −0.59% Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA CSA
108 Fayetteville, NC MSA 524,588 520,378 +0.81% Fayetteville-Lumberton-Laurinburg, NC CSA
109 Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA 517,846 516,811 +0.20% Lexington-Fayette–Richmond–Frankfort, KY CSA
110 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL MSA 516,388 509,905 +1.27% Pensacola-Ferry Pass, FL-AL CSA
111 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC MSA 509,794 487,722 +4.53% Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC-NC CSA
112 Port St. Lucie, FL MSA 503,521 487,657 +3.25% Miami-Port St. Lucie-Fort Lauderdale, FL CSA
113 Huntsville, AL MSA 502,728 491,723 +2.24% Huntsville-Decatur, AL CSA
114 Reno, NV MSA 497,535 490,596 +1.41% Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA
115 Killeen-Temple, TX MSA 486,101 475,367 +2.26%
116 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA MSA 485,887 488,863 −0.61% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
117 Springfield, MO MSA 481,483 475,432 +1.27%
118 Lafayette, LA MSA 479,212 478,384 +0.17% Lafayette-Opelousas-Morgan City, LA CSA
119 Visalia, CA MSA 477,054 473,117 +0.83%
120 Asheville, NC MSA 472,341 469,015 +0.71% Asheville-Marion-Brevard, NC CSA
121 York-Hanover, PA MSA 458,696 456,438 +0.49% Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA CSA
122 Vallejo, CA MSA 451,716 453,491 −0.39% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
123 Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA MSA 446,475 448,229 −0.39%
124 Salinas, CA MSA 437,325 439,035 −0.39%
125 Salem, OR MSA 436,283 433,353 +0.68% Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA CSA
126 Reading, PA MSA 429,342 428,849 +0.11% Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
127 Salisbury, MD-DE MSA 429,223 418,046 +2.67% Salisbury-Cambridge, MD-DE CSA
128 Mobile, AL MSA 428,220 430,197 −0.46% Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope, AL CSA
129 Manchester-Nashua, NH MSA 424,079 422,937 +0.27% Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA
130 Fort Wayne, IN MSA 423,038 419,601 +0.82% Fort Wayne-Huntington-Auburn, IN CSA
131 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA 423,029 421,017 +0.48% Brownsville-Harlingen-Raymondville, TX CSA
132 Corpus Christi, TX MSA 422,778 421,933 +0.20% Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice, TX CSA
133 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS MSA 418,082 416,259 +0.44%
134 Savannah, GA MSA 410,008 404,798 +1.29% Savannah-Hinesville-Statesboro, GA CSA
135 Flint, MI MSA 404,208 406,211 −0.49% Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA
136 Canton-Massillon, OH MSA 400,525 401,574 −0.26% Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH CSA
137 Anchorage, AK MSA 398,807 398,328 +0.12%
138 Peoria, IL MSA 398,224 402,391 −1.04%
139 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA 395,419 397,565 −0.54%
140 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSA 389,155 393,406 −1.08% Shreveport-Bossier City-Minden, LA CSA
141 Naples-Marco Island, FL MSA 385,980 375,752 +2.72% Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL CSA
142 Ocala, FL MSA 385,915 375,908 +2.66%
143 Trenton-Princeton, NJ MSA 385,898 387,340 −0.37% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
144 Montgomery, AL MSA 385,798 386,047 −0.06% Montgomery-Selma-Alexander City, AL CSA
145 Tallahassee, FL MSA 385,776 384,298 +0.38%
146 Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA 383,189 382,971 +0.06%
147 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MSA 381,568 384,324 −0.72% Davenport-Moline, IA-IL CSA
