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Men's major golf championships

The men's major golf championships, commonly known as the major championships,[1] often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf. In order of play date as of 2019, they are:

Jack Nicklaus, winner of a record 18 majors


Alongside the biennial Ryder Cup team competition, the majors are golf's marquee events. Elite players from all over the world participate in them, and the reputations of the greatest players in golf history are largely based on the number and variety of major championship victories they accumulate. The top prizes are not actually the largest in golf, being surpassed by The Players Championship, three of the four World Golf Championships events (the HSBC Champions, promoted to WGC status in 2009, has a top prize comparable to that of the majors), and some other invitational events. However, winning a major boosts a player's career far more than winning any other tournament. If he is already a leading player, he will probably receive large bonuses from his sponsors and may be able to negotiate better contracts. If he is an unknown, he will immediately be signed up. Perhaps more importantly, he will receive an exemption from the need to annually re-qualify for a tour card on his home tour, thus giving a tournament golfer some security in an unstable profession. Currently, both the PGA Tour and European Tour give a five-year exemption to all major winners.

Three of the four majors take place in the United States. The Masters is played at the same course, Augusta National Golf Club, every year, while the other three rotate courses (the Open Championship, however, is always played on a links course). Each of the majors has a distinct history, and they are run by four different golf organizations, but their special status is recognized worldwide. Major championship winners receive the maximum possible allocation of 100 points from the Official World Golf Ranking, which is endorsed by all of the main tours, and major championship prize money is official on the three richest regular (i.e. under-50) golf tours, the PGA Tour, European Tour and Japan Golf Tour.

Although the majors are considered prestigious due to their history and traditions, there are still other non-"major" tournaments which prominently feature top players competing for purses meeting or exceeding those of the four traditional majors, such as the World Golf Championships, the European Tour's DP World Tour Championship, Dubai, and the PGA Tour's Players Championship. As The Players has the largest prize fund of any golf event, and is promoted as the tour's flagship tournament, it is frequently considered to be an unofficial "fifth major" by players and critics. After the announcement that the Evian Masters would be recognized as the fifth women's major by the LPGA Tour, players shared objections to the concept of having a fifth men's major, owing to the long-standing traditions that the existing four have established.[3][4]


The majors originally consisted of two British tournaments, The Open Championship and The Amateur Championship, and two American tournaments, the U.S. Open and the U.S. Amateur. With the introduction of the Masters Tournament in 1934, and the rise of professional golf in the late 1940s and 1950s, the term "major championships" eventually came to describe the Masters, the U.S. Open, the Open Championship, and the PGA Championship. It is difficult to determine when the definition changed to include the current four tournaments, although many trace it to Arnold Palmer's 1960 season. After winning the Masters and the U.S. Open to start the season, he remarked that if he could win the Open Championship and PGA Championship to finish the season, he would complete "a grand slam of his own" to rival Bobby Jones's 1930 feat. Until that time, many U.S. players such as Byron Nelson also considered the Western Open and the North and South Open as two of golf's "majors,"[5] and the British PGA Matchplay Championship was as important to British and Commonwealth professionals as the PGA Championship was to Americans.

During the 1950s, the short-lived World Championship of Golf was viewed as a "major" by its competitors, as its first prize was worth almost ten times any other event in the game, and it was the first event whose finale was televised live on U.S. television. The oldest of the majors is The Open Championship, commonly referred to as the "British Open" outside the United Kingdom. Dominated by American champions in the 1920s and 1930s, the comparative explosion in the riches available on the U.S. Tour from the 1940s onwards meant that the lengthy overseas trip needed to qualify and compete in the event became increasingly prohibitive for the leading American professionals. Their regular participation dwindled after the war years. Ben Hogan entered just once in 1953 and won, but never returned. Sam Snead won in 1946 but lost money on the trip (first prize was $600) and did not return until 1962.

Golf writer Dan Jenkins, who was often seen as the world authority on majors since he had attended more (200+) than anyone else, once noted that "the pros didn't talk much about majors back then. I think it was Herbert Warren Wind who starting using the term. He said golfers had to be judged by the major tournaments they won, but it's not like there was any set number of major tournaments."[6]

In 1960, Arnold Palmer entered The Open Championship in an attempt to emulate Hogan's 1953 feat of winning on his first visit. Though a runner-up by a stroke in his first attempt, Palmer returned and won the next two in 1961 and 1962. Scheduling difficulties persisted with the PGA Championship, but more Americans began competing in the 1960s, restoring the event's prestige (and with it the prize money that once made it an attractive prospect to other American pros). The advent of transatlantic jet travel helped to boost American participation in The Open. A discussion between Palmer and Pittsburgh golf writer Bob Drum led to the concept of the modern Grand Slam of Golf.[7]

In August 2017, after the previous year's edition was scheduled earlier due to golf at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the PGA of America announced that the PGA Championship would be moved to late-May beginning in 2019, in between the Masters and U.S. Open. The PGA Tour concurrently announced that it would move the Players Championship back to March the same year; as a result, the Players and the four majors will still be played across five consecutive months.[8][9]

Television coverageEdit

United KingdomEdit

Event Networks
Masters Tournament Sky Sports/BBC
PGA Championship Sky Sports
U.S. Open Sky Sports
The Open Championship Sky Sports

In the United Kingdom, the BBC used to be the exclusive TV home of the Masters Tournament and the Open Championship, however from 2011 onwards Sky Sports has exclusive live coverage of the first two days of the Masters, with the weekend rounds shared with the BBC. The U.S. Open is shown exclusively on Sky Sports. Beginning in 2016, Sky Sports also became the exclusive broadcaster of the Open Championship; the BBC elected to forego the final year of its contract.[10] The BBC continues to hold rights to broadcast a nightly highlights programme.[11]

Sky also held rights to the PGA Championship, but in July 2017, it was reported that the PGA of America had declined to renew its contract, seeking a different media model for the tournament in the United Kingdom.[12] The 2017 tournament was aired by the BBC (via BBC Red Button, with the conclusion of coverage on BBC Two) and streamed by GiveMeSport (via Facebook Live).[13][14] Eleven Sports UK & Ireland acquired the event for 2018, as one of the first events covered by the newly-launched streaming service.[15]

United StatesEdit

Event Networks
Masters Tournament ESPN/CBS
PGA Championship ESPN/CBS
U.S. Open FS1/Fox
The Open Championship Golf Channel/NBC

As none of the majors fall under the direct jurisdiction of tours, broadcast rights for these events are negotiated separately with each sanctioning body. All four majors have been broadcast at some point by one of the "big three" networks—all of whom are currently or have previously been PGA Tour broadcast partners. In 2015, CBS was the only big three network that held weekend-round rights to one or more majors, as the remainder, along with early round coverage of all four, were held either by Fox or cable networks.

