This article contains too many or overly lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. (June 2023)
Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author of horror, supernatural fiction, suspense, crime, science-fiction, and fantasy novels. Described as the "King of Horror", his books have sold more than 350 million copies as of 2006[update], and many have been adapted into films, television series, miniseries, and comic books. King has published 64 novels, including seven under the pen name Richard Bachman, and five non-fiction books. He has also written approximately 200 short stories, most of which have been published in book collections.
|Born||Stephen Edwin King|
September 21, 1947
Portland, Maine, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Maine (BA)|
|Children||3, including Joe and Owen|
King has received Bram Stoker Awards, World Fantasy Awards, and British Fantasy Society Awards. In 2003, the National Book Foundation awarded him the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. He has also received awards for his contribution to literature for his entire bibliography, such as the 2004 World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement and the 2007 Grand Master Award from the Mystery Writers of America. In 2015, he was awarded with a National Medal of Arts from the U.S. National Endowment for the Arts for his contributions to literature.
King was born in Portland, Maine, on September 21, 1947. His father, Donald Edwin King, a traveling vacuum salesman after returning from World War II, was born in Indiana with the surname Pollock, changing it to King as an adult. King's mother was Nellie Ruth King (née Pillsbury). His parents were married in Scarborough, Maine on July 23, 1939. Shortly afterwards, they lived with Donald's family in Chicago before moving to Croton-on-Hudson, New York. King's parents returned to Maine towards the end of World War II, living in a modest house in Scarborough. King is of Scots-Irish descent.
When King was two, his father left the family. His mother raised him and his older brother David by herself, sometimes under great financial strain. They moved from Scarborough and depended on relatives in Chicago, Illinois; Croton-on-Hudson; West De Pere, Wisconsin; Fort Wayne, Indiana; Malden, Massachusetts; and Stratford, Connecticut. When King was 11, his family moved to Durham, Maine, where his mother cared for her parents until their deaths. She then became a caregiver in a local residential facility for the mentally challenged. King was raised Methodist, but lost his belief in organized religion while in high school. While no longer religious, he says he chooses to believe in the existence of God.
As a child, King apparently witnessed one of his friends being struck and killed by a train, though he has no memory of the event. His family told him that after leaving home to play with the boy, King returned speechless and seemingly in shock. Only later did the family learn of the friend's death. Some commentators have suggested that this event may have psychologically inspired some of King's darker works, but King makes no mention of it in his memoir On Writing (2000).
King says he started writing when he was "about six or seven, just copying panels out of comic books and then making up my own stories... Film was also a major influence. I loved the movies from the start. So when I started to write, I had a tendency to write in images because that was all I knew at the time." King told Terry Gross, "I've been queried a lot about where I get my ideas or how I got interested in this stuff. And at some point, a lot of interviewers just turn into Dr. Freud and put me on the couch and say, what was your childhood like? And I say various things, and I confabulate a little bit and kind of dance around the question as best as I can, but bottom line - my childhood was pretty ordinary, except from a very early age, I wanted to be scared. I just did." He cites Tales From the Crypt and other horror comics as an early influence.
King was a voracious reader in his youth: "I read everything from Nancy Drew to Psycho. My favorite was The Shrinking Man, by Richard Matheson — I was 8 when I found that." He compared his uncle's dowsing for water to the sudden realization of what he wanted to do for a living. That inspiration occurred while browsing through an attic with his elder brother, where he discovered a box of his father's books: "The box I found that day was a treasure trove of old Avon paperbacks... The pick of the litter, however, was an H. P. Lovecraft collection from 1947 called The Lurking Fear and Other Stories... I was on my way. Lovecraft—courtesy of my father—opened the way for me."
King remembers asking a bookmobile driver, "Do you have any stories about how kids really are?" She gave him William Golding's Lord of the Flies. It proved formative, as he recalls in his introduction to the centenary edition of the novel: "It was, so far as I can remember, the first book with hands—strong ones that reached out of the pages and seized me by the throat. It said to me, 'This is not just entertainment; it's life or death.'... To me, Lord of the Flies has always represented what novels are for." King named his town of Castle Rock after the mountain fort in Lord of the Flies, and used a quotation from it as an epigraph to Hearts in Atlantis. Mark Singer writes that "He was twelve when he started submitting stories to pulp magazines, and his mother blessed this ambition, providing a secondhand typewriter that was soon missing the 'n' key—a machine that turns up, to excruciatingly funny effect, in Misery." King attended Durham Elementary School and graduated from Lisbon High School (Maine) in Lisbon Falls, Maine, in 1966. He contributed to Dave's Rag, the newspaper his brother published with a mimeograph machine, and later began selling stories to his friends based on movies he had seen. (He was forced to return the profits when it was discovered by his teachers.) The first of his stories to be independently published was "I Was a Teenage Grave Robber", which was serialized over four issues (three published and one unpublished) of the fanzine Comics Review, in 1965. It was republished the following year in revised form, as "In a Half-World of Terror", in another fanzine, Stories of Suspense, edited by Marv Wolfman. As a teen, King also won a Scholastic Art and Writing Award. In high school, King worked as a sports reporter for Lisbon's Weekly Enterprise. His editor, John Gould, gave him some advice that stayed with him: "When you write a story, you're telling yourself the story. When you rewrite, your main job is taking out all of the things that are not the story." He also said "write with the door closed, rewrite with the door open."
King entered the University of Maine in 1966. He held a variety of jobs to pay for his studies, working as a janitor, a gas-station attendant, and an industrial laundry worker. Singer writes that "King received solid encouragement from two professors, Edward Holmes and Burton Hatlen." He participated in a writing workshop organized by Hatlen. He met Tabitha Spruce at the university's Raymond H. Fogler Library after one of Professor Hatlen's workshops. He graduated in 1970 with a Bachelor of Arts in English, and his daughter Naomi Rachel was born that year. Stephen and Tabitha wed in 1971.
King sold his first professional short story, "The Glass Floor", to Startling Mystery Stories in 1967.
After graduating from the University of Maine, King earned a certificate to teach high school but, unable to find a teaching post immediately, he supplemented his laboring wage by selling short stories to men's magazines such as Cavalier. Many of these early stories were republished in the collection Night Shift. The short story "The Raft" was published in Adam, a men's magazine. After being arrested for stealing traffic cones (he was annoyed after one of the cones knocked his muffler loose), he was fined $250 for petty larceny but had no money to pay. However, a check then arrived for "The Raft" (then titled "The Float"), and King cashed it to pay the fine. In 1971, King was hired as a teacher at Hampden Academy in Hampden, Maine. He continued to contribute short stories to magazines and worked on ideas for novels. During 1966–1970, he wrote a draft of his dystopian novel The Long Walk and the anti-war novel Sword in the Darkness, but neither of the works was published at the time; only The Long Walk was released, in 1979.
1970s: Carrie to The Dead Zone
In 1973, King's novel Carrie was accepted by Doubleday. It was King's fourth novel, but the first to be published. He recalls that "Two unrelated ideas, adolescent cruelty and telekinesis, came together." He wrote it on his wife Tabitha's portable typewriter. It began as a short story intended for Cavalier magazine, but King tossed the first three pages in the trash. Tabitha recovered the pages and encouraged him to finish the story, saying she would help him with the female perspective; he followed her advice and expanded it into a novel. She told him: "You've got something here. I really think you do." He said: "I persisted because I was dry and had no better ideas… My considered opinion was that I had written the world's all-time loser." Per The Guardian, Carrie "is the story of Carrie White, a high-school student with latent—and then, as the novel progresses, developing—telekinetic powers. It's brutal in places, affecting in others (Carrie's relationship with her almost hysterically religious mother being a particularly damaged one), and gory in even more."
When Carrie was chosen for publication, King's phone was out of service. Doubleday editor William Thompson—who became King's close friend—sent a telegram to King's house in late March or early April 1973 which read: "Carrie Officially A Doubleday Book. $2,500 Advance Against Royalties. Congrats, Kid – The Future Lies Ahead, Bill." King said he bought a new Ford Pinto with the advance. On May 13, 1973, New American Library bought the paperback rights for $400,000, which—in accordance with King's contract with Doubleday—was split between them. In 1976, Carrie was made into a film by Brian De Palma.
King was teaching Dracula to high school students and wondered what would happen if Old World vampires came to a small New England town. This was the germ of 'Salem's Lot, which King described as "Peyton Place meets Dracula." In a 1987 interview in The Highway Patrolman, he said it was his favorite of his books, "mostly because of what it says about small towns. They are kind of a dying organism right now. The story seems sort of down home to me. I have a special cold spot in my heart for it!" (In 2015, King would call Lisey's Story his favorite of his novels.) In 1979, 'Salem's Lot was made into a miniseries by Tobe Hooper.
