Hudson, Wisconsin

Hudson is a city in St. Croix County, Wisconsin, United States. As of the 2010 United States census, its population was 12,719. It is part of the Minneapolis–St. Paul Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The village of North Hudson is directly north of Hudson.

Hudson
City
Hudson
Historic architecture in downtown Hudson, September 2010
Historic architecture in downtown Hudson, September 2010
Location of Hudson in St. Croix County, Wisconsin.
Location of Hudson in St. Croix County, Wisconsin.
Hudson is located in Wisconsin
Hudson
Hudson
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Hudson is located in the United States
Hudson
Hudson
Hudson (the United States)
Coordinates: 44°58′19″N 92°44′42″W / 44.97194°N 92.74500°W / 44.97194; -92.74500Coordinates: 44°58′19″N 92°44′42″W / 44.97194°N 92.74500°W / 44.97194; -92.74500
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountySt. Croix
Government
 • TypeMayor - Council
 • MayorRich O’Connor
Area
 • City7.65 sq mi (19.80 km2)
 • Land6.77 sq mi (17.52 km2)
 • Water0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
Population
 • City12,719
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
14,103
 • Density2,084.39/sq mi (804.81/km2)
 • Metro
3,269,814 (16th)
 • Demonym
Hudsonite
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
54016, 54017
Area code(s)715 & 534 (715
FIPS code55-36250
Websitewww.ci.hudson.wi.us

HistoryEdit

 
The Octagon House Museum, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was built in 1855.

Hudson was settled in 1840 by Louis Massey and his brother in-law, Peter Bouchea. William Streets arrived at about the same time.[4] Later that year, Joseph Sauperson (commonly known as Joe LaGrue) took up residence. These four are considered Hudson's original inhabitants. Massey and Bouchea settled at the mouth of the Willow River, near the present-day First and St. Croix Streets. They had been part of a group that lived for some time along the river below Fort Snelling, which appears on some old maps as "Massey's Landing".

Hudson was originally called Willow River. It was later named Buena Vista by Judge Joel Foster, founder of River Falls, after returning from the Mexican War where he fought in the Battle of Buena Vista. In 1852, Alfred D. Gray, Hudson's first mayor, petitioned to change the city's name to Hudson, because the bluffs along the St. Croix River reminded him of the Hudson River in his native New York.[5]

A large number of settlers arrived in the 1850s and 1860s, many of whom were ancestors of today's residents. The lumber industry was the area's prime attraction, and over time sawmills were established throughout the St. Croix Valley.

The Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway was formed in 1881 from other railroads building between the Twin Cities and Chicago.[6] The shops and headquarters of the Omaha Road were in Hudson. This route is now part of the Union Pacific Railroad.

On August 30, 1917, a violent mob of 1,000 held a night rally in front of the armory protesting the pacifist People's Council of America's attempt to hold a conference in Hudson's prizefighting arena. The crowd then moved on the four organizers in the lobby of their hotel and threatened to hang them. Only after the pleadings of county attorney N. O. Varnum were the four allowed to leave town at once and unharmed.[7]

U.S. Highway 12 once crossed the St. Croix River on a toll bridge between Wisconsin and Minnesota, which provided revenue for the town. With the construction of Interstate 94, the toll bridge was removed, though the long causeway extending to the former bridge location is now open to the public as a pedestrian walkway, known as "The Dike".

 
City Hall

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 7.41 square miles (19.19 km2), of which 6.53 square miles (16.91 km2) is land and 0.88 square miles (2.28 km2) is water.[8]

Interstate Highway 94, U.S. Route 12 and Wisconsin Highway 35 are three of the main routes in the community.