148 Ann Arbor, MI MSA 369,390 372,258 −0.77% Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA
149 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC MSA 366,441 365,276 +0.32%
150 Fort Collins, CO MSA 362,533 359,066 +0.97%
151 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA 356,581 359,862 −0.91% Charleston-Huntington-Ashland, WV-OH-KY CSA
152 Lincoln, NE MSA 342,117 340,217 +0.56% Lincoln-Beatrice, NE CSA
153 Gainesville, FL MSA 341,756 339,247 +0.74% Gainesville-Lake City, FL CSA
154 Greeley, CO MSA 340,036 328,981 +3.36% Denver-Aurora, CO CSA
155 Rockford, IL MSA 336,278 338,798 −0.74% Rockford-Freeport-Rochelle, IL CSA
156 Spartanburg, SC MSA 335,864 327,997 +2.40% Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC CSA
157 Boulder, CO MSA 329,543 330,758 −0.37% Denver-Aurora, CO CSA
158 Green Bay, WI MSA 329,490 328,268 +0.37% Green Bay-Shawano, WI CSA
159 Clarksville, TN-KY MSA 328,304 320,535 +2.42%
160 Columbus, GA-AL MSA 327,536 328,883 −0.41% Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL CSA
161 Lubbock, TX MSA 325,245 321,368 +1.21% Lubbock-Plainview-Levelland, TX CSA
162 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI MSA 323,695 324,501 −0.25% South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka, IN-MI CSA
163 Roanoke, VA MSA 314,496 315,251 −0.24%
164 Evansville, IN-KY MSA 313,946 314,049 −0.03%
165 Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA 308,661 307,614 +0.34% Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA CSA
166 Kennewick-Richland, WA MSA 308,293 303,622 +1.54% Kennewick-Richland-Walla Walla, WA CSA
167 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV MSA 298,227 293,844 +1.49% Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA
168 Olympia-Lacey-Tumwater, WA MSA 297,977 294,793 +1.08% Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA
169 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL MSA 293,324 286,973 +2.21%
170 Wilmington, NC MSA 291,833 285,905 +2.07%
171 Duluth, MN-WI MSA 290,780 291,638 −0.29%
172 Utica-Rome, NY MSA 290,211 292,264 −0.70%
173 Longview, TX MSA 287,868 286,184 +0.59%
174 Merced, CA MSA 286,461 281,202 +1.87% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
175 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA MSA 283,159 282,424 +0.26%
176 Sioux Falls, SD MSA 281,958 276,730 +1.89%
177 Waco, TX MSA 280,428 277,547 +1.04%
178 Cedar Rapids, IA MSA 275,435 276,520 −0.39% Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, IA CSA
179 Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ MSA 274,966 274,534 +0.16% Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
180 Bremerton-Silverdale-Port Orchard, WA MSA 274,314 275,611 −0.47% Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA
181 College Station-Bryan, TX MSA 272,041 268,248 +1.41%
182 Amarillo, TX MSA 269,703 268,691 +0.38% Amarillo-Pampa-Borger, TX CSA
183 Erie, PA MSA 269,011 270,876 −0.69% Erie-Meadville, PA CSA
184 Norwich-New London, CT MSA 268,805 268,555 +0.09% Hartford-East Hartford, CT CSA
185 Tuscaloosa, AL MSA 268,191 268,674 −0.18%
186 Laredo, TX MSA 267,945 267,114 +0.31%
187 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA MSA 267,792 270,861 −1.13% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
188 Lynchburg, VA MSA 262,258 261,593 +0.25%
189 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI MSA 261,108 261,670 −0.21% Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI CSA
190 Yakima, WA MSA 256,035 256,728 −0.27%
191 Charleston, WV MSA 255,020 258,859 −1.48% Charleston-Huntington-Ashland, WV-OH-KY CSA
