U.S. Open (golf)

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving.[1][2] As of 2020, the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all four major championships.[3]

U.S. Open
2021 U.S. Open (golf) logo.png
2021 logo
Tournament information
LocationUnited States, varies
La Jolla, California
in 2021
Established1895, 126 years ago
120 Editions
Course(s)Torrey Pines Golf Course in 2021
Par71 in 2021
Length7,698 yd (7,039 m) in 2021
Organized byUSGA
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play
Prize fund$12,500,000
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
Current champion
Spain Jon Rahm
2021 U.S. Open (golf)

HistoryEdit

The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.[4][5]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

 
U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004 to 2014.

U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.

QualificationEdit

The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.[6] Players (male or female)[6] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are:[7][8]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date, except for the U.S. Amateur. On August 5, 2019, the USGA announced a rule change stating a player may turn professional and still retain his U.S. Open exemption. Note that this tournament typically takes place after the collegiate season has ended, so players may turn professional immediately after their last collegiate event (typically the end of the NCAA final of their senior year) in order to maximize the number of FedEx Cup points they may score before the August cutoff.[10]

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).[11]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.[11] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.[12]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

USGA special exemptionsEdit

The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966.[13] Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010).[14]

Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004).[15] In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997).[16]

PrizesEdit

The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).

In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.

Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.

Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff formatEdit

Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied.[17]

