Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex

The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, officially designated Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget,[a] is the most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S. state of Texas and the Southern United States, encompassing 11 counties. Its historically dominant core cities are Dallas and Fort Worth.[5] It is the economic and cultural hub of North Texas. Residents of the area also refer to it as DFW (airport code), or the Metroplex. The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan statistical area's population was 7,637,387 according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2020 census,[6] making it the most populous metropolitan area in both Texas and the Southern United States, the fourth-largest in the U.S. and the tenth-largest in the Americas. In 2016, the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex had the highest annual population growth in the United States.[7]

Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington
From top: Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, showcasing Downtown Dallas and Downtown Fort Worth, and the Arlington Entertainment District
Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK CSA
Country United States
State Texas
Principal cities[1]
 • Urban
1,746.90 sq mi (4,524.44 km2)
 • Metro
8,675 sq mi (22,468 km2)
Highest elevation
1,368 ft (417 m)
 (2020 census)[2][3]
 • Conurbation7,637,387 (4th)
 • Urban
5,732,354 (6th)
 • Urban density3,281.45/sq mi (1,266.98/km2)
 • Metro density880.4/sq mi (339.9/km2)
 • MSA
7,637,387 (4th)
 • CSA
8,121,108 (7th)
 • MSA$688.928 billion (2022)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area codes214, 254, 430, 469, 682, 817, 903, 940, 945, 972

The metropolitan region's economy, also referred to as Silicon Prairie, is primarily based on banking, commerce, insurance, telecommunications, technology, energy, healthcare, medical research, transportation and logistics. As of 2022, Dallas–Fort Worth is home to 23 Fortune 500 companies, the 4th-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the United States behind New York City (62), Chicago (35), and Houston (24).[8] In 2016, the metropolitan economy surpassed Houston to become the fourth-largest in the U.S. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex boasted a GDP of just over $620.6 billion in 2020.[9] If the Metroplex were a sovereign state, it would have the twentieth largest economy in the world as of 2019. In 2015, the conurbated metropolitan area would rank the ninth-largest economy if it were a U.S. state.[10] In 2020, Dallas–Fort Worth was recognized as the 36th best metropolitan area for STEM professionals in the U.S.[11]

The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex comprises the highest concentration of colleges and universities in Texas. The UT Southwestern Medical Center is home to six Nobel Laureates and was ranked No. 1 in the world among healthcare institutions in biomedical sciences.[12][13] The Metroplex is also the second most popular metropolis for megachurches in Texas (trailing the Greater Houston metropolitan area),[14] ranked the largest Christian metropolitan statistical area in the U.S.,[15][16][17] and has one of the largest LGBT communities in Texas since 2005.[18][19][20][21]

Etymology edit

A portmanteau of metropolis and complex, the term metroplex is credited to Harve Chapman, an executive vice president with Dallas-based Tracy-Locke, one of three advertising agencies that worked with the North Texas Commission (NTC) on strategies to market the region.[22] The NTC copyrighted the term "Southwest Metroplex" in 1972 as a replacement for the previously-ubiquitous "North Texas",[23] which studies had shown lacked identifiability outside the state. In fact, only 38 percent of a survey group identified Dallas and Fort Worth as part of "North Texas", with the Texas Panhandle also a perceived correct answer, being the northernmost region of Texas.[24]

Geography edit

The United States Census Bureau determined the Metroplex encompasses 9,286 square miles (24,100 km2) of total area; 8,991 sq mi (23,290 km2) is land, and 295 sq mi (760 km2) is covered by water. The conurbated metropolitan area is larger in area than the U.S. states of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined,[25] and larger than New Jersey.[25] If the metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would rank the 162nd largest state by total area after Lebanon. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget combines the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex with the Sherman–Denison metropolitan area and seven micropolitan statistical areas to form the Dallas–Fort Worth TX–OK combined statistical area.

The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex overlooks mostly prairie land with a few rolling hills dotted by human-made lakes cut by streams, creeks and rivers surrounded by forested land. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex is situated in the Texas blackland prairies region,[26] so named for its fertile black soil found especially in the rural areas of Collin, Dallas, Ellis, Hunt, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.

Many areas of Denton, Johnson, Parker, Tarrant, and Wise counties are located in the Fort Worth Prairie region of North Texas,[27] which has less fertile and more rocky soil than that of the Texas blackland prairie; most of the rural land on the Fort Worth Prairie is ranch land. A large onshore natural gas field, the Barnett Shale, lies underneath this area; Denton, Tarrant and Wise counties feature many natural gas wells. Continuing land use change results in scattered crop fields surrounded by residential or commercial development. South of Dallas and Fort Worth is a line of rugged hills that goes north to south about 15 miles (24 km) that looks similar to the Texas Hill Country 200 miles (320 km) to the south.

Metropolitan divisions and counties edit

1915 map of Dallas and Tarrant Counties

The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan statistical area is formed by a combination of two separate metropolitan statistical divisions. The Dallas–Plano–Irving MDA and Fort Worth–Arlington–Grapevine MDA come together to form one full metropolitan area or conurbation.[28][1]

Dallas–Plano–Irving metropolitan division edit

Fort Worth–Arlington–Grapevine metropolitan division edit


Climate edit

Dallas–Fort Worth has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa).

