Anthony Jacklin CBE (born 7 July 1944) is a retired English golfer. He was the most successful British player of his generation, winning two major championships, the 1969 Open Championship and the 1970 U.S. Open. He was also Ryder Cup captain from 1983 to 1989; Europe winning two and tying another of these four events.
|Tony Jacklin |
Jacklin in 1969
|Full name||Anthony Jacklin|
|Born||7 July 1944|
Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire, England
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||180 lb (82 kg)|
|Residence||Bradenton, Florida, U.S.|
|Spouse||Vivien (m. 1966, d. 1988)|
Astrid (m. 1988)
|Children||Bradley, Warren, Tina, Anna May, A.J., Sean|
|Former tour(s)||European Tour|
European Seniors Tour
|Number of wins by tour|
|PGA Tour Champions||2|
|Best results in major championships|
|Masters Tournament||T12: 1970|
|U.S. Open||Won: 1970|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1969|
|PGA Championship||T25: 1969|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||2002 (member page)|
|Commander of the|
Order of the
|Sir Henry Cotton|
Rookie of the Year
Early life and educationEdit
Jacklin was born in the North Lincolnshire town of Scunthorpe in 1944, the son of a truck driver. He attended Henderson Avenue Primary School in the town. He turned professional in 1962, becoming an assistant to Bill Shankland at Potters Bar Golf Club.
In 1969, Jacklin became the first British player to win The Open Championship in 18 years, winning by two strokes at Royal Lytham & St Annes. The following season he won his second major title, the U.S. Open by seven strokes on a windblown Hazeltine National Golf Club course. It was the only U.S. Open victory by a European player in an 84-year span (1926–2009); Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell ended that streak in 2010.
Jacklin won eight events on the European Tour between its first season in 1972 and 1982. He also won tournaments in Europe prior to the European Tour era, and in the United States, South America, South Africa and Australasia. His 1968 PGA Tour win at the Jacksonville Open Invitational was the first by a European player on the U.S. Tour since the 1920s; Jacklin was the first British player since the 1940s and Henry Cotton to devote much of his effort to American Tour events.
However, Jacklin may be best remembered for his involvement in the Ryder Cup. He was a playing member of the "Great Britain and Ireland" team in 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 and 1977, and of the first European team in 1979. Except for a tie in 1969, all of those teams were defeated. Jacklin was involved in one of the most memorable moments in Ryder Cup history at Royal Birkdale Golf Club in 1969. After his eagle putt on the 17th evened his match with Jack Nicklaus, Nicklaus conceded Jacklin's two-foot putt on the 18th, halving the match, and ending the Ryder Cup with a tied score. "The Concession" ended with the two golfers walking off the course with arms around each other's shoulders. Jacklin and Nicklaus later co-designed a golf course in Florida called "The Concession" to commemorate the moment.
Jacklin suffered a devastating near-miss in The Open Championship of 1972 at Muirfield. Tied for the lead with playing partner Lee Trevino playing the 71st hole, Jacklin had a straightforward 15-foot birdie putt on the par-5 hole, while Trevino was not yet on the green after four struggling strokes. But Trevino holed a difficult chip shot, and Jacklin took three putts, leaving him one shot behind. Trevino parred the final hole to win, but Jacklin bogeyed, finishing third behind Jack Nicklaus. Jacklin was just 28 years old at the time, but never seriously contended again in a major championship. In 2013, Jacklin said of his experience in the 1972 Open: "I was never the same again after that. I didn't ever get my head around it - it definitely knocked the stuffing out of me somehow."
Jacklin served as the non-playing captain of Europe in four consecutive Ryder Cups from 1983 to 1989. He had a 2.5–1.5 won-loss record, captaining his men to their first victory in 28 years in 1985, and to their first ever victory in the United States in 1987.
Jacklin was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2002. He retired from tournament golf in 2004 at the age of sixty, having won a number of events at senior level. Jacklin has developed a golf course design business since his retirement from competition. He has designed numerous courses, including the 9-hole par 3 course of The St. Pierre Park Hotel in Guernsey.
Jacklin's first wife, Vivien, was from Belfast, Northern Ireland. The couple married in 1966, eleven months after their initial meeting at a Belfast hotel. They had three children together: Bradley, Warren and Tina.