The Masters operates under one-year contracts; CBS has been the main TV partner every year since 1956, with ESPN broadcasting CBS-produced coverage of the first and second rounds since 2008 (replacing USA Network, which had shown the event since the early 1980s).[16]

Beginning in 1966, ABC obtained the broadcast rights for the other three majors and held them for a quarter century. The PGA Championship moved to CBS in 1991 and the U.S. Open returned to NBC in 1995.[17][18] ABC retained The Open Championship as its sole major, but moved its live coverage on the weekend to sister cable network ESPN in 2010. In June 2015, it was announced that NBC and Golf Channel would acquire rights to the Open Championship under a 12-year deal.[19] While the NBC deal was originally to take effect in 2017, ESPN chose to opt out of its final year of Open rights, so the NBC contract took effect beginning in 2016 instead.[10]

As of 2015, Fox Sports holds broadcast rights to the U.S. Open and other USGA events, replacing NBC and ESPN, with Fox Sports 1 as the primary pay TV outlet.[20]

CBS and ESPN now hold the broadcast rights to the PGA Championship, starting in 2020 after a new contract was signed to replace the old contract with TNT as well as CBS.[21]

Distinctive characteristics of majorsEdit

Because each major was developed and is run by a different organization, each has different characteristics that sets it apart. These involve the character of the courses used, the composition of the field, and other idiosyncrasies.

  • The Masters Tournament (sometimes referred to as the U.S. Masters), the season's first major championship, is the only major that is played at the same course every year (Augusta National Golf Club), being the invitational tournament of that club. The Masters invites the smallest field of the majors, generally under 100 players (although, like all the majors, it now ensures entry for all golfers among the world's top 50 prior to the event), and is the only one of the four majors that does not use "alternates" to replace qualified players who do not enter the event (usually due to injury). Former champions have a lifetime invitation to compete, and also included in the field are the current champions of the major amateur championships, and most of the previous year's PGA Tour winners (winners of "alternate" events held opposite a high-profile tournament do not receive automatic invitations). The traditions of Augusta during Tournament week, such as the Champion's Dinner, Par 3 Contest, and awarding of a green jacket to the champion, create a distinctive character for the tournament, as does the course itself, with its lack of primary rough but severely undulating fairways and greens, traditional pin placements, and punitive use of ponds and creeks on several key holes on the back nine.
  • The PGA Championship (sometimes referred to as the U.S. PGA), which from 2019 is the year's second major, is traditionally played at a parkland club in the United States, and the courses chosen tend to be as difficult as those chosen for the U.S. Open, with several, such as Baltusrol Golf Club, Medinah Country Club, Oakland Hills Country Club, Oak Hill Country Club, and Winged Foot Golf Club, having hosted both. The PGA generally does not set up the course to be as difficult as the USGA does. The PGA of America enters into a profit-sharing agreement with the host club (except when the event is hosted by Valhalla Golf Club in Louisville, Kentucky, a club that it owns). In a parallel with The Masters, previous winners of the PGA Championship have a lifetime invitation to compete. As well as inviting recent champions of the other three professional majors and leading players from the world rankings, the PGA Championship field is completed by qualifiers held among members of the PGA of America, the organization of club and teaching professionals that are separate from the members of the PGA Tour. The PGA Championship is also the only one of the four majors to invite all winners of PGA Tour events in the year preceding the tournament, as well as inviting 20 club professionals who are non-tour regulars. Amateur golfers do not normally play on the PGA Tour, and could only qualify by winning one of the other three majors, winning a PGA Tour event while playing under a sponsor's exemption, or having a high world ranking. When the PGA Championship was held in August, it was frequently affected by the high heat and humidity that characterize the summer climate of much of the U.S., which often set it apart as a challenge from (in particular) the Open Championship, an event often played in cooler and rainy weather. With the 2019 move to a May date, heat and humidity are less likely to have major effects on the competition.
  • The third major, the U.S. Open, is notorious for being played on difficult courses that have tight fairways, challenging greens, demanding pin positions and thick and high rough, placing a great premium on accuracy, especially with driving and approach play. Additionally, while most regular tour events are played on courses with par 72, the U.S. Open has almost never been held on a par-72 course in recent decades; the 2017 event was the first since 1992 to be played at par 72.[22] During this time, the tournament course has occasionally been played to a par of 71 but most commonly par 70. The U.S. Open is rarely won with a score much under par. The event is the championship of the United States Golf Association, and in having a very strict exempt qualifiers list – made up of recent major champions, professionals currently ranked high in the world rankings or on the previous year's money lists around the world, and leading amateurs from recent USGA events – about half of the 156-person field still enters the tournament through two rounds of open qualification events, mostly held in the U.S. but also in Europe and Japan. The U.S. Open has no barrier to entry for either women or junior players, as long as they are a professional or meet amateur handicap requirements. As of 2016, however, no female golfer has yet qualified for the U.S. Open, although in 2006 Michelle Wie made it to the second qualifying stage. While the U.S. Open employed an 18-hole playoff for many years if players were tied after four rounds, the USGA announced that beginning in 2018 all of its future championships would implement a two-hole aggregate playoff format. A sudden-death playoff would follow if the players were still tied after the two playoff holes.[23] (This change also brought the U.S. Open more in line with both the Open and PGA Championships, which use four- and three-hole aggregate playoffs respectively, followed by sudden death if necessary, and most regular events as well as the Masters only have simple sudden-death playoffs.) The Sunday of the Championship has also in recent years fallen on Father's Day (at least as recognized in the US and the UK) which has lent added poignancy to winners' speeches.
  • The year's final major, The Open Championship (sometimes referred to as the British Open), is organized by The R&A, an offshoot of The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, and is typically played on a links-style course in the United Kingdom (primarily Scotland or England). It carries the prestige of being the oldest professional golf tournament currently in existence and the original "Open" championship (although the very first event was held only for British professionals). It is respected for maintaining the tradition of links play that dates back to the very invention of the game in Scotland. Links courses are generally typified as coastal, flat and often very windswept, with the fairways cut through dune grass and gorse bushes that make up the "rough", and have deep bunkers. The course is generally not "doctored" to make it more difficult, effectively making the variable weather the main external influence on the field's score.[24] In fact, the greens at Open venues tend to be set up to play more slowly than those of normal tour stops. In windy conditions, a course with fast greens can become unplayable because the wind could affect balls at rest; the third round of the 2015 Open saw many delays for this very reason.[25] As well as exempting from qualifying recent professional major and amateur champions, all former Open Championship winners under age 60, and leading players from the world rankings, the R&A ensures that leading golfers from around the globe are given the chance to enter by holding qualifying events on all continents, as well as holding final qualifying events around the UK in the weeks prior to the main tournament. The champion receives (and has his name inscribed on the base of) the famous Claret Jug, a trophy that dates back to 1872 (champions from 1860 until 1871 received instead a championship belt, much like a champion professional boxer's belt nowadays) and the engraving of the champions' name on the trophy prior to them receiving it is, in itself, one of the traditions of the closing ceremony of the championship, as is the award of the silver medal to the leading amateur player to have made the cut to play the last 36 holes.

