Samuel Jackson Snead (pronounced [sni:d]; May 27, 1912 – May 23, 2002) was an American professional golfer who was one of the top players in the world for the better part of four decades (having won PGA of America and Senior PGA Tour events over six decades) and widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time. Snead was awarded a record 94 gold medallions, for wins in PGA of America (referred to by most as the PGA) Tour events and later credited with winning a record 82 PGA Tour events, including seven majors. He never won the U.S. Open, though he was runner-up four times. Snead was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.
Snead in 1967
|Full name||Samuel Jackson Snead|
|Born||May 27, 1912|
Ashwood, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||May 23, 2002 (aged 89)|
Hot Springs, Virginia, U.S.
|Height||5 ft 11 in (180 cm)|
|Weight||185 lb (84 kg)|
|Spouse||Audrey Karnes Snead|
(m. 1940–90, her death)
|Children||Sam Jr., Terrence|
|Former tour(s)||PGA Tour|
|Number of wins by tour|
|PGA Tour||82 (1st all time)|
|Best results in major championships|
|Masters Tournament||Won: 1949, 1952, 1954|
|PGA Championship||Won: 1942, 1949, 1951|
|U.S. Open||2nd/T2: 1937, 1947, 1949, 1953|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1946|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1974 (member page)|
leading money winner
|1938, 1949, 1950|
|PGA Golfer of the Year||1949|
|Vardon Trophy||1938, 1949, 1950, 1955|
|PGA Tour Lifetime|
|Years of service||1942–1944|
Snead's nicknames included "The Slammer", "Slammin' Sammy Snead", and "The Long Ball Hitter from West Virginia", and he was admired by many for having a "perfect swing", which generated many imitators. Snead was famed for his folksy image, wearing a straw hat, and making such statements as "Keep close count of your nickels and dimes, stay away from whiskey, and never concede a putt." and "There are no short hitters on the tour anymore, just long and unbelievably long." Fellow West Virginia Golf Hall of Fame Inductee Bill Campbell has said of Snead, "He was the best natural player ever. He had the eye of an eagle, the grace of a leopard and the strength of a lion." Gary Player once said that, "I don't think there's any question in my mind that Sam Snead had the greatest golf swing of any human being that ever lived". Jack Nicklaus said that Snead's swing was, "so perfect".
Snead was the PGA leading money winner in 1938, 1949 and 1950. He won the Vardon Trophy, for lowest scoring average, four times: 1938, 1949, 1950, and 1955. In 1949, he was PGA Golfer of the Year.
Snead was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame in 1973. In 1986, Snead was inducted into the Middle Atlantic PGA Hall of Fame. Snead was also inducted into the PGA of America Hall of Fame and the Helms Hall of Fame. Snead received the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998. In 2009, Snead was inducted into the inaugural class of the West Virginia Golf Hall of Fame and in 2016, Snead was the unanimous top choice for inclusion in the Virginia Golf Hall of Fame's inaugural class.
Born in Ashwood, Virginia, near Hot Springs, Snead began caddying at age seven at The Homestead's Old Course in Hot Springs. He worked as an assistant pro at The Homestead at 17 in 1929, then moved to the Cascades Course and turned professional in 1934. During the depression, Snead self taught himself the game of golf from a set of clubs carved from tree limbs. Snead joined the PGA Tour in 1936, and achieved immediate success by winning the West Virginia Closed Pro tournament.
In 1936 he won two matches at the Meadow Brook Club, earning a $10,000 prize. This gave him the money he needed to start playing professionally full-time. In 1944 he became resident playing professional at The Greenbrier Resort in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, and maintained ties to Hot Springs and The Homestead all of his life. During the winter, he was resident playing pro at the Boca Raton Resort from 1956–1969. Each spring he returned to the Mid-Atlantic, stopping at The Masters Tournament on his way back to The Greenbrier.
Snead served in the U.S. Navy during World War II from 1942 to 1944. He was an athletic specialist in Cmdr. Gene Tunney's program in San Diego, and was given a medical discharge for a back injury in September 1944.