ChampionsEdit

Year Champion Score To par Margin of
victory
Runner(s)-up Winner's
share ($)
Venue Location
2021   Jon Rahm 278 −6 1 stroke   Louis Oosthuizen 2,250,000 Torrey Pines Golf Course
South Course
San Diego, California
2020   Bryson DeChambeau 274 −6 6 strokes   Matthew Wolff 2,250,000 Winged Foot Golf Club
West Course
Mamaroneck, New York
2019   Gary Woodland 271 −13 3 strokes   Brooks Koepka 2,250,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
2018   Brooks Koepka (2) 281 +1 1 stroke   Tommy Fleetwood 2,160,000 Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York
2017   Brooks Koepka 272 −16 4 strokes   Hideki Matsuyama
  Brian Harman
2,160,000 Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin
2016   Dustin Johnson 276 −4 3 strokes   Jim Furyk
  Shane Lowry
  Scott Piercy
1,800,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
2015   Jordan Spieth 275 −5 1 stroke   Dustin Johnson
  Louis Oosthuizen
1,800,000 Chambers Bay University Place, Washington
2014   Martin Kaymer 271 −9 8 strokes   Erik Compton
  Rickie Fowler
1,620,000 Pinehurst Resort
Course No. 2
Pinehurst, North Carolina
2013   Justin Rose 281 +1 2 strokes   Jason Day
  Phil Mickelson
1,440,000 Merion Golf Club
East Course
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
2012   Webb Simpson 281 +1 1 stroke   Graeme McDowell
  Michael Thompson
1,440,000 Olympic Club
Lake Course
San Francisco, California[a]
2011   Rory McIlroy 268 −16 8 strokes   Jason Day 1,440,000 Congressional Country Club
Blue Course
Bethesda, Maryland
2010   Graeme McDowell 284 E 1 stroke   Grégory Havret 1,350,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
2009   Lucas Glover 276 −4 2 strokes   Ricky Barnes
  David Duval
  Phil Mickelson
1,350,000 Bethpage State Park
Black Course
Farmingdale, New York[b]
2008   Tiger Woods (3) 283 −1 Playoff   Rocco Mediate 1,350,000 Torrey Pines Golf Course
South Course
San Diego, California
2007   Ángel Cabrera 285 +5 1 stroke   Jim Furyk
  Tiger Woods
1,260,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
2006   Geoff Ogilvy 285 +5 1 stroke   Jim Furyk
  Phil Mickelson
  Colin Montgomerie
1,225,000 Winged Foot Golf Club
West Course
Mamaroneck, New York
2005   Michael Campbell 280 E 2 strokes   Tiger Woods 1,170,000 Pinehurst Resort
Course No. 2
Pinehurst, North Carolina
2004   Retief Goosen (2) 276 −4 2 strokes   Phil Mickelson 1,125,000 Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York
2003   Jim Furyk 272 −8 3 strokes   Stephen Leaney 1,080,000 Olympia Fields Country Club
North Course
Olympia Fields, Illinois
2002   Tiger Woods (2) 277 −3 3 strokes   Phil Mickelson 1,000,000 Bethpage State Park
Black Course
Farmingdale, New York[b]
2001   Retief Goosen 276 −4 Playoff   Mark Brooks 900,000 Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma
2000   Tiger Woods 272 −12 15 strokes   Ernie Els
  Miguel Ángel Jiménez
800,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
1999   Payne Stewart (2) 279 −1 1 stroke   Phil Mickelson 625,000 Pinehurst Resort
Course No. 2
Pinehurst, North Carolina
1998   Lee Janzen (2) 280 E 1 stroke   Payne Stewart 535,000 Olympic Club
Lake Course
San Francisco, California[a]
1997   Ernie Els (2) 276 −4 1 stroke   Colin Montgomerie 465,000 Congressional Country Club
Blue Course
Bethesda, Maryland
1996   Steve Jones 278 −2 1 stroke   Tom Lehman
  Davis Love III
425,000 Oakland Hills Country Club
South Course
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1995   Corey Pavin 280 E 2 strokes   Greg Norman 350,000 Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York
1994   Ernie Els 279 −5 Playoff   Colin Montgomerie
  Loren Roberts
320,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1993   Lee Janzen 272 −8 2 strokes   Payne Stewart 290,000 Baltusrol Golf Club
Lower Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1992   Tom Kite 285 −3 2 strokes   Jeff Sluman 275,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
1991   Payne Stewart 282 −6 Playoff   Scott Simpson 235,000 Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota
1990   Hale Irwin (3) 280 −8 Playoff   Mike Donald 220,000 Medinah Country Club
Course No. 3
Medinah, Illinois
1989   Curtis Strange (2) 278 −2 1 stroke   Chip Beck
  Mark McCumber
  Ian Woosnam
200,000 Oak Hill Country Club
East Course
Rochester, New York[c]
1988   Curtis Strange 278 −6 Playoff   Nick Faldo 180,000 The Country Club
Composite Course
Brookline, Massachusetts
1987   Scott Simpson 277 −3 1 stroke   Tom Watson 150,000 Olympic Club
Lake Course
San Francisco, California[a]
1986   Raymond Floyd 279 −1 2 strokes   Chip Beck
  Lanny Wadkins
115,000 Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York
1985   Andy North (2) 279 −1 1 stroke   Dave Barr
  Chen Tze-chung
  Denis Watson
103,000 Oakland Hills Country Club
South Course
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1984   Fuzzy Zoeller 276 −4 Playoff   Greg Norman 94,000 Winged Foot Golf Club
West Course
Mamaroneck, New York
