Little Free Library
Little Free Library is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that aims to inspire a love of reading, build community, and spark creativity by fostering neighborhood book exchanges around the world. More than 75,000 public book exchanges are registered with the organization and branded as Little Free Libraries. Through Little Free Libraries, present in 88 countries, millions of books are exchanged each year, with the aim of increasing access to books for readers of all ages and backgrounds. The Little Free Library nonprofit organization is based in Hudson, Wisconsin, United States.
A Little Free Library
|Type||501(c)(3) nonprofit organization|
|Purpose||To inspire a love of reading, build community, and spark creativity by fostering neighborhood book exchanges around the world.|
Inspired by the micro-library movement in Portland, Oregon which was initiated by the City Repair Project in 1996, the first Little Free Library in Wisconsin was built in 2009 by the late Todd Bol in Hudson, Wisconsin. Bol mounted a wooden container designed to look like a one-room schoolhouse on a post on his lawn and filled it with books as a tribute to his mother, who was a book lover and school teacher and had recently died. Bol shared his idea with his partner, Rick Brooks, and together they built more of them in different areas of the Midwestern United States. Bol set a goal of establishing 2,510 libraries in order to exceed the number of Carnegie Libraries. After a while, the idea started to spread.
Little Free Library officially incorporated as a nonprofit organization on May 16, 2012, and the Internal Revenue Service recognized Little Free Library as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization later that year.
Bol's original goal was the creation of 2,510 Little Libraries, which would surpass the number of libraries founded by Andrew Carnegie. That goal was met in 2012. As of November 2016, there were 50,000 registered Little Free Libraries in 85 countries worldwide.
As of August 2018 the number of Little Free Libraries has expanded to include more than 75,000 libraries in 88 countries around the world. The 75,000th one was established at Jenks East Elementary in Jenks, Oklahoma, on August 30, 2018.
Margret Aldrich wrote The Little Free Library Book to chronicle the movement.
Like other public book exchanges, a passerby can take a book to read or leave one for someone else to find. The organization relies on volunteer "stewards" to construct, install, and maintain book exchange boxes. For a book exchange box to be registered, and legally use the Little Free Library brand name, stewards must purchase a finished book exchange, a kit or, for a DIY project, a charter sign, which contains the "Little Free Library" text and official charter number.
Registered Little Free Libraries can appear on the Little Free Library World Map, which lists locations with GPS coordinates and other information. Little Free Libraries are located around the world; the majority are located in the United States.
In September 2016, LFL announced a collaboration with the World Peace Prayer Society on its Peace Pole Project to offer a new Peace Pole Library. It features the standard Peace Pole message of peace - "May Peace Prevail on Earth” - in a six-foot library. Some of these new libraries were installed at locations significant to the civil rights movement, such as the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
Little Free Libraries are typically welcomed by communities; if zoning problems arise, however, local governments often work with residents to find solutions. In late 2012, the village of Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin, denied permission to potential Little Free Library projects and required that an existing Little Free Library be removed because of a village ordinance that prohibited structures in front yards. Village trustees also worried about inappropriate material being placed in the boxes. However, in August 2013, the village approved a new ordinance that specifically allowed Little Free Library boxes to be put up on private property.
On June 17, 2015 Portland, Oregon Mayor Charlie Hales announced a major liberalization of public space when he declared it "Little Community Kiosk day". On that day, he and the Portland City Council unanimously established a new "encroachment" code providing automatic permits and insurance coverage for every person that installs a community kiosk on either side of a public sidewalk and within the public right of way. The two sides are known as either a "furnishing strip" or "frontage strip". The ordinance provides height, width, and setback guidelines that also address certain ADA requirements related to detection by walking sticks used by alter-abled people. As of that date, every residential block is able to feature installations of a widest possible spectrum of interactive kiosks including libraries. This was partly accomplished as a means to fight youth gang violence, and shortly afterwards three gangs in North Portland participated in the design, construction, and installation of one hundred and fifty little libraries located in public space. The number was established to honor the 150th anniversary of Portland's public library system.
In June 2014, city officials in Leawood, Kansas shut down a Little Free Library under a city ordinance prohibiting detached structures. The family of the nine-year-old boy who built the structure created a Facebook page to support the amendment of Leawood's city code. Another resident of the city who erected a Little Free Library was threatened with a $25 fine. In July, the city council unanimously approved a temporary moratorium to permit Little Free Libraries on private property.