After his mother's death, King and his family moved to Boulder, Colorado. He paid a visit to the Stanley Hotel in Estes Park which proved influential: "My wife and I went up there in October. It was their last weekend of the season, so the hotel was almost completely empty. They asked me if I could pay cash because they were taking the credit card receipts back down to Denver. I went past the first sign that said, Roads may be closed after November 1, and I said, Jeez, there's a story up here." This was the basis for The Shining, about an alcoholic writer and his family taking care of a hotel for the winter. In 1980, it was made into a film by Stanley Kubrick. King's family returned to Auburn, Maine in 1975, where he completed The Stand, an apocalyptic novel about a pandemic and its aftermath. King recalls that it was the novel that took him the longest to write, and that it was "also the one my longtime readers still seem to like the best (there's something a little depressing about such a united opinion that you did your best work twenty years ago, but we won't go into that just now, thanks.)" In 1977, the family, with the addition of Owen Philip, his third and youngest child, traveled briefly to England. They returned to Maine that fall, where King began teaching creative writing at the University of Maine. In 1979, he published The Dead Zone, about Johnny Smith, an ordinary man gifted with second sight. It was the first of his novels to take place in Castle Rock, Maine. In 1983, it was adapted into a film by David Cronenberg.
The 1980s: Danse Macabre to The Dark Half
In 1981, King published Danse Macabre, an overview of the horror genre based on courses he taught at the University of Maine. The following year, King published Different Seasons, a collection of four novellas with a more serious dramatic bent than the horror fiction for which he had become famous. Three of its four novellas were adapted as films: The Body as Stand by Me (1986); Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption as The Shawshank Redemption (1994); and Apt Pupil as the film of the same name (1998). The novella The Breathing Method won the British Fantasy Award for Best Short Fiction. King recalls "I sent them Different Seasons and [King's editor] said, well, first of all you call it seasons, and you have just written three. I wrote another one, The Breathing Method, and that was the book. I got the best reviews in my life. And that was the first time that people thought, woah, this isn't really a horror thing."
In 1983 he published Christine, billed as "A love triangle involving 17-year-old misfit Arnie Cunningham, his new girlfriend and a haunted 1958 Plymouth Fury." It was made into a film by John Carpenter. Later that year, he published Pet Sematary, a variation on the theme of "The Monkey's Paw" that King says he initially found too disturbing to publish. He wrote it in 1979, when his family was living near a highway that "used up a lot of animals" as a neighbor put it. His daughter's cat was killed, and they buried it in a pet cemetery (spelled "sematary") built by the local children. King imagined a burial ground beyond it that could bring the dead back to life, albeit imperfectly. In 1985, King published Skeleton Crew, a book of short fiction including "The Reach" and The Mist. King recalls crossing a bridge and thought of the fairy tale The Three Billy-Goats Gruff, "and wondered what I would do if a troll called out from beneath me, 'Who is trip-trapping upon my bridge?' All of a sudden I wanted to write a novel about a real troll under a real bridge. I stopped, thinking of a line by Marianne Moore, something about 'real toads in imaginary gardens,' only it came out 'real trolls in imaginary gardens.'" He recalls that "I would be asked, 'What happened in your childhood that makes you want to write those terrible things?' I couldn't think of any real answer to that. And I thought to myself, 'Why don't you write a final exam on horror, and put in all the monsters that everyone was afraid of as a kid? Put in Frankenstein, the werewolf, the vampire, the mummy, the giant creatures that ate up New York in the old B movies. Put 'em all in there." These influences would coalesce into It, about a shapeshifting monster that takes the form of its victim's fears and haunts the town of Derry, Maine. He said he thought he was done writing about monsters, and wanted to "bring on all the monsters one last time…and call it It." It won the August Derleth Award and was adapted as a miniseries of the same name in 1990 and as a feature film in 2017.
In 1987, he published the fantasy The Eyes of the Dragon. James Smythe writes that "It's dedicated to Ben (son of Peter) Straub and Naomi King, his then-13-year-old daughter. King wrote it for her, to give her something of his to read." That same year, he published Misery, about Paul Sheldon, a popular writer who is injured in a car wreck and held captive by Annie Wilkes, his self-described "number-one fan." King was inspired by Evelyn Waugh's "The Man Who Liked Dickens", about a prisoner who is forced to read Charles Dickens aloud: "I wondered what it would be like if Dickens himself was held captive." King recalls that "Paul Sheldon turned out to be a good deal more resourceful than I initially thought, and his efforts to play Scheherazade and save his life gave me a chance to say some things about the redemptive power of writing I had long felt but never articulated." It shared the inaugural Bram Stoker Award with Swan Song by Robert R. McCammon. In 1990, Misery was made into a film by Rob Reiner starring James Caan and Kathy Bates. King says Misery was also influenced by his experiences with addiction: "Annie was my drug problem, and she was my number-one fan. God, she never wanted to leave." Later in 1987 he published The Tommyknockers, "a forties-style science fiction tale" he says was influenced by his drug use. King later called it "an awful book", adding that he thinks there's a good book in there, and that he'd like to return to it. After the book was published, King's wife staged an intervention, which he recalls as "a kind of This is Your Life in Hell." Two years later, he published The Dark Half, about an author whose literary alter-ego takes on a life of his own. In the author's note, King writes that "I am indebted to the late Richard Bachman."
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, King published a handful of short novels—Rage (1977), The Long Walk (1979), Roadwork (1981), The Running Man (1982) and Thinner (1984)—under the pseudonym Richard Bachman. One explanation was that he wanted to test whether he could replicate his success again and to allay his fears that his popularity was an accident. An alternate explanation was that publishing standards at the time allowed only a single book a year. King picked up the surname from the Canadian hard rock band Bachman–Turner Overdrive, of which he is a fan. Bachman's first name is a nod to Richard Stark, the pseudonym of Donald E Westlake. The Bachman books are darker than King's usual fare; King called Bachman "Dark-toned, despairing...not a very nice guy." A Literary Guild member praised Thinner as "what Stephen King would write like if Stephen King could really write."
Richard Bachman was exposed as King's pseudonym by a persistent Washington, D.C. bookstore clerk, Steve Brown, who noticed similarities between the works and later located publisher's records at the Library of Congress that named King as the author of one of Bachman's novels. This led to a press release heralding Bachman's death from "cancer of the pseudonym, a rare form of schizonomia." 1996, when Desperation was released, the companion novel The Regulators carried the "Bachman" byline.
In 2006, during a press conference in London, King declared that he had discovered another Bachman novel, titled Blaze. It was published on June 12, 2007. In fact, the original manuscript had been held at King's alma mater, the University of Maine in Orono, for many years and had been covered by numerous King experts. King rewrote the original 1973 manuscript for its publication.
King has used other pseudonyms. The short story "The Fifth Quarter" was published under the pseudonym John Swithen (the name of a character in Carrie), by Cavalier in April 1972. The story was reprinted in King's collection Nightmares & Dreamscapes in 1993 under his own name. In the introduction to the Bachman novel Blaze, King claims, with tongue-in-cheek, that "Bachman" was the person using the Swithen pseudonym.
The "children's book" Charlie the Choo-Choo: From the World of The Dark Tower was published in 2016 under the pseudonym Beryl Evans, who was portrayed by actress Allison Davies during a book signing at San Diego Comic-Con, and illustrated by Ned Dameron. It is adapted from a fictional book central to the plot of King's previous novel The Dark Tower III: The Waste Lands.
The Dark Tower
In the late 1970s, King began what became a series of interconnected stories about a lone gunslinger, Roland, who pursues the "Man in Black" in an alternate-reality universe that is a cross between J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth and the American Wild West as depicted by Clint Eastwood and Sergio Leone in their spaghetti Westerns. The first of these stories, The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger, was initially published in five installments by The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction under the editorship of Edward L. Ferman, from 1977 to 1981. The Gunslinger was continued as an eight-book epic series called The Dark Tower, whose books King wrote and published infrequently over four decades (1978-2012).
The 1990s: Needful Things to Hearts in Atlantis
In 1991, King published Needful Things, his first book since achieving sobriety, billed as "The Last Castle Rock Story". In 1992, he published Gerald's Game and Dolores Claiborne, two novels about women loosely linked by a solar eclipse. The latter novel is narrated by the title character in an unbroken monologue; Mark Singer described it as "a morally riveting confession from the earthy mouth of a sixty-six-year-old Maine coastal-island native with a granite-hard life but not a grain of self-pity." King said he based the character of Claiborne on his mother, and dedicated the novel to her. In 1995, it was made into a film starring Kathy Bates. In 1994, King published the short story "The Man in the Black Suit" in The New Yorker. The story won the O. Henry Award in 1996.