192 Fargo, ND-MN MSA 252,136 249,843 +0.92% Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN CSA
193 Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA 245,459 244,310 +0.47%
194 Binghamton, NY MSA 245,220 247,138 −0.78%
195 Appleton, WI MSA 244,084 243,147 +0.39% Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI CSA
196 Prescott Valley-Prescott, AZ MSA 242,253 236,209 +2.56%
197 Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL MSA 239,294 231,767 +3.25% Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope, AL CSA
198 Tyler, TX MSA 237,186 233,479 +1.59% Tyler-Jacksonville, TX CSA
199 Macon-Bibb County, GA MSA 233,883 233,802 +0.03% Macon-Bibb County–Warner Robins, GA CSA
200 Topeka, KS MSA 232,670 233,152 −0.21%
201 Barnstable Town, MA MSA 232,411 228,996 +1.49% Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA
202 Bellingham, WA MSA 228,831 226,847 +0.87%
203 Rochester, MN MSA 227,151 226,329 +0.36% Rochester-Austin, MN CSA
204 Burlington-South Burlington, VT MSA 226,611 225,562 +0.47% Burlington-South Burlington-Barre, VT CSA
205 Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN MSA 224,709 223,716 +0.44% Lafayette-West Lafayette-Frankfort, IN CSA
206 Medford, OR MSA 223,734 223,259 +0.21% Medford-Grants Pass, OR CSA
207 Champaign-Urbana, IL MSA 222,696 222,538 +0.07%
208 Charlottesville, VA MSA 222,688 221,524 +0.53%
209 Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC MSA 222,072 215,908 +2.85%
210 Las Cruces, NM MSA 221,508 219,561 +0.89% El Paso-Las Cruces, TX-NM CSA
211 Athens-Clarke County, GA MSA 217,759 215,415 +1.09% Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA-AL CSA
212 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA 217,692 213,267 +2.07%
213 Columbia, MO MSA 213,123 210,864 +1.07% Columbia-Moberly-Mexico, MO CSA
214 Lake Charles, LA MSA 210,362 222,402 −5.41% Lake Charles-Jennings, LA CSA
215 Chico, CA MSA 208,309 211,632 −1.57%
216 Johnson City, TN MSA 208,068 207,285 +0.38% Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA CSA
217 Gainesville, GA MSA 207,369 203,136 +2.08% Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA-AL CSA
218 Yuma, AZ MSA 206,990 203,881 +1.52%
219 Elkhart-Goshen, IN MSA 206,921 207,047 −0.06% South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka, IN-MI CSA
220 Springfield, IL MSA 206,898 208,640 −0.83% Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL CSA
221 Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA 206,212 207,137 −0.45%
222 Jacksonville, NC MSA 206,160 204,576 +0.77%
223 Monroe, LA MSA 204,884 207,104 −1.07% Monroe-Ruston, LA CSA
224 Bend, OR MSA 204,801 198,253 +3.30% Bend-Prineville, OR CSA
225 St. Cloud, MN MSA 200,406 199,671 +0.37% Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA
226 Florence, SC MSA 199,259 199,964 −0.35%
227 Racine, WI MSA 196,896 197,727 −0.42% Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI CSA
228 Warner Robins, GA MSA 195,246 191,614 +1.90% Macon-Bibb County–Warner Robins, GA CSA
229 Punta Gorda, FL MSA 194,843 186,847 +4.28% North Port-Sarasota, FL CSA
230 St. George, UT MSA 191,226 180,279 +6.07%
231 Saginaw, MI MSA 189,591 190,124 −0.28% Saginaw-Midland-Bay City, MI CSA
232 Billings, MT MSA 187,037 184,167 +1.56%
233 Terre Haute, IN MSA 184,910 185,031 −0.07%
234 Dover, DE MSA 184,149 181,851 +1.26% Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
235 Kingston, NY MSA 182,951 181,851 +0.60% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
236 Bowling Green, KY MSA 182,594 179,639 +1.64% Bowling Green-Glasgow, KY CSA