Major championship winnersEdit

Win number out of total wins is shown in parentheses for golfers with more than one major championship.

Year Masters Tournament[26] PGA Championship[27] U.S. Open[28] The Open Championship[29]
2019   Tiger Woods (15/15)   Brooks Koepka (4/4)   Gary Woodland   Shane Lowry
Year Masters Tournament U.S. Open The Open Championship PGA Championship
2018   Patrick Reed   Brooks Koepka (2/4)   Francesco Molinari   Brooks Koepka (3/4)
2017   Sergio García   Brooks Koepka (1/4)   Jordan Spieth (3/3)   Justin Thomas
2016   Danny Willett   Dustin Johnson   Henrik Stenson   Jimmy Walker
2015   Jordan Spieth (1/3)   Jordan Spieth (2/3)   Zach Johnson (2/2)   Jason Day
2014   Bubba Watson (2/2)   Martin Kaymer (2/2)   Rory McIlroy (3/4)   Rory McIlroy (4/4)
2013   Adam Scott   Justin Rose   Phil Mickelson (5/5)   Jason Dufner
2012   Bubba Watson (1/2)   Webb Simpson   Ernie Els (4/4)   Rory McIlroy (2/4)
2011   Charl Schwartzel   Rory McIlroy (1/4)   Darren Clarke   Keegan Bradley
2010   Phil Mickelson (4/5)   Graeme McDowell   Louis Oosthuizen   Martin Kaymer (1/2)
2009   Ángel Cabrera (2/2)   Lucas Glover   Stewart Cink   Yang Yong-eun
2008   Trevor Immelman   Tiger Woods (14/15)   Pádraig Harrington (2/3)   Pádraig Harrington (3/3)
2007   Zach Johnson (1/2)   Ángel Cabrera (1/2)   Pádraig Harrington (1/3)   Tiger Woods (13/15)
2006   Phil Mickelson (3/5)   Geoff Ogilvy   Tiger Woods (11/15)   Tiger Woods (12/15)
2005   Tiger Woods (9/15)   Michael Campbell   Tiger Woods (10/15)   Phil Mickelson (2/5)
2004   Phil Mickelson (1/5)   Retief Goosen (2/2)   Todd Hamilton   Vijay Singh (3/3)
2003   Mike Weir   Jim Furyk   Ben Curtis   Shaun Micheel
2002   Tiger Woods (7/15)   Tiger Woods (8/15)   Ernie Els (3/4)   Rich Beem
2001   Tiger Woods (6/15)   Retief Goosen (1/2)   David Duval   David Toms
2000   Vijay Singh (2/3)   Tiger Woods (3/15)   Tiger Woods (4/15)   Tiger Woods (5/15)
1999   José María Olazábal (2/2)   Payne Stewart (3/3)   Paul Lawrie   Tiger Woods (2/15)
1998   Mark O'Meara (1/2)   Lee Janzen (2/2)   Mark O'Meara (2/2)   Vijay Singh (1/3)
1997   Tiger Woods (1/15)   Ernie Els (2/4)   Justin Leonard   Davis Love III
1996   Nick Faldo (6/6)   Steve Jones   Tom Lehman   Mark Brooks
1995   Ben Crenshaw (2/2)   Corey Pavin   John Daly (2/2)   Steve Elkington
1994   José María Olazábal (1/2)   Ernie Els (1/4)   Nick Price (2/3)   Nick Price (3/3)
1993   Bernhard Langer (2/2)   Lee Janzen (1/2)   Greg Norman (2/2)   Paul Azinger
1992   Fred Couples   Tom Kite   Nick Faldo (5/6)   Nick Price (1/3)
1991   Ian Woosnam   Payne Stewart (2/3)   Ian Baker-Finch   John Daly (1/2)
1990   Nick Faldo (3/6)   Hale Irwin (3/3)   Nick Faldo (4/6)   Wayne Grady
1989   Nick Faldo (2/6)   Curtis Strange (2/2)   Mark Calcavecchia   Payne Stewart (1/3)
1988   Sandy Lyle (2/2)   Curtis Strange (1/2)   Seve Ballesteros (5/5)   Jeff Sluman
1987   Larry Mize   Scott Simpson   Nick Faldo (1/6)   Larry Nelson (3/3)
1986   Jack Nicklaus (18/18)   Raymond Floyd (4/4)   Greg Norman (1/2)   Bob Tway
1985   Bernhard Langer (1/2)   Andy North (2/2)   Sandy Lyle (1/2)   Hubert Green (2/2)
1984   Ben Crenshaw (1/2)   Fuzzy Zoeller (2/2)   Seve Ballesteros (4/5)   Lee Trevino (6/6)
1983   Seve Ballesteros (3/5)   Larry Nelson (2/3)   Tom Watson (8/8)   Hal Sutton
1982   Craig Stadler   Tom Watson (6/8)   Tom Watson (7/8)   Raymond Floyd (3/4)
1981   Tom Watson (5/8)   David Graham (2/2)   Bill Rogers   Larry Nelson (1/3)
1980   Seve Ballesteros (2/5)   Jack Nicklaus (16/18)   Tom Watson (4/8)   Jack Nicklaus (17/18)
1979   Fuzzy Zoeller (1/2)   Hale Irwin (2/3)   Seve Ballesteros (1/5)   David Graham (1/2)
1978   Gary Player (9/9)   Andy North (1/2)   Jack Nicklaus (15/18)   John Mahaffey
1977   Tom Watson (2/8)   Hubert Green (1/2)   Tom Watson (3/8)   Lanny Wadkins
1976   Raymond Floyd (2/4)   Jerry Pate   Johnny Miller (2/2)   Dave Stockton (2/2)
1975   Jack Nicklaus (13/18)   Lou Graham   Tom Watson (1/8)   Jack Nicklaus (14/18)
1974   Gary Player (7/9)   Hale Irwin (1/3)   Gary Player (8/9)   Lee Trevino (5/6)
1973   Tommy Aaron   Johnny Miller (1/2)   Tom Weiskopf   Jack Nicklaus (12/18)
1972   Jack Nicklaus (10/18)   Jack Nicklaus (11/18)   Lee Trevino (4/6)   Gary Player (6/9)
1971   Charles Coody   Lee Trevino (2/6)   Lee Trevino (3/6)   Jack Nicklaus (9/18)
1970   Billy Casper (3/3)   Tony Jacklin (2/2)   Jack Nicklaus (8/18)   Dave Stockton (1/2)
1969   George Archer   Orville Moody   Tony Jacklin (1/2)   Raymond Floyd (1/4)
1968   Bob Goalby   Lee Trevino (1/6)   Gary Player (5/9)   Julius Boros (3/3)
1967   Gay Brewer   Jack Nicklaus (7/18)   Roberto DeVicenzo   Don January
1966   Jack Nicklaus (5/18)   Billy Casper (2/3)   Jack Nicklaus (6/18)   Al Geiberger
1965   Jack Nicklaus (4/18)   Gary Player (4/9)   Peter Thomson (5/5)   Dave Marr
1964   Arnold Palmer (7/7)   Ken Venturi   Tony Lema   Bobby Nichols
1963   Jack Nicklaus (2/18)   Julius Boros (2/3)   Bob Charles   Jack Nicklaus (3/18)
1962   Arnold Palmer (5/7)   Jack Nicklaus (1/18)   Arnold Palmer (6/7)   Gary Player (3/9)