It is also continental, characterized by a relatively wide annual temperature range for the latitude. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex is located at the lower end of Tornado Alley, and can experience extreme weather.[32]

In the Metroplex, summers are very hot and humid, although low humidity characteristics of desert locations can appear at any time of the year. July and August are typically the hottest months, with an average high of 96.0 °F (36 °C) and an average low of 76.7 °F (25 °C). Heat indexes regularly surpass 105 °F (41 °C) at the height of summer. The all-time record high is 113 °F (45 °C), set on June 26 and 27, 1980 during the Heat Wave of 1980 at nearby Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.[33][34]

Winters in the area are cool to mild, with occasional cold spells. The average date of first frost is November 12, and the average date of last frost is March 12.[35] January is typically the coldest month, with an average daytime high of 56.8 °F (14 °C) and an average nighttime low of 37.3 °F (3 °C). The normal daily average temperature in January is 47.0 °F (8 °C) but sharp swings in temperature can occur, as strong cold fronts known as "Blue Northers" pass through the Metroplex, forcing daytime highs below the 50 °F (10 °C) mark for several days at a time and often between days with high temperatures above 80 °F (27 °C). Snow accumulation is seen in the city in about 70% of winter seasons, and snowfall generally occurs 1–2 days out of the year for a seasonal average of 1.5 inches (4 cm). Some areas in the region, however, receive more than that, while other areas receive negligible snowfall or none at all.[36] The all-time record low temperature within the city is −3 °F (−19 °C), set on January 18, 1930, however the temperature at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport reached −2 °F (−19 °C) on February 16, 2021, during Winter Storm Uri.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
Mean maximum °F (°C) 76.7
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 57.7
Daily mean °F (°C) 47.8
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 37.9
Mean minimum °F (°C) 22.5
Record low °F (°C) −3
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.59
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.0 6.9 8.1 7.3 9.4 7.3 4.9 5.1 5.6 7.2 6.5 6.9 82.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 1.5
Average relative humidity (%) 67.5 66.4 63.7 65.3 69.7 65.8 60.0 60.5 66.5 65.7 67.4 67.5 65.4
Average dew point °F (°C) 31.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 183.5 178.3 227.7 236.0 258.4 297.8 332.4 304.5 246.2 228.1 183.8 173.0 2,849.7
Percent possible sunshine 58 58 61 61 60 69 76 74 66 65 59 56 64
Average ultraviolet index 3 5 7 9 10 10 10 10 8 6 4 3 7
Source 1: NOAA (sun, relative humidity, and dew point 1961–1990 at DFW Airport)[d][38][39][40][41]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (Average UV index)[42]
Climate data for Fort Worth, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 54.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 44.1
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 34.0
Record low °F (°C) −7
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.89
Average precipitation days 7.2 6.1 7.5 7.2 9.3 7.2 4.7 4.5 5.8 7.1 6.7 6.5 79.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 186.0 169.5 217.0 240.0 248.0 300.0 341.0 310.0 240.0 217.0 180.0 186.0 2,834.5
Percent possible sunshine 60 55 58 62 57 71 79 77 67 64 60 60 64
Average ultraviolet index 3 5 7 9 10 11 10 10 8 6 4 3 7
Source 1: National Climatic Data Center[43]
Source 2: Weather Atlas[44] (sunshine data, UV index)

Principal communities edit

January 3, 2020: The International Space Station was orbiting 260 miles above central Texas when this nighttime photograph was taken of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Courtesy of NASA.

The following are cities and towns categorized based on the latest population estimates from the North Central Texas Council of Governments (as of July 1, 2022).[45] No population estimates are released for census-designated places (CDPs), which are marked with an asterisk (*). These places are categorized based on their 2020 census population.[46]

Places with more than 100,000 inhabitants edit

Downtown Fort Worth

Places designated "principal cities" by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget are italicized.[47]





Places with 10,000 to 99,999 inhabitants edit

Places with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants edit

Unincorporated places edit

Demographics edit

Historical populations – Dallas–Fort Worth (1980–2020)
2022 (est.)7,943,6854.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
County 2022 estimate[48] 2020 census Change Area Density
Dallas County 2,600,840 2,613,539 −0.49% 871.28 sq mi (2,256.6 km2) 2,985/sq mi (1,153/km2)
Tarrant County 2,154,595 2,110,640 +2.08% 863.61 sq mi (2,236.7 km2) 2,495/sq mi (963/km2)
Collin County 1,158,696 1,064,465 +8.85% 841.22 sq mi (2,178.7 km2) 1,377/sq mi (532/km2)
Denton County 977,281 906,422 +7.82% 878.43 sq mi (2,275.1 km2) 1,113/sq mi (430/km2)
Ellis County 212,182 192,455 +10.25% 935.49 sq mi (2,422.9 km2) 227/sq mi (88/km2)
Johnson County 195,506 179,927 +8.66% 724.69 sq mi (1,876.9 km2) 270/sq mi (104/km2)
Kaufman County 172,366 145,310 +18.62% 780.70 sq mi (2,022.0 km2) 221/sq mi (85/km2)
Parker County 165,834 148,222 +11.88% 903.48 sq mi (2,340.0 km2) 184/sq mi (71/km2)
Rockwall County 123,208 107,819 +14.27% 127.04 sq mi (329.0 km2) 970/sq mi (374/km2)
Hunt County 108,282 99,956 +8.33% 840.32 sq mi (2,176.4 km2) 129/sq mi (50/km2)
Wise County 74,895 68,632 +9.13% 904.42 sq mi (2,342.4 km2) 83/sq mi (32/km2)
Total 7,943,685 7,637,387 +4.01% 8,670.68 sq mi (22,457.0 km2) 916/sq mi (354/km2)