237 Joplin, MO MSA 182,541 181,409 +0.62% Joplin-Miami, MO-OK CSA
238 Yuba City, CA MSA 182,484 181,208 +0.70% Sacramento-Roseville, CA CSA
239 Redding, CA MSA 182,139 182,155 −0.01% Redding-Red Bluff, CA CSA
240 Jackson, TN MSA 180,799 180,504 +0.16% Jackson-Brownsville, TN Combined Statistical Area
241 El Centro, CA MSA 179,851 179,702 +0.08%
242 Coeur d'Alene, ID MSA 179,789 171,362 +4.92% Spokane-Spokane Valley-Coeur d'Alene, WA-ID CSA
243 Panama City, FL MSA 179,168 175,216 +2.26%
244 Abilene, TX MSA 177,314 176,579 +0.42%
245 Iowa City, IA MSA 177,239 175,419 +1.04% Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, IA CSA
246 Auburn-Opelika, AL MSA 177,218 174,241 +1.71% Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL CSA
247 Muskegon, MI MSA 176,511 175,824 +0.39% Grand Rapids-Kentwood-Muskegon, MI CSA
248 Burlington, NC MSA 173,877 171,415 +1.44% Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, NC CSA
249 Eau Claire, WI MSA 173,317 172,007 +0.76% Eau Claire-Menomonie, WI CSA
250 Midland, TX MSA 173,180 175,220 −1.16% Midland-Odessa, TX CSA
251 Hattiesburg, MS MSA 173,078 172,231 +0.49% Hattiesburg-Laurel, MS CSA
252 Greenville, NC MSA 172,169 170,243 +1.13% Greenville-Kinston-Washington, NC CSA
253 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA 171,623 171,730 −0.06% Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI CSA
254 Bloomington, IL MSA 170,889 170,954 −0.04% Bloomington-Pontiac, IL CSA
255 Pueblo, CO MSA 169,622 168,162 +0.87% Pueblo-Cañon City, CO CSA
256 East Stroudsburg, PA MSA 169,273 168,327 +0.56% New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
257 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA 167,796 168,461 −0.39%
258 Wausau-Weston, WI MSA 166,189 166,428 −0.14% Wausau-Stevens Point-Wisconsin Rapids, WI CSA
259 Blacksburg-Christiansburg, VA MSA 165,293 166,378 −0.65%
260 Janesville-Beloit, WI MSA 164,381 163,687 +0.42% Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI CSA
261 Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI MSA 164,221 164,754 −0.32%
262 Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL MSA 163,662 159,788 +2.42% Miami-Port St. Lucie-Fort Lauderdale, FL CSA
263 Idaho Falls, ID MSA 162,786 157,429 +3.40% Idaho Falls-Rexburg-Blackfoot, ID CSA
264 Bloomington, IN MSA 161,321 161,039 +0.18% Bloomington-Bedford, IN CSA
265 Odessa, TX MSA 161,091 165,171 −2.47% Midland-Odessa, TX CSA
266 Jackson, MI MSA 160,050 160,366 −0.20%
267 Madera, CA MSA 159,410 156,255 +2.02% Fresno-Madera-Hanford, CA CSA
268 Homosassa Springs, FL MSA 158,083 153,843 +2.76%
269 State College, PA MSA 157,527 158,172 −0.41% State College-DuBois, PA CSA
270 Grand Junction, CO MSA 157,335 155,703 +1.05%
271 Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY MSA 156,766 155,572 +0.77% Louisville/Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Bardstown, KY-IN CSA
272 Decatur, AL MSA 156,758 156,494 +0.17% Huntsville-Decatur, AL CSA
273 Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA MSA 156,289 155,932 +0.23% Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA
274 Monroe, MI MSA 155,274 154,809 +0.30% Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA
275 Santa Fe, NM MSA 155,201 154,823 +0.24% Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM CSA
276 Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ MSA 153,627 154,152 −0.34% Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
277 Hanford-Corcoran, CA MSA 153,443 152,486 +0.63% Fresno-Madera-Hanford, CA CSA
278 Niles, MI MSA 153,101 154,316 −0.79% South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka, IN-MI CSA