1961   Gary Player (2/9)   Gene Littler   Arnold Palmer (4/7)   Jerry Barber
1960   Arnold Palmer (2/7)   Arnold Palmer (3/7)   Kel Nagle   Jay Hebert
1959   Art Wall, Jr.   Billy Casper (1/3)   Gary Player (1/9)   Bob Rosburg
1958   Arnold Palmer (1/7)   Tommy Bolt   Peter Thomson (4/5)   Dow Finsterwald
1957   Doug Ford (2/2)   Dick Mayer   Bobby Locke (4/4)   Lionel Hebert
1956   Jack Burke, Jr. (1/2)   Cary Middlecoff (3/3)   Peter Thomson (3/5)   Jack Burke, Jr. (2/2)
1955   Cary Middlecoff (2/3)   Jack Fleck   Peter Thomson (2/5)   Doug Ford (1/2)
1954   Sam Snead (7/7)   Ed Furgol   Peter Thomson (1/5)   Chick Harbert
1953   Ben Hogan (7/9)   Ben Hogan (8/9)   Ben Hogan (9/9)   Walter Burkemo
1952   Sam Snead (6/7)   Julius Boros (1/3)   Bobby Locke (3/4)   Jim Turnesa
1951   Ben Hogan (5/9)   Ben Hogan (6/9)   Max Faulkner   Sam Snead (5/7)
1950   Jimmy Demaret (3/3)   Ben Hogan (4/9)   Bobby Locke (2/4)   Chandler Harper
1949   Sam Snead (3/7)   Cary Middlecoff (1/3)   Bobby Locke (1/4)   Sam Snead (4/7)
1948   Claude Harmon   Ben Hogan (3/9)   Henry Cotton (3/3)   Ben Hogan (2/9)
1947   Jimmy Demaret (2/3)   Lew Worsham   Fred Daly   Jim Ferrier
1946   Herman Keiser   Lloyd Mangrum   Sam Snead (2/7)   Ben Hogan (1/9)
1945 Not held due to World War II Not held due to World War II Not held due to World War II   Byron Nelson (5/5)
1944   Bob Hamilton
1943 Not held due to World War II
1942   Byron Nelson (4/5)   Sam Snead (1/7)
1941   Craig Wood (1/2)   Craig Wood (2/2)   Vic Ghezzi
1940   Jimmy Demaret (1/3)   Lawson Little   Byron Nelson (3/5)
1939   Ralph Guldahl (3/3)   Byron Nelson (2/5)   Dick Burton   Henry Picard (2/2)
1938   Henry Picard (1/2)   Ralph Guldahl (2/3)   Reg Whitcombe   Paul Runyan (2/2)
1937   Byron Nelson (1/5)   Ralph Guldahl (1/3)   Henry Cotton (2/3)   Denny Shute (3/3)
1936   Horton Smith (2/2)   Tony Manero   Alf Padgham   Denny Shute (2/3)
1935   Gene Sarazen (7/7)   Sam Parks, Jr.   Alf Perry   Johnny Revolta
1934   Horton Smith (1/2)   Olin Dutra (2/2)   Henry Cotton (1/3)   Paul Runyan (1/2)
1933 Not yet founded   Johnny Goodman   Denny Shute (1/3)   Gene Sarazen (6/7)
1932   Gene Sarazen (5/7)   Gene Sarazen (4/7)   Olin Dutra (1/2)
1931   Billy Burke    Tommy Armour (3/3)**   Tom Creavy
1930   Bobby Jones (7/7)   Bobby Jones (6/7)    Tommy Armour (2/3)**
1929   Bobby Jones (5/7)   Walter Hagen (11/11)   Leo Diegel (2/2)
1928   Johnny Farrell   Walter Hagen (10/11)   Leo Diegel (1/2)
1927    Tommy Armour (1/3)**   Bobby Jones (4/7)   Walter Hagen (9/11)
1926   Bobby Jones (3/7)   Bobby Jones (2/7)   Walter Hagen (8/11)
1925   Willie MacFarlane   Jim Barnes (4/4)   Walter Hagen (7/11)
1924   Cyril Walker   Walter Hagen (5/11)   Walter Hagen (6/11)
1923   Bobby Jones (1/7)   Arthur Havers   Gene Sarazen (3/7)
1922   Gene Sarazen (1/7)   Walter Hagen (4/11)   Gene Sarazen (2/7)
1921   Jim Barnes (3/4)    Jock Hutchison (2/2)*   Walter Hagen (3/11)
1920   Ted Ray (2/2)   George Duncan     Jock Hutchison (1/2)*
1919   Walter Hagen (2/11) Not held due to World War I   Jim Barnes (2/4)
1918 Not held due to World War I Not held due to World War I
1916   Chick Evans   Jim Barnes (1/4)
1915   Jerome Travers Not yet founded
1914   Walter Hagen (1/11)   Harry Vardon (7/7)
1913   Francis Ouimet   John Henry Taylor (5/5)
1912   John McDermott (2/2)   Ted Ray (1/2)
1911   John McDermott (1/2)   Harry Vardon (6/7)
1910   Alex Smith (2/2)   James Braid (5/5)
1909   George Sargent   John Henry Taylor (4/5)
1908   Fred McLeod   James Braid (4/5)
1907   Alec Ross   Arnaud Massy
1906   Alex Smith (1/2)   James Braid (3/5)
1905   Willie Anderson (4/4)   James Braid (2/5)
1904   Willie Anderson (3/4)   Jack White
1903   Willie Anderson (2/4)   Harry Vardon (5/7)
1902   Laurie Auchterlonie   Sandy Herd
1901   Willie Anderson (1/4)   James Braid (1/5)
1900   Harry Vardon (4/7)   John Henry Taylor (3/5)
1899   Willie Smith   Harry Vardon (3/7)
1898   Fred Herd   Harry Vardon (2/7)
1897   Joe Lloyd   Harold Hilton (2/2)
1896   James Foulis   Harry Vardon (1/7)
1895   Horace Rawlins   John Henry Taylor (2/5)
1894 Not yet founded   John Henry Taylor (1/5)
1893   Willie Auchterlonie
1892   Harold Hilton (1/2)
1891   Hugh Kirkaldy
1890   John Ball, Jnr
1889   Willie Park, Jr. (2/2)
1888   Jack Burns
1887   Willie Park, Jr. (1/2)
1886   David Brown
1885   Bob Martin (2/2)
1884   Jack Simpson
1883   Willie Fernie
1882   Bob Ferguson (3/3)
1881   Bob Ferguson (2/3)
1880   Bob Ferguson (1/3)
1879   Jamie Anderson (3/3)
1878   Jamie Anderson (2/3)
1877   Jamie Anderson (1/3)
1876   Bob Martin (1/2)
1875   Willie Park, Sr. (4/4)
1874   Mungo Park
1873   Tom Kidd
1872   Young Tom Morris (4/4)
1871 Not played
1870   Young Tom Morris (3/4)
1869   Young Tom Morris (2/4)
1868   Young Tom Morris (1/4)
1867   Old Tom Morris (4/4)
1866   Willie Park, Sr. (3/4)
1865   Andrew Strath
1864   Old Tom Morris (3/4)
1863   Willie Park, Sr. (2/4)
1862   Old Tom Morris (2/4)
1861   Old Tom Morris (1/4)
1860   Willie Park, Sr. (1/4)
Year Masters Tournament U.S. Open The Open Championship PGA Championship
Total 83 119 148 101

