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The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the second of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday, which is Father's Day. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving.

U.S. Open
2018USOpenLogo.svg
2018 logo
Location Shinnecock Hills, New York
in 2018
Established 1895, 123 years ago
Course(s) Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in 2018
Par 70 in 2018
Length 7,440 yd (6,800 m) in 2018
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
Format Stroke play
Month played June
Aggregate 268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par −16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
United States Brooks Koepka
2018 U.S. Open (golf)

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.[1][2]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

 
U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004-2014.

U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.

QualificationEdit

The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.[3] Players (male or female)[3] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are:[4][5]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date.

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).[7]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.[7] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.[8]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

USGA special exemptionsEdit

The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966.[9] Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010).[10]

Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004).[11] In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997).[12]

PrizesEdit

The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).

In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years, as well as The Players Championship, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.

Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.

Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff formatEdit

Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied.[13]

ChampionsEdit

Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each.[14] Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990.[15] The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months, 14 days in 1911.[15]

Year Champion Country Venue Location Score Winning
margin
Runner(s)-up Winner's
share ($)
2018 Brooks Koepka (2)   United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 281 (+1) 1 stroke   Tommy Fleetwood 2,160,000
2017 Brooks Koepka   United States Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin 272 (−16) 4 strokes   Hideki Matsuyama
  Brian Harman
2,160,000
2016 Dustin Johnson   United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 276 (−4) 3 strokes   Jim Furyk
  Shane Lowry
  Scott Piercy
1,800,000
2015 Jordan Spieth   United States Chambers Bay University Place, Washington 275 (−5) 1 stroke   Dustin Johnson
  Louis Oosthuizen
1,800,000
2014 Martin Kaymer   Germany Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 271 (−9) 8 strokes   Erik Compton
  Rickie Fowler
1,620,000
2013 Justin Rose   England Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 281 (+1) 2 strokes   Jason Day
  Phil Mickelson
1,440,000
2012 Webb Simpson   United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California 281 (+1) 1 stroke   Graeme McDowell
  Michael Thompson
1,440,000
2011 Rory McIlroy   Northern Ireland Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 268 (−16) 8 strokes   Jason Day 1,440,000
2010 Graeme McDowell   Northern Ireland Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 284 (E) 1 stroke   Grégory Havret 1,350,000
2009 Lucas Glover   United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York[N 1] 276 (−4) 2 strokes   Ricky Barnes
  David Duval
  Phil Mickelson
1,350,000
2008 Tiger Woods (3)   United States Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course La Jolla, California[N 2] 283 (−1) Playoff   Rocco Mediate 1,350,000
2007 Ángel Cabrera   Argentina Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 285 (+5) 1 stroke   Jim Furyk
  Tiger Woods
1,260,000
2006 Geoff Ogilvy   Australia Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 285 (+5) 1 stroke   Jim Furyk
  Phil Mickelson
  Colin Montgomerie
1,225,000
