Doubleday is an American publishing company founded as Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 that by 1947 was the largest in the United States. It published the work of mostly U.S. authors under a number of imprints and distributed them through its own stores. In 2009 Doubleday merged with Knopf Publishing Group to form the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, which is now part of Penguin Random House.
|Parent company||Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group (Penguin Random House)|
|Founder||Frank Nelson Doubleday and Samuel McClure|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Headquarters location||New York City|
The firm was founded as Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 by Frank Nelson Doubleday, who had formed a partnership with magazine publisher Samuel McClure. One of their first bestsellers was The Day's Work by Rudyard Kipling. Other authors published by the company in its early years include W. Somerset Maugham and Joseph Conrad. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. later served as a vice-president of the company.
In 1910, Doubleday, Page, and Co. moved its operations, which included a train station, to Garden City. The Doubleday company purchased much of the land on the east side of Franklin Avenue, and estate homes were built for many of its executives on Fourth Street. In 1916, company co-founder and Garden City resident Walter Hines Page was named Ambassador to Great Britain.
In 1927, Doubleday merged with the George H. Doran Company, creating Doubleday, Doran, then the largest publishing business in the English-speaking world. In 1946, the company became Doubleday and Company. Nelson Doubleday resigned as president, but continued as chairman of the board until his death on January 11, 1949. Douglas Black took over as president from 1946 to 1963.
By 1947, Doubleday was the largest publisher in the US, with annual sales of over 30 million books.
Doubleday's son-in-law John Sargent was president and CEO from 1963 to 1978; Nelson Doubleday, Jr. succeeded John Sargent as President and CEO from 1978 to 1985, and James R. McLaughlin then succeeded Doubleday in both roles, with Doubleday becoming Chairman of the Board.
In 1967 the company purchased the Dallas-based Trigg-Vaughn group of radio and TV stations to create Doubleday Broadcasting. After expanding during the 1970s and 1980s, Doubleday sold the broadcasting division in 1986.
By 1986 the firm was a fully integrated international communications company, doing trade publishing, mass-market paperback publishing, book clubs, and book manufacturing, together with ventures in broadcasting and advertising. The company had offices in London and Paris and wholly owned subsidiaries in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, with joint ventures in the UK and the Netherlands.
Doubleday sold the publishing company to Bertelsmann in 1986, and teamed up with minority owner Fred Wilpon to buy the Mets in his own name. In 1988, portions of the firm became part of the Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, which in turn became a division of Random House in 1998.
In late 2008 and early 2009, the Doubleday imprint merged with Knopf Publishing Group to form the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. In October of 2008, Doubleday laid off about 10% of its staff (16 people) across all departments.
- Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (Associate Editor 1978–1982), (Senior Editor 1982–1994)
- Andre Agassi
- Felipe Alfau
- Isaac Asimov
- Margaret Atwood
- John Barth
- Evelyn Berckman
- Ray Bradbury
- Dan Brown
- Bill Bryson
- Pat Conroy
- Theodore Dreiser
- Daphne du Maurier
- Raymond E. Feist
- Graeme Gibson
- John Grisham
- Mark Haddon
- Arthur Hailey
- Alex Haley
- Noah Hawley
- Dolores Hitchens
- Laura Z. Hobson
- Michael Jackson
- Carl Jung
- Michio Kaku
- Stephen King
- Rudyard Kipling
- Jon Krakauer
- Jonathan Lethem
- Alistair MacLean
- Peter Mayle
- Herman Melville
- Michael A. O'Donnell
- Kirby Page
- Chuck Palahniuk
- Vera Pavlova
- Terry Pratchett
- Christopher Reich
- Judith Rossner
- Bill Strickland
- Paul Shaffer
- Una Lucy Silberrad
- Wallace Stegner
- Immanuel Velikovsky
- Jose Antonio Villarreal
- Colson Whitehead
- Jacqueline Wilson
- P. G. Wodehouse
- William H. Whyte
- Hanya Yanagihara
The following are imprints that exist or have existed under Doubleday:
- Anchor Books, produced quality paperbacks for bookstores; named for the anchor that (along with a dolphin) forms Doubleday's colophon; now part of the Knopf Publishing Group's Vintage Anchor unit
- Blakiston Co., medical and scientific books. Sold in 1947 to McGraw-Hill
- Blue Ribbon Books, purchased in 1939 from Reynal & Hitchcock
- Book League of America, contemporary and world classic literature, purchased in 1936
- The Crime Club, active through much of the 20th century, publishing mystery and detective novels, most notably the Fu Manchu series by Sax Rohmer and the Saint series by Leslie Charteris
- Garden City Publishing Co., originally established as a separate firm by Nelson Doubleday, Garden City's books were primarily reprints of books first offered by Doubleday, printed from the original plates but on less expensive paper. It was named for the village on New York's Long Island in which Doubleday was long headquartered (until 1986), and which still houses Bookspan, the direct marketer of general interest and specialty book clubs run by Doubleday Direct and Book of the Month Club holdings.
- Image Books, Catholic Books—still a Doubleday unit as part of Doubleday Religious Publishing
- Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, a literary imprint established in 1990. Talese, the imprint's publisher and editorial director, is a senior vice president of Doubleday.
- Permabooks, paperback division established in 1948
- Rimington & Hooper, high-quality limited editions
- Triangle Books, purchased in 1939 from Reynal & Hitchcock; sold inexpensive books through chain stores
- Zenith Books, aimed at African-American youths
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- Mcdowell, Edwin (1986-10-01). "PENGUIN AGREES TO BUY NEW AMERICAN LIBRARY". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- "Shakeups hit Random House, other publishers | Crain's New York Business". crainsnewyork.com. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
- Rich, Motoko (2008-10-28). "Doubleday Publishing Lays Off 10% of Its Employees". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-05-27.
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- Fargnoli, A. Nicholas; Golay, Michael (2009). Critical Companion to William Faulkner. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438108599.
- "Doubleday Bookstores merged into B. Dalton". answers.com. Retrieved 2016-12-15.