Jock Hutchison was born in Scotland, however on April 1, 1920 he was naturalized as U.S. citizen. His 2 majors are counted to U.S. regarding the 'wins and champions per nationality' accumulation.

** Tommy Armour was born in Scotland and became U.S. citizen thus his wins are listed under the U.S..

Major champions by nationalityEdit

The table below shows the number of major championships won by golfers from various countries. Tallies are also shown for major wins by golfers from Europe and from the "Rest of the World" (RoW), i.e. the world excluding Europe and the United States. The United States plays Europe in the Ryder Cup and an International Team representing the Rest of the World in the Presidents Cup. The table is complete through the 2019 Open. Since the establishment of The Masters in 1934, an American has won at least one major every year, with the exception of 1994.

Total 451 3 17 1 35 3 1 4 1 9 1 2 7 4 55 22 8 1 273 1 3 126 52
2010s 40 2 2 2 1 6 1 3 1 1 21 14 5
2000s 40 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 4 25 3 12
1990s 40 4 4 1 1 1 2 2 21 1 3 9 10
1980s 40 2 2 1 2 4 29 9 2
1970s 40 1 1 4 1 33 2 5
1960s 40 1 2 1 1 4 31 1 8
1950s 40 4 1 4 31 1 8
1940s 26 1 1 1 1 22 2 2
1930s 36 6 30 8
1920s 30 4 1 2 23 8
1910s 15 3 3 2 7 8
1900s 20 3 1 2 14 20
1890s 15 7 3 5 15
1880s 10 10 10
1870s 9 9 9
1860s 10 10 10

Scoring recordsEdit

Scoring records - aggregateEdit

The aggregate scoring records for each major are tabulated below, listed in order of when the majors are scheduled annually.

Date Tournament Player Country Rounds Score To par
Apr 13, 1997 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods   United States 70-66-65-69 270 −18
Apr 12, 2015 Jordan Spieth   United States 64-66-70-70
Aug 12, 2018 PGA Championship Brooks Koepka   United States 69-63-66-66 264 −16
Jun 19, 2011 U.S. Open Rory McIlroy   Northern Ireland 65-66-68-69 268 −16
Jul 17, 2016 The Open Championship Henrik Stenson   Sweden 68-65-68-63 264 −20

Scoring records - to parEdit

The scoring records to par for each major are tabulated below, listed in order of when the majors are scheduled annually.

Date Tournament Player Country Rounds Score To par
Apr 13, 1997 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods   United States 70-66-65-69 270 −18
Apr 12, 2015 Jordan Spieth   United States 64-66-70-70 270
Aug 16, 2015 PGA Championship Jason Day   Australia 68-67-66-67 268 −20
Jun 19, 2011 U.S. Open Rory McIlroy   Northern Ireland 65-66-68-69 268 −16
Jun 18, 2017 Brooks Koepka   United States 67-70-68-67 272
Jul 17, 2016 The Open Championship Henrik Stenson   Sweden 68-65-68-63 264 −20

Single round recordsEdit

The record for a single round in a major championship is 62 which was recorded by South African golfer Branden Grace in the third round of the 2017 Open Championship.