At the 2020 U.S. census 7,637,387 people lived in the area,[6] up from 6,371,773 in 2010,[49] and 2,974,805 in 1970. In 2020, the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex's racial composition was 42% non-Hispanic white, 16% Black or African American, 8% Asian, 3-4% two or more races, and 29% Hispanic or Latino American of any race.[50] According to information gathered from the North Texas Commission, the Metroplex's racial and ethnic makeup was 46% non-Hispanic white, 15% Black or African American, 7% Asian American, and 3% from other races in 2017. Ethnically, Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 29% of the metropolitan population.[51] From 2010 to 2017, Hispanics and Latinos increased an estimated 38.9% followed by Blacks and African Americans.[51]

In 2015, an estimated 101,588 foreign-born residents moved to the Metroplex. Of the immigrant population, 44.1% were from Latin America, 35.8% Asia, 7.1% Europe, and 13.1% Africa. In 2010, 77,702 foreign nationals immigrated; approximately 50.6% came from Latin America, 33.0% from Asia, 7.3% Europe, and 9.1% Africa.[51] During the 2020 American Community Survey, an estimated 18.5% of its population were foreign-born, with 56% from Latin America, 30% Asia, 8% Africa, 4% Europe, and 1% elsewhere from North America.[52]

The median household income in Dallas–Fort Worth was higher than the state average in 2017, and its unemployment and poverty rate was lower.[51] The median income for males was $51,498 and $44,207 for females. In 2019, the per capita income of DFW was $72,265. In 2010, the median income for a household in the metropolitan area was $48,062, and the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females. The per capita income for the Metroplex altogether was $21,839.

The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex's religious population are predominantly Christian and the largest metro area that identify with the religion in the United States (78%).[17][15] Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Catholic churches are prominent in many cities and towns in the metropolitan region. The Methodist and Baptist communities anchor two of the area's major private universities (Southern Methodist University and Dallas Baptist University). Non-Christian faiths including Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and contemporary paganism collectively form a little over 4% of the religious population.[53]

Combined statistical area edit

The Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK combined statistical area is made up of 20 counties in North Central Texas and one county in South Central Oklahoma. The statistical area includes two metropolitan areas and seven micropolitan areas. The CSA definition encompasses 14,628 sq mi (37,890 km2) of area, of which 14,126 sq mi (36,590 km2) is land and 502 sq mi (1,300 km2) is water. The population density was 485 people per square mile according to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau.[54]

Metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) edit

  • Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington (Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Hunt, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, Tarrant, and Wise counties)
  • Sherman-Denison (Grayson County); population 143,131 (2022 estimate)[48]

Micropolitan statistical areas (μSAs) edit

Demographics edit

At the 2000 U.S. census,[49] there were 5,487,956 people, 2,006,665 households, and 1,392,540 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 70.41% White, 13.34% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.62% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 20.83% of the population. The median income for a household in the CSA was $43,836, and the median income for a family was $50,898. Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,553 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $20,460.

At the 2020 census, the DFW CSA had a population of 8,121,108 (though a July 1, 2015 estimate placed the population at 7,504,362).[55] In 2018 it had an estimated 7,994,963 residents.[54] The American Community Survey determined 18% of the population was foreign-born. The median household income was $67,589 and the per capita income was $34,455. An estimated 11.5% lived below the poverty line. The median age of the DFW CSA was 35.3.

Urban areas within edit

Urban areas within the Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK combined statistical area as of the 2020 census, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  Urban areas
  Counties in the Dallas–Fort Worth MSA
  Counties in the Dallas–Fort Worth CSA but not the MSA

At the core of the Dallas–Fort Worth combined statistical area (CSA) lies the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX urban area, the sixth-most populous in the United States.[3] Within the boundaries of the CSA the Census Bureau defines 31 other urban areas as well, some of which form the core of their own metro or micro statistical areas separate from the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan statistical area. Urban areas situated primarily outside the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan statistical area but within the CSA are identified with a cross (†) in the table below.

Urban area Population
(2020 census)
Land area
(sq mi)
Land area
(population / sq mi)
(population / km2)
DallasFort WorthArlington, TX 5,732,354 1,746.90 4,524.44 3,281.45 1,266.98
McKinneyFrisco, TX 504,803 151.64 392.75 3,328.93 1,285.31
DentonLewisville, TX 429,461 150.48 389.74 2,853.94 1,101.91
ShermanDenison, TX † 66,691 38.49 99.70 1,732.52 668.93
Weatherford, TX 48,112 38.69 100.20 1,243.60 480.16
Cleburne, TX 43,901 24.51 63.48 1,791.10 691.55
Forney, TX 41,112 19.68 50.97 2,089.25 806.66
MelissaAnna, TX 34,516 16.95 43.89 2,036.73 786.39
Midlothian, TX 30,908 24.72 64.03 1,250.30 482.75
Granbury, TX † 29,706 21.87 56.63 1,358.53 524.53
Greenville, TX 27,054 17.30 44.81 1,563.59 603.70
Corsicana, TX † 24,380 15.52 40.20 1,570.65 606.43
Ennis, TX 19,763 12.42 32.16 1,591.54 614.50
Durant, OK † 19,324 12.01 31.10 1,609.52 621.44
Gun Barrel City, TX † 18,309 18.41 47.67 994.74 384.07
Princeton, TX 18,184 8.24 21.33 2,207.88 852.47
Terrell, TX 16,581 12.30 31.86 1,347.74 520.37
Gainesville, TX † 16,544 9.56 24.75 1,731.38 668.49
Mineral Wells, TX † 14,211 8.86 22.94 1,604.73 619.59
Denton Southwest, TX 14,105 7.06 18.29 1,997.20 771.12
Royse City, TX 13,922 6.13 15.89 2,269.52 876.27
Athens, TX † 12,050 9.32 24.14 1,292.92 499.20
Heartland, TX 9,841 2.77 7.17 3,556.92 1,373.33
Commerce, TX 8,320 3.34 8.66 2,489.33 961.14
Sanger, TX 8,279 4.39 11.37 1,885.57 728.02
Bonham, TX † 7,799 5.03 13.02 1,550.96 598.83
Pecan Plantation, TX † 6,831 8.12 21.04 841.04 324.73
Decatur, TX 6,486 6.20 16.05 1,046.54 404.07
Kaufman, TX 6,127 3.07 7.94 1,997.39 771.20
Krum, TX 5,876 3.27 8.47 1,796.71 693.71
Aubrey, TX 5,116 2.74 7.10 1,867.03 720.86
Alvarado, TX 5,034 3.04 7.88 1,653.89 638.57