In 1971, Jacklin said that he received death threats from a caller who also threatened to bomb his wife's family home in Belfast. The caller said that Jacklin would be shot if he played in the Ulster Open, because his wife's family supported Ian Paisley.
Vivien Jacklin died suddenly of a brain haemorrhage in April 1988, aged 44. In an interview in 2002, Jacklin said: "You can't understand the anguish of losing a spouse until it happens to you. I lost my will to live after my first wife died. I contemplated doing something very terrible to myself. Eventually I recovered." Six weeks after his first wife's death, Jacklin met a 16-year-old waitress named Donna Methven at a golf tournament in England. Jacklin later said: "I was at my lowest ebb and Donna was a shoulder to cry on." They had a two-month affair which led to front-page headlines in British tabloid newspapers.
In December 1988, Jacklin married his second wife, Astrid Waagen, a Norwegian woman. They have a son called Sean, who is a golfer on the European Challenge Tour. Jacklin is also stepfather to Waagen's two children, daughter Anna May and son A.J., from her previous marriage to former Bee Gees guitarist Alan Kendall.
Jacklin was second in the BBC Sports Personality of the Year in 1969 and 1970.
He was a subject of the television programme This Is Your Life in February 1970 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews outside Buckingham Palace after receiving his OBE which he had received in the 1970 New Year Honours. He later received a CBE in the 1990 New Year Honours.
Jacklin said in an interview in 1989 that he was barely on speaking terms with his mother. "To get along with people I have to like them. My mother and I don't get along. I don't share the belief that blood is thicker than water. She has tried to run my life long enough," Jacklin said.
Jacklin has been hearing impaired since the 1980s and wears a hearing aid device on both sides. He is a patron of the English Deaf Golf Association.
Professional wins (30)Edit
European Tour wins (8)Edit
|No.||Date||Tournament||Winning score||To par||Margin
|1||26 Aug 1972||Viyella PGA Championship||71-72-68-68=279||−9||3 strokes||Peter Oosterhuis|
|2||21 Apr 1973||Italian Open||71-72-70-71=284||−4||1 stroke||Valentín Barrios|
|3||6 Oct 1973||Dunlop Masters||69-65-70-68=272||−12||7 strokes||Bob Charles|
|4||21 Jul 1974||Scandinavian Enterprise Open||70-65-69-75=279||−5||11 strokes||José Maria Cañizares|
|5||7 Jun 1976||Kerrygold International Classic||69-79-72-70=290||+2||1 stroke||Glenn Ralph|
|6||19 Aug 1979||Braun German Open||68-68-70-71=277||−7||2 strokes||Antonio Garrido, Lanny Wadkins|
|7||21 Jun 1981||Billy Butlin Jersey Open||71-68-72-68=279||−9||1 stroke||Bernhard Langer|
|8||31 May 1982||Sun Alliance PGA Championship||72-69-73-70=284||−4||Playoff||Bernhard Langer|
- The European Tour began in 1972
European Tour playoff record (1–1)
|1||1980||Merseyside International Open||Ian Mosey||Lost on first extra hole|
|2||1982||Sun Alliance PGA Championship||Bernhard Langer||Won with birdie on first extra hole|
PGA Tour wins (4)Edit
|No.||Date||Tournament||Winning score||To par||Margin
|1||31 Mar 1968||Jacksonville Open Invitational||68-65-69-71=273||−15||2 strokes|| Gardner Dickinson, Don January,|
Chi-Chi Rodríguez, Doug Sanders,
|2||12 Jul 1969||The Open Championship^||68-70-70-72=280||−4||2 strokes||Bob Charles|
|3||21 Jun 1970||U.S. Open||71-70-70-70=281||−7||7 strokes||Dave Hill|
|4||19 Mar 1972||Greater Jacksonville Open||70-71-74-68=283||−5||Playoff||John Jacobs|
^The European Tour was founded in 1972; the 1969 Open Championship was retroactively classified as a PGA Tour win in 2002.
Major championships are shown in bold.