In 1936, Snead won his first tournament, the West Virginia Closed Pro, contested at The Greenbrier's Championship Course and Old White Course. He shot rounds of 70-61 to rout Logan, West Virginia, pro Clem Weichman by 16 strokes (74-73). Later that summer, he won the first of 17 West Virginia Open championships by beating Art Clark by five strokes at Guyan Country Club in Huntington, West Virginia.
In 1937, Snead's first full year on the PGA Tour, he won six events, including the Oakland Open at Claremont Country Club in California and his second West Virginia Open. In Snead's debut in the U.S. Open hosted at Oakland Hills, he finishes runner-up to Ralph Guldahl (who wins with 19 clubs in his bag). Snead shared the first round lead shooting 69 with fellow West Virginian Denny Shute (1936 and 1937 PGA Champion). In Snead's first of two attempts in The Open Championship, he finished tied for 11th. While working at The Greenbrier, Snead played in the U.S. Pro Tennis Championships. In the first round, he faced eventual winner Karel Kozeluh, losing to Kozeluh by scores of 6-1, 6-1, and 6-1.
In 1938, Snead first won the Greater Greensboro Open, the first of eight times, the Tour record for victories of a single tournament event. Snead's last win at Greensboro was in 1965, at the age of 52 years, 311 days, making him the oldest player to win a PGA Tour event. Snead introduces his first book, Sam Snead's quick way to better golf.
In 1939, Snead won three times. 1939 was the first of four times (although Snead had already come close in 1937, losing to the eventual champion who had 19 clubs in his bag) where Snead failed at crucial moments of the U.S. Open, the only major event he never won. Needing par to win at the Philadelphia C.C., but not knowing that, since on-course scoreboards did not exist at that time, Snead posted a triple-bogey 8 on the par-5 72nd hole, taking a risky shot from a difficult lie in the fairway. Snead had been told on the 18th tee by a spectator that he needed a birdie to win. Snead ended up in fifth place, two shots behind three players who went into a playoff.
During World War II, Snead was prevented in participating in 14 major championships (1940–1945 Open Championship, 1942–1945 U.S. Open, 1943–1945 Masters, 1943 PGA Championship), due to their cancellation. Snead served in the U.S. Navy from 1942 to 1944.
In 1946, Snead won six times including the Open Championship at St Andrews. Expenses were more than 3x the winning purse and like Hogan (who won in his only attempt in 1953) and Nelson (who finished 5th in his only attempt in 1937) he never went back to play in the Open Championship. Snead introduced the book, Sam Snead's How to play golf, and professional tips on improving your score. Also, rules of the game of golf, as approved by the United States Golf Association, and by the Royal and ancient golf club of St. Andrews.
In 1949, Snead won nine PGA events including two majors including the Masters and the PGA Championship and was awarded Golfer of the Year. For Snead, it was the third of four second-place finishes at the U.S. Open, the only major championship he never won. Needing two pars to finish in a tie for the lead, Snead took three shots to hole out his ball from the fringe of the green on the 17th hole.
In 1950, Snead won 11 events, placing him third in that category behind Byron Nelson (18, in 1945) and Ben Hogan (13, in 1946). Snead claimed that 1950 was his "greatest year" winning "eleven tournaments" including a playoff victory over Hogan in the L.A. Open yet lost the "Golfer of the Year" to Hogan, who won one "tournament". His scoring average of 69.23 was a Vardon Trophy record that stood for 50 years.
In 1952, Snead won ten events including the Masters. At the Jacksonville Open, Snead forfeited rather than play an 18-hole playoff against Doug Ford after the two golfers finished in a tie at the end of regulation play. The forfeit stemmed from a ruling Snead received during the tournament's second round of play. On the 10th hole, Snead's drive landed behind an out of bounds stake. While Chick Harbert, who was playing with Snead, thought the ball was out of bounds, a rules official ruled differently due to the starter not telling players the stakes had been moved after the previous day's play had ended. Afterwards, Snead explained why he forfeited even though Ford suggested they play sudden death for the title. "I want to be fair about it. I don't want anyone to think I took advantage of the ruling." Snead set the record for most PGA wins after reaching age 40, with 17.