Economy edit

Headquarters of AMR Corporation and American Airlines

The cities of Dallas and Fort Worth are the two central cities of the Metroplex, with Arlington being a third economically important city; it is a center for sporting events, tourism and manufacturing. Most other incorporated cities in the Metroplex are "bedroom communities" serving largely as residential and small-business centers, though there are several key employers in these regions. Due to the large number of smaller, less well-known cities, Metroplex residents commonly divide the region roughly in half along Texas Interstate 35, which runs north–south, splitting into two 'branches' (I-35E in Dallas and I-35W in Fort Worth) through the Metroplex. They refer to places as being on the "Dallas side" or the "Fort Worth side", or in "the Arlington area", which is almost directly south of the airport; cities in the Arlington area form the Mid-Cities. It is nominally between the two major east–west interstates in the region (I-20, passing to the south of both downtowns, and I-30, connecting Dallas and Fort Worth city centers).

AT&T headquarters in Dallas

Business management and operations play a central role in the area's economy. Dallas and its suburbs have the third-largest concentration of corporate headquarters in the United States. Moreover, it is the only metro area in the country home to three of the top-ten largest Fortune 500 companies by revenue. The area continues to draw corporate relocation from across the nation, and especially from California. From late 2018 to early 2019, both McKesson and Charles Schwab announced they would be relocating from San Francisco to the DFW area.[56] Later in 2019, San Francisco-based Uber announced a massive corporate expansion just east of downtown Dallas.

Banking and finance play a key role in the area's economy. DFW recently surpassed Chicago to become the second-largest financial services hub in the nation, eclipsed only by New York.[57] Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, Liberty Mutual, Goldman Sachs, State Farm, TD Ameritrade, Charles Schwab, and Fidelity Investments maintain significant operations in the area. The Metroplex also contains the largest Information Technology industry base in the state (often referred to as Silicon Prairie or the Telecom Corridor, especially when referring to US-75 through Richardson, Plano and Allen just north of Dallas itself). This area has a large number of corporate IT projects and the presence of numerous electronics, computing and telecommunication firms such as Microsoft, Texas Instruments, HP Enterprise Services, Dell Services, Samsung, Nokia, Cisco, Fujitsu, i2, Frontier, Alcatel, Ericsson, CA, Google, T-Mobile US, and Verizon. AT&T, the second largest telecommunications company in the world, is headquartered at the Whitacre Tower in downtown Dallas. ExxonMobil and McKesson, respectively the 2nd and 7th largest Fortune 500 companies by revenue, are headquartered in Irving, Texas. Fluor, the largest engineering & construction company in the Fortune 500, is also headquartered in Irving.[58] In October 2016, Jacobs Engineering, a Fortune 500 company and one of the world's largest engineering companies, relocated from Pasadena, California to Dallas.[59] Toyota USA, in 2016, relocated its corporate headquarters to Plano, Texas. Southwest Airlines is headquartered in Dallas. The airline has more than 53,000 employees as of October 2016 and operates more than 3,900 departures a day during peak travel season.

On the other side of the Metroplex, the Texas farming and ranching industry is based in Fort Worth, though the area's economy is diverse. American Airlines, the largest airline in the world, recently completed their new $350M corporate HQ complex in Fort Worth.[60] American Airlines is also the largest employer in the Metroplex.[61] Several major defense manufacturers, including Lockheed Martin, Bell Helicopter Textron, and Raytheon, maintain significant operations in the Metroplex, primarily on the "Fort Worth side." They are concentrated along State Highway 170 near I-35W, commonly called the "Alliance Corridor" due to its proximity to the Fort Worth Alliance regional airport.

Changes in house prices for the Metroplex are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 20-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market.

Sports edit

The Metroplex is one of the 13 U.S. metropolitan areas that has a team in each of the four major professional sports leagues. Major professional sports first came to the area in 1952, when the Dallas Texans competed in the National Football League for one season.[62] In 1960, major professional sports returned when the Dallas Cowboys began competing in the National Football League and the Dallas Texans began competing in the American Football League.[63][64] The Dallas Texans later relocated to Kansas City and became the Chiefs.[65] In 1972, Major League Baseball's Washington Senators moved to Arlington to become the Texas Rangers,[66] named after the statewide law enforcement agency. The National Basketball Association expanded into North Texas in 1980 when the Dallas Mavericks were added to the league.[67] The fourth sport was added in 1993 when the Minnesota North Stars of the National Hockey League moved to Dallas, becoming the Dallas Stars.[68]

The Major League Soccer team FC Dallas is based in Frisco, and the Dallas Wings of the WNBA play in Arlington. The area is also home to many minor-league professional teams, and four colleges that compete in NCAA Division I athletics. A NASCAR Cup Series race is hosted annually at Texas Motor Speedway, the AAA Texas 500, and two PGA Tour events are held annually in the Metroplex, the AT&T Byron Nelson and the Colonial National Invitation Tournament. The Metroplex has hosted many premiere sports events on both an annual and one-time basis.[69][70]