'Player of the Year' in major championshipsEdit

There is no official award presented to the player with the best overall record in the four majors, although the PGA's Player of the Year system favors performances in the major championships. Since 1984, world ranking points have been assigned to finishes in the majors, which has allowed a calculation of which player has earned the most ranking points in majors in a season – in almost every year since, one of the year's major winners has either won two of them, or has been the only player to win one and record a high finish in another (like Justin Leonard in 1997, David Duval in 2001, Lucas Glover in 2009 or Dustin Johnson in 2016), enough to finish top of such a merit table in those years. The single exception was Nick Faldo in 1988, whose finishes of 2nd, 3rd and 4th earned him more world ranking points than any of that year's champions achieved during the season.

Tables are occasionally constructed for interest showing the overall scoring records for those players who have completed all 288 holes in the majors during a season. In the 1970s, Jack Nicklaus led such a table in 1970–73, 1975 and 1979, with Gary Player leading in 1974, Raymond Floyd in 1976, and Tom Watson in 1977 and 1978. In the 1980s a notable leader was in 1987, when Ben Crenshaw was top of this compilation after finishing 4th, 4th, 4th and 7th in the four majors. In total Crenshaw took 1,140 strokes, only 12 more than the sum total of the four respective champions' scores of 1,128. Recent 'winners' of this accolade are Pádraig Harrington in 2008, Ross Fisher in 2009, Phil Mickelson in 2010, Charl Schwartzel in 2011, and Adam Scott in 2012. In 2013, Scott and fellow Australian Jason Day tied for this accolade with a cumulative score of +2. Rickie Fowler led in 2014 with −32 after top-five finishes in all four tournaments, while in 2015 Jordan Spieth led the standings by achieving the lowest all-time cumulative score in a year of −54, one shot better than the cumulative score of Tiger Woods in 2000. In 2016, Jason Day again led with −9, achieved despite not winning any of the major tournaments during the year. In 2017, Brooks Koepka topped the list with a cumulative scored of −21, one shot better than Matt Kuchar and Hideki Matsuyama. In 2018, Justin Rose had the best cumulative score of −12, one shot better than 2014 list leader Rickie Fowler. In 2019, Koepka topped the list for the second time in three years with a dominant cumulative score of −36, 22 shots better than his compatriots Dustin Johnson and Xander Schauffele who were tied in second.

Consecutive victories at a major championshipEdit

Nationality Player Major # Years
  Scotland Tom Morris, Jr. The Open Championship 4 1868, 1869, 1870, 1872[a]
  United States Walter Hagen PGA Championship 4 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927
  Scotland Jamie Anderson The Open Championship 3 1877, 1878, 1879
  Scotland Bob Ferguson The Open Championship 3 1880, 1881, 1882
  Scotland Willie Anderson U.S. Open 3 1903, 1904, 1905
  Australia Peter Thomson The Open Championship 3 1954, 1955, 1956
  Scotland Tom Morris, Sr. The Open Championship 2 1861, 1862
  Jersey Harry Vardon The Open Championship 2 1898, 1899
  Scotland James Braid The Open Championship 2 1905, 1906
  England John Henry Taylor The Open Championship 2 1894, 1895
  United States John McDermott U.S. Open 2 1911, 1912
  England Jim Barnes PGA Championship 2 1916, 1919[a]
  United States Gene Sarazen PGA Championship 2 1922, 1923
  United States Bobby Jones The Open Championship 2 1926, 1927
  United States Walter Hagen The Open Championship 2 1928, 1929
  United States Leo Diegel PGA Championship 2 1928, 1929
  United States Bobby Jones U.S. Open 2 1929, 1930
  United States Denny Shute PGA Championship 2 1936, 1937
  United States Ralph Guldahl U.S. Open 2 1937, 1938
  South Africa Bobby Locke The Open Championship 2 1949, 1950
  United States Ben Hogan U.S. Open 2 1950, 1951
  United States Arnold Palmer The Open Championship 2 1961, 1962
  United States Jack Nicklaus Masters Tournament 2 1965, 1966
  United States Lee Trevino The Open Championship 2 1971, 1972
  United States Tom Watson The Open Championship 2 1982, 1983
  United States Curtis Strange U.S. Open 2 1988, 1989
  England Nick Faldo Masters Tournament 2 1989, 1990
  United States Tiger Woods PGA Championship 2 1999, 2000
  United States Tiger Woods Masters Tournament 2 2001, 2002
  United States Tiger Woods The Open Championship 2 2005, 2006
  United States Tiger Woods PGA Championship (2) 2 2006, 2007
  Ireland Pádraig Harrington The Open Championship 2 2007, 2008
  United States Brooks Koepka U.S. Open 2 2017, 2018
  United States Brooks Koepka PGA Championship 2 2018, 2019

a These are consecutive because no tournaments were played in between at The Open Championship in 1871 or at the PGA Championship in 1917 and 1918.

Wire-to-wire major victoriesEdit

Players who have led or been tied for the lead after each round of a major.

Top ten finishes in all four modern majors in one seasonEdit

It was rare, before the early 1960s, for the leading players from around the world to have the opportunity to compete in all four of the 'modern' majors in one season, because of the different qualifying criteria used in each at the time, the costs of traveling to compete (in an era when tournament prize money was very low, and only the champion himself would earn the chance of ongoing endorsements), and on occasion even the conflicting scheduling of the Open and PGA Championships. In 1937, the U.S. Ryder Cup side all competed in The Open Championship, but of those who finished in the top ten of that event, only Ed Dudley could claim a "top ten" finish in all four of the majors in 1937, if his defeat in the last-16 round of that year's PGA Championship (then at matchplay) was considered a "joint 9th" position.

Following 1960, when Arnold Palmer's narrowly failed bid to add the Open Championship to his Masters and U.S. Open titles (and thus emulate Hogan's 1953 "triple crown") helped to establish the concept of the modern professional "Grand Slam", it has become commonplace for the leading players to be invited to, and indeed compete in, all four majors each year. Even so, those who have recorded top-ten finishes in all four, in a single year, remains a small and select group.

