Choctaw Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Arlington, Texas, between Dallas and Fort Worth. Originally built as a baseball park, it was home to the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball and the Texas Rangers Baseball Hall of Fame from 1994 through 2019, when the team vacated the stadium for Globe Life Field. It was constructed as a replacement for nearby Arlington Stadium and opened in April 1994 as The Ballpark in Arlington.
|Former names||Globe Life Park in Arlington (2014–2021)|
Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (2007–2013)
Ameriquest Field in Arlington (2005–2006)
The Ballpark in Arlington (1994–2004)
|Address||1000 Ballpark Way|
|Location||Arlington, Texas, U.S.|
|Public transit||Collins Street at Andrews Street|
|Owner||City of Arlington|
|Operator||Rangers Baseball Express|
|Surface||Latitude36 Bermuda Grass|
|Broke ground||April 2, 1992|
|Opened||April 1, 1994|
|Construction cost||$191 million|
($333 million in 2020)
|Architect||David M. Schwarz Architectural Services, Inc.|
(architect of record)
|Structural engineer||Walter P Moore / Datum|
|Services engineer||M–E Engineers, Inc. /|
|General contractor||Manhattan Construction Company|
|Texas Rangers (MLB) (1994–2019)|
North Texas SC (USL1) (2020–present)
Six Flags headquarters (2020–present)
Dallas Jackals (MLR) (2022–present)
Dallas Renegades (XFL) (2020)
In 2020, it was retrofitted for use as a football and soccer facility. The stadium was the home of the Dallas Renegades of the XFL. Current tenants include North Texas SC of USL League One, who are FC Dallas's reserve team and Six Flags Entertainment Corporation which relocated its world headquarters from a converted warehouse in Grand Prairie to the upper floor of the Centerfield Office Building. The Dallas Jackals of Major League Rugby plan to begin play at the stadium in 2022.
In April 1989, Rangers owner Eddie Chiles sold the team to an investment group headed by George W. Bush. The aging Arlington Stadium was outdated and did not have amenities that helped make other baseball franchises more profitable. As a result, the team could not compete with other big-city teams for good players. In an effort to fund the project through public money instead of private financing, the Rangers threatened to leave Arlington. The city of Arlington spent $150,000 on an advertising campaign to persuade voters to approve the funding through a referendum by printing brochures, placing telemarketing calls, and planning a "Hands Around Arlington Day." On January 19, 1991, over 65% of voters approved the deal, allowing the city government to cover 71% of the costs ($135 million out of $191 million) of building the new ballpark. The deal called for the city to raise the sales tax by half a cent to go toward construction. Both houses of the Texas Legislature unanimously approved the public purpose of the ballpark, and Texas Governor Ann Richards signed it all into law.
As part of the deal, the city created a separate corporation, the Arlington Sports Facilities Development Authority (ASFDA), to manage construction. Using authority granted to it by the city, the ASFDA seized several tracts of land around the stadium site using eminent domain for parking and future development.
Construction on the stadium, which was dubbed The Ballpark in Arlington, began on April 2, 1992, a short distance away from Arlington Stadium, the stadium it would replace, and the new Ballpark in Arlington opened on April 1, 1994, in an exhibition contest between the Rangers and the New York Mets. The first official game was on April 11 against the Milwaukee Brewers.
Ameriquest bought the naming rights to the ballpark on May 7, 2004, and renamed it Ameriquest Field in Arlington. The Rangers severed their relationship with Ameriquest on March 19, 2007, and announced the park would be renamed Rangers Ballpark in Arlington.
On May 20, 2016, the Rangers announced that they intend to move from Choctaw Stadium to the new Globe Life Field, beginning with the 2020 season. The new air conditioned stadium will feature a retractable roof, which many argue could increase stadium revenue from those who would otherwise not want to sit in the heat during games as the season progresses throughout the hot Texas summer, in particular those that occur in the afternoon. Voting for the new ballpark began on November 8 (the same day as the 2016 presidential election) for residents in the city limits of Arlington. The ballpark was passed with a 60% favorable vote. The stadium opened in the 2020 season.
The new stadium would be built south of Choctaw Stadium, on the site of a surface parking lot between Randol Mill Road and Cowboys Way. Space between the new stadium and Choctaw Stadium will be an entertainment complex called Texas Live!, developed by The Cordish Companies, which is expected to include sports bars, restaurants, and a 300-room hotel to be developed in three phases. The first phase, dubbed "Rangers Republic", would be a two-level venue with multiple restaurants and providing interactive games and authentic memorabilia; the second phase is the Live! Arena, a multi-level venue providing restaurants, a performance stage for concerts, and an outdoor beer garden; Arlington Backyard, the third venue to anchor the entertainment district calls for a large, covered venue that could host concerts, charitable functions, and community events.