2005 Michael Campbell   New Zealand Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 280 (E) 2 strokes   Tiger Woods 1,170,000
2004 Retief Goosen (2)   South Africa Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 276 (−4) 2 strokes   Phil Mickelson 1,125,000
2003 Jim Furyk   United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 272 (−8) 3 strokes   Stephen Leaney 1,080,000
2002 Tiger Woods (2)   United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York[N 1] 277 (−3) 3 strokes   Phil Mickelson 1,000,000
2001 Retief Goosen   South Africa Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 276 (−4) Playoff   Mark Brooks 900,000
2000 Tiger Woods   United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 272 (−12) 15 strokes   Ernie Els
  Miguel Ángel Jiménez
800,000
1999 Payne Stewart (2)   United States Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 279 (−1) 1 stroke   Phil Mickelson 625,000
1998 Lee Janzen (2)   United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 280 (E) 1 stroke   Payne Stewart 535,000
1997 Ernie Els (2)   South Africa Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 276 (−4) 1 stroke   Colin Montgomerie 465,000
1996 Steve Jones   United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 278 (−2) 1 stroke   Tom Lehman
  Davis Love III
425,000
1995 Corey Pavin   United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 280 (E) 2 strokes   Greg Norman 350,000
1994 Ernie Els   South Africa Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 279 (−5) Playoff   Colin Montgomerie
  Loren Roberts
320,000
1993 Lee Janzen   United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (−8) 2 strokes   Payne Stewart 290,000
1992 Tom Kite   United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 285 (−3) 2 strokes   Jeff Sluman 275,000
1991 Payne Stewart   United States Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 282 (−6) Playoff   Scott Simpson 235,000
1990 Hale Irwin (3)   United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 280 (−8) Playoff   Mike Donald 220,000
1989 Curtis Strange (2)   United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 278 (−2) 1 stroke   Chip Beck
  Mark McCumber
  Ian Woosnam
200,000
1988 Curtis Strange   United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 278 (−6) Playoff   Nick Faldo 180,000
1987 Scott Simpson   United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 277 (−3) 1 stroke   Tom Watson 150,000
1986 Raymond Floyd   United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 279 (−1) 2 strokes   Chip Beck
  Lanny Wadkins
115,000
1985 Andy North (2)   United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 279 (−1) 1 stroke   Dave Barr
  Chen Tze-chung
  Denis Watson
103,000
1984 Fuzzy Zoeller   United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 276 (−4) Playoff   Greg Norman 94,000
1983 Larry Nelson   United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 280 (−4) 1 stroke   Tom Watson 72,000
1982 Tom Watson   United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 282 (−6) 2 strokes   Jack Nicklaus 60,000
1981 David Graham   Australia Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 273 (−7) 3 strokes   George Burns
  Bill Rogers
55,000
1980 Jack Nicklaus (4)   United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (−8) 2 strokes   Isao Aoki 55,000
1979 Hale Irwin (2)   United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 284 (E) 2 strokes   Jerry Pate
  Gary Player
50,000
1978 Andy North   United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 285 (+1) 1 stroke   J. C. Snead
  Dave Stockton
45,000
1977 Hubert Green   United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 278 (−2) 1 stroke   Lou Graham 45,000
1976 Jerry Pate   United States Atlanta Athletic Club, Highlands Course Duluth, Georgia[N 5] 277 (−3) 2 strokes   Al Geiberger
  Tom Weiskopf
42,000
1975 Lou Graham   United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 287 (+3) Playoff   John Mahaffey 40,000
1974 Hale Irwin   United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 287 (+7) 2 strokes   Forrest Fezler 35,000
1973 Johnny Miller   United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 279 (−5) 1 stroke   John Schlee 35,000
1972 Jack Nicklaus (3)   United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 290 (+2) 3 strokes   Bruce Crampton 30,000