In 1996, King published The Green Mile, a serial novel about a death row inmate, John Coffey. He recalls that "I wasn't sure, right up to the end of the book, if [he] would live or die. I wanted him to live, because I liked and pitied him." It was made into a film by Frank Darabont. In 1998, King published of Bag of Bones, his first book with Scribner. The book was well-received, with The Denver Post calling it "the finest he's written." Charles de Lint wrote that it showed King's maturation as a writer: "He hasn't forsaken the spookiness and scares that have made him a brand name, but he uses them more judiciously now... The present-day King has far more insight into the human condition than did his younger self, and better yet, all the skills required to share it with us." Bag of Bones won the August Derleth Award and the Bram Stoker Award. In 1999, King published The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon, about nine-year-old Trisha McFarland, who gets lost on the Appalachian Trail and takes solace in listening to broadcasts of Boston Red Sox games. King said he wanted to write "a kind of fairy-tale, 'Hansel and Gretel' without Hansel.'" Later that year, he published Hearts in Atlantis, a book of linked novellas and short stories about coming of age in the 1960s. The novella Long Men in Yellow Coats and short story "Heavenly Shades of Night are Falling" were adapted as the film Hearts in Atlantis. In an author's note, King writes that while the places in the book are fictionalized, "Although it is difficult to believe, the sixties are not fictional; they actually happened."
In 1999, King was hospitalized after being hit by a van. Reflecting on the incident, King wrote "it occurs to me that I have nearly been killed by a character out of one of my own novels. It's almost funny." He said his nurses were "told in no uncertain terms, don't make any Misery jokes."
The 2000s: On Writing to Under the Dome
In 2000, King published On Writing, a mix of memoir and style manual which The Wall Street Journal called "a one-of-a-kind classic." Later that year he began publishing a serialized horror novel, The Plant, in online installments. At first the public assumed that King had abandoned the project because sales were unsuccessful, but King later stated that he had simply run out of stories. The unfinished epistolary novel is still available from King's official site, now free. Also in 2000, he wrote a digital novella, Riding the Bullet, and saying he foresaw e-books becoming 50% of the market "probably by 2013 and maybe by 2012". However, he also stated: "Here's the thing—people tire of the new toys quickly."
King wrote the first draft of the 2001 novel Dreamcatcher with a notebook and a Waterman fountain pen, which he called "the world's finest word processor". In 2002, he published From a Buick 8, a return to the territory of Christine.
In 2005, King published the mystery The Colorado Kid for the Hard Case Crime imprint.
In 2006, King published an apocalyptic novel, Cell. The book features a sudden force in which every cell phone user turns into a mindless killer. King noted in the book's introduction that he does not use cell phones. That same year, he published Lisey's Story, which he calls his favorite of his novels, because "I've always felt that marriage creates its own secret world, and only in a long marriage can two people at least approach real knowledge about each other. I wanted to write about that, and felt that I actually got close to what I really wanted to say." Lisey's Story won the Bram Stoker Award. King dedicated the novel to his wife.
In 2008, King published Duma Key, his first novel set in Florida, which won the Bram Stoker Award. He also published the collection Just After Sunset, featuring 13 short pieces, including the novella N. Starting July 28, 2008, N. was released as a serialized animated series to lead up to the release of Just After Sunset. In September 2009 it was announced he would serve as a writer for Fangoria.
In 2009, King published Ur and Throttle, a novella co-written with his son Joe Hill. King's novel Under the Dome was published on November 10 of that year. Under the Dome debuted at No. 1 in The New York Times Bestseller List. Janet Maslin said "Hard as this thing is to hoist, it's even harder to put down."
2010s to present
In 2010, King published Full Dark, No Stars, a collection of four novellas. The novella 1922 was made into a film. In April of that year, King published Blockade Billy.
In 2011, King published 11/22/63, about a time portal leading to 1958, and an English teacher who travels through it to try to prevent the Kennedy assassination. It was given a rave review by filmmaker Errol Morris, who called it "one of the best time travel stories since H. G. Wells." It was nominated for the 2012 World Fantasy Award Best Novel. In 2016, it was made into a miniseries produced by J. J. Abrams. The eighth Dark Tower volume, The Wind Through the Keyhole, was published in 2012. In 2013, King published Joyland, his second book for the Hard Case Crime imprint.
During his Chancellor's Speaker Series talk at University of Massachusetts Lowell on December 7, 2012, King indicated that he was writing a crime novel about a retired policeman being taunted by a murderer, with the working title Mr. Mercedes. In an interview with Parade, published on May 26, 2013, King confirmed that the novel was "more or less" completed he published it in June 2014. Later, on June 20, 2013, while doing a video chat with fans as part of promoting the upcoming Under the Dome TV series, King mentioned he was halfway through writing his next novel, Revival, which was released November 11, 2014.
King announced in June 2014 that Mr. Mercedes is part of a trilogy; the second book, Finders Keepers, was released on June 2, 2015. On April 22, 2015, it was revealed that King was working on the third book of the trilogy, End of Watch, which was ultimately released on June 7, 2016.
During a tour to promote End of Watch, King revealed that he had collaborated on a novel, set in a women's prison in West Virginia, with his son Owen King, titled Sleeping Beauties.
In 2018, he released the novel The Outsider, which featured the character of Holly Gibney, and the novella Elevation. In 2019, he released the novel The Institute. In 2020, King released If It Bleeds, a collection of four previously unpublished novellas. In 2022, King released the novel Fairy Tale. A novel about Holly Gibney, Holly, will be released in September 2023.
King has written two novels with horror novelist Peter Straub: The Talisman (1984) and a sequel, Black House (2001).
King produced an artist's book with designer Barbara Kruger, My Pretty Pony (1989), published in a limited edition of 250 by the Library Fellows of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Alfred A. Knopf released it in a general trade edition.
The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer: My Life at Rose Red (2001) was a paperback tie-in for the King-penned miniseries Rose Red (2002). Published under anonymous authorship, the book was written by Ridley Pearson. The novel is written in the form of a diary by Ellen Rimbauer, and annotated by the fictional professor of paranormal activity, Joyce Reardon. The novel also presents a fictional afterword by Ellen Rimbauer's grandson, Steven. Intended to be a promotional item rather than a stand-alone work, its popularity spawned a 2003 prequel television miniseries to Rose Red, titled The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer. This spin-off is a rare occasion of another author being granted permission to write commercial work using characters and story elements invented by King. The novel tie-in idea was repeated on Stephen King's next project, the miniseries Kingdom Hospital. Richard Dooling, King's collaborator on Kingdom Hospital and writer of several episodes in the miniseries, published a fictional diary, The Journals of Eleanor Druse, in 2004. Eleanor Druse is a key character in Kingdom Hospital, much as Dr. Joyce Readon and Ellen Rimbauer are key characters in Rose Red.
Throttle (2009), a novella written in collaboration with his son Joe Hill, appears in the anthology He Is Legend: Celebrating Richard Matheson. Their second novella collaboration, In the Tall Grass (2012), was published in two parts in Esquire. It was later released in e-book and audiobook formats, the latter read by Stephen Lang.
King and his son Owen King wrote the novel Sleeping Beauties, released in 2017, that is set in a women's prison.
King and Richard Chizmar collaborated to write Gwendy's Button Box (2017), a horror novella taking place in King's fictional town of Castle Rock. A sequel titled Gwendy's Magic Feather (2019) was written solely by Chizmar. In November 2020, Chizmar announced that he and King were writing a third installment in the series titled Gwendy's Final Task, this time as a full-length novel, to be released in February 2022.
In 1988, the band Blue Öyster Cult recorded an updated version of its 1974 song "Astronomy". The single released for radio play featured a narrative intro spoken by King. The Blue Öyster Cult song "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" was also used in the King TV series The Stand.
King collaborated with Michael Jackson to create Ghosts (1996), a 40-minute musical video. King states he was motivated to collaborate as he is "always interested in trying something new, and for (him), writing a minimusical would be new". In 2005, King featured with a small spoken word part during the cover version of Everlong (by Foo Fighters) in Bronson Arroyo's album Covering the Bases, at the time, Arroyo was a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox, of whom King is a longtime fan. In 2012, King collaborated with musician Shooter Jennings and his band Hierophant, providing the narration for their album, Black Ribbons. King played guitar for the rock band Rock Bottom Remainders, several of whose members are authors. Other members include Dave Barry, Ridley Pearson, Scott Turow, Amy Tan, James McBride, Mitch Albom, Roy Blount, Jr., Matt Groening, Kathi Kamen Goldmark, Sam Barry, and Greg Iles. King and the other band members collaborated to release an e-book called Hard Listening: The Greatest Rock Band Ever (of Authors) Tells All (2013). King wrote a musical entitled Ghost Brothers of Darkland County (2012) with John Mellencamp.
In 1985, King wrote his first work for the comic book medium, writing a few pages of the benefit X-Men comic book Heroes for Hope Starring the X-Men. The book, whose profits were donated to famine relief in Africa, was written by a number of different authors in the comic book field, such as Chris Claremont, Stan Lee, and Alan Moore, as well as authors not primarily associated with comics, such as Harlan Ellison. He wrote the introduction to Batman No. 400, an anniversary issue where he expressed his preference for the character over Superman. In 2010, DC Comics premiered American Vampire, a monthly comic book series written by King with short-story writer Scott Snyder, and illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque, which represents King's first original comics work. King wrote the background history of the very first American vampire, Skinner Sweet, in the first five-issues story arc. Scott Snyder wrote the story of Pearl.