Major professional sports teams edit

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Dallas Cowboys
American Football 1960 NFL AT&T Stadium
Texas Rangers
Baseball 1972^ MLB Globe Life Field
Dallas Mavericks
Basketball 1980 NBA American Airlines Center
Dallas Stars
Ice Hockey 1993^ NHL American Airlines Center
FC Dallas
Soccer 1996 MLS Toyota Stadium
Dallas Wings
Basketball 2015^ WNBA College Park Center

Panther City Lacrosse Club
Lacrosse 2020 NLL Dickies Arena

Texas Super Kings
Cricket 2023 MLC Grand Prairie Stadium

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Other notable professional and amateur teams edit

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Arlington Renegades American football 2020 XFL Choctaw Stadium
Frisco RoughRiders Baseball 2003^ Texas League Dr Pepper Ballpark
Cleburne Railroaders Baseball 2017 AAIPBL The Depot at Cleburne Station
Texas Legends Basketball 2010^ NBA G League Comerica Center
Dallas Mustangs Cricket 2020 MiLC Grand Prairie Stadium
Dallas Xforia Giants Cricket 2023 MiLC Grand Prairie Stadium
Dallas Empire eSports 2019 Call of Duty League Toyota Music Factory
Dallas Fuel eSports 2017 Overwatch League Blizzard Arena
Allen Americans Ice hockey 2009 ECHL Credit Union of Texas Event Center
Lone Star Brahmas Ice hockey 1999 NAHL NYTEX Sports Centre
Mid-Cities Junior Stars Ice hockey 2013 NA3HL Children's Health StarCenter
Texas Jr. Brahmas Ice hockey 2014 NA3HL NYTEX Sports Centre
Frisco Fighters Indoor football 2020 Indoor Football League Comerica Center
Dallas Sidekicks Indoor soccer 2012 Major Arena Soccer League Credit Union of Texas Event Center
Mesquite Outlaws Indoor soccer 2019 Major Arena Soccer League Mesquite Arena
Dallas Jackals Rugby union 2022 Major League Rugby Choctaw Stadium
North Texas SC Soccer 2018 MLS Next Pro Choctaw Stadium
Dallas City FC Soccer 2013 NPSL Roffino Stadium
Fort Worth Vaqueros Soccer 2014 NPSL Farrington Field
FC Cleburne Soccer 2017 USL2 The Depot at Cleburne Station
Texas United Soccer 2017 USL2 AirHogs Stadium
FC Dallas Soccer 1996 Women's Premier Soccer League Dr. Pink Stadium
FC Dallas U-23 Soccer 1996 Women's Premier Soccer League Toyota Soccer Complex
Texas Spurs FC Soccer 1998 Women's Premier Soccer League Willow Springs Middle School
Dallas Legion Ultimate 2015 American Ultimate Disc League The Colony Five Star Complex
Arlington Impact Women's American football 2015 Women's Football Alliance Pennington Field
Dallas Elite Women's American football 2015 Women's Football Alliance Alfred Loos Stadium

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Division I college athletics edit

School City Mascot Conference
University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington Mavericks Western Athletic Conference
University of North Texas
Denton Mean Green American Athletic Conference
Southern Methodist University
University Park Mustangs American Athletic Conference
(Atlantic Coast Conference in 2024)
Texas Christian University
Fort Worth Horned Frogs Big 12 Conference

Texas A&M University–Commerce

Commerce Lions Southland Conference
Dallas Baptist University
Dallas Patriots Missouri Valley Conference (baseball only)

The headquarters for both the Big 12 and American Athletic Conference are located in Irving, Conference USA headquarters are in Dallas, the Southland Conference headquarters are in Frisco, and the Western Athletic Conference is headquartered in Arlington.

Sports events hosted edit

Note: Venues are listed with their current names, not necessarily those in use when an event took place.

Event Sport Year(s) Venue
Red River Showdown College Football 1912–present Cotton Bowl
Battle for the Iron Skillet College Football 1915–present Cotton Bowl, Amon G. Carter Stadium, Ownby Stadium, Texas Stadium, Ford Stadium
Fort Worth Classic College Football 1921 Panther Park
Dixie Classic College Football 1922, 1925, 1934 Fair Park Stadium
State Fair Classic College Football 1925–present Cotton Bowl
PGA Championship Golf 1927, 1963 Cedarcrest Golf Course, Dallas Athletic Club
AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic College Football 1937–present Cotton Bowl, AT&T Stadium
U.S. Open Golf 1941, 1952 Colonial Country Club, Northwood Club
Byron Nelson Golf Classic Golf 1944–present Multiple courses in Dallas
Colonial National Invitational Golf 1946–present Colonial Country Club
Pro Bowl Football 1973 Texas Stadium
The Players Championship Golf 1975 Colonial Country Club
Dallas Grand Prix Auto Racing 1984–1996 Fair Park, Addison, Reunion Arena
NBA All-Star Game Basketball 1986, 2010 Reunion Arena, AT&T Stadium
NCAA Men's Final Four Basketball 1986, 2014 Reunion Arena, AT&T Stadium
U.S. Women's Open Golf 1991 Colonial Country Club
FIFA World Cup Preliminaries Soccer 1994 Cotton Bowl
Major League Baseball All-Star Game Baseball 1995 Globe Life Park in Arlington
Duck Commander 500 Auto Racing 1997–2020 Texas Motor Speedway
Bombardier Learjet 550 Auto Racing 1997–present Texas Motor Speedway
Big 12 Championship Game College Football 2001, 2009, 2010, 2017–present Texas Stadium, AT&T Stadium
Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl College Football 2003–present Amon G. Carter Stadium
Breeders' Cup Horse Racing 2004 Lone Star Park
Autotrader EchoPark Automotive 400 Auto Racing 2005–present Texas Motor Speedway
MLS Cup Soccer 2005, 2006 Toyota Stadium
NHL All-Star Game Hockey 2007 American Airlines Center
CONCACAF Gold Cup Soccer 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015 AT&T Stadium, Toyota Stadium
Cowboys Classic College Football 2009–2021 AT&T Stadium
Southwest Classic College Football 2009–2011, 2014–2019, 2021–present AT&T Stadium
First Responder Bowl College Football 2010–present Gerald J. Ford Stadium
Manny Pacquiao vs. Antonio Margarito Professional Boxing November 13, 2010 AT&T Stadium
NCAA Division I Football Championship College Football 2011–2014 Toyota Stadium
Super Bowl XLV Football 2011 AT&T Stadium
College Football Playoff National Championship College Football 2015 AT&T Stadium
WrestleMania 32 Wrestling 2016 AT&T Stadium
NCAA Women's Final Four Basketball 2017, 2023 American Airlines Center
Frisco Bowl College Football 2017–present Toyota Stadium
NFL Draft Football 2018 AT&T Stadium
NHL Entry Draft Hockey 2018 American Airlines Center
NHL Winter Classic Hockey 2020 Cotton Bowl
2021 Frisco Football Classic College Football 2021 Toyota Stadium

