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North Bend is a city in King County, Washington, United States, on the outskirts of the Seattle metropolitan area. The population was 5,731 at the 2010 census and an estimated 7,136 in 2018.[3]

North Bend, Washington
Aerial view of North Bend with Mount Si
Aerial view of North Bend with Mount Si
Official seal of North Bend, Washington
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Excellence in Government - Pride in Service"
Location of North Bend, Washington
Location of North Bend, Washington
Coordinates: 47°29′38″N 121°47′10″W / 47.49389°N 121.78611°W / 47.49389; -121.78611Coordinates: 47°29′38″N 121°47′10″W / 47.49389°N 121.78611°W / 47.49389; -121.78611
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyKing
Government
 • TypeIncorporated
 • MayorKenneth G. Hearing
 • City councilBrenden Elwood, Alan Gothelf, Trevor Kostanich, Ross Loudenback, Jeanne Pettersen, Jonathan Rosen, Martin Volken
Area
 • Total4.41 sq mi (11.43 km2)
 • Land4.35 sq mi (11.26 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
Elevation
440 ft (134 m)
Population
 • Total5,731
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
7,136
 • Density1,641/sq mi (633.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Code
98045
Area code(s)425
FIPS code53-49485
GNIS feature ID1523724[4]
Websitenorthbendwa.gov

Since the closure of Weyerhaeuser's Snoqualmie sawmill, North Bend has become a prosperous bedroom community for Seattle, located about 30 miles (48 km) to the west. The town was made famous by David Lynch's television series Twin Peaks, which was set and partially filmed in North Bend. The community is also home to Nintendo North Bend, the main North American production facility and distribution center for the video game console manufacturer Nintendo.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Downtown North Bend with Mount Si in 1900
 
Jeremiah Borst (1830–1890), father of the Snoqualmie Valley community
 
William Taylor (1853-1941), founder of North Bend
 
Downtown North Bend in 1943

The Snoqualmie Indian Tribe has resided in the Snoqualmie Prairie, including the area now known as North Bend, for thousands of years. This prairie southeast of Snoqualmie Falls was the ancestral home, hunting and forage grounds for the Snoqualmie people and was located in the upper Snoqualmie Valley near the Snoqualmie River fork confluence, Mount Si, and the western foothills of the Cascade Range.

One of the first explorers to the upper Snoqualmie Valley was Samuel Hancock who arrived in 1851. Hancock traveled upriver with his Snoqualmie guides, fording canoes around the falls to reach Snoqualmie Prairie, searching for coal deposits. He was taken to a "very extensive and fertile prairie" about two miles above Snoqualmie Falls.[5] The beautiful open grassland came to be known as the Snoqualmie Prairie, the heart of which is now known as Tollgate and Meadowbrook farms.[6] The Snoqualmies, led by Chief Patkanim, later sided with early settlers in the 1850s Indian Wars and were one of the signatory tribes of the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, which failed to designate an Indian reservation for the Snoqualmies. Some of the soldiers in those wars, such as the brothers and sisters Kellogg, established cabins near remaining Snoqualmie blockhouses; however, the first permanent American resident in the valley was Jeremiah Borst, who arrived in 1858.[7]

After the Homestead Act of 1862, more settlers ventured to the Snoqualmie Valley, with the first families settling near Borst on the easterly end of Snoqualmie Prairie. In 1865, Matts Peterson homesteaded the site that ultimately became North Bend.[8] In 1879, Peterson sold the property to Borst and moved east of the Cascades. Borst wrote to Will Taylor, who had left the Pacific Northwest to pursue mining in California, and offered him the Peterson homestead in exchange for labor. Taylor returned and became the driving force in developing the town while expanding his property to include a thriving trading post and boarding house for travelers over Snoqualmie Pass. On February 16, 1889, with the upcoming railroad boom, Taylor formally platted a town including his farm, upcoming street plans and building lots, giving it the name "Snoqualmie".[9] Later that summer, competing Seattle land speculators subsequently platted nearby "Snoqualmie Falls", choosing a similar name. Pressured by demands of the Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway to avoid confusion, Taylor reluctantly renamed his town "Mountain View".[10] However, the U.S. Post Office Department objected to "Mountain View", as a town with that name already existed in northern Whatcom County. To conclude the matter Taylor agreed to permanently rename the community "North Bend", after its prime location near the large northward bend of the South and Middle Fork of the Snoqualmie River.[8] Taylor was proud of his new, thriving town, but by historical accounts, "He never got over having his town name taken away."[5] North Bend was officially incorporated on March 12, 1909, and grew throughout the 20th century, with an early economic focus on logging, sawmill production, agricultural and dairy farming.[11]