Style, themes and influences
King recalls that "When, during the course of an interview for The New Yorker, I told the interviewer (Mark Singer) that I believed stories are found things, like fossils in the ground, he said that he didn't believe me. I replied that that was fine, as long as he believed that I believe it. And I do. Stories aren't souvenir tee-shirts or GameBoys. Stories are relics, part of an undiscovered pre-existing world. The writer's job is to use the tools in his or her toolbox to get as much of each one out of the ground intact as possible. Sometimes the fossil you uncover is small, a seashell. Sometimes it's enormous, a Tyrannosaurus Rex with all those gigantic ribs and grinning teeth. Either way, short story or thousand-page whopper of a novel, the techniques of excavation remain basically the same."
When asked why he writes, King responds: "The answer to that is fairly simple—there was nothing else I was made to do. I was made to write stories and I love to write stories. That's why I do it. I really can't imagine doing anything else and I can't imagine not doing what I do." He is also often asked why he writes horror and he answers with another question: "Why do you assume I have a choice?" He says writers write about their obsessions: "Louis L'Amour, the Western writer, and I might both stand at the edge of a small pond in Colorado, and we both might have an idea at exactly the same time. We might both feel the urge to sit down and try to work it out in words. His story might be about water rights in a dry season, my story would more likely be about some dreadful, hulking thing rising out of the still waters to carry of sheep...and horses...and finally people. Louis L'Amour's 'obsession' centers on the history of the American West; I tend more toward things that slither by starlight. He writes Westerns; I write fearsomes. We're both a little nuts."
King often starts with a "what-if" scenario, such as what would happen if an alcoholic writer was stranded with his family in a haunted hotel (The Shining), or if one could see the outcome of future events (The Dead Zone), or if one could travel in time to alter the course of history (11/22/63). He often places classic horror themes or scenarios in a modern context. He recalls that when writing 'Salem's Lot, "I decided I wanted to try to use the book partially as a form of literary homage (as Peter Straub had done in Ghost Story, working in the tradition of such 'classical' ghost story writers as Henry James, M. R. James, and Nathaniel Hawthorne.) So my novel bears an intentional similarity to Bram Stoker's Dracula, and after a while it began to seem I was playing an interesting—to me, at least—game of literary racquet-ball: 'Salem's Lot itself was the ball and Dracula was the wall I kept hitting it against, watching to see how and where it could bounce, so I could hit it again. As a matter of fact, it took some pretty interesting bounces, and I ascribe this mostly to the fact that, while my ball existed in the twentieth century, the wall was very much a product of the nineteenth." Similarly, King's Revival is a modern riff on Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.
Joyce Carol Oates called King "both a storyteller and an inventor of startling images and metaphors, which linger long in the memory." An example of King's imagery is seen in The Body when the narrator recalls a childhood clubhouse with a tin roof and rusty screen door: "No matter what time of day you looked out that screen door, it looked like sunset... When it rained, being inside the club was like being inside a Jamaican steel drum." In his memoir On Writing, King writes "The use of simile and other figurative language is one of the chief delights of fiction—reading it and writing it, as well. When it's on target, a simile delights us in much the same way meeting an old friend in a crowd of strangers does. By comparing two seemingly unrelated objects—a restaurant bar and a cave, a mirror and a mirage—we are sometimes able to see an old thing in a new and vivid way. Even if the result is mere clarity instead of beauty, I think writer and reader are participating together in a kind of miracle. Maybe that's drawing it a little strong, but yeah—it's what I believe."
In the foreword to Night Shift, King says most people have at least some interest in horror, whether they admit it or not: "the subjects of fear and death are not the horror writer's exclusive province. Plenty of so-called 'mainstream' writers have dealt with these themes in a variety of different ways—from Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment to Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? to Ross MacDonald's Lew Archer stories. Fear has always been big. Death has always been big. They are two of the human constants. But only the writer of horror and the supernatural gives the reader such an opportunity for total identification and catharsis."
King reflects that "In every life you get to a point where you have to deal with something that's inexplicable to you, whether it's the doctor saying you have cancer or a prank phone call. So whether you talk about ghosts or vampires or Nazi war criminals living down the block, we're still talking about the same thing, which is an intrusion of the extraordinary into ordinary life and how we deal with it. What that shows about our character and our interactions with others and the society we live in interests me a lot more than monsters and vampires and ghouls and ghosts." When asked why he often writes about childhood, King says "I was fortunate to sell my writing fairly young, and I married young and had children young. Naomi was born in 1971, Joe was born in 1972, and Owen was born in 1977—a six-year spread between three kids. So I had a chance to observe them at a time when a lot of my contemporaries were out dancing to KC and the Sunshine Band. I feel that I got the better part of that deal. Raising the kids was a lot more rewarding than pop culture in the seventies. So I didn't know KC and the Sunshine Band, but I did know my kids inside out... When I started to work on It, which bounces back and forth between the characters' lives as children and then as adults, I realized that I was writing about the way we use our imaginations at different points in our lives." King dedicated the book to his children: "Kids, fiction is the truth inside the lie, and the truth of this fiction is simple enough: The magic exists." King's The Body is about coming of age, a theme he'd return to several times, for example in Joyland.
King often uses authors as characters, such as Ben Mears in 'Salem's Lot, Jack Torrance in The Shining, adult Bill Denbrough in It, and Mike Noonan in Bag of Bones. He has extended this to breaking the fourth wall by including himself as a character in the three novels of The Dark Tower series released in 2003 and 2004. George Stade writes that Misery "is a parable in chiller form of the popular writer's relation to his audience, which holds him prisoner and dictates what he writes, on pain of death" while The Dark Half "is a parable in chiller form of the popular writer's relation to his creative genius, the vampire within him, the part of him that only awakes to raise Cain when he writes."
In his acceptance speech for the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, King said "Frank Norris, the author of McTeague, said something like this: 'What should I care if they, i.e., the critics, single me out for sneers and laughter? I never truckled, I never lied. I told the truth.' And that's always been the bottom line for me. The story and the people in it may be make believe but I need to ask myself over and over if I've told the truth about the way real people would behave in a similar situation... We understand that fiction is a lie to begin with. To ignore the truth inside the lie is to sin against the craft, in general, and one's own work in particular."
In On Writing, King emphasizes the importance of good description, which "begins with clear seeing and ends with clear writing, the kind of writing that employs fresh images and simple vocabulary. I began learning my lessons in this regard by reading Chandler, Hammett, and Ross MacDonald; I gained perhaps even more respect for the power of compact, descriptive language from reading T. S. Eliot (those ragged claws scuttling across the ocean floor; those coffee spoons), and William Carlos Williams (white chickens, red wheelbarrow, the plums that were in the ice box, so sweet and so cold)."
He recalls that "When I read Ray Bradbury as a kid, I wrote like Ray Bradbury—everything green and wondrous and seen through a lens smeared with the grease of nostalgia. When I read James M. Cain, everything came out clipped and stripped and hardboiled. When I read Lovecraft, my prose became luxurious and Byzantine. I wrote stories in my teenage years where all these styles merged, creating a kind of hilarious stew. This sort of stylistic blending is a necessary part of developing one's own style, but it doesn't occur in a vacuum."
King has called Richard Matheson "the author who influenced me most as a writer". Other acknowledged influences include Ray Bradbury, Jack Finney, William Golding, Shirley Jackson, Joseph Payne Brennan, Elmore Leonard, John D. MacDonald, Don Robertson and Thomas Williams. The Shining is steeped in Gothic influences and directly alludes to Edgar Allan Poe's "The Masque of the Red Death". Bag of Bones alludes to a twentieth century Gothic novel, Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca.
When asked about his reading habits, King said "I'm sort of an omnivore, apt to go from the latest John Sanford to D. H. Lawrence to Cormac McCarthy." When asked what books we might be surprised to find on his shelves, King replied, "Poetry, maybe? I love Anne Sexton, Richard Wilbur, W. B. Yeats. The poetry I come back to again and again are the narrative poems of Stephen Dobyns." When asked who is favorite novelist is, King replied "Probably Don Robertson, author of Paradise Falls, The Ideal, Genuine Man and the marvelously titled Miss Margaret Ridpath and the Dismantling of the Universe. What I appreciate most in novels and novelists is generosity, a complete baring of the heart and mind, and Roberston always did that."
In J. Peder Zane's The Top Ten: Authors Pick Their Favorite Books, King chose The Golden Argosy, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Satanic Verses, McTeague, Lord of the Flies, Bleak House, Nineteen Eighty-Four, The Raj Quartet, Light in August and Blood Meridian. He provided an appreciation for The Golden Argosy, a collection of short stories featuring Cather, Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald and others. He recalls that "I first found The Golden Argosy in a Lisbon Falls (Maine) bargain barn called the Jolly White Elephant, where it was on offer for $2.25. At that time I only had four dollars, and spending over half of it on one book, even a hardcover, was a tough decision. I've never regretted it." He calls it "an amazing resource for readers and writers, a treasury in every sense of the word... The Golden Argosy taught me more about good writing than all the writing classes I've ever taken. It was the best $2.25 I ever spent."