In December 1959, Snead took part in a controversial match against Mason Rudolph, at the Mid Ocean Club in Bermuda. Snead decided to deliberately lose the televised match, played under the "World Championship Golf" series, during its final holes, after he discovered on the 12th hole that he had too many golf clubs in his bag. (A player is limited to 14 clubs during competitive rounds.) The match was tied at that stage. The extra club in his bag, a fairway wood Snead had been experimenting with in practice, would have caused him to be immediately disqualified according to the Rules of Golf, even though he did not use it during the round. After the match was over, Snead explained the matter, and said he did not disqualify himself in order not to spoil the show. The problem did not become known outside a small circle until the show was televised four months later. After the incident came to light, the sponsor cancelled further participation in the series.
Beginning in 1960, Snead hosted television's Celebrity Golf program, emceed by Harry von Zell, competing for charity in nine-hole contests against Hollywood celebrities like Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis and Bob Hope. Snead had appeared with Martin and Lewis in their 1953 comedy film, The Caddy.
In 1965, Snead became the oldest player (52 years, 10 months and 8 days) to win on the PGA Tour (the Greater Greensboro Open).
Snead played on seven Ryder Cup teams: 1937, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, and 1959. Snead was selected to the 1939 Ryder Cup team however the event was never played due to WWII. He captained the team in 1951, 1959, and 1969.
In 1973, Snead became the oldest player to make a cut in a U.S. Open at age 61.
In the 1974, age 61, he shot a third round 66 at the Los Angeles Open at Riviera Country Club to move into contention. A birdie at #17 in the last round moved him to within one stroke of the lead. Dave Stockton hit a miraculous fairway wood on #18 to deny Sam the victory.
He shot a final round 68 at the 1974 PGA Championship to finish tied for third, three strokes behind winner Lee Trevino. At age 62, it was Snead's third consecutive top-10 finish at the PGA Championship, but his last time in contention at a major.
In 1982 he teamed with Don January to shoot 27-under-par to win the rain-shortened 54 hole Liberty Mutual Legends of Golf event at Onion Creek Club "The Birthplace of the Senior PGA Tour" in Austin, Texas. This victory would mark victories for Snead that spanned over six decades (1930s–1980s) winning tour and senior tour events.
In 1986, Snead wrote the book, Pigeons, marks, hustlers and other golf bettors you can beat.
In 1998, he received the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award, the fourth person to be so honored.
Snead died in Hot Springs, Virginia, in 2002 following complications from a stroke, four days before his 90th birthday. He was survived by two sons: Sam Jr. of Hot Springs, and Terry, of Mountain Grove, Virginia, and a brother, Pete, of Pittsburgh, as well as two grandchildren. His wife Audrey died in 1990. His nephew J. C. Snead was also a PGA Tour golfer.
During his peak years, Snead was an exceptionally long driver, particularly into the wind, with very good accuracy as well. He was a superb player with the long irons. Snead was also known for a very creative short game, pioneering use of the sand wedge for short shots from grass. As he aged, he began to experiment with different putting styles. Snead pioneered croquet-style putting in the 1960s, where he straddled the ball with one leg on each side. The United States Golf Association banned this technique in 1968 by amending the old Rule 35–1, since until that time, golfers had always faced the ball when striking. Snead then went to side-saddle putting, where he crouched and angled his feet towards the hole, and held the club with a split grip. He used that style for the rest of his career.
Snead holds the following records:
- Most PGA Tour victories: 82
- Most PGA sanctioned tour victories: 94
- Became the first player to win 17 times at an event: at the West Virginia Open (1936–1938, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1966–1968, 1970–1973)
- Only player to win an event in five different decades.
- Became the first player to win 8 times at an event: at the Greater Greensboro Open (1938, 1946, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1960, 1965)
- Only player to win a PGA Tour event in four different decades.
- Oldest player to win a PGA Tour event: age 52 years, 10 months, 8 days at the 1965 Greater Greensboro Open
- Oldest player to make the cut at a major: age 67 years, 2 months, 7 days at the 1979 PGA Championship
- First PGA Tour player to shoot his age: 67 in the second round of the 1979 Quad Cities Open
- Oldest player to make a cut on the PGA Tour: age 67 years, 2 months, 21 days at the 1979 Manufacturers Hanover Westchester Classic.
- Only player to post a top-10 finish in at least one major championship in five different decades.