GeographyEdit

North Bend is located near the geographic center of King County at 47°29′38″N 121°47′10″W / 47.49389°N 121.78611°W / 47.49389; -121.78611 (47.493831, -121.786247).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.16 km2), of which 4.27 square miles (11.06 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) are water.[13]

North Bend is located in the foothills of the Cascade Range, 30 miles (48 km) east of Seattle in the upper valley of the Snoqualmie River. The city is bordered to the northwest by the city of Snoqualmie. Both communities lie near the center of the Mountains to Sound Greenway.[14] Mount Si, the most prominent geological feature nearby, looms over the town. To the south is Rattlesnake Ridge. Mount Si stands at 4,167 feet (1,270 m) and towers above the town, itself at around 440 ft (130 m). A 4-mile (6 km) trail zigzags up to the summit with a vertical climb of 3,500 feet (1,100 m).

North Bend annexed Tanner and the Stilson area July 6, 2009.[15]

Surrounding communitiesEdit

ClimateEdit

North Bend's climate is warm and generally dry during the summer when high temperatures tend to be in the 70s and mild to cold during the winter when high temperatures tend to be in the 30s and 40s. The town's location in the foothills means that it receives significantly higher annual precipitation than other suburbs to the west, and also translates into heavier snowfall in the winter. The all-time record high temperature is 105 °F (41 °C) set in 2009. The warmest month of the year is August with an average maximum temperature of 77 °F (25 °C), while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 29 °F (−2 °C). The annual average precipitation in North Bend is 59.1 inches (1,500 mm) with 14.7 inches (370 mm) of snowfall. Winter months tend to be wetter than summer months.[16]

Climate data for North Bend, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
75
(24)
79
(26)
90
(32)
97
(36)
99
(37)
105
(41)
102
(39)
98
(37)
95
(35)
75
(24)
67
(19)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
44
(7)
52
(11)
59
(15)
65
(18)
71
(22)
76
(24)
77
(25)
70
(21)
59
(15)
48
(9)
42
(6)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 29
(−2)
32
(0)
36
(2)
40
(4)
44
(7)
49
(9)
51
(11)
51
(11)
47
(8)
42
(6)
37
(3)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−9
(−23)
8
(−13)
24
(−4)
26
(−3)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
35
(2)
30
(−1)
23
(−5)
2
(−17)
−2
(−19)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 8.25
(210)
5.88
(149)
5.88
(149)
4.41
(112)
3.49
(89)
2.84
(72)
1.31
(33)
1.49
(38)
2.97
(75)
5.46
(139)
8.49
(216)
8.61
(219)
59.1
(1,500)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.7
(9.4)
4.3
(11)
1.3
(3.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.6
(4.1)
3.8
(9.7)
14.7
(37)
Source: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?wa7773

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1910299
192038729.4%
193054841.6%
194064617.9%
195078721.8%
196094520.1%
19701,62572.0%
19801,7014.7%
19902,57851.6%
20004,74684.1%
20105,73120.8%
Est. 20187,136[3]24.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
2018 Estimate[18]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,731 people, 2,210 households, and 1,487 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,342.2 inhabitants per square mile (518.2/km2). There were 2,348 housing units at an average density of 549.9 per square mile (212.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 0.5% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population.