1983   Larry Nelson 280 −4 1 stroke   Tom Watson 72,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1982   Tom Watson 282 −6 2 strokes   Jack Nicklaus 60,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
1981   David Graham 273 −7 3 strokes   George Burns
  Bill Rogers
55,000 Merion Golf Club
East Course
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1980   Jack Nicklaus (4) 272 −8 2 strokes   Isao Aoki 55,000 Baltusrol Golf Club
Lower Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1979   Hale Irwin (2) 284 E 2 strokes   Jerry Pate
  Gary Player
50,000 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1978   Andy North 285 +1 1 stroke   J. C. Snead
  Dave Stockton
45,000 Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado
1977   Hubert Green 278 −2 1 stroke   Lou Graham 45,000 Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma
1976   Jerry Pate 277 −3 2 strokes   Al Geiberger
  Tom Weiskopf
42,000 Atlanta Athletic Club
Highlands Course
Duluth, Georgia[d]
1975   Lou Graham 287 +3 Playoff   John Mahaffey 40,000 Medinah Country Club
Course No. 3
Medinah, Illinois
1974   Hale Irwin 287 +7 2 strokes   Forrest Fezler 35,000 Winged Foot Golf Club
West Course
Mamaroneck, New York
1973   Johnny Miller 279 −5 1 stroke   John Schlee 35,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1972   Jack Nicklaus (3) 290 +2 3 strokes   Bruce Crampton 30,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
1971   Lee Trevino (2) 280 E Playoff   Jack Nicklaus 30,000 Merion Golf Club
East Course
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1970   Tony Jacklin 281 −7 7 strokes   Dave Hill 30,000 Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota
1969   Orville Moody 281 +1 1 stroke   Deane Beman
  Al Geiberger
  Bob Rosburg
30,000 Champions Golf Club
Cypress Creek Course
Houston, Texas
1968   Lee Trevino 275 −5 4 strokes   Jack Nicklaus 30,000 Oak Hill Country Club
East Course
Rochester, New York[c]
1967   Jack Nicklaus (2) 275 −5 4 strokes   Arnold Palmer 30,000 Baltusrol Golf Club
Lower Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1966   Billy Casper (2) 278 −2 Playoff   Arnold Palmer 26,500 Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[a]
1965   Gary Player 282 +2 Playoff   Kel Nagle 26,000 Bellerive Country Club St. Louis, Missouri[e]
1964   Ken Venturi 278 −2 4 strokes   Tommy Jacobs 17,000 Congressional Country Club
Blue Course
Bethesda, Maryland
1963   Julius Boros (2) 293 +9 Playoff   Jacky Cupit
  Arnold Palmer
17,500 The Country Club
Composite Course
Brookline, Massachusetts
1962   Jack Nicklaus 283 −1 Playoff   Arnold Palmer 17,500 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1961   Gene Littler 281 +1 1 stroke   Bob Goalby
  Doug Sanders
14,000 Oakland Hills Country Club
South Course
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1960   Arnold Palmer 280 −4 2 strokes   Jack Nicklaus (a) 14,400 Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado
1959   Billy Casper 282 +2 1 stroke   Bob Rosburg 12,000 Winged Foot Golf Club
West Course
Mamaroneck, New York
1958   Tommy Bolt 283 +3 4 strokes   Gary Player 8,000 Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma
1957   Dick Mayer 282 +2 Playoff   Cary Middlecoff 7,200 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1956   Cary Middlecoff (2) 281 +1 1 stroke   Julius Boros
  Ben Hogan
6,000 Oak Hill Country Club
East Course
Rochester, New York[c]
1955   Jack Fleck 287 +7 Playoff   Ben Hogan 6,000 Olympic Club
Lake Course
San Francisco, California[a]
1954   Ed Furgol 284 +4 1 stroke   Gene Littler 6,000 Baltusrol Golf Club
Lower Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1953   Ben Hogan (4) 283 −5 6 strokes   Sam Snead 5,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1952   Julius Boros 281 +1 4 strokes   Ed Oliver 4,000 Northwood Club Dallas, Texas
1951   Ben Hogan (3) 287 +7 2 strokes   Clayton Heafner 4,000 Oakland Hills Country Club
South Course
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1950   Ben Hogan (2) 287 +7 Playoff   Lloyd Mangrum (2nd)
  George Fazio (3rd)
4,000 Merion Golf Club
East Course
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1949   Cary Middlecoff 286 +2 1 stroke   Clayton Heafner
  Sam Snead
2,000 Medinah Country Club
Course No. 3
Medinah, Illinois
1948   Ben Hogan 276 −8 2 strokes   Jimmy Demaret 2,000 Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, California[f]
1947   Lew Worsham 282 −2 Playoff   Sam Snead 2,500 St. Louis Country Club Ladue, Missouri
1946   Lloyd Mangrum 284 −4 Playoff   Vic Ghezzi
  Byron Nelson
1,833 Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941   Craig Wood 284 +4 3 strokes   Denny Shute 1,000 Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, Texas
1940   Lawson Little 287 −1 Playoff   Gene Sarazen 1,000 Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio
1939   Byron Nelson 284 −4 Playoff   Craig Wood (2nd)
  Denny Shute (3rd)
1,000 Philadelphia Country Club
Spring Mill Course
Gladwyne, Pennsylvania