Unlike Arlington Stadium, Choctaw Stadium was not demolished. Originally, city officials announced that they would redevelop the structure as part of the Texas Live! complex. The redevelopment would have retained the ballpark's outfield office complex and facade, and most of the concourse would have been re-purposed. Potential uses included re-purposing the concourse for condos and retail, as well as turning the current field into an amphitheater. On December 5, 2018, city officials announced that Choctaw Stadium would become the new stadium for the Dallas Renegades of the new XFL, beginning with the league's debut in 2020. North Texas SC, a USL League 1 team also announced they would play at the renovated stadium. Many of the park's lower sections, mostly on the third base side, were removed to make room for the rectangular field which sits horizontally when viewed from behind the home plate. New seats were then added to where the ballpark's outfield once lay.
On September 29, 2019, after the Rangers' last home game against the New York Yankees, home plate was removed and transferred to the new park. The renovation project of the stadium from a baseball facility into a football and soccer facility began in October. In December, Six Flags Entertainment Corp. announced that in 2020 the company would be moving its corporate headquarters to the Centerfield Office Building into the offices formerly occupied by the Rangers.
The stadium was designed by the Driehaus Prize winner and New Classical architect David M. Schwarz of Washington, D.C. The Rangers chose to build a retro-style ballpark (Retro-classic, or Retro-modern), incorporating many features of baseball's Jewel Box parks. A roofed home run porch in right field is reminiscent of Tiger Stadium, while the white steel frieze that surrounds the upper deck was copied from the pre-1973 Yankee Stadium. The out-of-town scoreboard (removed in 2009 and replaced with a state-of-the-art video board) was built into the left-field wall—a nod to Fenway Park. The numerous nooks and crannies in the outfield fence are a reminder of Ebbets Field. The arched windows are a reminder of Comiskey Park.
However, it has a few distinct features of its own. Several traditional Texas-style stone carvings are visible throughout. A four-story office building encloses center field with a white steel multilevel facade similar to the facade on the roof.
As the stadium was built on one of the former Arlington Stadium parking lots, the irregular dimensions of the outfield were planned independently, rather than being forced by neighboring structures. The home plate, foul poles (replaced prior to the 2016 season), and bleachers were originally at Arlington Stadium. The Home Plate was inserted into place by Richard Greene (then Mayor of Arlington), Elzie Odom (Head of Arlington Home Run Committee and later Mayor of Arlington), and George W. Bush (former part Rangers owner, later Texas Governor and President of the United States).
The stadium's 810-foot (250 m)-long facades are made of brick and Texas Sunset Red granite. Bas-relief friezes depict significant scenes from the history of both Texas and baseball. The calculus of seating arrangements represented a new economic model for the sport: a critical mass of high-dollar seats close to the infield boost ticket revenue. The stadium has three basic seating tiers: lower, club and upper deck. Two levels of luxury suites occupy spaces behind sliding glass doors above and below the club tier.
The stadium has a large number of obstructed-view seats. In some cases, the view is cut off by an overhang or underhang, and others are directly in front of support poles. Also, the design of the upper deck left it one of the highest in baseball. The view from the grandstand reserved sections in left is particularly obstructed.
Prior to the 2012 season, the visitor bullpen was reconfigured to be parallel to the field after the previous visitor bullpen configuration had an excessive amount of heat during hot weather games. To allow construction, a few rows of bleacher sections were removed.
Greene's Hill is a sloped section of turf located beyond the former center field fence. The Hill served as a batter's eye, providing a contrasting background behind the pitchers which enabled hitters to more easily see the baseball after the pitcher's release. It was originally designed as a picnic area for fans but the Rangers never initiated that policy. It was named after former Arlington mayor Richard Greene in November 1997. For a couple of years in the 2000s, the Rangers had the "T" from the Texas Rangers logo mowed into the grass. In 2010, the Rangers started a tradition where they had four girls run around on it with giant Texas state flags when the Rangers scored, similar to what many football teams do when their teams score. Unlike most batter's eyes, fans were allowed to run onto the hill to catch a home run.
During the stadium's existence as a baseball park, it was one of baseball's most notoriously hitter-friendly parks, due to the high temperatures, relatively short fences, and the design of the stadium which allowed the area's high winds to swirl and lift balls that wouldn't normally make it out. In truth, the park would have given up even more home runs if not for the office building in center and the field being 22 feet (6.7 m) below street level.