- Became the first player to win PGA and Senior PGA Tour events over six decades (1930s–1980')
Professional wins (141)Edit
PGA Tour wins (82)Edit
- 1936 (1) West Virginia Closed Pro
- 1937 (5) Oakland Open, Bing Crosby Pro-Am, St. Paul Open, Nassau Open, Miami Open (Dec.)
- 1938 (8) Bing Crosby Pro-Am, Greater Greensboro Open, Chicago Open, Canadian Open, Westchester 108 Hole Open, White Sulphur Springs Open, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball (with Vic Ghezzi), Palm Beach Round Robin
- 1939 (3) St. Petersburg Open, Miami Open, Miami Biltmore International Four-Ball (with Ralph Guldahl)
- 1940 (3) Canadian Open, Anthracite Open, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball (with Ralph Guldahl)
- 1941 (6) Bing Crosby Pro-Am, St. Petersburg Open, North and South Open, Canadian Open, Rochester Times Union Open, Henry Hurst Invitational
- 1942 (2) St. Petersburg Open, PGA Championship
- 1944 (2) Portland Open, Richmond Open
- 1945 (6) Los Angeles Open, Gulfport Open, Pensacola Open, Jacksonville Open, Dallas Open, Tulsa Open
- 1946 (6) Jacksonville Open, Greater Greensboro Open, The Open Championship (not counted as a PGA Tour win at the time, but designated as such in 2002), World Championship of Golf, Miami Open, Virginia Open
- 1948 (1) Texas Open
- 1949 (6) Greater Greensboro Open, Masters Tournament, Washington Star Open, Dapper Dan Open, Western Open, PGA Championship
- 1950 (11) Los Angeles Open, Bing Crosby Pro-Am (tie with Jack Burke, Jr., Smiley Quick, Dave Douglas), Texas Open, Miami Beach Open, Greater Greensboro Open, Western Open, Colonial National Invitation, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball (with Jim Ferrier), Reading Open, North and South Open, Miami Open
- 1951 (2) PGA Championship, Miami Open
- 1952 (5) Masters Tournament, Palm Beach Round Robin, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball (with Jim Ferrier), All American Open, Eastern Open
- 1953 (1) Baton Rouge Open
- 1954 (2) Masters Tournament, Palm Beach Round Robin
- 1955 (4) Greater Greensboro Open, Palm Beach Round Robin, Insurance City Open, Miami Open
- 1956 (1) Greater Greensboro Open
- 1957 (2) Dallas Open Invitational, Palm Beach Round Robin
- 1958 (1) Dallas Open Invitational
- 1960 (2) De Soto Open Invitational, Greater Greensboro Open
- 1961 (1) Tournament of Champions
- 1965 (1) Greater Greensboro Open
Major championships are shown in bold.
LPGA Tour wins (1)Edit
Other wins (44)Edit
- 1936 West Virginia Open
- 1937 West Virginia Open
- 1938 West Virginia Open
- 1940 Ontario Open (Canada)
- 1941 Center Open (Argentina)
- 1941 St Augustine Pro-am (with Wilford Wehrle)
- 1942 St Augustine Pro-am (with Wilford Wehrle)
- 1948 West Virginia Open, Havana Invitational
- 1949 North and South Open, West Virginia Open, National Celebrities Open
- 1952 West Virginia Open, Brazil Open, Greenbrier Pro-Am, Julius Boros Open, Seminole Pro-am
- 1953 Greenbrier Pro-Am, Orlando International Mixed Best Ball (with Betty MacKinnon)
- 1954 Panama Open
- 1955 McNaughtons Pro-am
- 1956 Canada Cup (with Ben Hogan), Boca Raton Open
- 1957 West Virginia Open
- 1958 West Virginia Open, Greenbrier Invitational
- 1959 Sam Snead Festival, EL Dorado Professional (tied with Doug Ford)
- 1960 West Virginia Open, Canada Cup (with Arnold Palmer)
- 1961 West Virginia Open, Sam Snead Festival, Canada Cup (with Jimmy Demaret), Canada Cup – International Trophy
- 1962 Canada Cup (with Arnold Palmer)
- 1964 Haig & Haig Scotch Foursome (with Shirley Englehorn)
- 1966 West Virginia Open
- 1967 West Virginia Open
- 1968 West Virginia Open
- 1970 West Virginia Open
- 1971 PGA Club Professional Championship, West Virginia Open
- 1972 West Virginia Open
- 1973 West Virginia Open
Note: this list is incomplete.