1938   Ralph Guldahl (2) 284 E 6 strokes   Dick Metz 1,000 Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado
1937   Ralph Guldahl 281 +1 2 strokes   Sam Snead 1,000 Oakland Hills Country Club
South Course
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1936   Tony Manero 282 −2 2 strokes    Harry Cooper 1,000 Baltusrol Golf Club
Upper Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1935   Sam Parks Jr. 299 +11 2 strokes   Jimmy Thomson 1,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1934   Olin Dutra 293 +13 1 stroke   Gene Sarazen 1,000 Merion Golf Club
East Course
Ardmore, Pennsylvania
1933  Johnny Goodman (a) 287 −1 1 stroke   Ralph Guldahl 1,000 North Shore Country Club Glenview, Illinois
1932   Gene Sarazen (2) 286 +2 3 strokes   Bobby Cruickshank
  Philip Perkins
1,000 Fresh Meadow Country Club Queens, New York
1931   Billy Burke 292 +4 Playoff   George Von Elm 1,750 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1930   Bobby Jones (a) (4) 287 −1 2 strokes   Macdonald Smith 1,000 Interlachen Country Club Edina, Minnesota
1929   Bobby Jones (a) (3) 294 Playoff   Al Espinosa 1,000 Winged Foot Golf Club
West Course
Mamaroneck, New York
1928   Johnny Farrell 294 Playoff   Bobby Jones (a) 500 Olympia Fields Country Club
North Course
Olympia Fields, Illinois
1927   Tommy Armour 301 Playoff   Harry Cooper 500 Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania
1926   Bobby Jones (a) (2) 293 1 stroke   Joe Turnesa 500 Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohio
1925   Willie Macfarlane 291 Playoff   Bobby Jones (a) 500 Worcester Country Club Worcester, Massachusetts
1924   Cyril Walker 297 3 strokes   Bobby Jones (a) 500 Oakland Hills Country Club
South Course
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1923   Bobby Jones (a) 296 Playoff   Bobby Cruickshank 500 Inwood Country Club Inwood, New York
1922   Gene Sarazen 288 1 stroke   John Black
  Bobby Jones (a)
500 Skokie Country Club Glencoe, Illinois
1921   Jim Barnes 289 9 strokes   Walter Hagen
  Fred McLeod
500 Columbia Country Club Chevy Chase, Maryland
1920   Ted Ray 295 1 stroke   Jack Burke Sr.
  Leo Diegel
  Jock Hutchison
  Harry Vardon
500 Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio
1919   Walter Hagen (2) 301 Playoff   Mike Brady 500 Brae Burn Country Club
Main Course
West Newton, Massachusetts
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916   Chick Evans (a) 286 2 strokes   Jock Hutchison 300 The Minikahda Club Minneapolis, Minnesota
1915   Jerome Travers (a) 297 1 stroke   Tom McNamara 300 Baltusrol Golf Club
Revised Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1914   Walter Hagen 290 1 stroke   Chick Evans (a) 300 Midlothian Country Club Midlothian, Illinois
1913   Francis Ouimet (a) 304 Playoff   Harry Vardon (2nd)
  Ted Ray (3rd)
300 The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts
1912   John McDermott (2) 294 2 strokes   Tom McNamara 300 Country Club of Buffalo Buffalo, New York
1911   John McDermott 307 Playoff   Mike Brady (2nd)
  George Simpson (3rd)
300 Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois
1910   Alex Smith (2) 298 Playoff   John McDermott (2nd)
  Macdonald Smith (3rd)
300 Philadelphia Cricket Club
St. Martin's Course
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1909   George Sargent 290 4 strokes   Tom McNamara 300 Englewood Golf Club Englewood, New Jersey
1908   Fred McLeod 322 Playoff   Willie Smith 300 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1907   Alec Ross 302 2 strokes   Gilbert Nicholls 300 Philadelphia Cricket Club
St. Martin's Course
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1906   Alex Smith 295 7 strokes   Willie Smith 300 Onwentsia Club Lake Forest, Illinois
1905   Willie Anderson (4) 314 2 strokes   Alex Smith 200 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1904   Willie Anderson (3) 303 4 strokes   Gilbert Nicholls 200 Glen View Club Golf, Illinois
1903   Willie Anderson (2) 307 Playoff   David Brown 200 Baltusrol Golf Club
Original Course
Springfield, New Jersey
1902   Laurie Auchterlonie 307 6 strokes   Stewart Gardner
  Walter Travis (a)
200 Garden City Golf Club Garden City, New York
1901   Willie Anderson 331 Playoff   Alex Smith 200 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1900   Harry Vardon 313 2 strokes   John Henry Taylor 200 Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois
1899   Willie Smith 315 11 strokes   Val Fitzjohn
  George Low Sr.
  Bert Way
150 Baltimore Country Club
Roland Park Course
Baltimore, Maryland
1898   Fred Herd 328 7 strokes   Alex Smith 150 Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts
1897   Joe Lloyd 162 1 stroke   Willie Anderson 150 Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois
1896   James Foulis 152 3 strokes   Horace Rawlins 150 Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York
1895   Horace Rawlins 173 2 strokes   Willie Dunn 150 Newport Country Club Newport, Rhode Island