In 2022, he provided another list of ten favorite books; Lord of the Flies, Nineteen Eighty-Four and Blood Meridian remained, and he added Ship of Fools, The Orphan Master's Son, Invisible Man, Watership Down, The Hair of Harold Roux, American Pastoral and The Lord of the Rings. He added, "Although Anthony Powell's novels should probably be on here, especially the sublimely titled Casanova's Chinese Restaurant and Books Do Furnish a Room. And Paul Scott's Raj Quartet. And at least six novels by Patrica Highsmith. And what about Patrick O'Brian? See how hard this is to do?"
Reception and influence
Science fiction editors John Clute and Peter Nicholls offer a largely favorable appraisal of King, noting his "pungent prose, sharp ear for dialogue, disarmingly laid-back, frank style, along with his passionately fierce denunciation of human stupidity and cruelty (especially to children) [all of which rank] him among the more distinguished 'popular' writers."
In his book The Philosophy of Horror (1990), Noël Carroll discusses King's work as an exemplar of modern horror fiction. Analyzing both the narrative structure of King's fiction and King's non-fiction ruminations on the art and craft of writing, Carroll writes that for King, "the horror story is always a contest between the normal and the abnormal such that the normal is reinstated and, therefore, affirmed."
In his analysis of post–World War II horror fiction, The Modern Weird Tale (2001), critic S. T. Joshi devotes a chapter to King's work. Joshi argues that King's best-known works are his worst, describing them as mostly bloated, illogical, maudlin and prone to deus ex machina endings. Despite these criticisms, Joshi argues that since Gerald's Game (1992), King has been tempering the worst of his writing faults, producing books that are leaner, more believable and generally better written.
In his short story collection A Century of Great Suspense Stories, editor Jeffery Deaver noted that King "singlehandedly made popular fiction grow up. While there were many good best-selling writers before him, King, more than anybody since John D. MacDonald, brought reality to genre novels. He has often remarked that 'Salem's Lot was "Peyton Place meets Dracula. And so it was. The rich characterization, the careful and caring social eye, the interplay of story line and character development announced that writers could take worn themes such as vampirism and make them fresh again. Before King, many popular writers found their efforts to make their books serious blue-penciled by their editors. 'Stuff like that gets in the way of the story,' they were told. Well, it's stuff like that that has made King so popular, and helped free the popular name from the shackles of simple genre writing. He is a master of masters."
In 2003, King was honored by the National Book Awards with a lifetime achievement award, the Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. Some in the literary community expressed disapproval of the award: Richard E. Snyder, the former CEO of Simon & Schuster, described King's work as "non-literature" and critic Harold Bloom denounced the choice:
The decision to give the National Book Foundation's annual award for "distinguished contribution" to Stephen King is extraordinary, another low in the shocking process of dumbing down our cultural life. I've described King in the past as a writer of penny dreadfuls, but perhaps even that is too kind. He shares nothing with Edgar Allan Poe. What he is is an immensely inadequate writer on a sentence-by-sentence, paragraph-by-paragraph, book-by-book basis.
Orson Scott Card responded:
Let me assure you that King's work most definitely is literature, because it was written to be published and is read with admiration. What Snyder really means is that it is not the literature preferred by the academic-literary elite.
In his review of Secret Window, Roger Ebert wrote that "A lot people were outraged when he was honored at the National Book Awards, as if a popular writer couldn't be taken seriously. But after finding that his book On Writing has more useful and observant things to say about the craft than any book since Strunk and White's The Elements of Style, I have gotten over my own snobbery.
King has, after all, been responsible for the movies The Shawshank Redemption, The Green Mile, The Dead Zone, Misery, Apt Pupil, Christine, Hearts in Atlantis, Stand By Me and Carrie... And we must not be ungrateful for Silver Bullet, which I awarded three stars because it was 'either the worst movie made from a Stephen King story, or the funniest', and you know which side of that I'm gonna come down on."
In 2008, On Writing was ranked 21st on Entertainment Weekly's list of "The New Classics: The 100 Best Reads from 1983 to 2008".
Reviewing Bag of Bones in The Observer, Robert McCrum called King "a sophisticated literary craftsman" who "anatomizes, with folksy charm, the social fabric of small-town American life." Daniel Mendelsohn, reviewing the novel in The New York Times, wrote that "Stephen King is so widely accepted as America's master of paranormal terrors that you can forget his real genius is for the everyday... This is a book about reanimation: the ghosts', of course, but also Mike's, his desire to re-embrace love and work after a long bereavement that King depicts with an eye for the kind of small but moving details that don't typically distinguish blockbuster horror novels."
King's 11/22/63 was named one of the five best fiction books of the year in The New York Times: "His new novel imagines a time portal in a Maine diner that lets an English teacher go back to 1958 in an effort to stop Lee Harvey Oswald and — rewardingly for readers — also allows King to reflect on questions of memory, fate and free will as he richly evokes midcentury America. The past guards its secrets, this novel reminds us, and the horror behind the quotidian is time itself."
In the introduction to Night Shift, John D. MacDonald writes that "Stephen King is a far, far better writer at thirty than I was at thirty, or at forty. I am entitled to hate him a little bit for this." He adds, "I will say that I do not give a diddly-whoop what Stephen King chooses as an area in which to write. The fact that he presently enjoys writing in the field of spooks and spells and slitherings in the cellar is to me the least interesting fact about the man anyone can relate", predicting that "Stephen King is not going to restrict himself to his present area of intense interest."
Introducing King at Princeton, Joyce Carol Oates called King "a brilliantly rooted, psychologically 'realistic' writer, for whom the American scene has been a continuous source of inspiration, and American popular culture a vast cornucopia of possibilities. Where Edgar Allan Poe and H.P. Lovecraft, among his distinguished predecessors in the creation of 'weird' fiction, disdained the world of 'ordinary' men and women and, indeed, excluded children altogether from their fantastical fictions, Stephen King’s characteristic subject is small-town American life, often set in fictitious Derry, Maine; tales of family life, marital life, the lives of children banded together by age, circumstance, and urgency, where parents prove oblivious or helpless. The human heart in conflict with itself—in the guise of the malevolent Other. The 'gothic' imagination magnifies the vicissitudes of 'real life' in order to bring it into a sharper and clearer focus." Oates praises "the elegiac, poetic realism" of King's "The Reach", which she included in the second edition of The Oxford Book of American Short Stories.
David Foster Wallace assigned Carrie and The Stand while teaching at Illinois State University. Wallace said of King: “He’s one of the first people to talk about real Americans and how they live, to capture real American dialogue in all its, like, foulmouthed grandeur... He has a deadly ear for the way people speak, and for the nasty little domestic shit they pull on each other. Students come to me and a lot of them have been led to believe that there’s good stuff and bad stuff, literary books and popular books, stuff that’s redemptive and commercial shit—with a sharp line drawn between the two categories. It’s good to show them that there’s a certain amount of blurring. Surface-wise, King’s work is a bit televisual, but there’s really a lot going on.”
Neil Gaiman recalls that "My first encounter with Stephen King, long before I met him in the flesh, was on East Croydon station in about 1975. I picked up a book with an all-black cover. It was called Salem's Lot... I stayed up late finishing Salem's Lot, loving the Dickensian portrait of a small American town destroyed by the arrival of a vampire. Not a nice vampire, a proper vampire. Dracula meets Peyton Place. After that I bought everything King wrote as it came out. Some books were great, and some weren't. It was okay. I trusted him."
in an interview, Sherman Alexie recalls the influence of "Stephen King, who was always writing about underdogs, and bullied kids, and kids fighting back against overwhelming, often supernatural forces... The world aligned against them. As an Indian boy growing up on a reservation, I always identified with his protagonists. Stephen King, fighting the monsters."
In The Atlantic, Robin Wasserman writes that "Stephen King saved my life... The actual, non-allegorical, non-pithy truth: Stephen King saved my life strictly in the sense that after an especially humiliating junior high school afternoon (acid-washed jeans, a chair puddled with red paint, you get the rest), it was re-reading It that persuaded me not to run away and join the circus. Or at least not to quit school and get a job at the Gap. If the Losers Club could defeat knife-wielding bullies and a monstrous sewer clown, I reasoned, then surely I could take a stab at surviving the junior high cafeteria. After that day, the books I loved became the books I lived on. They were fresh air and security blanket in one; they were not only an acknowledgment that evil existed (you needed only meet my gym teacher to buy that) but an assurance that someone like me, needy and lonely and young, could defeat it."