1971 Lee Trevino (2)   United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 280 (E) Playoff   Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1970 Tony Jacklin   England Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 281 (−7) 7 strokes   Dave Hill 30,000
1969 Orville Moody   United States Champions Golf Club, Cypress Creek Course Houston, Texas 281 (+1) 1 stroke   Deane Beman
  Al Geiberger
  Bob Rosburg
30,000
1968 Lee Trevino   United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 275 (−5) 4 strokes   Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1967 Jack Nicklaus (2)   United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 275 (−5) 4 strokes   Arnold Palmer 30,000
1966 Billy Casper (2)   United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 278 (−2) Playoff   Arnold Palmer 26,500
1965 Gary Player   South Africa Bellerive Country Club St. Louis, Missouri[N 6] 282 (+2) Playoff   Kel Nagle 26,000
1964 Ken Venturi   United States Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 278 (−2) 4 strokes   Tommy Jacobs 17,000
1963 Julius Boros (2)   United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 293 (+9) Playoff   Jacky Cupit
  Arnold Palmer
17,500
1962 Jack Nicklaus   United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 283 (−1) Playoff   Arnold Palmer 17,500
1961 Gene Littler   United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1) 1 stroke   Bob Goalby
  Doug Sanders
14,000
1960 Arnold Palmer   United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 280 (−4) 2 strokes   Jack Nicklaus (a) 14,400
1959 Billy Casper   United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 282 (+2) 1 stroke   Bob Rosburg 12,000
1958 Tommy Bolt   United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 283 (+3) 4 strokes   Gary Player 8,000
1957 Dick Mayer   United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 282 (+2) Playoff   Cary Middlecoff 7,200
1956 Cary Middlecoff (2)   United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 281 (+1) 1 stroke   Julius Boros
  Ben Hogan
6,000
1955 Jack Fleck   United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 287 (+7) Playoff   Ben Hogan 6,000
1954 Ed Furgol   United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 284 (+4) 1 stroke   Gene Littler 6,000
1953 Ben Hogan (4)   United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 283 (−5) 6 strokes   Sam Snead 5,000
1952 Julius Boros   United States Northwood Club Dallas, Texas 281 (+1) 4 strokes   Ed Oliver 4,000
1951 Ben Hogan (3)   United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 287 (+7) 2 strokes   Clayton Heafner 4,000
1950 Ben Hogan (2)   United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 287 (+7) Playoff   Lloyd Mangrum (2nd),
  George Fazio (3rd)
4,000
1949 Cary Middlecoff   United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 286 (+2) 1 stroke   Clayton Heafner
  Sam Snead
2,000
1948 Ben Hogan   United States Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, California[N 7] 276 (−8) 2 strokes   Jimmy Demaret 2,000
1947 Lew Worsham   United States St. Louis Country Club Ladue, Missouri 282 (−2) Playoff   Sam Snead 2,500
1946 Lloyd Mangrum   United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 284 (−4) Playoff   Vic Ghezzi (T2)
  Byron Nelson (T2)
1,833
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941 Craig Wood   United States Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, Texas 284 (+4) 3 strokes   Denny Shute 1,000
1940 Lawson Little   United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 287 (−1) Playoff   Gene Sarazen 1,000
1939 Byron Nelson   United States Philadelphia Country Club, Spring Mill Course Gladwyne, Pennsylvania 284 (−4) Playoff   Craig Wood (2nd),
  Denny Shute (3rd)
1,000
1938 Ralph Guldahl (2)   United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 284 (E) 6 strokes   Dick Metz 1,000
1937 Ralph Guldahl   United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1) 2 strokes   Sam Snead 1,000
1936 Tony Manero   United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course Springfield, New Jersey 282 (−2) 2 strokes    Harry Cooper 1,000
1935 Sam Parks, Jr.   United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 299 (+11) 2 strokes    Jimmy Thomson 1,000
1934 Olin Dutra   United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 293 (+13) 1 stroke   Gene Sarazen 1,000
1933 Johnny Goodman (a)   United States North Shore Country Club Glenview, Illinois 287 (−1) 1 stroke   Ralph Guldahl 0