The region is set to host multiple matches during the 2026 FIFA World Cup.

Education edit

Notable colleges and universities edit

Public universities
School Enrollment Location Mascot Athletic affiliation
University system
University of North Texas
44,532 Denton Mean Green NCAA Division I FBS
(American Athletic Conference)
University of North Texas System
University of Texas at Arlington
42,496 Arlington Mavericks NCAA Division I
University of Texas System
University of Texas at Dallas
31,570[71] Richardson Comets NCAA Division III
(American Southwest)
University of Texas System
Texas Woman's University
15,472 Denton Pioneers NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Women's sports only
Texas A&M University–Commerce
12,385 Commerce Lions NCAA Division I FCS
Texas A&M University System
University of North Texas at Dallas
3,030 Dallas Trailblazers NAIA
University of North Texas System
UT Southwestern
2,235 Dallas N/A N/A University of Texas System
Private universities
School Enrollment Location Mascot Athletic affiliation
Southern Methodist University
11,643 University Park Mustangs NCAA Division I FBS
(American; ACC in 2024)
Texas Christian University
10,394 Fort Worth Horned Frogs NCAA Division I FBS
(Big 12)
Dallas Baptist University
5,445 Dallas Patriots NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Non–Football, compete in the Missouri Valley Conference at the Division I level for baseball
Texas Wesleyan University
3,378 Fort Worth Rams NAIA
University of Dallas
2,387 Irving Crusaders NCAA Division III
Non–Football, compete in Texas Rugby Union at the Division II level for Rugby
Southwestern Assemblies of God University
2,012 Waxahachie Lions NAIA NCCAA
(Sooner and Central States Football League)
Paul Quinn College
600 Dallas Tigers NAIA
(Red River)

Politics edit

Presidential Election Results in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington MSA [72][73][better source needed]
Year Republican Democratic
2020 48.5% 1,495,550 49.8% 1,535,525
2016 50.7% 1,218,897 44.4% 1,066,312
2012 56.4% 1,205,855 42.2% 900,749
2008 54.6% 1,188,570 44.6% 969,541
2004 61.5% 1,188,915 37.9% 732,160
2000 60.8% 971,927 36.7% 587,163

The Republican Party has historically been dominant in the Dallas–Fort Worth area, including in presidential elections, although recently since 2016, Democrats have been making inroads in the suburbs.[citation needed] The DFW Area is considered a bellwether polity in recent history.[citation needed] Factors causing this shift include an influx of Democratic-voting younger professionals and families from Democratic states, as well as a more diverse population (with increasing numbers of African-Americans along with recent immigrants and their children).[citation needed] Democratic voters dominate a majority of areas in the large cities of Dallas, Grand Prairie, and Arlington (especially areas east of Interstate 35W).[74][75] Republicans dominate North Dallas, western Fort Worth, along with most suburbs and exurbs of the Metroplex.

Media edit

The cities of Dallas and Fort Worth have their own newspapers, The Dallas Morning News and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, respectively. Historically, the two papers had readership primarily in their own counties. As the two cities' suburbs have grown together in recent years (and especially since the demise of the Dallas Times Herald in 1991), many sites sell both papers. This pattern of crossover has been repeated in other print media, radio, and television.

Since the 1970s all of the television stations and most of the FM radio stations have chosen to transmit from Cedar Hill so as to serve the entire market, and are programmed likewise. There has been a rise in "80–90 move-ins", whereby stations have been moved from distant markets, in some cases as far away as Oklahoma, and relicensed to anonymous small towns in the Metroplex to serve as additional DFW stations. According to RadioTime, the market had 38 AM stations, 58 FM stations (many of them class Cs), and 18 full-power television stations. Per another study the area has a total of 62 FM stations and 40 AM stations as of 2020.[76]

Dallas–Fort Worth is the fifth-largest television market in the United States, behind only New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Philadelphia. Two of the Metroplex's AM radio stations, 820 WBAP and 1080 KRLD, are 50,000-watt stations with coverage of much of the North American continent and beyond during nighttime hours. The South Asian population (Indian Sub-continent) has increased considerably in the DFW metroplex. They have the FM 104.9 radio channel and 700 AM radio.[77] Recently Sony TV, a subsidiary of Sony TV Asia, launched its FTA (free to Air OTA) channel on 44.2 station in DFW. It was one of the two locations they chose in the United States, the other being New York City, where there is also a large South Asian demographic.