There were 2,210 households of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.7% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 38.7 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 29.4% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,746 people, 1,841 households, and 1,286 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,611.6 people per square mile (623.3/km²). There were 1,889 housing units at an average density of 641.4 per square mile (248.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.01% White, 0.70% African American, 1.03% Native American, 2.23% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.79% of the population.

There were 1,841 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 37.1% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $61,534, and the median income for a family was $69,402. Males had a median income of $57,333 versus $38,401 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,229. About 2.1% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

CultureEdit

Historic McGrath HotelEdit

The McGrath Hotel is located on the site of the cabin of William Henry Taylor, who platted North Bend in 1889. In October 1921, Jack McGrath and his wife Caroline purchased the site of their future venture, McGrath's Café; construction was completed as a one-story restaurant in 1922. In early 1926 the building was expanded two window bays westward, creating the hotel lobby (now the restaurant bar), and a second story was added to the entire structure to accommodate the hotel rooms of the new McGrath Hotel. After several years of deferred maintenance, the McGrath was purchased in 2000 by a local couple who spent two years rehabilitating the building. It is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The first floor currently houses a popular restaurant, the Iron Duck Public House.

Historic North Bend TheatreEdit

On April 9, 1941 the North Bend Theatre[19] opened its doors. It has continued operating as an independent movie theater since that day. In 1999, the theatre underwent a major renovation. In 2013, the theater was once more saved from extinction by a successful $100,000+ fundraiser to convert the projection system from 35mm cellulose to 4K digital video.[20] During this series of renovations every part of the building was improved without sacrificing the distinctive character of this 1941 Art Deco theater.

Valley Center Stage Community TheaterEdit

Valley Center Stage is a downtown community theater that promotes the performing arts in all its aspects. The theater has regular shows featuring classics and comedy. In addition, the theater offers opportunities to valley residents to participate in the theater's productions.[21]

Snoqualmie Valley Historical MuseumEdit

The Snoqualmie Valley Historical Museum, operated by the Snoqualmie Valley Historical Society, has been sharing the history of the Snoqualmie Valley for over 50 years.[22]

North Bend Visitor Center & Mountain View Art GalleryEdit

The Visitors Information Center is operated by the North Bend Downtown Foundation and represents a significant step towards downtown revitalization and growing community pride through volunteer efforts. The Mountain View Gallery features local artwork and hosts special events for the community throughout the year. The modern Northwest Regional style center features easy to use touchscreen computers for visitors to access a variety of information on local attractions and history.[23]

TransportationEdit

North Bend is located 30 miles (48 km) east of Seattle on Interstate 90. There is regular bus service provided by King County Metro Transit on route 208. Metro buses are outfitted with bike racks. There are a number of van pools to Redmond, Bellevue, Seattle, and Renton.[24] Snoqualmie Valley Transportation provides door-to-door transportation for the public in North Bend, Snoqualmie, Preston, Fall City, Carnation, Duvall and Monroe.[25]

North Bend has a fairly modest trail system.[26] The Snoqualmie Valley Regional Trail stretches from Duvall through Carnation, Fall City, Snoqualmie, and North Bend to Rattlesnake Lake.[27] This 31.5-mile (50.7 km) trail connects to the John Wayne Pioneer Trail (which goes clear across Washington to the Idaho border) and to the city of Snoqualmie's extensive trail network. North Bend also has its own city trail system in downtown, the Si View neighborhood and along the South Fork of the Snoqualmie River in several places.