Three majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  #
Two majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  ‡
One major won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  †
No majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  ^
Never won a regular tour major championship in his career  *
Nationality Player Year Wins Major championship results Lowest
Masters U.S. Open Open Ch. PGA Ch.
  United States Ed Dudley  * 1937 0 3rd 5th 6th R16 R16
  United States Arnold Palmer  ‡ 1960 2 1 1 2nd T7 T7
  South Africa Gary Player  ^ 1963 0 T5 T8 T7 T8 T8
  United States Arnold Palmer (2)  ^ 1966 0 T4 2nd T8 T6 T8
  United States Doug Sanders  * 1966 0 T4 T8 T2 T6 T8
  United States Miller Barber  * 1969 0 7th T6 10th T5 10th
  United States Jack Nicklaus  † 1971 1 T2 2nd T5 1 T5
  United States Jack Nicklaus (2)  † 1973 1 T3 T4 4th 1 T4
  United States Jack Nicklaus (3)  ^ 1974 0 T4 T10 3rd 2nd T10
  South Africa Gary Player (2)  ‡ 1974 2 1 T8 1 7th T8
  United States Hale Irwin  ^ 1975 0 T4 T3 T9 T5 T9
  United States Jack Nicklaus (4)  ‡ 1975 2 1 T7 T3 1 T7
  United States Tom Watson  † 1975 1 T8 T9 1 9th T9
  United States Jack Nicklaus (5)  ^ 1977 0 2nd T10 2nd 3rd T10
  United States Tom Watson (2)  ‡ 1977 2 1 T7 1 T6 T7
  United States Tom Watson (3)  ‡ 1982 2 T5 1 1 T9 T9
  United States Ben Crenshaw  ^ 1987 0 T4 T4 T4 T7 T7
  United States Tiger Woods  # 2000 3 5th 1 1 1 5th
  Spain Sergio García  ^ 2002 0 8th 4th T8 10th 10th
  South Africa Ernie Els  ^ 2004 0 2nd T9 2nd T4 T9
  United States Phil Mickelson  † 2004 1 1 2nd 3rd T6 T6
  Fiji Vijay Singh  ^ 2005 0 T5 T6 T5 T10 T10
  United States Tiger Woods (2)  ‡ 2005 2 1 2nd 1 T4 T4
  United States Rickie Fowler  * 2014 0 T5 T2 T2 T3 T5
  United States Jordan Spieth  ‡ 2015 2 1 1 T4 2nd T4
  United States Brooks Koepka  † 2019 1 T2 2nd T4 1 T4

On 13 of the 26 occasions the feat has been achieved, the player in question did not win a major that year – indeed, three of the players (Dudley, Sanders and Barber) failed to win a major championship in their careers (although Barber would go on to win five senior majors), and Fowler has also yet to win one.

Multiple major victories in a calendar yearEdit


  • 1930:   Bobby Jones; The Open Championship, U.S. Open, U.S. Amateur Championship, The Amateur Championship


  • 1953:   Ben Hogan; Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, and The Open Championship; he was unable to play in both the Open Championship and the PGA Championship because the dates effectively overlapped.
  • 2000:   Tiger Woods; U.S. Open, The Open Championship, and PGA Championship


Masters and U.S. OpenEdit

Masters and Open ChampionshipEdit

Masters and PGA ChampionshipEdit

  • 1949:   Sam Snead
  • 1956:   Jack Burke, Jr
  • 1963:   Jack Nicklaus
  • 1975:   Jack Nicklaus

U.S. Open and Open ChampionshipEdit

U.S. Open and PGA ChampionshipEdit

Open Championship and PGA ChampionshipEdit

Consecutive major victories (including over multiple years)Edit


  • 1868–72:   Young Tom Morris 1868 Open, 1869 Open, 1870 Open, 1872 Open (No Open Championship played in 1871)
  • 1930:   Bobby Jones 1930 Amateur, 1930 Open, 1930 U.S. Open, 1930 U.S. Amateur
  • 2000–01:   Tiger Woods 2000 U.S. Open, 2000 Open, 2000 PGA, 2001 Masters



Note: The order in which the majors were contested varied between 1895 and 1953. Prior to 1916, the PGA Championship did not exist; Prior to 1934, the Masters did not exist. From 1954 through 2018, the order of the majors was Masters, U.S. Open, Open Championship, PGA except in 1971, when the PGA was played before the Masters. From 2019, the order will be Masters, PGA, U.S. Open, Open Championship.

  • 1861–62:   Old Tom Morris 1861 Open, 1862 Open
  • 1894–95:   J.H. Taylor 1894 Open, 1895 Open
  • 1920–21:   Jock Hutchison 1920 PGA, 1921 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1921)
  • 1921–22:   Walter Hagen 1921 PGA, 1922 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1922)
  • 1922:   Gene Sarazen 1922 U.S. Open, 1922 PGA
  • 1924:   Walter Hagen 1924 Open, 1924 PGA
  • 1926:   Bobby Jones 1926 Open, 1926 U.S. Open (The Open Championship was played before the U.S. Open in 1926)
  • 1927–28:   Walter Hagen 1927 PGA, 1928 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1928)
  • 1930–31:   Tommy Armour 1930 PGA, 1931 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1931)
  • 1932:   Gene Sarazen 1932 Open, 1932 U.S. Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1932, followed by the U.S. Open)
  • 1941:   Craig Wood 1941 Masters, 1941 U.S. Open
  • 1948:   Ben Hogan 1948 PGA, 1948 U.S. Open (The PGA was played between the Masters and U.S. Open in 1948)
  • 1949:   Sam Snead 1949 Masters, 1949 PGA (As in 1948, the 1949 PGA was played between the Masters and U.S. Open)
  • 1951:   Ben Hogan 1951 Masters, 1951 U.S. Open
  • 1953:   Ben Hogan; 1953 Masters, 1953 U.S. Open (The 1953 Open Championship, also won by Hogan, was actually concluded only 3 days after 1953 PGA; he chose not to play in the PGA because of the strain on his legs, and the conflict with the Open championship.)
  • 1960:   Arnold Palmer 1960 Masters, 1960 U.S. Open
  • 1971:   Lee Trevino 1971 U.S. Open, 1971 Open
  • 1972:   Jack Nicklaus 1972 Masters, 1972 U.S. Open (The 1971 PGA, also won by Nicklaus, was not consecutive due to being played prior to the Masters in 1971)
  • 1982:   Tom Watson 1982 U.S. Open, 1982 Open
  • 1994:   Nick Price 1994 Open, 1994 PGA
  • 2002:   Tiger Woods 2002 Masters, 2002 U.S. Open
  • 2005–06:   Phil Mickelson 2005 PGA, 2006 Masters
  • 2006:   Tiger Woods 2006 Open, 2006 PGA
  • 2008:   Pádraig Harrington 2008 Open, 2008 PGA
  • 2014:   Rory McIlroy 2014 Open, 2014 PGA
  • 2015:   Jordan Spieth 2015 Masters, 2015 U.S. Open

Most runner-up finishes in major championshipsEdit

For the purposes of this section a runner-up is defined as someone who either (i) tied for the lead after 72 holes (or 36 holes in the case of the early championships) but lost the playoff or (ii) finished alone or in a tie for second place. In a few instances players have been involved in a playoff for the win or for second place prize money and have ended up taking the third prize (e.g. 1870 Open Championship, 1966 Masters Tournament). For match play PGA Championships up to 1957 the runner-up is the losing finalist.