(a) denotes amateur

  1. ^ a b c d e The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  2. ^ a b Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  3. ^ a b c The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  4. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  5. ^ The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  6. ^ Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.

Summary by course, state and regionEdit

Legend
State totals – preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/Region No. Years hosted Geog.
sort
Myopia Hunt Club 4 1908, 1905, 1901, 1898 MA
The Country Club 3 1988, 1963, 1913 MA
Worcester Country Club 1 1925 MA
Brae Burn Country Club 1 1919 MA
Total Massachusetts 9 NewEng
Newport Country Club 1 1895 RI
Total Rhode Island 1 NewEng
Total New England 10 NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 6 2020, 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959, 1929 NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 5 2018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896 NY
Oak Hill Country Club 3 1989, 1968, 1956 NY
Bethpage Black Course 2 2009, 2002 NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 1 1932 NY
Inwood Country Club 1 1923 NY
Country Club of Buffalo 1 1912 NY
Garden City Golf Club 1 1902 NY
Total New York 20 MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 9 2016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
PA
Merion Golf Club 5 2013, 1981, 1971, 1950, 1934 PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club 2 1910, 1907 PA
Philadelphia Country Club 1 1939 PA
Total Pennsylvania 17 MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 7 1993, 1980, 1967, 1954, 1936,
1915, 1903
NJ
Englewood Golf Club 1 1909 NJ
Total New Jersey 8 MidAtl
Congressional Country Club 3 2011, 1997, 1964 MD
Baltimore Country Club 1 1899 MD
Columbia Country Club 1 1921 MD
Total Maryland 5 MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 49 NEast
Total Northeast 59 USA
Pinehurst Resort 3 2014, 2005, 1999 NC
Total North Carolina 3 SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 1 1976 GA
Total Georgia 1 SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 4 South
Total East South Central 0 South
Southern Hills Country Club 3 2001, 1977, 1958 OK
Total Oklahoma 3 WSC
Champions Golf Club 1 1969 TX
Colonial Country Club 1 1941 TX
Northwood Club 1 1952 TX
Total Texas 3 WSC
Total West South Central 6 South
Total South 10 USA
Medinah Country Club 3 1990, 1975, 1949 IL
Chicago Golf Club 3 1911, 1900, 1897 IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 2 2003, 1928 IL
North Shore Country Club 1 1933 IL
Skokie Country Club 1 1922 IL
Midlothian Country Club 1 1914 IL
Onwentsia Club 1 1906 IL
Glen View Club 1 1904 IL
Total Illinois 13 ENC
Inverness Club 4 1979, 1957, 1931, 1920 OH
Canterbury Golf Club 2 1946, 1940 OH
Scioto Country Club 1 1926 OH
Total Ohio 7 ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 6 1996, 1985, 1961, 1951, 1937,
1924
MI
Total Michigan 6 ENC
Total East North Central 26 Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 2 1991, 1970 MN
Interlachen Country Club 1 1930 MN
The Minikahda Club 1 1916 MN
Total Minnesota 4 WNC
Bellerive Country Club 1 1965 MO
St. Louis Country Club 1 1947 MO
Total Missouri 2 WNC
Erin Hills 1 2017 WI
Total Wisconsin 1 WNC
Total West North Central 7 Midwest
Total Midwest 33 USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 3 1978, 1960, 1938 CO
Total Colorado 3 Mtn
Total Mountain 3 West
Pebble Beach Golf Links 6 2019, 2010, 2000, 1992, 1982,
1972
CA
Olympic Club 5 2012, 1998, 1987, 1966, 1955 CA
Torrey Pines Golf Course 2 2021, 2008 CA
Riviera Country Club 1 1948 CA
Total California 14 Pac
Chambers Bay 1 2015 WA
Total Washington 1 Pac
Total Pacific 15 West
Total West 18 USA
Total U.S. Opens 121