With a combination of the park's design and the many good hitters who played for the Rangers during the team's tenure in the park, the Rangers recorded fairly high home run totals. In 1996, the Rangers hit 221 home runs. They eclipsed 200 again in 1998 (201), 1999 (230), 2001 (241), 2002 (230), 2003 (239), 2004 (227), and 2005 (260, four short of the all-time record of 264 by the 1997 Seattle Mariners). Many of the Rangers' already-skilled hitters took advantage of this, some even racking up multiple 30+ Home run seasons, such as Ian Kinsler, Adrián Beltré, and Josh Hamilton. The longest home run recorded was 505 feet to right field by Rangers RF Nomar Mazara on June 21, 2019.
|Left Field||332 ft (101 m)|
|Left Center Field||390 ft (120 m)|
|Center Field||400 ft (120 m)|
|Right Center Field||377 ft (115 m)|
|Right Field||325 ft (99 m)|
Lack of retractable roofEdit
Despite being hailed as a wonderful venue in its infant years, articles in The Dallas Morning News began to suggest that the ballpark would have been better served by having a dome or retractable roof – much like Minute Maid Park, the home of the Houston Astros – due to the often oppressive heat that settles over Texas in summer during baseball season, with temperatures on the field being in excess of 110°. Many argue that the intense heat was a liability in attracting players, particularly starting pitchers.
When the Arlington ballpark was built in the early 1990s, the only Major League Baseball stadium with a retractable roof was Toronto's SkyDome (now known as the Rogers Centre), which opened in 1989. (Also, Montreal's Stade Olympique was still in use as a ballpark at the time; in 1987, a retractable roof was installed which never worked correctly and was rarely if ever retracted.) The other modern retractable-roof ballparks like Chase Field, T-Mobile Park, Minute Maid Park, LoanDepot Park and American Family Field were built several years later.
On December 3, 2010, the Rangers announced that extensive renovations to the stadium would be made and ready for the 2011 season. These renovations included:
- New Daktronics HD video displays in right field (atop the Home Run Porch) and center field (on top of the office building).
- The out-of-town scoreboard on the left field wall (which had been replaced prior to the 2009 season) also was updated with HD technology.
- The audio system throughout the stadium was completely overhauled, with new speakers and production equipment.
- A new "Show Control System" which can display networked data such as videos, scores, and point-of-sale information anywhere in the stadium.
- An IPTV system that can display live television content on ten HDTV channels to any display in the stadium.
It was announced on December 5, 2018 that the stadium's lower stands would undergo extensive renovations once the XFL's Dallas Renegades moved into the stadium in 2020. When renovations for the football layout began, the Texas Rangers sold 6,000 souvenir seats in pairs. A broadcast booth and two booths for football coaches were built in the renovated lower suites and two new auxiliary locker rooms were built on the service level. The Rangers’ clubhouse became the Renegades’ locker room and coaches offices. Lockers were added to the visiting locker room to accommodate Renegades opponents.
On April 11, 1994, the first game at the ballpark, Hollye Minter, who was posing for a picture while intoxicated, fell 35 feet over a railing in right field, fracturing several bones and causing the team to raise the height of the railings.
On July 6, 2010, firefighter Tyler Morris, leaning over the rail to catch a Nelson Cruz foul ball, fell 30 feet onto the section below him, causing a head injury and a severely sprained ankle to himself and minor injuries to fans he landed on. The game was stopped for 15 minutes while paramedics treated him.
On July 7, 2011, firefighter Shannon Stone, from Brownwood, Texas, was attending the Rangers game against the Oakland Athletics with his six-year-old son, Cooper, when outfielder Josh Hamilton threw him a ball, as he had asked. Reaching for it, he flipped over the railing and fell 20 feet, head-first, onto the concrete behind the out-of-town scoreboard in left field. He was conscious and talking as paramedics tended to him, but he died en route to the hospital. The cause of death was identified as blunt force trauma. This was the fourth fall in the stadium's 17 years of history. A moment of silence was held for him prior to the next day's game, both the Rangers and Athletics wore black ribbons on their uniforms, and the flags at the stadium were flown at half-staff in memory of him. The Rangers Foundation set up a memorial fund for Stone's family.
A tarp was placed over the opening through which Stone fell. Rangers team president Nolan Ryan said the height of the railings exceeds the requirement of the building codes but said the team would do "whatever it takes" to ensure the safety of the fans; on July 20, 2011, the Rangers announced they would raise all railings in the front of seating sections to 42 inches. On August 10, 2011, the team announced it would erect a statue memorializing Stone. Cooper helped unveil the statue on April 5, 2012. It depicts him and his father wearing baseball caps. They are holding hands and looking at each other as if they were talking. The inscription on the statue reads "In memory of Shannon Stone and dedicated to all fans who love the game".