279 Bangor, ME MSA 152,765 152,199 +0.37%
280 Logan, UT-ID MSA 152,083 147,348 +3.21%
281 Dothan, AL MSA 151,618 151,007 +0.40% Dothan-Ozark, AL CSA
282 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL MSA 151,517 150,791 +0.48%
283 Alexandria, LA MSA 150,890 152,192 −0.86%
284 Jefferson City, MO MSA 150,706 150,309 +0.26%
285 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD MSA 149,265 149,940 −0.45%
286 Valdosta, GA MSA 149,152 148,126 +0.69%
287 Wichita Falls, TX MSA 149,013 148,128 +0.60%
288 Albany, GA MSA 147,773 148,922 −0.77%
289 Texarkana, TX-AR MSA 147,174 147,519 −0.23%
290 Winchester, VA-WV MSA 145,155 142,632 +1.77% Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA
291 Flagstaff, AZ MSA 145,052 145,101 −0.03%
292 Morristown, TN MSA 143,855 142,709 +0.80% Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN CSA
293 Rocky Mount, NC MSA 143,535 143,870 −0.23% Rocky Mount-Wilson-Roanoke Rapids, NC CSA
294 Lebanon, PA MSA 143,493 143,257 +0.16% Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA CSA
295 Dalton, GA MSA 142,799 142,837 −0.03% Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA CSA
296 Rapid City, SD MSA 141,979 139,074 +2.09% Rapid City-Spearfish, SD CSA
297 Morgantown, WV MSA 140,745 140,038 +0.50% Morgantown-Fairmont, WV CSA
298 Sherman-Denison, TX MSA 139,336 135,543 +2.80% Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA
299 La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN MSA 139,211 139,627 −0.30%
300 Wheeling, WV-OH MSA 137,740 139,513 −1.27%
301 Napa, CA MSA 136,207 138,019 −1.31% San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
302 Harrisonburg, VA MSA 135,824 135,571 +0.19% Harrisonburg-Staunton-Waynesboro, VA CSA
303 Sumter, SC MSA 135,782 136,700 −0.67%
304 The Villages, FL MSA 135,638 129,752 +4.54% Orlando-Lakeland-Deltona, FL CSA
305 Springfield, OH MSA 135,633 136,001 −0.27% Dayton-Springfield-Kettering, OH CSA
306 Hammond, LA MSA 135,217 133,157 +1.55% New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS CSA
307 Jonesboro, AR MSA 134,878 134,196 +0.51% Jonesboro-Paragould, AR CSA
308 Bismarck, ND MSA 134,417 133,626 +0.59%
309 Manhattan, KS MSA 133,932 134,046 −0.09%
310 Battle Creek, MI MSA 133,819 134,310 −0.37% Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI CSA
311 Carbondale-Marion, IL MSA 132,907 133,435 −0.40%
312 Johnstown, PA MSA 132,167 133,472 −0.98% Johnstown-Somerset, PA CSA
313 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA MSA 130,696 129,523 +0.91% Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA
314 Albany-Lebanon, OR MSA 129,839 128,610 +0.96% Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA CSA
315 Pittsfield, MA MSA 128,657 129,026 −0.29%
316 Cleveland, TN MSA 127,938 126,164 +1.41% Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA CSA
317 Lawton, OK MSA 127,543 126,652 +0.70%
318 Glens Falls, NY MSA 126,574 127,039 −0.37% Albany-Schenectady, NY CSA
319 Ames, IA MSA 126,195 125,252 +0.75% Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA CSA
320 Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ MSA 126,050 125,447 +0.48%
321 Staunton, VA MSA 125,774 125,433 +0.27% Harrisonburg-Staunton-Waynesboro, VA CSA
322 Mansfield, OH MSA 125,195 124,936 +0.21% Mansfield-Ashland-Bucyrus, OH CSA
323 Wenatchee, WA MSA 123,342 122,012 +1.09%
324 San Angelo, TX MSA 122,344 122,888 −0.44%
325 New Bern, NC MSA 122,273 122,168 +0.09% New Bern-Morehead City, NC CSA
326 Altoona, PA MSA 121,767 122,822 −0.86%
327 Owensboro, KY MSA 121,227 121,559 −0.27%
328 Farmington, NM MSA 120,993 121,661 −0.55%
