Lloyd Eugene Mangrum (August 1, 1914 – November 17, 1973) was an American professional golfer. He was known for his smooth swing and his relaxed demeanour on the course, which earned him the nickname "Mr. Icicle."
|Full name||Lloyd Eugene Mangrum|
|Born||August 1, 1914|
|Died||November 17, 1973 (aged 59)|
Apple Valley, California
|Former tour(s)||PGA Tour|
|Number of wins by tour|
|PGA Tour||36 (13th all time)|
|Best results in major championships|
|Masters Tournament||2nd/T2: 1940, 1949|
|PGA Championship||T3: 1941, 1949|
|U.S. Open||Won: 1946|
|The Open Championship||T24: 1953|
|Achievements and awards|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards|| Silver Star (2)|
Bronze Star (2)
Purple Heart (2)
Born in Trenton, Texas, Mangrum became a professional golfer at age fifteen, working as an assistant to his brother Ray, the head professional at Cliff-Dale Country Club in Dallas. He joined the PGA Tour in 1937 and went on to win 36 events on the Tour. He might have won more if his career had not been interrupted by service in World War II. While serving in the U.S. Army and training for the D-Day landings, Mangrum was offered the professional's job at the Fort Meade golf course in Maryland, which would have kept him out of combat, but he declined. He was awarded two Purple Hearts after being wounded at Normandy and Battle of the Bulge. He was also awarded two Silver and two Bronze Stars while serving in General Patton's Third Army. His best years on tour came after the war: he led the PGA Tour money list in 1951 and won the Vardon Trophy for the lowest scoring average on the tour in both 1951 and 1953.
Mangrum's only major title came at the U.S. Open in 1946, though he was runner-up in three majors and third in six more (including twice losing in the semi-finals in the PGA Championship when it was a match-play event). He lost a playoff for the 1950 U.S. Open at Merion to Ben Hogan and his famous one-iron. Mangrum finished in the top ten at the Masters Tournament ten consecutive years. He shot 64 in the opening round in 1940, a Masters record that stood for 46 years, until Nick Price's 63 in the third round in 1986.
Mangrum played on four Ryder Cup teams in 1947, 1949, 1951, and 1953. On the last occasion, he was a playing captain. He had a record of six wins, two losses, and no ties (.750), including three wins, one loss, and no ties (.750) in singles matches.
Mangrum died at age 59 in Apple Valley, California in 1973. The cause of death was a heart attack, the 12th he had suffered. Mangrum was called "the forgotten man of golf" by sportswriter Jim Murray. Even though only 12 men have won more PGA Tour events, his reputation has been overshadowed by the other stars of his era who lived long, extraordinary lives such as Sam Snead; and fellow Texans Ben Hogan, Jimmy Demaret, and Byron Nelson. At the 1996 Masters, Nelson conducted a test. "I asked three young pros if they ever heard of Lloyd Mangrum, and they never had." Nelson commented, "Lloyd's the best player who's been forgotten since I've been playing golf." A quarter century after his death, Mangrum was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1998.
PGA Tour wins (36)Edit
- 1940 (1) Thomasville Open
- 1941 (1) Atlantic City Open
- 1942 (3) New Orleans Open, Seminole Victory Golf Tournament, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball (with Lawson Little)
- 1946 (1) U.S. Open
- 1947 (2) National Capital Open, Albuquerque Open
- 1948 (7) Bing Crosby Pro-Am, Lower Rio Grande Open, Greater Greensboro Open, Columbus Invitational, All American Open, World Championship of Golf, Utah Open
- 1949 (4) Los Angeles Open, Tucson Open, Motor City Open (co-winner with Cary Middlecoff), All American Open
- 1950 (5) Fort Wayne Open, Motor City Open, Eastern Open, Kansas City Open, Palm Beach Round Robin
- 1951 (4) Los Angeles Open, Tucson Open, Wilmington Azalea Open, St. Paul Open
- 1952 (2) Phoenix Open, Western Open
- 1953 (4) Los Angeles Open, Bing Crosby Pro-Am Invitational, Phoenix Open, All American Open
- 1954 (1) Western Open
- 1956 (1) Los Angeles Open
Major championship is shown in bold.
Other wins (9)Edit
- 1938 Pennsylvania Open Championship
- 1939 Central New York Open, Santa Anita Open
- 1940 Santa Anita Open
- 1946 Argentine Open
- 1952 California State Open, Philippine Open, Adelaide Advertiser Special Tournament (Australia), Ampol Tournament (Nov)
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runners-up|
|1946||U.S. Open||1 shot deficit||−4 (74-70-68-72=284)||Playoff 1||Vic Ghezzi, Byron Nelson|
1 Defeated Ghezzi and Nelson in a playoff. All three shot 72 (E) in first 18-hole playoff. Second 18-hole playoff: Mangum 72=144 (E), Ghezzi 73=145 (+1), Nelson 73=145 (+1).
|The Open Championship|
|The Open Championship||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship||T24|
|The Open Championship|
NT = no tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
"T" indicates a tie for a place
|The Open Championship||0||0||0||0||0||1||1||1|
- Most consecutive cuts made – 30 (1942 PGA Championship – 1957 Masters)
- Longest streak of top-10s – 8 (1950 Masters – 1952 U.S. Open)
U.S. national team appearancesEdit
- "After 10 heart attacks Mangrum looks healthy and wealthy at 56". New York Times. Associated Press. July 11, 1971. p. 5.
- "Lloyd Mangrum, golfer, dead; '46 U.S. Open winner was 59". New York Times. UPI. November 18, 1973. p. 77.
- Glick, Shav (June 18, 1998). "Cool Customer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- Sixty, Billy (June 17, 1946). "Mangrum wins 'Open' title in play-off in heavy storm". Milwaukee Journal. p. 4-L.
- Cavagnaro, Bob (June 17, 1946). "Lloyd Mangrum captures national open; beats Nelson, Ghezzi in 36-hole playoff". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. p. 10.
- Kelley, Brent. "Lloyd Mangrum". About.com.
- Barkow, Al (1989). The History of the PGA TOUR. Doubleday. p. 264. ISBN 0-385-26145-4.
- Barrett, David (2010). Miracle at Merion: The Inspiring Story of Ben Hogan's Amazing Comeback and Victory at the 1950 U.S. Open. Doubleday. p. 23. ISBN 9781616080822.