1956 Masters Tournament
|Dates||April 5–8, 1956|
|Course(s)||Augusta National Golf Club|
|Organized by||Augusta National Golf Club|
|Length||6,965 yards (6,369 m)|
|Jack Burke, Jr.|
Jack Burke, Jr. won his first major championship and only Masters, one stroke ahead of amateur Ken Venturi. It was the final Masters played without a 36-hole cut. CBS televised the third and fourth rounds of the tournament for the first time, and has done so every year since.
Burke shot a 71 (−1) on Sunday, one of only two players to break par in the final round; he rallied from a tournament record eight shots back to pass Venturi, who had led the entire tournament. Then a 24-year-old amateur, Venturi opened with a first round 66 (−6), the best round to date at the Masters by an amateur. But on Sunday, he shot a 42 (+6) on the final nine holes to card a disappointing 80 (+8). Burke's 289, along with Sam Snead in 1954 and Zach Johnson in 2007, remains the highest winning total in Masters history.
Burke was late arriving at the course for his final round on Sunday after going to church and had only fifteen minutes to warm up.
- 1. Masters champions
- 2. U.S. Open champions
- 3. The Open champions
- 4. PGA champions
- 6. Members of the 1955 U.S. Walker Cup team
- Dick Yost (a) did not play. Baxter and Meister were reserves for the team.
- 7. 1955 U.S. Amateur quarter-finalists
- 8. Top 24 players and ties from the 1955 Masters Tournament
- 9. Top 24 players and ties from the 1955 U.S. Open
- Smiley Quick did not play.
- 10. 1955 PGA Championship quarter-finalists
- 11. Members of the U.S. 1955 Ryder Cup team
- 12. One player, either amateur or professional, not already qualified, selected by a ballot of ex-Masters champions
Ken Venturi (a)
- 13. One professional, not already qualified, selected by a ballot of ex-U.S. Open champions
- 14. One amateur, not already qualified, selected by a ballot of ex-U.S. Amateur champions
Don Bisplinghoff (a)
- 15. Two players, not already qualified, from a points list based on finishes in the winter part of the 1956 PGA Tour
- 16. Foreign invitations
- Numbers in brackets indicate categories that the player would have qualified under had they been American.
Nationalities in the fieldEdit
|North America (82)||South America (1)||Europe (1)||Oceania (0)||Asia (0)||Africa (0)|
|Canada (3)||Argentina (1)||England (1)|
|United States (79)|
Past champions in the fieldEdit
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Cary Middlecoff||United States||1955||67||72||75||77||291||+3||3|
|Sam Snead||United States||1949, 1952, 1954||73||76||72||71||292||+4||T4|
|Ben Hogan||United States||1951, 1953||69||78||74||75||296||+8||T8|
|Jimmy Demaret||United States||1940, 1947, 1950||73||75||76||81||305||+17||T34|
|Byron Nelson||United States||1937, 1942||73||75||78||80||306||+18||39|
|Claude Harmon||United States||1948||77||79||76||77||309||+21||T46|
|Henry Picard||United States||1938||75||76||82||76||309||+21||T46|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1935||77||75||78||80||310||+22||T49|
|Craig Wood||United States||1941||76||80||78||88||322||+34||70|
|Horton Smith||United States||1934, 1936||86||84||84||82||336||+48||76|
- The Masters did not have a 36-hole cut until 1957
Thursday, April 5, 1956
|1||Ken Venturi (a)||United States||66||−6|
|2||Cary Middlecoff||United States||67||−5|
|T3||Tommy Bolt||United States||68||−4|
|Shelley Mayfield||United States|
|5||Ben Hogan||United States||69||−3|
|T6||Doug Ford||United States||70||−2|
|Bob Rosburg||United States|
|Billy Joe Patton (a)||United States|
|T9||Jerry Barber||United States||71||−1|
|Fred Hawkins||United States|
Friday, April 6, 1956
|1||Ken Venturi (a)||United States||66-69=135||−9|
|2||Cary Middlecoff||United States||67-72=139||−5|
|T3||Tommy Bolt||United States||68-74=142||−2|
|Pete Cooper||United States||72-70=142|
|Doug Ford||United States||70-72=142|
|Shelley Mayfield||United States||68-74=142|
|T7||Jack Burke, Jr.||United States||72-71=143||−1|
|Jerry Barber||United States||71-72=143|
|T9||Fred Hawkins||United States||71-73=144||E|
|Bob Rosburg||United States||70-74=144|
Saturday, April 7, 1956
|1||Ken Venturi (a)||United States||66-69-75=210||−6|
|2||Cary Middlecoff||United States||67-72-75=214||−2|
|3||Doug Ford||United States||70-72-75=217||+1|
|T4||Jack Burke, Jr.||United States||72-71-75=218||+2|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States||72-74-72=218|
|T6||Jerry Barber||United States||71-72-76=219||+3|
|Pete Cooper||United States||72-70-77=219|
|T8||Tommy Bolt||United States||68-74-78=220||+4|
|Fred Hawkins||United States||71-73-76=220|
|Mike Souchak||United States||73-73-74=220|
Sunday, April 8, 1956
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Jack Burke, Jr.||United States||72-71-75-71=289||+1||6,000|
|2||Ken Venturi (a)||United States||66-69-75-80=290||+2||0|
|3||Cary Middlecoff||United States||67-72-75-77=291||+3||3,750|
|T4||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||72-74-72-74=292||+4||2,397|
|Sam Snead||United States||73-76-72-71=292|
|T6||Jerry Barber||United States||71-72-76-75=294||+6||1,350|
|Doug Ford||United States||70-72-75-77=294|
|T8||Tommy Bolt||United States||68-74-78-76=296||+8||976|
|Ben Hogan||United States||69-78-74-75=296|
|Shelley Mayfield||United States||68-74-80-74=296|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
Eagle Birdie Bogey Double bogey
- "Jack Burke Surprise Winner of Masters Golf". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 18. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- "Venturi folds, steady Burke wins Masters". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 4, part 2.
- Drum, Bob (April 9, 1956). "Burke Master as Venturi folds". Pittsburgh Press. p. 24.
- "Ken Venturi leads Masters with amateur record of 66". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. April 6, 1956. p. 16.
- Wind, Herbert Warren (April 16, 1956). "And Then—Jackie Burke Took Charge". Sports Illustrated. p. 28. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- "Cards of the leaders". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. April 9, 1956. p. 16.