Senior wins (14)Edit
- 1964 PGA Seniors' Championship, World Senior Championship
- 1965 PGA Seniors' Championship, World Senior Championship
- 1967 PGA Seniors' Championship
- 1970 PGA Seniors' Championship, World Senior Championship
- 1972 PGA Seniors' Championship, World Senior Championship
- 1973 PGA Seniors' Championship, World Senior Championship
- 1978 Legends of Golf (with Gardner Dickinson)
- 1980 Golf Digest Commemorative Pro-Am
- 1982 Liberty Mutual Legends of Golf (with Don January)
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1942||PGA Championship||n/a||2 & 1||Jim Turnesa|
|1946||The Open Championship||Tied for lead||−2 (71-70-74-75=290)||4 strokes||Johnny Bulla, Bobby Locke|
|1949||Masters Tournament||1 shot deficit||−6 (73-75-67-67=282)||3 strokes||Johnny Bulla, Lloyd Mangrum|
|1949||PGA Championship (2)||n/a||3 & 2||Johnny Palmer|
|1951||PGA Championship (3)||n/a||7 & 6||Walter Burkemo|
|1952||Masters Tournament (2)||Tied for lead||−2 (70-67-77-72=286)||4 strokes||Jack Burke, Jr.|
|1954||Masters Tournament (3)||3 shot deficit||+1 (74-73-70-72=289)||Playoff 1||Ben Hogan|
Note: The PGA Championship was match play until 1958.
1 Defeated Ben Hogan in 18-hole playoff – Snead 70 (−2), Hogan 71 (−1)
|The Open Championship||T11|
|The Open Championship||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||1|
|The Open Championship|
|The Open Championship||T6||CUT|
|The Open Championship||CUT|
|The Open Championship|
NT = no tournament
WD = withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
|The Open Championship||1||0||0||1||2||3||5||3|
- Most consecutive cuts made – 55 (1937 Masters – 1958 Masters)
- Longest streak of top-10s – 6 (1948 U.S. Open – 1950 Masters)
U.S. national team appearancesEdit
- Ryder Cup: 1937 (winners), 1947 (winners), 1949 (winners), 1951 (winners, playing captain), 1953 (winners), 1955 (winners), 1959 (winners, playing captain), 1969 (tied, non-playing captain)
- Canada Cup: 1954, 1956 (winners), 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 (winners), 1961 (winners, individual winner), 1962 (winners)
- "Sam Snead, Golf Legend". Rob Sinclair reporting for Global Sports in Toronto. November 11, 2012.
- "Snead inducted onto the Middle Atlantic PGA Hall of Fame". PGA Middle Atlantic Section. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- Gabriel, Mike (2001). The Professional Golfers' Association Tour : a history. Jefferson, North Carolina. McFarland. ISBN 0786408448. LCCN 00068720. OCLC 1069744188.
- "Sam Snead's son keeps his father's memory alive by telling stories". PGA of America. January 31, 2016.
- Livsey, Laury (April 16, 2019). "How we got to 82". PGA Tour.
- Apfelbaum, Jim, ed. (2007). The Gigantic Book of Golf Quotations. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60239-014-0.
- Kelley, Brent, ed. (May 24, 2019). "Sam Snead Quotes". Retrieved July 8, 2019.
- "1949 PGA Golfer of the Year Award Plaque from The Sam Snead Collection". November 28, 1949. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Winners of the PGA Tour and PGA of America Player of the Year Awards". Golf News Net. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Virginia Sports Hall of Fame & Museum – Sam Snead". Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- "Tom Watson Declines Offer to Join PGA of America Hall of Fame". Golf. September 28, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- "Helms Hall Hall Of Fame Award From The Sam Snead Collection". Heritage Auctions. September 28, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- "Snead, Campbell inducted into W.Va. Golf Hall". USA Today. August 3, 2009.
- "West Virginia Golf Hall of Fame – Class of 2009 – Samuel J. Snead". August 3, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2019 – via YouTube.