329 St. Joseph, MO-KS MSA 120,424 121,467 −0.86% Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS CSA
330 Missoula, MT MSA 119,533 117,922 +1.37%
331 Lawrence, KS MSA 119,363 118,785 +0.49% Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS CSA
332 Sheboygan, WI MSA 117,747 118,034 −0.24%
333 Twin Falls, ID MSA 116,905 114,283 +2.29%
334 Goldsboro, NC MSA 116,835 117,333 −0.42%
335 Watertown-Fort Drum, NY MSA 116,295 116,721 −0.36%
336 Anniston-Oxford, AL MSA 115,972 116,441 −0.40%
337 Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH MSA 115,585 116,903 −1.13% Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV CSA
338 California-Lexington Park, MD MSA 114,468 113,777 +0.61% Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA
339 Brunswick, GA MSA 113,963 113,495 +0.41%
340 Beckley, WV MSA 113,698 115,079 −1.20%
341 Williamsport, PA MSA 113,605 114,188 −0.51% Williamsport-Lock Haven, PA CSA
342 Michigan City-La Porte, IN MSA 112,390 112,417 −0.02% Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA
343 Muncie, IN MSA 111,871 111,903 −0.03% Indianapolis-Carmel-Muncie, IN CSA
344 Longview, WA MSA 111,524 110,730 +0.72% Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA CSA
345 Lewiston-Auburn, ME MSA 111,034 111,139 −0.09% Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, ME CSA
346 Kankakee, IL MSA 106,601 107,502 −0.84% Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA
347 Ithaca, NY MSA 105,162 105,740 −0.55% Ithaca-Cortland, NY CSA
348 Fond du Lac, WI MSA 104,362 104,154 +0.20%
349 Gettysburg, PA MSA 104,127 103,852 +0.26% Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA CSA
350 Mankato, MN MSA 103,612 103,566 +0.04% Mankato-New Ulm, MN CSA
351 Grand Forks, ND-MN MSA 103,462 104,362 −0.86%
352 Sebring-Avon Park, FL MSA 103,296 101,235 +2.04%
353 Gadsden, AL MSA 103,162 103,436 −0.26%
354 Bay City, MI MSA 102,985 103,856 −0.84% Saginaw-Midland-Bay City, MI CSA
355 Decatur, IL MSA 102,432 103,998 −1.51%
356 Lima, OH MSA 101,670 102,206 −0.52% Lima-Van Wert-Celina, OH CSA
357 Cheyenne, WY MSA 100,863 100,512 +0.35%
358 Hot Springs, AR MSA 100,330 100,180 +0.15% Hot Springs-Malvern, AR CSA
359 Rome, GA MSA 98,771 98,584 +0.19% Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA-AL CSA
360 Dubuque, IA MSA 98,718 99,266 −0.55%
361 Victoria, TX MSA 98,127 98,331 −0.21% Victoria-Port Lavaca, TX CSA
362 Cape Girardeau, MO-IL MSA 97,699 97,517 +0.19% Cape Girardeau-Sikeston, MO-IL CSA
363 Pocatello, ID MSA 96,213 94,896 +1.39%
364 Corvallis, OR MSA 96,017 95,184 +0.88% Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA CSA
365 Ocean City, NJ MSA 95,661 95,263 +0.42% Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
366 Fairbanks, AK MSA 95,593 95,655 −0.06%
367 Cumberland, MD-WV MSA 94,586 95,044 −0.48%
368 Parkersburg-Vienna, WV MSA 88,687 89,490 −0.90% Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH CSA
369 Grants Pass, OR MSA 88,346 88,090 +0.29% Medford-Grants Pass, OR CSA
370 Pine Bluff, AR MSA 86,412 87,751 −1.53% Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR CSA
371 Great Falls, MT MSA 84,511 84,414 +0.11%
372 Kokomo, IN MSA 83,687 83,658 +0.03% Kokomo-Peru, IN CSA
373 Midland, MI MSA 83,457 83,494 −0.04% Saginaw-Midland-Bay City, MI CSA
374 Elmira, NY MSA 83,045 84,148 −1.31% Elmira-Corning, NY CSA
375 Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA MSA 82,959 82,863 +0.12% Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA CSA
376 Hinesville, GA MSA 82,863 81,424 +1.77% Savannah-Hinesville-Statesboro, GA CSA
377 Columbus, IN MSA 82,475 82,208 +0.32% Indianapolis-Carmel-Muncie, IN CSA
378 Casper, WY MSA 79,555 79,955 −0.50%