Lauren Groff says that "I love Stephen King and I owe him more than I could ever express... I love his wild imagination and his vivid scenes, many of which populate my nightmares even decades after I last read the books they're in. But the greatest thing I gleaned most from reading Stephen King is his big-hearted glee, the way he treats writing with gratitude, the way he sees his job not as the source of anguish and pain many writers self-pityingly see it as, but rather as something he's over-the-moon delighted to be lucky enough to do. If I could steal one thing from King, and keep it close to my heart forever, it is his sense of almost-holy glee when it comes to writing."
In a blurb for Lisey's Story, Michael Chabon writes that "King has been getting me to look at the world with terror and wonder since I was fifteen years old, and I have never been more persuaded than by this book of his greatness."
The hero of Junot Diaz's The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao dreams of being "the Dominican Stephen King", and Diaz alludes to King's work several times throughout the novel.
Colson Whitehead recalls that "The first big book I read was Night Shift by Stephen King, you know, a huge book of short stories. And so for many years I just wanted to write horror fiction." In a talk at Virginia Commonwealth University, Whitehead recalls that in college "I wanted to write the black Shining or the black Salem's Lot... Take any Stephen King title and put 'the black' in front of it. That's basically what I wanted to do."
Political views and activism
In 1984, King endorsed Gary Hart's presidential campaign.
In April 2008, King spoke out against HB 1423, a bill pending in the Massachusetts state legislature that would restrict or ban the sale of violent vdeo games to anyone under the age of 18. King argued that such laws allow legislators to ignore the economic divide between the rich and poor and the easy availability of guns, which he believed were the actual causes of violence.
During the 2008 presidential election, King endorsed Barack Obama.
On March 8, 2011, King spoke at a political rally in Sarasota aimed against Governor Rick Scott (R-FL), voicing his opposition to the Tea Party movement.
On April 30, 2012, King published an article in The Daily Beast calling for rich Americans, including himself, to pay more taxes, citing it as "a practical necessity and moral imperative that those who have received much should be obligated to pay ... in the same proportion".
On January 25, 2013, King published an essay titled Guns via Amazon.com's Kindle single feature, which discusses the gun debate in the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. King called for gun owners to support a ban on automatic and semi-automatic weapons, writing, "Autos and semi-autos are weapons of mass destruction...When lunatics want to make war on the unarmed and unprepared, these are the weapons they use." The essay became the fifth-bestselling non-fiction title for the Kindle.
In 2016, King was one of many writers who signed a letter condemning the candidacy of Donald Trump. It began: "Because, as writers, we are particularly aware of the many ways that language can be abused in the name of power" and concluded "Because the rise of a political candidate who deliberately appeals to the basest and most violent elements in society, who encourages aggression among his followers, shouts down opponents, intimidates dissenters, and denigrates women and minorities, demands, from each of us, an immediate and forceful response; For all these reasons, we, the undersigned, as a matter of conscience, oppose, unequivocally, the candidacy of Donald J. Trump for the Presidency of the United States."
King criticized former Iowa Rep. Steve King, deeming him a racist and saying he was tired of being confused with him.
In June 2018, King called for the release of the Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov, who was jailed in Russia.
In the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries, King endorsed Elizabeth Warren's campaign. Warren eventually suspended her campaign, and King later endorsed Joe Biden's campaign in the 2020 general election.
In 2022, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, King expressed support for Ukraine. On his Twitter account, King posted a photo in an "I stand with Ukraine" t-shirt and later tweeted that he refuses to cooperate with Russian publishers.
In July 2022, Stephen King appeared in a video call with the Russian pranksters Vovan and Lexus who played the role of Volodymyr Zelenskyy. In the call Stephen King said "You can always find things about people to pull them down. Washington and Jefferson were slave owners — that doesn't mean they didn't do many good things to the United States of America. There are always people who have flaws, we are humans. On the whole, I think Bandera is a great man, and you're a great man, and Viva Ukraine!" However, King later realized that he was pranked and apologized on Twitter, noting that he wasn't the only victim and "other victims who fell for these guys include J.K. Rowling, Prince Harry, and Justin Trudeau".
King testified in an August 2022 in a case brought by the U.S. Justice Department to block a $2.2 billion merger of Penguin Random House and Simon & Schuster (two of the "Big Five" book publishers). The New York Times credited King's high-profile testimony, which was against his own publisher, with helping to convince presiding judge Florence Y. Pan with ultimately blocking the merger.
King endorsed Shenna Bellows in the 2014 U.S. Senate election for the seat held by Republican Susan Collins.
King publicly criticized Paul LePage during LePage's tenure as Governor of Maine, referring to him as one of The Three Stooges (with then-Florida Governor Rick Scott and then-Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker being the other two). He was critical of LePage for incorrectly suggesting in a 2015 radio address that King avoided paying Maine income taxes by living out of state for part of the year. The statement was later corrected by the governor's office, but no apology was issued. King said LePage was "full of the stuff that makes the grass grow green" and demanded that LePage "man up and apologize". LePage declined to apologize to King, stating, "I never said Stephen King did not pay income taxes. What I said was, Stephen King's not in Maine right now. That's what I said."
The attention garnered by the LePage criticism led to efforts to encourage King to run for Governor of Maine in 2018. King said he would not run or serve. King sent a tweet on June 30, 2015, calling LePage "a terrible embarrassment to the state I live in and love. If he won't govern, he should resign." He later clarified that he was not calling on LePage to resign, but to "go to work or go back home". On August 27, 2016, King called LePage "a bigot, a homophobe, and a racist".
King has stated that he donates approximately $4 million per year "to libraries, local fire departments that need updated lifesaving equipment (Jaws of Life tools are always a popular request), schools, and a scattering of organisations that underwrite the arts."
The Stephen and Tabitha King Foundation, chaired by King and his wife, ranks sixth among Maine charities in terms of average annual giving, with over $2.8 million in grants per year, according to The Grantsmanship Center.
In November 2011, the STK Foundation donated $70,000 in matched funding via his radio station to help pay the heating bills for families in need in his hometown of Bangor, Maine, during the winter.
In February 2021, King's Foundation donated $6,500 to help children from the Farwell Elementary School in Lewiston, Maine, to publish two novels on which they had been working over the course of several prior years, before being stopped due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Maine.
King married Tabitha Spruce on January 2, 1971. She too is a novelist and philanthropic activist. They own and divide their time between three houses: one in Bangor, Maine, one in Lovell, Maine, and for the winter a waterfront mansion located off the Gulf of Mexico in Sarasota, Florida. King's home in Bangor has been described as an unofficial tourist attraction, and as of 2019[update], the couple plan to convert it into a facility housing his archives, as well as a writers' retreat.
The Kings have three children—a daughter and two sons. Their daughter Naomi is a Unitarian Universalist Church minister in Plantation, Florida, with her partner, Thandeka. Both of the Kings' sons are authors: Owen King published his first collection of stories, We're All in This Together: A Novella and Stories, in 2005. Joseph Hillström King, who writes as Joe Hill, published his first collection of short stories, 20th Century Ghosts, in 2005.
King has a history of abusing alcohol and other drugs. He wrote of his struggles with addiction in On Writing. Soon after Carrie's release in 1974, King's mother died of uterine cancer; King has written of his severe drinking problem at this time, stating that he was drunk while delivering the eulogy at his mother's funeral.: 69 King's substance addictions were so serious during the 1980s that, as he acknowledged in On Writing in 2000, he can barely remember writing Cujo.: 73 Shortly after Cujo's publication, King's family and friends staged an intervention, dumping in front of him evidence of his addictions taken from his office, including beer cans, cigarette butts, grams of cocaine, Xanax, Valium, NyQuil, Robitussin, and mouthwash. As King related in On Writing, he then sought help, and became sober in the late 1980s.: 72 The first novel he wrote after becoming sober was Needful Things.
King told Bon Appétit magazine in 2013 that he married Tabitha "because of the fish that she cooked for me." He said his favorite foods are baked salmon and cheesecake. A recipe from King, Lunchtime Gloop, is included in the 2020 cookbook Maine Bicentennial Community Cookbook. The Rachael Ray magazine printed the recipe as made with "greasy hamburger" and canned spaghetti.
King and his wife Tabitha own Zone Radio Corp, a radio station group consisting of WZON/620 AM, WKIT/100.3 & WZLO/103.1.
In 1990, King published an essay about his son Owen's Little League team in The New Yorker. King is a longtime fan of the Boston Red Sox. His nonfiction book Faithful published in 2004, co-written with his friend and fellow author (and Red Sox fan) Stewart O'Nan, chronicles the exchanges between King and O'Nan about the historic 2004 Boston Red Sox season that culminated with the Red Sox winning the 2004 World Series, ending an 86-year championship drought.