City park systemEdit

Outdoor recreation opportunities include hiking, fishing, mountain biking, climbing, river sports, wildlife observation, and enjoying scenic areas, all within city limits, not to mention the vast recreational playground immediately surrounding the city. Current city parks include Dahlgren Family Park, E.J. Roberts Park, Future Tennant Trailhead Park, Gardiner-Weeks Memorial Park, Meadowbrook Farm, Riverfront Park, Si View Neighborhood Park, Si View Park and Community Center, Snoqualmie Valley Trail, Tanner Trail, Tannerwood Neighborhood Park, Tollgate Farm, Tollgate Farm Park, Torguson Park and William Henry Taylor Park.[28]

GalleryEdit

EconomyEdit

Throughout the 20th century North Bend has maintained gradual growth with an early economic focus on logging, sawmill production, agricultural and dairy farming. Currently, North Bend is for the largest part a bedroom community to Bellevue and Seattle. In addition, North Bend has a growing tourism economy centered around the North Bend Premium Outlet Mall, Northwest Railway Museum train activities and Snoqualmie Pass recreational commerce related to hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, skiing, snowboarding and cross-country skiing. North Bend also has approximately 400 employees working for Nintendo North Bend.

PoliceEdit

Law enforcement services in North Bend has changed hands several times. From 1973 until March 8, 2014, the city contracted with the King County Sheriff's Office for law enforcement services within city limits. At the time the contract ended it was KCSO's longest standing contract. Effective March 8, 2014, the city now contracts for law enforcement services with the City of Snoqualmie Police Department.

LandmarksEdit

King County and the city of North Bend have designated the following landmarks:

Landmark Built Listed Address Photo
Camp Waskowitz [30]
Namesake of Fritz Waskowitz[31]
1935 1992 45509 SE 150th Street, North Bend  
Si View Pool and Activity Center (WPA Park Building) 1938-40 [30] 1984 400 SE Orchard Dr., North Bend  
North Bend Historic Commercial District[30] 1889–1960 2000 Bendigo Blvd. & No. Bend Way  
Tollgate Farmhouse[30] c.1890 2002 SR 202 (near Boalch Avenue)  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  4. ^ "North Bend". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  5. ^ a b Ada S. Hill, A History of the Snoqualmie Valley (North Bend: Snoqualmie Valley Historical Society, 1970, fifth printing, 1981
  6. ^ https://northbendwa.gov/DocumentCenter/Home/View/895 North Bend: How Our 100 Years Began
  7. ^ *Evans, Jack R. (1990). A Little History of North Bend - Snoqualmie. SCW Publications. ISBN 1-877882-03-8.
  8. ^ a b Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 17, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "North Bend Beginnings: Snoqualmie (renamed Mountain View, renamed North Bend) Post Office opens on May 20, 1870. - HistoryLink.org".
  11. ^ "North Bend -- Thumbnail History". www.historylink.org.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  14. ^ "Communities that Thrive". Mountains to Sound Greenway Trust. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
  15. ^ Michael Rowe (August 20, 2009). "North Bend gets official number on annexation". SnoValley Star. Archived from the original on December 6, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  16. ^ "North Bend, WA Weather". idcide.com. Retrieved May 17, 2009.
  17. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  18. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  19. ^ "northbendtheatre.com". Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  20. ^ "After Successful $100,000 Fundraiser, North Bend Theatre Debuts New State-of-the-Art Movie Projector - Living Snoqualmie". 15 September 2013.
  21. ^ "Valley Center Stage - Comedy * Variety * Music * Playhouse". Archived from the original on April 21, 2009. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
  22. ^ "Snoqualmie Valley Historical Museum". Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  23. ^ "Visitor Information Center". North Bend.
  24. ^ Springer, Natalie "Metro Transit van-pooling reaches an all-time high." Seattle Times, March 5, 2004
  25. ^ "Snoqualmie Valley Transportation". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  26. ^ "City of North Bend Plan Trail Map" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Snoqualmie Valley Trail Map" (PDF). duvallwa.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2010. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  28. ^ "Parks & Trails - North Bend, WA - Official Website". northbendwa.gov.
  29. ^ Yam, Marcus (2 July 2013). "Cooling off at the Dairy Freeze". The Seattle Times.
  30. ^ a b c d King County and Local Landmarks List[permanent dead link], King County (undated, last modified February 26, 2003). Accessed online May 9, 2009
  31. ^ "Husky Legend: Fritz Waskowitz - GoHuskies.com - University of Washington Athletics".

External linksEdit