ClimateEdit

Hudson
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
38
 
 
−10
−14
 
 
57
 
 
−6
−14
 
 
54
 
 
1
−7
 
 
144
 
 
11
1
 
 
182
 
 
20
8
 
 
192
 
 
27
15
 
 
91
 
 
27
18
 
 
89
 
 
26
17
 
 
63
 
 
23
13
 
 
76
 
 
13
4
 
 
32
 
 
7
−4
 
 
50
 
 
−5
−12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [9]
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.5
 
 
14
7
 
 
2.2
 
 
21
7
 
 
2.1
 
 
34
19
 
 
5.7
 
 
52
34
 
 
7.2
 
 
68
46
 
 
7.6
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.6
 
 
81
64
 
 
3.5
 
 
79
63
 
 
2.5
 
 
73
55
 
 
3
 
 
55
39
 
 
1.3
 
 
45
25
 
 
2
 
 
23
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,570
18701,74811.3%
18802,29831.5%
18902,88525.5%
19003,25913.0%
19102,810−13.8%
19203,0147.3%
19302,725−9.6%
19402,9879.6%
19503,43515.0%
19604,32525.9%
19705,04916.7%
19805,4347.6%
19906,37817.4%
20008,77537.6%
201012,71944.9%
2019 (est.)14,103[3]10.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 12,719 people, 5,287 households, and 3,324 families living in the city. The population density was 1,947.8 inhabitants per square mile (752.0/km2). There were 5,642 housing units at an average density of 864.0 per square mile (333.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 0.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 5,287 households, of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 35.4 years. 25.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,775 people, 3,687 households, and 2,271 families living in the city. The population density was 1,624.5 inhabitants per square mile (627.2/km2). There were 3,831 housing units at an average density of 709.2 per square mile (273.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.87% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,687 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,991, and the median income for a family was $63,953. Males had a median income of $42,108 versus $31,268 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,921. About 1.7% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Hudson's median household income in 2017 dollars was $69,035.[12]

EconomyEdit

Hudson has grown as a tourist destination and restaurants on the St. Croix in its historic downtown, along with hotels and other businesses that serve traffic on Interstate Highway 94.[citation needed]

The former greyhound racing track, St. Croix Meadows, is being redeveloped to include a hotel, dining, commercial office space, residential condos, a baseball field, an 18-hole mini golf course, and an indoor sports complex with two hockey rinks and a soccer arena.[13]

Two made-for-TV movies were filmed in the city in 2021.[14]

Arts and cultureEdit

Hudson is home of the Phipps Center for the Arts, a regional performing arts center. It is the headquarters of Little Free Libraries and was the site of the first Little Free Library.[15]

Public safetyEdit

Hudson is served by the Hudson Police Department, the Hudson Fire Department, and Lakeview EMS. These agencies respond to about 400 fire calls, 2000 EMS and rescue calls, and 5000 police calls annually.[citation needed]

TransportationEdit

Hudson has no public airports, though residents have access to the New Richmond Regional Airport and the St. Paul Downtown Airport for general aviation, and the Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport (MSP) for commercial and international flights. There is an airport shuttle from Hudson to MSP.

EducationEdit

Hudson is served by the Hudson School District. Public schools in the city include E. P. Rock Elementary School, Hudson Prairie Elementary School, North Hudson Elementary School, Willow River Elementary School, Houlton Elementary School, River Crest Elementary School, Hudson Middle School, and Hudson High School.

St Patrick's School, a Catholic parochial school, is also in Hudson. The Trinity Academy of Hudson, a Lutheran private school, offers preschool through eighth grade.

In 2010, the University of Wisconsin–River Falls opened a satellite campus in Hudson with a focus on undergraduate and graduate degrees for adult students.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ LaRowe, Richard C. (1984). Hudson and North Hudson, Wisconsin: An Intensive Survey of Local Architectural and Historical Resources : Final Report.
  5. ^ Alden, Sharyn (1999). Up North Wisconsin: A Region for All Seasons. Big Earth Publishing. ISBN 978-0-915024-69-8.
  6. ^ Robert Joseph Casey (1948). Pioneer railroad the story of the Chicago and North Western System. Robert Joseph Casey. pp. 151–. GGKEY:WK1RLEKNSCN.
  7. ^ Eau Claire Leader, August 31, 1917
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  9. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Hudson city, Wisconsin". www.census.gov. Retrieved Aug 9, 2020.
  13. ^ Apr 13th 2018 - 10am, Rebecca C. Mariscal. "Dog track sale finalized, new development coming". RiverTowns. Retrieved Aug 9, 2020.
  14. ^ Nov 17th 2021, Hannah Coyle. "Two movies filmed in Hudson, premiered". Hudson Star-Observer. Retrieved Oct 10, 2022.
  15. ^ "About Little Free Library". littlefreelibrary.org. January 9, 2017. Retrieved October 8, 2017.

External linksEdit