Car accident and aftermath
On June 19, 1999, at about 4:30 p.m., King was walking on the shoulder of Maine State Route 5, in Lovell, Maine. Driver Bryan Edwin Smith, distracted by an unrestrained dog moving in the back of his minivan, struck King, who landed in a depression in the ground about 14 feet (four meters) from the pavement of Route 5.: 206 Early reports at the time from Oxford County Sheriff deputy Matt Baker claimed King was hit from behind, and some witnesses said the driver was not speeding, reckless, or drinking. However, Smith was later arrested and charged with driving to endanger and aggravated assault. He pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of driving to endanger and was sentenced to six months in county jail (suspended) and had his driving license suspended for a year. In his book On Writing, King states he was heading north, walking against the traffic. Shortly before the accident took place, a woman in a car, also northbound, passed King first followed by a light blue Dodge van. The van was looping from one side of the road to the other, and the woman told her passenger she hoped "that guy in the van doesn't hit him.": 206
King was conscious enough to give the deputy phone numbers to contact his family but was in considerable pain. He was transported to Northern Cumberland Hospital in Bridgton and then flown by air ambulance to Central Maine Medical Center (CMMC) in Lewiston. His injuries—a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip—kept him at CMMC until July 9. His leg bones were so shattered that doctors initially considered amputating his leg but stabilized the bones in the leg with an external fixator. After five operations in 10 days and physical therapy, King resumed work on On Writing in July, though his hip was still shattered and he could sit for only about 40 minutes before the pain became unbearable.: 216
King's lawyer and two others purchased Smith's van for $1,500, reportedly to prevent it from appearing on eBay. The van was later crushed at a junkyard, to King's disappointment, as he had fantasized about smashing it.
- 2000: On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft (read by Stephen King), Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-0-7435-0665-6.
- 2004: Salem's Lot (introduction), Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-0-7435-3696-7.
- 2005 (Audible: 2000): Bag of Bones (read by Stephen King). Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-0743551755.
- 2008: Needful Things (read by Stephen King), Highbridge Audio. ISBN 978-1598877540.
- 2012: The Wind Through The Keyhole – A Dark Tower Novel (read by Stephen King), Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-1-4423-4697-0.
- 2016: Desperation (read by Stephen King), Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-1508218661.
- 2018: Elevation (read by Stephen King), Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-1508260479.
|1981||Knightriders||No||No||No||Yes||Role: Hoagie Man|
|1982||Creepshow||No||No||Yes||Yes||Role: Jordy Verrill|
|1983||The Dead Zone||No||No||Yes||No|
|1986||Maximum Overdrive||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||Role: Man at Bank ATM|
|1987||Creepshow 2||No||No||No||Yes||Role: Truck Driver|
|1987||Tales from the Darkside||No||No||Yes||No||1 episode: "Sorry, Right Number"|
|1989||Pet Sematary||No||No||Yes||Yes||Role: Minister|
|1991||Golden Years||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Miniseries, also created by King, role: Bus Driver|
|1992||Sleepwalkers||No||No||Yes||Yes||Role: Cemetery Caretaker|
|1994||The Stand||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Miniseries, role: Teddy Weizak|
|1995||The Langoliers||No||No||No||Yes||Miniseries, role: Tom Holby|
|1997||The Shining||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Miniseries, role: Gage Creed|
|1998||The X-Files||No||No||Yes||No||1 episode: "Chinga"|
|1999||Storm of the Century||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Miniseries, role: Lawyer in Ad / Reporter on Broken TV|
|1999||Frasier||No||No||No||Yes||1 episode: "Mary Christmas", role: Brian|
|2002||Rose Red||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Miniseries, role: Pizza Delivery Guy|
|2003||The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer||No||Yes||No||No||TV film|
|2004||Kingdom Hospital||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||9 episodes, also developed by King, role: Johnny B. Goode|
|2004||Riding the Bullet||No||Yes||No||No|
|2005||Fever Pitch||No||No||No||Yes||Role: Stephen King|
|2005||Gotham Cafe||No||No||No||Yes||Short film, role: Mr. Ring|
|2007||Diary of the Dead||No||No||No||Yes||Role: Newsreader (voice, uncredited)|
|2010||Sons of Anarchy||No||No||No||Yes||1 episode: "Caregiver", role: Bachman|
|2012||Stuck in Love||No||No||No||Yes||Role: Stephen King (voice)|
|2014||Under the Dome||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||1 episode: "Heads Will Roll", role: Diner Patron|
|2014||A Good Marriage||No||No||Yes||No|
|2017||Mr. Mercedes||No||Yes||No||Yes||Role: Diner Patron|
|2019||It Chapter Two||No||No||No||Yes||Role: Shopkeeper|
- ^ a b c d e King, Tabitha; DeFilippo, Marsha. "Biography". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- ^ K.S.C. (September 7, 2017). "Why Stephen King's novels still resonate". The Economist. Archived from the original on September 9, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
- ^ Morgan, Robert (November 22, 2006). "Stephen King". Newsnight. BBC. Archived from the original on September 18, 2019. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- ^ Breznican, Anthony (September 3, 2019)."Life Is Imitating Stephen King's Art, and That Scares Him" Archived September 3, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- ^ Barone, Matt (November 8, 2011). "The 25 Best Stephen King Stories" Archived February 7, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Complex. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
- ^ Jackson, Dan (February 18, 2016). "A Beginner's Guide to Stephen King Books" Archived February 7, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Thrillist. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
- ^ a b "Distinguished Contribution to American Letters". National Book Foundation. 2003. Archived from the original on March 10, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- ^ "FORUMS du CLUB STEPHEN KING (CSK)". Forum Stephen King. Archived from the original on February 22, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- ^ "President Obama to Award 2014 National Medals of Arts". NEA. National Endowment for the Arts. September 3, 2015. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- ^ Wright, William J. (October 13, 2020). "The Tragic Real-Life Story Of Stephen King". Grunge.com. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
- ^ "In Search of our Fathers". Finding Your Roots. Season 2. Episode 1. September 23, 2014. PBS. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021.
- ^ "Donald Edwin King". geni.com. March 11, 1914. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
- ^ Ancestry of Stephen King Archived October 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine at Genealogy.com. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- ^ Rogak, Lisa (January 5, 2010). Haunted Heart: The Life and Times of Stephen King. St. Martin's Publishing Group. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-4299-8797-4. Archived from the original on August 5, 2021. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- ^ Rogak, Lisa (January 5, 2010). Haunted Heart: The Life and Times of Stephen King. St. Martin's Publishing Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4299-8797-4. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- ^ "Exclusive interview: Stephen King - the best-selling author speaks about his life, career and Scottish weather". The Scotsman. November 5, 2011. Archived from the original on May 6, 2023.
- ^ Rogak, Lisa (January 5, 2010). Haunted Heart: The Life and Times of Stephen King. St. Martin's Publishing Group. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-4299-8797-4. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- ^ Rogovoy, Seth (September 21, 2019). "The Secret Jewish History Of Stephen King". The Forward. Archived from the original on December 21, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
King, who turned 72 today, was raised Methodist and still identifies as such.
- ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- ^ Flood, Allison (October 29, 2014). "Stephen King: 'Religion Is a Dangerous Tool... but I Choose to Believe God Exists'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- ^ Beahm, George (1991). The Stephen King Story: A Literary Profile. Andrews and McMeel. ISBN 0836279891.
- ^ a b c d e Rich, Nathaniel; Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher (Fall 2006). "Stephen King: The Art of Fiction No. 189". The Paris Review.
- ^ Gross, Terry (July 27, 2018). "Stephen King: 'My Imagination Was Very Active — Even At A Young Age'". National Public Radio.
- ^ a b c d "Stephen King: By the Book". The New York Times. June 14, 2015.
- ^ King, Stephen (1981). Danse Macabre (2010 ed.). pp. 100–101.
- ^ a b King, Stephen. Introduction. Lord of the Flies, William Golding, 1954, William Golding Centenary ed. Faber and Faber, 2011. pp. vi-ix.
- ^ Flood, Alison (April 11, 2011). "Stephen King joins William Golding centenary celebrations". The Guardian.
- ^ a b c d e Singer, Mark (September 7, 1998). "What Are You Afraid Of?". The New Yorker.
- ^ a b "The Author". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on August 16, 2019. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
- ^ Wood, Rocky; et al. (2006). Stephen King: Uncollected, Unpublished. Abingdon, Maryland: Cemetery Dance Publications. p. 199. ISBN 1-58767-130-1.
- ^ "America's Most Creative Teens Named as National 2016 Scholastic Art & Writing Awards Recipients" (Press release). New York City: Scholastic Inc. March 14, 2016. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- ^ King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 55–57.
- ^ Anstead, Alicia (January 23, 2008). "UM scholar Hatlen, mentor to Stephen King, dies at 71". Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008.
- ^ "About the Author". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- ^ Klein, T.E.D. (June 1983). "Cone fever . . ". Rod Serling's the Twilight Zone Magazine. Vol. 3, no. 2. p. 6.
- ^ King, Stephen (2010). "Afterword". Full Dark, No Stars. Scribner. ISBN 9781439192566.
- ^ Blue, Tyson (1989). The Unseen King. Borgo Press. ISBN 1-55742-073-4.
- ^ King, Tabitha, Introduction to "Carrie" (Collector's Edition) Plume 1991
- ^ King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 75–77.