- "Samuel J. Snead - 2009". WVGA. August 3, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- "Sam Snead". Virginia Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
- Moss, Richard J. (June 1, 2013). The Kingdom of Golf in America. U of Nebraska Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-8032-4680-5. OCLC 841906541. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- May, Mike. "Golf @ The Boca Resort: Living, Breathing History". Go Golf and Travel.
- Barkow, Al (1986). Gettin' to the Dance Floor: An Oral History of American Golf. New York: Atheneum. ISBN 978-0-689-11517-2. OCLC 42892255.
- "Sam Snead discharged from navy". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. September 13, 1944. p. 6.
- "The Colonel Breaks Par". IMBd.
- Kelley, Brent. "Largest Margin of Victory on the PGA Tour". About.com. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- "1937 U.S. Open Highlights". USGA. August 17, 2017.
- "Cotton's brilliant victory". Glasgow Herald. (Scotland). July 10, 1937. p. 6.
- Kelley, Brent. "Oldest PGA Tour Winners". About.com. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- Snead, Sam (1938). Sam Snead's quick way to better golf. Garden City, New York: Sun Dial Press. ISBN 9781161629781. LCCN 39000237. OCLC 504827770.
- Carter, Bob. "Only old age could stop Snead". ESPN.
- "After 51 Years on Tour, Snead Takes It Easy". Los Angeles Times. July 2, 1989. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Snead, Sam (1946). Sam Snead's How to play golf, and professional tips on improving your score. Also, rules of the game of golf, as approved by the United States Golf Association, and by the Royal and ancient golf club of St. Andrews. Garden City, New York: Garden City Publishing. ISBN 9781258142988. LCCN 46004312. OL 2693695W.
- "1947 U.S. Open: Snead Recalls Tough Defeat". USGA. May 27, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- "Masters Golf (1949)". youtube.com. Pathé News. April 13, 2014.
- "Sam Snead Wins PGA (1949)". youtube.com. Pathé News. April 13, 2014.
- "Middlecoff Sinks Decisive Putt to Capture Reading Golf With 266". NY Times. Reading, PA. Associated Press. July 11, 1949.
- "1949 U.S. Open Highlights". USGA. September 14, 2017.
- "Victory Records". PGA Tour. June 3, 2006. Archived from the original on January 3, 2006. Retrieved June 5, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Kelley, Brent. "Lowest PGA Tour Vardon Trophy Scoring Averages". About.com. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "Masters Greats: Sam Snead 1952". masters.com.
- "Ford Gets First Major Golf Win". Reading Eagle. Reading, Pennsylvania. United Press. March 25, 1952. p. 17. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "Sam Snead Forfeits First in Jacksonville Open". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. March 25, 1952. p. 12. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- "1953 U.S. Open Highlights". youtube.com. USGA. October 10, 2017.
- "1954: Snead wins in legendary Masters battle with Hogan". augusta.com. March 22, 2012.
- "Historic Leaderboard: 1954 Masters". augusta.com.
- "Sam Snead wins 1954 Masters Tournament". gettyimages.co.uk. Getty Images.
- "Sponsor Cancels After Snead TV Golf Incident". The Victoria Advocate. Victoria, Texas. Associated Press. April 9, 1960. p. 9. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
- Sobel, Jason (February 7, 2015). "Slammin' Sam the only man with LPGA victory". Golf Channel. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Snead, Sam (1962). The education of a golfer. New York: Simon and Schuster. LCCN 62009601. OCLC 1087094040.
- "Golf Detective: Lost Ryder Cup of 1939". Golf Channel. August 11, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Snead, Sam (1986). Pigeons, marks, hustlers and other golf bettors you can beat. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671540734. LCCN 86019516. OCLC 14131378.
- Yocom, Guy (July 2000). "50 Greatest Golfers of All Time: And What They Taught Us". Golf Digest. Archived from the original on September 16, 2004. Retrieved December 5, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Historical Rules of Golf, 1968". ruleshistory.com. January 1, 1968. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "1946 / St Andrews". The Open. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Barkow, Al (November 1989). The History of the PGA TOUR. Doubleday. pp. 259–60. ISBN 0-385-26145-4. LCCN 89034228. OCLC 423223896.