The North American Central Time Zone (CT)[1] is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America and some Caribbean islands.

Central Time Zone
Time zone
  Central Time Zone
UTC offset
CSTUTC−06:00
CDTUTC−05:00
Current time
12:48, 25 May 2024 CST [refresh]
13:48, 25 May 2024 CDT [refresh]
Observance of DST
DST is observed in some of this time zone.

In parts of that zone (20 states in the US, three provinces or territories in Canada, and several border municipalities in Mexico), the Central Time Zone is affected by two time designations yearly: Central Standard Time (CST) is observed from the first Sunday in November to the second Sunday in March. It is six hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and designated internationally as UTC−6.[2] From the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November the same areas observe daylight saving time (DST), creating the designation of Central Daylight Time (CDT) which is five hours behind UTC and known internationally as UTC−5.[3]

Regions using Central Time edit

Canada edit

The province of Manitoba is the only province or territory in Canada that observes Central Time in all areas.

The following Canadian provinces and territories observe Central Time in the areas noted, while their other areas observe Eastern Time:

Also, most of the province of Saskatchewan is on Central Standard Time year-round, never adjusting for Daylight Saving Time. One major exception includes Lloydminster, a city whose borders overlap both Alberta and Saskatchewan. The city charter[4] stipulates that it shall observe Mountain Time and DST, putting the community on the same time as all of Alberta (UTC−7) in the winter, and in time with Saskatchewan (UTC−6) during the summer.

United States edit

Ten states are contained entirely in the Central Time Zone:

Five states are split between the Central Time Zone and the Mountain Time Zone:

Five states are split between the Central Time Zone and the Eastern Time Zone:

Additionally, Phenix City, Alabama, and several nearby communities in Russell County, Alabama, unofficially observe Eastern Time. This is due to their close proximity to Columbus, Georgia, which is on Eastern Time.[5]

Although legally located within the Central Time Zone, Kenton, Oklahoma—located to the adjacent east of the defined border of the Central and Mountain time zones (at the Oklahoma−New Mexico state line)—unofficially observes Mountain Time.[6] This is reportedly because most people who interact with the town reside in either New Mexico or Colorado.[7][6]

Mexico edit

Most of Mexico—roughly the eastern three-fourths—lies in the Central Time Zone, except for five northwestern states (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora, and most of Nayarit) and one southeastern state (Quintana Roo). It is known locally as the Zona Centro.[8]

The federal entities of Mexico that observe Central Time:

Central America edit

Out of the seven countries comprising Central America, all but one use Central Standard Time year-round:

Panama, which recognizes Eastern Standard Time (UTC−5)[10] year round, is the exception.

Central Daylight Time edit

Daylight saving time (DST) is in effect in much of the Central time zone between mid-March and early November. The modified time is called "Central Daylight Time" (CDT) and is UTC−05:00.

In the United States, all time zones that observe DST were effectively changed by the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Beginning in 2007, DST would now begin at 2 a.m. on the second Sunday in March instead of the first Sunday in April, moving the time from 2 to 3 a.m. Additionally, DST would end at 2 a.m. on the first Sunday in November instead of the last Sunday in October, moving the time from 2 to 1 a.m.

At the time, Mexico decided not to go along with this change and observed their horario de verano from the first Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October. In December 2009, the Mexican Congress allowed ten border cities, eight of which are in states that observe Central Time, to adopt the US daylight time schedule effective in 2010. However, in October 2022, CDT was used in Mexico for the last time after DST was abolished. The US is also seeing traction in the same direction with the Sunshine Protection Act that proposes legislation that would permanently end the switching of times and make daylight saving time permanent.[11]

Alphabetical list of major Central Time Zone metropolitan areas edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Central Time – CT Time Zone". timeanddate.com. Retrieved November 22, 2023.
  2. ^ "History of Time Zones and Daylight Saving Time (DST)". United States Department of Transportation Bureau of Transportation Statistics. January 17, 2023. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  3. ^ "Central Time (CST/CDT) | GMT". greenwichmeantime.com. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Parts of Eastern Alabama split between 2 time zones". Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 22, 2009.
  6. ^ a b Young, Norma Gene. "Cimarron County", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, Accessed June 30, 2015.
  7. ^ Bright, Sheilah (September 19, 2012). "The Last of Kenton". This Land Press. Archived from the original on September 27, 2020. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  8. ^ "Ley de los husos horarios en los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Chamber of Deputies of Mexico. November 2, 2022.
  9. ^ "Leyes Bibliography" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 2, 2022. Retrieved November 8, 2022.
  10. ^ "Panama", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, November 14, 2023, retrieved November 22, 2023
  11. ^ S.623 - Sunshine Protection Act of 2021 US Congress

External links edit