The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.

RecordsEdit

  • Oldest champion: Hale Irwin in 1990 at 45 years, 15 days.
  • Youngest champion: John McDermott in 1911 at 19 years, 315 days.
  • Oldest player to make the cut: Sam Snead in 1973 at 61 years old. He tied for 29th place.
  • Most victories: 4 by Willie Anderson 1901, 1903–1905; Bobby Jones 1923, 1926, 1929–30; Ben Hogan 1948, 1950–51, 1953; Jack Nicklaus 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980. NOTE: Hogan also won the 1942 Hale America National Open which was held jointly by the USGA, PGA and Chicago GA for the benefit of the Navy Relief Society and the USO.
  • Most consecutive victories: 3 by Willie Anderson 1903–1905.
  • Most consecutive victorious attempts: 3 by Ben Hogan 1948, 1950–51
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 2: 5 by Bobby Jones 1922–1926
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 5: 6 by Willie Anderson 1901–1906
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 10: 16 by Ben Hogan 1940–1956 (next highest streak 7)
  • Most runner-up finishes: Phil Mickelson – 6 (1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2013)
  • Most consecutive Opens started: 44 by Jack Nicklaus from 1957 to 2000.
  • Largest margin of victory: 15 strokes by Tiger Woods, 2000. This is the all-time record for all majors.
  • Lowest score for 36 holes: 130 – Martin Kaymer (65–65), rounds 1–2, 2014.
  • Lowest score for 54 holes: 199 – Rory McIlroy (65–66–68), rounds 1–3, 2011; Louis Oosthuizen (66-66-67), rounds 2–4, 2015.
  • Lowest score for 72 holes: 268 – Rory McIlroy (65–66–68–69), rounds 1–4, 2011.
  • Most strokes under par for 72 holes: 16-under (268) by Rory McIlroy, 2011; 16-under (272) by Brooks Koepka, 2017.
  • Most strokes under par at any point in the tournament: 17 by Rory McIlroy, final round, 2011.[18]
  • Lowest score for 18 holes: 63 – Johnny Miller, 4th round, 1973; Jack Nicklaus, 1st, 1980; Tom Weiskopf, 1st, 1980; Vijay Singh, 2nd, 2003; Justin Thomas, 3rd, 2017; Tommy Fleetwood, 4th, 2018.
  • Lowest score for 18 holes in relation to par: −9 Justin Thomas, 3rd round, 2017.
  • All four rounds under par (golfers who did not win the tournament in italics):[19]
  • All four rounds under 70: Trevino, 1968; Janzen, 1993; McIlroy, 2011.[18]
  • Most frequent venues:

There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website.[20]