Along with his record 18 major victories, Jack Nicklaus also holds the record for most runner-up finishes in major championships, with 19, including a record 7 at the Open Championship. He is also the only golfer with multiple runner-up finishes in all four majors. Phil Mickelson has the second most with 11 runner-up finishes after the 2016 Open Championship, which includes a record 6 runner-up finishes at the U.S. Open, the one major he has never won. Arnold Palmer had 10 second places, including three in the major he never won, the PGA Championship. There have been three golfers with 8 runner-up finishes – Sam Snead, Greg Norman and Tom Watson. Norman shares the distinction of having lost playoffs in each of the four majors with Craig Wood (who lost the 1934 PGA final – at match play – on the second extra hole).

Players with runner-up finishes in all four majorsEdit

Name Masters PGA
U.S. Open Open
  Jack Nicklaus 4 4 4 7 19
  Phil Mickelson 1 2 6 2 11
  Arnold Palmer 2 3 4 1 10
  Tom Watson 3 1 2 2 8
  Greg Norman 3 2 2 1 8
  Craig Wood 2 1 1 1 5
  Louis Oosthuizen 1 1 1 1 4
  Dustin Johnson 1 1 1 1 4

Players with most runner-up finishes but no major victoriesEdit

a Crampton was second to Jack Nicklaus on each occasion.

Most major championship appearances (100 major club)Edit

Starts Name Country Wins Span
164 Jack Nicklaus   United States 18 1957–2005
150 Gary Player   South Africa 9 1956–2009
145 Tom Watson   United States 8 1970–2016
142 Arnold Palmer   United States 7 1953–2004
127 Raymond Floyd   United States 4 1963–2009
118 Sam Snead   United States 7 1937–1983
117 Ben Crenshaw   United States 2 1970–2015
115 Gene Sarazen   United States 7 1920–1976
110 Mark O'Meara   United States 2 1980–2018
109 Tom Kite   United States 1 1970–2004
108 Phil Mickelson   United States 5 1990–2019
107 Bernhard Langer   Germany 2 1976–2019
104 Ernie Els   South Africa 4 1989–2019
100 Nick Faldo   England 6 1976–2015
100 Davis Love III   United States 1 1986–2018
100 Fred Couples   United States 1 1979–2019

Jay Haas, who played 87 majors, holds the record for the most major championship appearances without winning. Lee Westwood, with 82 starts, has the second most.[30]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Official World Golf Ranking – How The System Works". OWGR. January 1, 2013. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Future Men's Major Championships - dates and venues". SuperSport. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  3. ^ Crouse, Karen (May 7, 2013). "Men's Fifth Major May Remain Mythical". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  4. ^ Burke, Monte (May 9, 2012). "The Players Championship Is Not The "5th Major," But It's Still A Great Tournament". Forbes. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  5. ^ Cronin, Tim. "Nelson's Magnificent Seven" (PDF). Chicago District Golf Association. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  6. ^ Newport, John Paul (July 15, 2009). "What Makes the Majors Major". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  7. ^ Harig, Bob (April 7, 2008). "Golf's professional Grand Slam has developed over time". ESPN. Retrieved April 7, 2008.
  8. ^ Herrington, Ryan (August 7, 2017). "PGA Championship officially moving to May". Golf Digest. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  9. ^ Shedloski, Dave (August 7, 2017). "The PGA Championship is moving to May and players are on board". Golf Digest. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  10. ^ a b Ourand, John (October 12, 2015). "NBC getting British Open a year early". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  11. ^ "Open Championship: Sky wins rights; BBC to show highlights". BBC Sport. February 3, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  12. ^ Murray, Ewan (July 13, 2017). "Sky faces golf embarrassment after losing rights to next month's US PGA". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  13. ^ "BBC to broadcast live coverage of US PGA Championship". BBC Sport. July 27, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
  14. ^ "Golf fans throughout UK to receive unprecedented live coverage of the 2017 PGA Championship". PGA of America. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  15. ^ MacInnes, Paul (August 13, 2018). "Eleven Sports viewers miss Brooks Koepka win US PGA Championship". The Guardian. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  16. ^ Sandomir, Richard (October 11, 2007). "ESPN Replaces USA as Early-Round Home of the Masters". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  17. ^ "NBC gets U.S. Open golf". The New York Times. June 2, 1994. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
  18. ^ Stewart, Larry (July 21, 1995). "ABC getting a major chance with British Open coverage". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
  19. ^ Ourand, John; Lombardo, John (June 8, 2015). "NBC, Golf Channel ending ABC/ESPN British Open reign". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
  20. ^ "Timing of USGA-Fox announcement rankles many". Golf Channel. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  21. ^ Ourand, John; Lombardo, John (October 10, 2018). "PGA Championship Leaving TNT For ESPN In '20, Re-Ups With CBS". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  22. ^ Harig, Bob (May 25, 2017). "Quick 9: With new putter, Spieth hopes to rebound at Colonial". ESPN. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  23. ^ "2018 to Bring New Playoff Format for US Open Championships". USGA. February 26, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  24. ^ Collins, Michael (July 17, 2016). "Michael Collins Round 4 Open grades". Retrieved July 17, 2016. I noticed no one complaining about how the course was too easy or too hard. I couldn't find one bad thing on social media about the scores being too low even though 21 players finished at par or better. You know why? Because the R&A allowed Royal Troon to be itself and let whatever was going to happen, score-wise, happen.
  25. ^ Harig, Bob (July 17, 2018). "Tiger Woods to battle past struggles with slow greens at The Open". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  26. ^ "Masters – Past Winners & Results". The Masters. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  27. ^ "Past Winners of the PGA Championship". PGA of America. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  28. ^ "U.S. Open – History". USGA. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  29. ^ "Open Champions". The Open Championship. Archived from the original on November 26, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  30. ^ "Masters 2017: Key numbers to know ahead of Sunday's final round". PGA of America. April 9, 2017. Retrieved April 9, 2017.

External linksEdit