- It was where Kenny Rogers pitched a perfect game on July 28, 1994 against the California Angels.
- It was the site of the 1995 MLB All-Star Game.
- It hosted the first regular season interleague game on June 12, 1997, when the Rangers played the San Francisco Giants.
- The first postseason game won by the Rangers there would come in Game 2 of the 2010 ALCS by a score of 7–2 over the Yankees, on October 16, 2010.
- On October 22, 2010, the Rangers clinched their first ever American League pennant there after a 6–1 victory over the New York Yankees in Game 6 of the ALCS, getting the third out in the ninth from former Ranger Alex Rodriguez.
- It hosted Games 3, 4 and 5 of the 2010 World Series, the San Francisco Giants won the final two games to win the series in five games.
- It hosted Games 3, 4 and 5 of the 2011 World Series, with the Rangers winning 2 of 3 home games, but losing Game 6 and 7 to the St. Louis Cardinals in St. Louis. This was part of three sporting championships to take place in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex in the same year, along with Super Bowl XLV, and the 2011 NBA Finals.
In popular cultureEdit
|Date||Artist||Opening act(s)||Tour / Concert name||Attendance||Revenue||Notes|
|November 9, 2013||Eli Young Band||Josh Abbott Band
|November 8, 2014||Eli Young Band||Gary Allan
Maddie & Tae
|House Party II||—||—|||
|June 14, 2019||Paul McCartney||—||Freshen Up||45,024 / 45,024||$6,313,791|||
|October 11, 2019||Jason Aldean||—||Ride All Night Tour||—||—|||
|October 12, 2019||Billy Joel||—||Billy Joel in Concert||43,626 / 43,626||$5,405,903||This was the ballpark's final concert.|
The International Champions Cup soccer match featuring Atletico de Madrid of Spain vs. Chivas de Guadalajara of Mexico was played on July 23, 2019. It was the first time that a soccer match involving professional clubs was played at Choctaw Stadium. North Texas SC of USL League One moved from its previous home in Frisco to Choctaw Stadium beginning in 2020.
On June 17, 2019, a tornado with estimated strength of EF-1 touched down in Arlington near Choctaw Stadium. Officials said the storm damaged windscreens in left field and caused damage to a small portion of the left field roof. Further, the Chick-fil-A signage on the foul pole in left field was damaged.
- Sullivan, T. R. (October 30, 2012). "Rangers Resume Fan-Focused Park Renovations". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Archived from the original on May 10, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
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- "North Texas Soccer Club to Play at Globe Life Park in 2020". FCDallas.com.
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- "How George W. Bush scored big with the Texas Rangers". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
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- Hummel, Rick (October 31, 2010). "Texas Rangers hit their stride in Game 3". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
A three-run homer by rookie Mitch Moreland and Josh Hamilton's long drive with no one on, provided enough offense for the Rangers to win their first home World Series game in their 39-season history, 4-2, before a record home crowd of 52,419 paying fans
- Allison Bell (July 26, 2019). "Torchmark to Change Its Name to Globe Life". ThinkAdvisor. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
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- Spousta, Tom; Zinser, Lynn (July 9, 2011). "Grief and Questions After Death at Ballpark". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
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- Associated Press (July 20, 2011). "After Fan Death, Texas Rangers to Raise Railing Heights at Ballpark". USA Today. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Durrett, Richard (September 30, 2011). "Cooper Stone to Throw Out First Pitch". ESPN Dallas/Fort Worth. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- Levine, Zachary (September 30, 2011). "Fan Whose Father Died at Game Throws Out First Pitch". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
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- "Eli Young Band's House Party to take place at Rangers Ballpark on November 9". MLB.com.
- "Captial [sic] One Bank presents Eli Young Band House Party II on Saturday at Globe Life Park in Arlington". MLB.com.
- "Globe Life Park to host McCartney concert". MLB.com.
- "Jason Aldean to perform at Globe Life Park on Friday, Oct. 11". MLB.com.
- "Billy Joel to play Globe Life Park's final concert". MLB.com.
- "North Texas Soccer Club to Play at Globe Life Park in 2020". USL League One. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
- "DFW Muscle Walk". Muscular Dystrophy Association. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- Hanna, Bill; Wilson, Jeff (June 17, 2019). "EF-1 tornado hit Arlington; 2 EF-0 twisters at Eagle Mountain Lake". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Globe Life Park in Arlington.|
- Seating Chart
- Ballpark Digest visit to Globe Life Park in Arlington
- Ballparks.com Globe Life Park in Arlington Page
|Events and tenants|
|| Home of the Texas Rangers
1994 – 2019
|| Host of the All-Star Game