BroadcastingEdit

Beginning with the 2020 tournament, NBCUniversal holds domestic television rights (with coverage on NBC and Golf Channel), having taken over the remainder of the 12-year deal with the USGA signed by Fox Sports in 2013 that gave it exclusive rights to USGA championships from 2015 through 2026. With the postponed 2020 U.S. Open Championship presenting a significant scheduling challenge due to its other fall sports commitments, Fox had held discussions with the USGA over broadcasting the tournament on their cable network FS1 or partnering with NBC. Ultimately, the issues led the network to transfer the final seven years of its contract entirely.[21][22][23]

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's first period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.[24]

In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018.[25]

Future sitesEdit

Year Edition Course Location Dates Previous championships hosted
2022 122nd The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts June 16–19 1913, 1963, 1988
2023 123rd Los Angeles Country Club, North Course Los Angeles, California June 15–18
2024 124th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina June 13–16 1999, 2005, 2014
2025 125th Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania June 12–15 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016
2026 126th Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York June 18–21 1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018
2027 127th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 17–20 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019
2028 128th TBD TBD TBD TBD
2029 129th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina TBD 1999, 2005, 2014, 2024

Pinehurst No. 2 is also slated to host the U.S. Open in 2035, 2041 and 2047.[26]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Schupak, Adam (February 1, 2021). "'We do go in with a game plan': USGA's John Bodenhamer talks U.S. Open setup at Torrey Pines". Golfweek. ...but it will provide us what we want to do at a U.S. Open and make a premium on driving.
  2. ^ Apstein, Stephanie (September 20, 2020). "Bryson DeChambeau Has Dedicated His Life to Winning His Way: 'And I'm not going to stop'". Sports Illustrated. And our U.S. Open DNA is about placing a premium on accuracy off the teeing area.
  3. ^ Al-Khateeb, Zac (September 20, 2020). "US Open 2020 purse, payouts: How much prize money does the winner make?". Sporting News.
  4. ^ Brent Kelley. "First Winner of US Open Golf Tournament". About.com Sports.
  5. ^ "US Open Golf History | TicketCity Insider". blog.ticketcity.com.
  6. ^ a b "112th U.S. Open Championship application form" (PDF). USGA. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  7. ^ "U.S. Open – Exemption List". USGA. Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Junior, Mid-Amateur Champs to Receive U.S. Open, Women's Open Exemptions" (Press release). USGA. October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  9. ^ a b "USGA - Changes Made To Exemptions For 2012 USGA Championships". USGA. February 23, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  10. ^ "New Exemption Changes for U.S. Women's and U.S. Amateur" (Press release). USGA. August 5, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  11. ^ a b "U.S. Open to expand world-ranking use". ESPN. Associated Press. February 5, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  12. ^ "USGA Announces Changes To Exemption Categories" (Press release). USGA. February 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  13. ^ "2012 U.S. Open Championship Media Guide" (PDF). United States Golf Association. p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  14. ^ "U.S. Open: Special Exemptions". USGA. December 12, 2016.
  15. ^ Gray, Will (May 17, 2016). "Two-time champ Goosen gets U.S. Open exemption". Golf Channel.
  16. ^ Herrington, Ryan (March 14, 2018). "USGA gives Ernie Els, Jim Furyk special exemptions into 2018 U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills". Golf Digest.
  17. ^ "U.S. Open abandons 18 holes for 2-hole playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. February 26, 2018.
  18. ^ a b "Rory McIlroy runs away with Open title". ESPN. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
  19. ^ Murray, Scott (June 19, 2011). "US Open 2011 – day four as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  20. ^ "U.S. Open History – Records". USGA. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  21. ^ Lavner, Ryan (29 June 2020). "NBC reacquires broadcast rights to USGA's full slate of championships". Golf Channel.
  22. ^ Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  23. ^ "Fox reportedly asks out of USGA deal; U.S. Open will return to NBC". Awful Announcing. 29 June 2020.
  24. ^ Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated. p. 49. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  25. ^ Knox, David (April 9, 2015). "Fox Sports tees off with more Golf". TV Tonight. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  26. ^ Gray, Will (September 9, 2020). "USGA adding new facility, making Pinehurst 'anchor U.S. Open site'". Golf Channel. Retrieved September 9, 2020.

External linksEdit