TV stations edit

The following are full-powered stations serving the Dallas–Fort Worth television market. Network owned-and-operated stations are highlighted in bold.

Channel Call sign
Primary network affiliation Subchannel(s) City of license Owner
2.1 KDTN Daystar None Denton Word of God Fellowship
(Community Television Educators of DFW, Inc.)
4.1 KDFW
(FOX 4)
FOX None Dallas Fox Television Stations
(NW Communications of Texas, Inc.)
(NBC 5)
NBC 5.2 Cozi TV Fort Worth NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations
(Station Venture Operations, LP)
8.1 WFAA
(WFAA-TV Channel 8)
ABC 8.2 AccuWx
8.3 True Crime Network

8.4 Quest

Dallas Tegna Media
(WFAA-TV, Inc.)
11.1 KTVT
(CBS 11)
CBS 11.2 Start TV Fort Worth Paramount Global
(CBS Stations Group of Texas, Inc.)
13.1 KERA-TV
PBS 13.2 KERA Kids
13.3 Create
Dallas North Texas Public Broadcasting
18.1 KPFW-LD Hope Channel broadcasting None Dallas DTV America Corporation
20.1 KBOP-LD Infomercial 20.2 Infomercial
20.3 3ABN (Spanish)
20.4 3ABN
Dallas Randolph W. Weigner
(D.T.V., LLC.)
21.1 KTXA
(TXA 21)
Independent 21.2 CBS News Dallas–Fort Worth Fort Worth Paramount Global
(Television Station KTXA Inc.)
22 KNAV-LD Hot TV Network None
(low-power analog)
Dallas Tuck Properties
23.1 KUVN-DT
(Univision 23)
Univision 23.2 Bounce TV
23.3 Escape
23.4 LAFF
Garland TelevisaUnivision
(KUVN License Partnership, LP)
25.1 K07AAF-D HSN None Corsicana Ventana Television, Inc.
26.1 KODF-LD
Guide US TV 26.2 Soul of the South TV
26.3 Almavision
26.4 HSN2
Britton Mako Communications, LLC
27.1 KDFI
MyNetworkTV 27.2 Movies!
27.3 Buzzr
27.4 Heroes and Icons
27.5 Light TV
Dallas Fox Television Stations
(NW Communications of Texas, Inc.)
28.1 KHPK-LD SonLife 28.2 Guide US TV
28.3 Shop LC
28.4 Soul of the South TV
DeSoto Mako Communications, LLC
29.1 KMPX
(Estrella TV KMPX 29)
Estrella TV 29.2 Inmigrante TV Decatur Liberman Broadcasting
(Liberman Television of Dallas License LLC)
31.1 K07AAD-D SonLife 31.2 Hot TV Network
31.3 Hot TV Network
31.4 RTV
Fort Worth Mako Communications, LLC
33.1 KDAF
The CW 33.2 Antenna TV
33.3 This TV

33.4 Charge

Dallas Nexstar Media Group
(Tribune Media Company)
34.1 KJJM-LD
(Access 34)
HSN 34.2 Shop LC
34.3 HSN2
34.4 Jewelry TV
34.5 Infomercial
Dallas & Mesquite Mako Communications, LLC
39.1 KXTX-TV
(Telemundo 39)
Telemundo 39.2 TeleXitos Dallas NBCUniversal
(NBC Telemundo License LLC)
44.1 KLEG-CD
TVC+Latino 44.3 Diya TV - America's first South Asian broadcast television network
44.4 SAB TV (Indian)
Dallas Dilip Viswanath
46.1 KUVN-CD
(Univision 23)
Univision None
(mirror broadcast of KUVN-DT)
Garland Univision Communications
(KUVN License Partnership, LP)
47.1 KTXD-TV
(Texas 47)
Independent 47.2 Comet
47.3 Charge
47.4 TBD
47.5 SonLife
Greenville London Broadcasting Company
(KTXD License Company, LLC)
49.1 KSTR-DT
(UniMás 49)
UniMás 49.2 GetTV
49.3 Grit
Irving TelevisaUnivision
(UniMas Dallas, LLC)
51.1 KHFD-LD The Walk TV 51.2 Cornerstone Television
51.4 Global Christian Network
Cedar Hill Randall & Adrienne Weiss
52.1 KFWD SonLife 52.3 QVC Plus
52.4 Evine
Fort Worth NRJ Holdings LLC
(NRJ TV DFW License Co, LLC)
55.1 KAZD
(Spectrum News 1)
Spectrum News 1 55.2 Decades
55.3 Azteca América
Lake Dallas Weigel Broadcasting
58.1 KDTX-TV TBN 58.2 Hillsong Channel
58.3 JUCE TV
58.4 Enlace
58.5 Smile
Dallas Trinity Broadcasting Network
(Trinity Broadcasting of Texas, Inc.)
68.1 KPXD-TV
(Ion Television)
Ion Television 68.2 Court TV
68.3 Grit
68.4 Laff
68.5 QVC
68.6 HSN
Arlington Ion Media Networks
(Ion Media Dallas License, Inc.)

Transportation edit

Air travel edit

Dallas Fort Worth International Airport

The Dallas Fort Worth International Airport (IATA airport code: DFW), located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, is the largest and busiest airport in the state of Texas. At 17,207 acres (6,963 ha) of total land area, DFW is also the second-largest airport in the country and the sixth-largest in the world. It is the third-busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft movements and the world's seventh-busiest by passenger traffic, transporting 62.9 million passengers in FY 2014.[78] Based in Fort Worth, American Airlines' headquarters are adjacent to DFW. Recently having regained the title as the largest airline in the world in terms of both passengers transported and fleet size, American is a predominant leader in domestic routes and operations.[79]

The Dallas Love Field Airport (IATA airport code: DAL) is located in northwest Dallas. Based in Dallas, Southwest Airlines is headquartered next to Love Field.