1932 Gene Sarazen (2)   United States Fresh Meadow Country Club Queens, New York 286 (+2) 3 strokes   Bobby Cruickshank
  Philip Perkins
1,000
1931 Billy Burke   United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 292 (+4) Playoff   George Von Elm 1,750
1930 Bobby Jones (a) (4)   United States Interlachen Country Club Edina, Minnesota 287 (−1) 2 strokes    Macdonald Smith 0
1929 Bobby Jones (a) (3)   United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 294 Playoff   Al Espinosa 0
1928 Johnny Farrell   United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 294 Playoff   Bobby Jones (a) 500
1927 Tommy Armour   Scotland
  United States
Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 301 Playoff    Harry Cooper 500
1926 Bobby Jones (a) (2)   United States Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohio 293 1 stroke   Joe Turnesa 0
1925 Willie Macfarlane   Scotland Worcester Country Club Worcester, Massachusetts 291 Playoff   Bobby Jones (a) 500
1924 Cyril Walker   England Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 297 3 strokes   Bobby Jones (a) 500
1923 Bobby Jones (a)   United States Inwood Country Club Inwood, New York 296 Playoff   Bobby Cruickshank 0
1922 Gene Sarazen   United States Skokie Country Club Glencoe, Illinois 288 1 stroke   John Black
  Bobby Jones (a)
500
1921 Jim Barnes   England Columbia Country Club Chevy Chase, Maryland 289 9 strokes   Walter Hagen
   Fred McLeod
500
1920 Ted Ray   Jersey Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 295 1 stroke   Jack Burke Sr.
  Leo Diegel
  Jock Hutchison
  Harry Vardon
500
1919 Walter Hagen (2)   United States Brae Burn Country Club, Main Course West Newton, Massachusetts 301 Playoff   Mike Brady 500
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916 Chick Evans (a)   United States The Minikahda Club Minneapolis, Minnesota 286 2 strokes   Jock Hutchison 0
1915 Jerome Travers (a)   United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Revised Course Springfield, New Jersey 297 1 stroke   Tom McNamara 0
1914 Walter Hagen   United States Midlothian Country Club Midlothian, Illinois 290 1 stroke   Chick Evans (a) 300
1913 Francis Ouimet (a)   United States The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts 304 Playoff   Harry Vardon (2nd),
  Ted Ray (3rd)
0
1912 John McDermott (2)   United States Country Club of Buffalo Buffalo, New York 294 2 strokes   Tom McNamara 300
1911 John McDermott   United States Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 307 Playoff   Mike Brady (2nd),
  George Simpson (3rd)
300
1910 Alex Smith (2)   Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 298 Playoff   John McDermott (2nd),
  Macdonald Smith (3rd)
300
1909 George Sargent   England Englewood Golf Club Englewood, New Jersey 290 4 strokes   Tom McNamara 300
1908 Fred McLeod   Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 322 Playoff   Willie Smith 300
1907 Alec Ross   Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 302 2 strokes   Gilbert Nicholls 300
1906 Alex Smith   Scotland Onwentsia Club Lake Forest, Illinois 295 7 strokes   Willie Smith 300
1905 Willie Anderson (4)   Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 314 2 strokes   Alex Smith 200
1904 Willie Anderson (3)   Scotland Glen View Club Golf, Illinois 303 4 strokes   Gilbert Nicholls 200
1903 Willie Anderson (2)   Scotland Baltusrol Golf Club, Original Course Springfield, New Jersey 307 Playoff   David Brown 200
1902 Laurie Auchterlonie   Scotland Garden City Golf Club Garden City, New York 307 6 strokes   Stewart Gardner
  Walter Travis (a)
200
1901 Willie Anderson   Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 331 Playoff   Alex Smith 200
1900 Harry Vardon   Jersey Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 313 2 strokes   J.H. Taylor 200
1899 Willie Smith   Scotland Baltimore Country Club, Roland Park Course Baltimore, Maryland 315 11 strokes   Val Fitzjohn
  George Low
  Bert Way
150
1898 Fred Herd   Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 328 7 strokes   Alex Smith 150
1897 Joe Lloyd   England Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 162 1 stroke   Willie Anderson 150
1896 James Foulis   Scotland Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 152 3 strokes   Horace Rawlins 150
1895 Horace Rawlins   England Newport Country Club Newport, Rhode Island 173 2 strokes   Willie Dunn 150