379 Grand Island, NE MSA 76,175 77,038 −1.12%
380 Danville, IL MSA 73,095 74,188 −1.47%
381 Lewiston, ID-WA MSA 64,851 64,375 +0.74%
382 Walla Walla, WA MSA 62,682 62,584 +0.16% Kennewick-Richland-Walla Walla, WA CSA
383 Enid, OK MSA 61,926 62,846 −1.46%
384 Carson City, NV MSA 58,993 58,639 +0.60% Reno-Carson City-Fernley, NV CSA

Puerto RicoEdit

This sortable table lists the eight Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) of Puerto Rico including:

  1. The MSA rank by population as of July 1, 2021, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[8]
  2. The MSA name as designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget[9]
  3. The MSA population as of July 1, 2021, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau[8]
  4. The MSA population as of April 1, 2020, as enumerated by the 2020 United States Census[8]
  5. The percent MSA population change from April 1, 2020, to July 1, 2021[8]
  6. The Combined Statistical Area (CSA)[10] if the MSA is a component[9]
The Eight Metropolitan Statistical Areas of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Rank Metropolitan Statistical Area 2021 estimate 2020 Census Change Encompassing Combined Statistical Area
1 San Juan-Bayamón-Caguas, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,068,451 2,081,265 −0.62% San Juan-Bayamón, PR Combined Statistical Area
2 Aguadilla-Isabela, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 307,788 310,160 −0.76%
3 Ponce, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 221,222 224,142 −1.30% Ponce-Yauco-Coamo, PR Combined Statistical Area
4 Arecibo, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 182,014 182,705 −0.38% San Juan-Bayamón, PR Combined Statistical Area
5 San Germán, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 124,644 125,100 −0.36% Mayagüez-San Germán, PR Combined Statistical Area
6 Mayagüez, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 96,270 97,605 −1.37% Mayagüez-San Germán, PR Combined Statistical Area
7 Yauco, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 84,738 86,142 −1.63% Ponce-Yauco-Coamo, PR Combined Statistical Area
8 Guayama, PR Metropolitan Statistical Area 68,178 68,442 −0.39% San Juan-Bayamón, PR Combined Statistical Area

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. pp. 459. ISBN 9780415252256.
  2. ^ Nussle, Jim (November 20, 2008). "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. pp. 1–2. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 21, 2017.
  3. ^ Census Geographic Glossary, U.S. Census Bureau
  4. ^ a b c "Office of Management & Budget, 2010 Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas; Notice" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
  6. ^ "Recommendations From the Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Standards Review Committee to the Office of Management and Budget Concerning Changes to the 2010 Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". Federal Register. January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  7. ^ The White House (July 13, 2021). "Office of Management and Budget Announces 2020 Standards for Delineating Core Based Statistical Areas" (Press release). Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d "OMB Bulletin No. 20-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. March 6, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  10. ^ a b The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines a CSA (CSA) as an aggregate of adjacent core-based statistical areas that are linked by commuting ties.

External linksEdit