Freeways edit

DFW freeway map

The Dallas–Fort Worth area has thousands of lane-miles of freeways and interstates. The Metroplex has the second-largest number of freeway-miles per capita in the nation, behind only the Kansas City metropolitan area. As in most major metropolitan areas in Texas, most interstates and freeways have access or frontage roads where most of the businesses are located; these access roads have slip ramps allowing traffic to transition between the freeway and access road. North–south interstates include I-35 and I-45. East–west routes include I-30 and I-20. I-35 splits into I-35E and I-35W from Denton to Hillsboro: I-35W goes through Fort Worth while I-35E goes through Dallas. (This is one of only two examples of an interstate splitting off into branches and then rejoining as one; the other such split is in Minneapolis-St. Paul where I-35E goes into St. Paul and I-35W goes through Minneapolis.) I-30 connects Dallas and Fort Worth, and I-45 connects Dallas to Houston. The "multiple-of-5" numbers used for the interstate designations are notable, as these numbers were designed to be used for major multi-state arteries of the U.S. Interstate Highway System. The North Texas region is the terminus for two of them, and I-45 is located only within Texas.

HOV lanes exist along I-35E, I-30, I-635, US 67, and US 75. I-20 bypasses both Dallas and Fort Worth to the south while its loop, I-820, goes around Fort Worth. I-635 splits to the north of I-20 and loops around east and north Dallas, ending at SH 121 north of Dallas Fort Worth International Airport. I-35E, Loop 12, and Spur 408 ultimately connect to I-20 southwest of Dallas, completing the west bypass loop around Dallas. A large number of construction projects are planned or are already underway in the region to alleviate congestion. Due largely to funding issues, many of the new projects involve building new tollways or adding tolled express lanes to existing highways, which are managed by the North Texas Tollway Authority. It was originally established to manage the Dallas North Tollway and oversees several other toll projects in the area.[citation needed]

Public transit edit

Map of rail transit in the Dallas–Fort Worth area

Public transit options continue to expand significantly throughout the Metroplex. However, it is limited in several outlying and rural suburbs. Dallas County and portions of Collin and Rockwall counties have bus service and light rail operated by Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART), covering thirteen member cities. DART's rail network currently sprawls for 93 miles throughout the area. The Red Line extends north to Plano and southwest to Oak Cliff. The Blue Line reaches from Rowlett in the northeast to the University of North Texas at Dallas campus near I-20 in the south. The 28-mile Green Line, which opened in December 2010, connects Carrollton in the northwest through downtown Dallas to Pleasant Grove in the southeast. The Orange Line, which completed expansion in 2014, parallels the Red Line from Plano to downtown Dallas and the Green Line from downtown Dallas to Northwest Hwy before extending through the Las Colinas area of Irving to reach DFW International Airport.

Denton County has bus service limited to Denton, Highland Village, and Lewisville (with commuter service to downtown Dallas) provided by the Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA). The A-train, a diesel commuter rail line, parallels I-35E to connect Denton, Highland Village, Lewisville, and Carrollton. Several smaller towns along this line, Corinth, Shady Shores, and Lake Dallas, voted to abstain from DCTA and do not have stations. There is an across-the-platform transfer in Carrollton to the DART Green Line. A-Train service began June 20, 2011.[80]

Tarrant County has bus services operated by Trinity Metro (formerly the Fort Worth Transportation Authority, popularly known as 'The T'), available only in Fort Worth. It additionally operates TEXRail commuter rail, which serves to connect downtown Fort Worth with DFW Airport and the DART Orange Line. The diesel commuter train that serves Fort Worth and its eastern suburbs is operated as the Trinity Railway Express; it connects downtown Fort Worth to downtown Dallas, where it links to the DART light rail system. A station near its midpoint, Centerport, also serves DFW Airport via a free airport shuttle bus. The TRE is jointly owned by FWTA and DART.[81] Amtrak serves two stations in the Metroplex—Dallas Union Station and Fort Worth Central Station. Both are served by the Texas Eagle route, which operates daily between Chicago and San Antonio (continuing on to Los Angeles three days a week), though only Fort Worth is served by the Fort Worth-Oklahoma City Heartland Flyer.

As of 2016 the Taiwanese airline EVA Air operates a shuttle bus service from George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston to Richardson, so that Dallas-based customers may fly on its services to and from Houston.[82]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ This has been rendered various different ways, with and without capitalization, with hyphens or slashes instead of dashes, and with or without spaces around those marks, and in abbreviated forms, sometimes without "Arlington", such as "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington MSA", "Dallas–Fort Worth Metropolitan Area", "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Statistical Area", "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Metro Area", "Dallas–Fort Worth Area", etc. The term is often rendered, especially in government documents, as "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area", "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX (MSA)", "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX Metro Area", etc., using the US Postal Service code "TX" for Texas, and often without the syntactically expected comma after "TX". Other versions include the full word "Texas", and some give a shortened but redundant form such as "Dallas Area, Texas (Metro Area)". Other words are sometimes used, e.g. "Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Urbanized Area".
  2. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  3. ^ Official records for Dallas were kept at the Weather Bureau Office in downtown from 15 October 1913 to August 1940, and at Love Field since September 1940.[37]
  4. ^ Sunshine normals are based on only 24 years of data.

References edit

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External links edit

32°45′47″N 97°01′57″W / 32.7630°N 97.0326°W / 32.7630; -97.0326