On January 29, 2015, the Metropolitan Planning Commission in Shreveport, Louisiana shut down a Little Free Library. Zoning administrator Alan Clarke said that city ordinances only permitted libraries in commercial zones and that the one that was shut down had “bothered someone.” The following month, the city council temporarily legalized book exchange boxes until the zoning ordinances could be amended to permanently allow them.
- Public bookcase for history and generic aspects of the practice
- "Little Free Library Ltd." Exempt Organizations Select Check. Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". Little Free Library Ltd. Guidestar. December 31, 2015.
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- "People of Little Free Library". Little Free Library. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". Little Free Library Ltd. Guidestar. December 31, 2016.
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- Shachar, Noah (August 16, 2018). "Little Free Libraries Thrive in Santa Barbara". Santa Barbara Independent.
- "About Little Free Library". Little Free Library. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Ross, Jenna (October 18, 2018). "After terminal cancer diagnosis, Little Free Library founder feels like 'the most successful person I know'". Star Tribune. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
- Kelly, Mary Louise (October 19, 2018). "Little Free Library Creator Todd Bol Dies". All Things Considered. National Public Radio.
- Ross, Jenna (October 18, 2018). "Todd Bol, creator of the Little Free Library, dies at 62". Star Tribune.
- "Little Free Library: What People Are Saying". Little Free Library. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- "Little Free Library, Ltd." Corporate Records. Wisconsin Department of Financial Institutions. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- "Little Free Library Ltd". Guidestar. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- "History of Little Free Library". Little Free Library. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- LaVecchia, Olivia (August 14, 2012). "Little Free Library breaks Carnegie's record with 2,510+ libraries (and growing)". City Pages (Minneapolis, Minnesota).
- Aldrich, Margaret. "Big Little Milestone: There Are Now 50,000 Little Free Libraries Worldwide". Book Riot. November 7, 2016. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Aldrich, Margaret (August 30, 2018). "Little Free Library Celebrates Milestone 75,000th Library". Little Free Library.
- "Little Free Library Milestones". Little Free Library. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Aldrich, Margaret. The Little Free Library Book. Coffee House Press. ISBN 978-1566894074. April 14, 2015.
- "About the Impact Fund". Little Free Library.
- "Action Book Club". Little Free Library.
- "Registration Process". Little Free Library.
- Karnowski, Steve. "Wis. Man's Little Free Library Copied Worldwide". Associated Press. Yahoo! News. December 25, 2012.
- Ellis, Rahema May 1, 2012). "Using Books to Build Community". The Daily Nightly. MSNBC. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012.
- Durst, Kristen (7 March 2012). "'Little Free Libraries' Hope For Lending Revolution". All Things Considered. National Public Radio. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Turner, Brodie. "Little Free Library: How a Loving Tribute Became a Worldwide Sensation". Good News Shared. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- Ford, Dick. "The Mize Tardis". Mize City Library (Mize, Mississippi). Instagram. January 4, 2016.
- "'May Peace Prevail on Earth' Is Message of New Peace Pole Library". Little Free Library. 2016-09-12. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- Stingl, Jim (10 November 2012). "Village slaps endnote on Little Libraries". Wisconsin Journal Sentinel. Madison, Wisc. Archived from the original on 2013-03-08. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- "News & Notes: Aug. 7". Whitefish Bay Now. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Waxman, Olivia B. (20 June 2014). "City Forces 9-Year-Old Boy to Move 'Little Free Library' From Front Yard". Time.
- "Spencer's Little Free Library". Facebook. 19 June 2014.
- McCallister, Laura; Fowler, Brix (18 June 2014). "City to fine owners of Little Free Libraries". KFVS-TV.
- Baumann, Caroline (7 July 2014). "'Little Free Libraries' legal in Leawood thanks to 9-year-old Spencer Collins". Kansas City Star (updated 8 July 2014).
- Burris, Alexandria (30 January 2015). "Other Little Free Libraries could be ordered to cease". Shreveport Times.
- Burris, Alexandria (10 February 2015). "Little Free Libraries made legal — for now". Shreveport Times.