The Seattle metropolitan area is an urban conglomeration in the U.S. state of Washington that comprises Seattle, its surrounding satellites and suburbs. It contains the three most populous counties in the state, King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties, and is considered part of the greater Puget Sound region. The United States Census Bureau defines the metropolitan area as the Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue, WA metropolitan statistical area. With an estimated population of 4,102,400 as of 2022[update], it is the 15th-largest metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in the United States and home to over half of Washington's population.
Seattle metropolitan area
|Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA|
|Largest city||Seattle (762,500)|
|Other cities|| - Tacoma (220,800)|
- Bellevue (153,900)
- Kent (137,900)
- Everett (113,300)
- Renton (107,500)
|• Total||5,872.35 sq mi (15,209.3 km2)|
|Highest elevation||14,411 ft (4,392 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Rank||15th in the U.S.|
|• Density||700/sq mi (270/km2)|
|Gross Metropolitan Product|
|• Total||US$479.966 billion (2021)|
As defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, the Seattle metropolitan area includes:
- Seattle–Bellevue–Everett metropolitan division
- Tacoma metropolitan division
- Pierce County: south of Seattle
Based on commuting patterns, the adjacent metropolitan areas of Olympia, Bremerton, and Mount Vernon, along with a few smaller satellite urban areas, are grouped together in a wider labor market region known as the Seattle–Tacoma Combined Statistical Area (CSA) (See Figure STO), commonly known as the Puget Sound region. The population of this wider region is 4,686,536—roughly two-thirds of Washington's population—as of 2017[update]. The Seattle CSA is the 14th largest CSA, and the 13th largest primary census statistical area in the country. The additional metropolitan and micropolitan areas included are:
- Bremerton–Silverdale metropolitan area
- Olympia metropolitan area
- Mount Vernon–Anacortes metropolitan area
- Oak Harbor micropolitan area
- Shelton micropolitan area
- Mason County: west of Tacoma and northwest of Olympia
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2020 census there were 4,018,762 people in the area. In 2019 the estimated median income for a household in the Seattle metropolitan area was $94,027. The per capita income was $49,184.
|County||2020 Census||2010 Census||Change||Area||Density|
|King County||2,269,675||1,931,249||+17.52%||2,115.56 sq mi (5,479.3 km2)||1,035/sq mi (399/km2)|
|Pierce County||921,130||795,225||+15.83%||1,669.51 sq mi (4,324.0 km2)||552/sq mi (213/km2)|
|Snohomish County||827,957||713,335||+16.07%||2,087.27 sq mi (5,406.0 km2)||397/sq mi (153/km2)|
|Total||4,018,762||3,439,809||+16.83%||5,872.34 sq mi (15,209.3 km2)||659/sq mi (254/km2)|
According to the Pew Research Center's 2014 U.S. Religious Landscape Study, the Seattle metropolitan area's religious affiliation is as follows:
- Bainbridge Island
- Beaux Arts Village
- Bonney Lake
- Des Moines
- Federal Way
- Gig Harbor
- Gold Bar
- Granite Falls
- Lake Forest Park
- Lake Stevens
- Maple Valley
- Mercer Island
- Mill Creek
- Mountlake Terrace
- Mount Vernon
- Normandy Park
- North Bend
The Seattle metropolitan area is home to numerous large scale businesses. Retail giants such as Microsoft, Amazon, REI, Nordstrom, Starbucks, and Costco were founded and continue to be headquartered in the greater Seattle area.
Over the past decade, tech companies began expanding their roots into the Seattle metropolitan area and opening offices on both sides of Lake Washington (Seattle and Bellevue, primarily). These companies, traditionally known for their history in Silicon Valley and the bay area, include Facebook, Salesforce, Google, and Zynga.
Major airports edit
The other airports in the area are:
- Paine Field (passenger and general)
- Boeing Field (passenger and cargo)
- Harvey Airfield (general)
- Renton Municipal Airport (general)
Major highways edit
- U.S. Route 2
- Interstate 5
- State Route 7
- State Route 9
- State Route 16
- State Route 18
- Interstate 90
- State Route 99
- U.S. Route 101
- State Route 202
- Interstate 405
- State Route 520
- State Route 522
- Interstate 605 (proposed but unbuilt)
- Interstate 705
Mass transit edit
- Sound Transit, trains, buses, light rail in Puget Sound area
- Community Transit, buses in Snohomish County except Everett
- King County Metro, buses in King County
- Pierce Transit, buses in Pierce County
- Everett Transit, bus service in the city of Everett
- Kitsap Transit, buses and ferry service in Kitsap County
- Intercity Transit, bus service in Thurston County
- Mason Transit Authority, bus service in Mason County
- Seattle Streetcar, streetcar service in the city of Seattle
- Seattle Center Monorail
- "GDP by county in 2021" (PDF). www.bea.gov.
- "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES". United States Census Bureau.
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- "Census profile: Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Metro Area". Census Reporter. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
- "Religious Landscape Study". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "About Seattle". Seattle Chamber of Commerce.
- Wingfield, Nick (June 2, 2011). "Bay Area Technology Firms Put Down Roots in Seattle". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
- Blethen, Ryan (March 4, 2019). "How the first day of commercial flights from Paine Field went". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 8, 2019.