(a) denotes amateur

Summary by course, state and regionEdit

Legend
State totals – preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/Region No. Years hosted Geog.
sort
Myopia Hunt Club 4 1908, 1905, 1901, 1898 MA
The Country Club 3 1988, 1963, 1913 MA
Worcester Country Club 1 1925 MA
Brae Burn Country Club 1 1919 MA
Total Massachusetts 9 NewEng
Newport Country Club 1 1895 RI
Total Rhode Island 1 NewEng
Total New England 10 NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 5 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959,
1929
NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 5 2018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896 NY
Oak Hill Country Club 3 1989, 1968, 1956 NY
Bethpage State Park 2 2009, 2002 NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 1 1932 NY
Inwood Country Club 1 1923 NY
Country Club of Buffalo 1 1912 NY
Garden City Golf Club 1 1902 NY
Total New York 19 MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 9 2016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
PA
Merion Golf Club 5 2013, 1981, 1971, 1950,
1934
PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club 2 1910, 1907 PA
Philadelphia Country Club 1 1939 PA
Total Pennsylvania 17 MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 7 1993, 1980, 1967, 1954,
1936, 1915, 1903
NJ
Englewood Golf Club 1 1909 NJ
Total New Jersey 8 MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 43 NEast
Total Northeast 53 USA
Congressional Country Club 3 2011, 1997, 1964 MD
Baltimore Country Club 1 1899 MD
Columbia Country Club 1 1921 MD
Total Maryland 5 SthAtl
Pinehurst Resort 3 2014, 2005, 1999 NC
Total North Carolina 3 SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 1 1976 GA
Total Georgia 1 SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 9 South
Total East South Central 0 South
Southern Hills Country Club 3 2001, 1977, 1958 OK
Total Oklahoma 3 WSC
Champions Golf Club 1 1969 TX
Colonial Country Club 1 1941 TX
Northwood Club 1 1952 TX
Total Texas 3 WSC
Total West South Central 6 South
Total South 15 USA
Medinah Country Club 3 1990, 1975, 1949 IL
Chicago Golf Club 3 1911, 1900, 1897 IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 2 2003, 1928 IL
North Shore Country Club 1 1933 IL
Skokie Country Club 1 1922 IL
Midlothian Country Club 1 1914 IL
Onwentsia Club 1 1906 IL
Glen View Club 1 1904 IL
Total Illinois 13 ENC
Inverness Club 4 1979, 1957, 1931, 1920 OH
Canterbury Golf Club 2 1946, 1940 OH
Scioto Country Club 1 1926 OH
Total Ohio 7 ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 6 1996,1985,1961,1951,
1937,1924
MI
Total Michigan 6 ENC
Total East North Central 26 Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 2 1991, 1970 MN
Interlachen Country Club 1 1930 MN
The Minikahda Club 1 1916 MN
Total Minnesota 4 WNC
Bellerive Country Club 1 1965 MO
St. Louis Country Club 1 1947 MO
Total Missouri 2 WNC
Erin Hills 1 2017 WI
Total Wisconsin 1 WNC
Total West North Central 7 Midwest
Total Midwest 33 USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 3 1978, 1960, 1938 CO
Total Colorado 3 Mtn
Total Mountain 3 West
Olympic Club 5 2012,1998,1987,1966,
1955
CA
Pebble Beach Golf Links 5 2010,2000,1992,1982,
1972
CA
Torrey Pines Golf Course 1 2008 CA
Riviera Country Club 1 1948 CA
Total California 12 Pac
Chambers Bay 1 2015 WA
Total Washington 1 Pac
Total Pacific 13 West
Total West 16 USA
Total U.S. Opens 118

The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.

RecordsEdit

  • Oldest champion: Hale Irwin in 1990 at 45 years, 15 days.
  • Youngest champion: John McDermott in 1911 at 19 years, 315 days.
  • Oldest player to make the cut: Sam Snead in 1973 at 61 years old. He tied for 29th place.
  • Most victories: 4 by Willie Anderson 1901, 1903–1905; Bobby Jones 1923, 1926, 1929–30; Ben Hogan 1948, 1950–51, 1953; Jack Nicklaus 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980. NOTE: Hogan also won the 1942 Hale America National Open which was held jointly by the USGA, PGA and Chicago GA for the benefit of the Navy Relief Society and the USO.
  • Most consecutive victories: 3 by Willie Anderson 1903–1905.
  • Most consecutive victorious attempts: 3 by Ben Hogan 1948, 1950–51
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 2: 5 by Bobby Jones 1922–1926
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 5: 6 by Willie Anderson 1901–1906
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 10: 16 by Ben Hogan 1940–1956 (next highest streak 7)
  • Most runner-up finishes: Phil Mickelson – 6 (1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2013)
  • Most consecutive Opens started: 44 by Jack Nicklaus from 1957 to 2000.
  • Largest margin of victory: 15 strokes by Tiger Woods, 2000. This is the all-time record for all majors.
  • Lowest score for 36 holes: 130 – Martin Kaymer (65–65), rounds 1–2, 2014.
  • Lowest score for 54 holes: 199 – Rory McIlroy (65–66–68), rounds 1–3, 2011; Louis Oosthuizen (66-66-67), rounds 2-4, 2015.
  • Lowest score for 72 holes: 268 – Rory McIlroy (65–66–68–69), rounds 1–4, 2011.
  • Most strokes under par for 72 holes: 16-under (268) by Rory McIlroy, 2011; 16-under (272) by Brooks Koepka, 2017.
  • Most strokes under par at any point in the tournament: 17 by Rory McIlroy, final round, 2011.[16]
  • Lowest score for 18 holes: 63 – Johnny Miller, 4th round, 1973; Jack Nicklaus, 1st, 1980; Tom Weiskopf, 1st, 1980; Vijay Singh, 2nd, 2003; Justin Thomas, 3rd, 2017; Tommy Fleetwood, 4th, 2018.
  • Lowest score for 18 holes in relation to par: −9 Justin Thomas, 3rd round, 2017.
  • All four rounds under par (golfers who did not win the tournament in italics):[17]
  • All four rounds under 70: Trevino, 1968; Janzen, 1993; McIlroy, 2011.[16]
  • Most frequent venues:

There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website.[18]

BroadcastingEdit

As of 2015, Fox Sports is the official broadcaster of the U.S. Open[19], as the result of a 12-year deal with the USGA for exclusive rights to its tournaments through 2026. Coverage will be telecast by Fox (over-the-air) and Fox Sports 1 (cable).[20]

The 2018 edition of the U.S. Open featured a total of 37 hours of coverage in the United States, with 19.5 hours being on Thursday and Friday, and 17.5 hours being on Saturday and Sunday; the Fox Sports 1 cable network carried a total of 13.5 hours of coverage on Thursday and Friday. The Fox broadcast network had a total of 23.5 hours of coverage Thursday through Sunday, with 6 hours Thursday and Friday, and 17.5 hours Saturday and Sunday. The overall 37–hour total was down 1.5 hours from last year's total of 38.5 hours, due to the Fox broadcast network's coverage having 23.5 hours this year, compared to the 24.5 hours it had last year, and the Fox Sports 1 cable network's 13.5 hours this year, compared to the 14 hours it had last year.

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's most recent period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.[21]

In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018.[22]

Future sitesEdit

Year Edition Course Location Dates Times hosted
2019 119th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 13–16 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010
2020 120th Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York June 18–21 1929, 1959, 1974, 1984, 2006
2021 121st Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course La Jolla, California June 17–20 2008
2022 122nd The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts June 16–19 1913, 1963, 1988
2023 123rd Los Angeles Country Club, North Course Los Angeles, California June 15–18 Never
2024 124th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina June 13–16 1999, 2005, 2014
2025 125th Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania June 12–15 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016
2026 126th Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York June 18–21 1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018
2027 127th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 17–20 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  2. ^ La Jolla is a neighborhood within the city of San Diego that has a unique postal identity.
  3. ^ a b c d The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  4. ^ a b c The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  5. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  6. ^ The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  7. ^ Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brent Kelley. "First Winner of US Open Golf Tournament". About.com Sports. 
  2. ^ "US Open Golf History". 
  3. ^ a b "112th U.S. Open Championship application form" (PDF). USGA. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Open – Exemption List". USGA. Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Junior, Mid-Amateur Champs to Receive U.S. Open, Women's Open Exemptions" (Press release). USGA. October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "USGA - Changes Made To Exemptions For 2012 USGA Championships". USGA. February 23, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "U.S. Open to expand world-ranking use". ESPN. Associated Press. February 5, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  8. ^ "USGA Announces Changes To Exemption Categories" (Press release). USGA. February 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  9. ^ "2012 U.S. Open Championship Media Guide" (PDF). United States Golf Association. p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2015. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Open: Special Exemptions". USGA. December 12, 2016. 
  11. ^ Gray, Will (May 17, 2016). "Two-time champ Goosen gets U.S. Open exemption". Golf Channel. 
  12. ^ Herrington, Ryan (March 14, 2018). "USGA gives Ernie Els, Jim Furyk special exemptions into 2018 U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills". Golf Digest. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Open abandons 18 holes for 2-hole playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. February 26, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Champions". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  15. ^ a b "Age". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  16. ^ a b "Rory McIlroy runs away with Open title". ESPN. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  17. ^ Murray, Scott (June 19, 2011). "US Open 2011 – day four as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  18. ^ "U.S. Open History – Records". USGA. Retrieved June 17, 2018. 
  19. ^ Haggar, Jeff (June 10, 2013). "History of US Open golf TV coverage (1954-present)". Classic TV Sports. 
  20. ^ Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  21. ^ Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated. p. 49. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  22. ^ Knox, David (April 9, 2015). "Fox Sports tees off with more Golf". TV Tonight. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 

External linksEdit