PGA Tour playoff record (1–1)
|1||1970||Andy Williams-San Diego Open Invitational||Pete Brown||Lost to par on first extra hole|
|2||1972||Greater Jacksonville Open||John Jacobs||Won with par on first extra hole|
Other wins (16)Edit
- 1964 Coombe Hill Assistants' Tournament
- 1965 Gor-Ray Cup
- 1966 Kimberley Tournament (South Africa) (tie with Harold Henning), Blaxnit (Ulster) Tournament
- 1967 Forest Products (New Zealand), New Zealand PGA Championship, Pringle of Scotland Tournament, Dunlop Masters
- 1970 W.D. & H.O. Wills Tournament, Lancome Trophy
- 1971 Benson & Hedges Festival
- 1972 Dunlop International
- 1973 Bogotá Open, Los Lagartos Open
- 1974 Los Lagartos Open
- 1979 Venezuela Open
Senior PGA Tour wins (2)Edit
|No.||Date||Tournament||Winning score||To par||Margin
|1||14 Aug 1994||First of America Classic||68-68=136||−8||1 stroke||Dave Stockton|
|2||3 Sep 1995||Franklin Quest Championship||72-67-67=206||−10||1 stroke|| John Paul Cain, Simon Hobday,|
Rives McBee, Dave Stockton,
Bruce Summerhays, Tom Weiskopf
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner-up|
|1969||The Open Championship||2 shot lead||−4 (68-70-70-72=280)||2 strokes||Bob Charles|
|1970||U.S. Open||4 shot lead||−7 (71-70-70-70=281)||7 strokes||Dave Hill|
|The Open Championship||T30||T25||T30||5||T18||1|
|The Open Championship||5||3||3||T14||T18||T42||T43||CUT||T24|
|The Open Championship||T32||T23||CUT||T39||CUT||CUT||CUT||CUT|
|The Open Championship||CUT||CUT|
|The Open Championship||CUT||CUT||CUT|
CUT = missed the halfway cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place.
|The Open Championship||1||0||2||5||5||11||28||17|
- Most consecutive cuts made – 7 (1963 Open Championship – 1968 Open Championship)
- Longest streak of top-10s – 2 (1970 US Open – 1970 Open Championship)
- Ryder Cup (representing Great Britain & Ireland/Europe): 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1983 (non-playing captain), 1985 (winners, non-playing captain), 1987 (winners, non-playing captain), 1989 (tied, retained Cup, non-playing captain)
- World Cup (representing England): 1966, 1970, 1971, 1972
- Double Diamond International (representing England): 1972 (winners), 1973, 1974, 1976 (winners, captain), 1977 (captain)
- Marlboro Nations' Cup (representing England): 1972, 1973
- Hennessy Cognac Cup (representing Great Britain and Ireland): 1976 (winners, captain), 1982 (winners, captain)
- UBS Cup (representing the Rest of the World): 2003 (tie, captain)
- "1969 Tony Jacklin". The Open. Archived from the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Spander, Art (13 August 2002). "Jacklin played it straight to conquer Hazeltine". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Tony Jacklin – Ryder Cup". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- O'Connor, Ian (2008). Arnie & Jack: Palmer, Nicklaus, and Golf's Greatest Rivalry. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-618-75446-5.
- "The Concession Golf Club – History". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Finegan, James W. (2010). Scotland: Where Golf is Great. New York: Artisan Books. p. 246. ISBN 978-1-57965-428-3.
- Hodgetss, Rob. "The Open 2013: Jacklin's agony, Faldo's ecstasy at Muirfield". BBC Sport.
- Reilly, Rick (18 September 1989). "Captain Marvel: Golfer Tony Jacklin, whose life has been a roller coaster, is riding high again as leader of Europe's Ryder Cup team". Sports Illustrated.
- "Jacklin, Wife Plagued by Death Threats". Milwaukee Sentinel. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. UPI. 20 May 1971. pp. 2–3.
- Yocom, Guy (September 2002). "My Shot: Tony Jacklin – A jolly good fellow and four-time Ryder Cup captain on bad dreams, lightning and the truth about porridge". Golf Digest.
- "Jacklin following in father's footsteps". PGA European Tour. 8 June 2012.
- Victor, Colin (5 October 2012). "Jacklin named as deaf golf patron".
- "Strictly Come Dancing 2013: Tony Jacklin admits he was 'petrified'". The Daily Telegraph. London. 7 October 2013.