- ^ King, Stephen (February 1980). "On Becoming a Brand Name". Adelina Magazine: 44.
- ^ Smythe, James (May 24, 2012). "Rereading Stephen King: week one – Carrie". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- ^ Beahm, George (September 1, 1998). Stephen King from A to Z: An Encyclopedia of His Life and Work. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 29. ISBN 9780836269147. Retrieved February 15, 2019 – via Internet Archive.
carrie stephen king april 5.
- ^ King (2000), p.83
- ^ Beham, George (1989). The Stephen King Companion. Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 171–173. ISBN 9780836279788. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
- ^ Flood, Alison (April 4, 2014). "How Carrie changed Stephen King's life, and began a generation of horror". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- ^ a b Deaver, Jeffrey, ed. (2001). A Century of Great Suspense Stories. Berkley Hardcover. p. 290. ISBN 0-425-18192-8.
- ^ "Stephen King | 'Salem's Lot". stephenking.com. Retrieved May 20, 2023.
- ^ Konstantin, Phil. "An Interview with Stephen King" Archived April 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, americanindian.net. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- ^ King, Stephen. On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. p. 201.
- ^ "The Author". stephenking.com. Archived from the original on September 17, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- ^ King, Stephen (1981). Danse Macabre. pp. xxxiii–xxxvii.
- ^ "Books of the Times". The New York Times. August 11, 1982. Archived from the original on June 21, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ "All the Stephen King Easter Eggs in Hulu's 'Castle Rock' – From Shawshank to Sissy Spacek". Entertainment Tonight. July 25, 2018. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ Heidenry, Margaret (September 22, 2014). "The Little-Known Story of How The Shawshank Redemption Became One of the Most Beloved Films of All Time". HWD. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ "'Apt Pupil': In a Suburb, Echoes of the Third Reich". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- ^ "British Fantasy Awards 1983". www.sfadb.com. 1983.
- ^ a b Gaiman, Neil (April 28, 2012). "Neil Gaiman's Journal: Popular Writers: A Stephen King Interview".
- ^ "Stephen King | Christine". stephenking.com. Retrieved May 6, 2023.
- ^ Winter, Douglas (November 13, 1983). "Pet Sematary by Stephen King". The Washington Post.
- ^ "Stephen King | IT". stephenking.com. Retrieved May 5, 2023.
- ^ Cruz, Gilbert (November 3, 2009). "Stephen King on His 10 Longest Novels". Time.
- ^ Smythe, James (May 28, 2013). "Rereading Stephen King, chapter 21: It". The Guardian.
- ^ "sfadb: British Fantasy Awards 1987". www.sfadb.com. Retrieved May 25, 2023.
- ^ Smythe, James (January 20, 2013). "Rereading Stephen King, chapter 22: The Eyes of the Dragon". The Guardian.
- ^ Smythe, James (July 30, 2013). "Rereading Stephen King, chapter 24: Misery". The Guardian.
- ^ "Stephen King | Misery". stephenking.com. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
- ^ King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 103–106.
- ^ "1987 Bram Stoker Award Nominees & Winners – The Bram Stoker Awards". Retrieved May 6, 2023.
- ^ a b King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 96–97.
- ^ a b Greene, Andy (October 31, 2014). "Stephen King: The Rolling Stone Interview". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
- ^ Smythe, James (October 21, 2013). "Rereading Stephen King, chapter 26: The Dark Half". The Guardian.
- ^ King, Stephen. 1989. The Dark Half. Author's Note.
- ^ Newton, Steve (January 13, 2009). "Bachman-Turner Overdrive founder searched for Stephen King". Straight.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- ^ King, Stephen. "Stephen King FAQ: "Why did you write books as Richard Bachman?"". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on November 15, 2006. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
- ^ Brown, Steve. 'Richard Bachman Exposed' Archived December 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Lilja's Library: The World of Stephen King. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
- ^ 'Blaze – Book Summary' Archived February 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Simon & Schuster. Retrieved January 10, 2009.
- ^ Beahm, George (2015). The Stephen King companion: forty years of fear from the master of horror. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 118–119. ISBN 9781466856684.
- ^ Beahm, George (1998). Stephen King from A to Z: An Encyclopedia of His Life and Work. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 978-0836269147.
- ^ "'Charlie the Choo-Choo': 'The Dark Tower' fans seek Stephen King storybook that isn't real". Entertainment Weekly. July 22, 2016. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
- ^ "Lilja's". liljas-library.com. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
- ^ jbindeck2015 (January 10, 2018). "A Reading Guide to Stephen King's Dark Tower Universe". Den of Geek. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
- ^ King, Stephen. Dolores Claiborne. 1992. "Jessie Mahout would marry a name named Gerald Burlingame, and her story is told in Gerald's Game. Dolores St. George would take back her birth name, Dolores Claiborne, and she tells her story in the pages that follow. Both are tales of women in the path of the eclipse, and of how they emerge from the darkness." p. xviii
- ^ King, Stephen. 1992. Dolores Claiborne. Dedication: "For my mother, Ruth Pilsbury King."
- ^ King, Stephen (October 31, 1994). "The Man in the Black Suit". The New Yorker.
- ^ "The O. Henry Prize Collection". PenguinRandomhouse.com. Retrieved May 17, 2023.
- ^ King, Stephen. On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. p. 197.
- ^ a b Shindler, Dorman (September 27, 1998). "Bag of Bones". The Denver Post.
- ^ de Lint, Charles (February 1999). "Books to Look For".
- ^ "sfadb: British Fantasy Awards 1999". www.sfadb.com. Retrieved May 25, 2023.
- ^ "1998 Bram Stoker Award Winners & Nominees – The Bram Stoker Awards". Retrieved May 22, 2023.
- ^ "Stephen King winds real life deep into his newest fiction - April 5, 1999". www.cnn.com. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
- ^ King, Stephen. Hearts in Atlantis. p. 523.
- ^ "Stephen King: The 'Craft' of Writing Horror Stories". National Public Radio. July 2, 2010.
- ^ Nolan, Tom (September 29, 2000). "Portrait of an Author". The Wall Street Journal.
- ^ Verton, Dan (January 8, 2001). "Barnes & Noble Takes Popular Literature Digital". Computerworld. p. 14.
- ^ "Stephen King's Net Horror Story". Slashdot. December 4, 2000. Archived from the original on May 2, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- ^ Minzesheimer, Bob (October 20, 2010). "More bibliophiles get on the same page with digital readers". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 4, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- ^ King, Stephen (2001). Dreamcatcher. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-1138-3.
- ^ "From a Buick 8". Publisher's Weekly.
- ^ Keith, Phipps (October 12, 2005). "Stephen King: The Colorado Kid". The A. V. Club.
- ^ King, Stephen (2006). Cell. London: Hodder & Stoughton. pp. introduction. ISBN 0-340-92144-7. OCLC 62714165.
- ^ "2006 Bram Stoker Award Winners & Nominees – The Bram Stoker Awards". Retrieved May 7, 2023.
- ^ King, Stephen. 2006. Lisey's Story. Dedication: "For Tabby"
- ^ "2008 Bram Stoker Award Winners & Nominees – The Bram Stoker Awards". Retrieved May 7, 2023.
- ^ Powers, Kevin (July 25, 2008). "Marvel Bringing Stephen King's "N" To Your Phone". Archived from the original on October 15, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2008.
- ^ "Stephen King writes for FANGORIA!". Archived from the original on September 25, 2009.
- ^ Schuessler, Jennifer (November 29, 2009). "Best Sellers – The New York Times". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
- ^ Maslin, Janet (November 11, 2009). "Stephen King's Latest Cast Feels Real". The New York Times.
- ^ Morris, Errol (November 10, 2010). "11/22/63 -- By Stephen King -- Book Review". The New York Times.
- ^ "World Fantasy Award Ballot". World Fantasy Convention. Archived from the original on August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- ^ King, Stephen. "The Dark Tower: The Wind Through the Keyhole: 2012" Archived September 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, stephenking.com. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- ^ "About Joyland". www.hardcasecrime.com. Retrieved May 11, 2023.
- ^ "A Conversation with Stephen King" Archived December 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Chancellor's Speaker Series. University of Massachusetts Lowell. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
- ^ Tucker, Ken (May 25, 2013). "A Rare Interview with Master Storyteller Stephen King". Parade. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- ^ "Under the Dome - Live Chat feat. Stephen King". CBS. June 20, 2013. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ King, Stephen (November 11, 2014). Revival. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- ^ King, Stephen (June 10, 2014). "Stephen King @Sephen King". @Stephen King. Stephen King via Twitter. Archived from the original on June 16, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- ^ McClurg, Jocelyn (June 10, 2015). "Stephen King rules at No. 1". Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- ^ "Sleeping Beauties; A New Book By Stephen & Owen King Due In 2017". June 14, 2016. Archived from the original on November 19, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- ^ "Stephen King | Upcoming". stephenking.com.
- ^ King, Stephen (September 5, 2023). Holly. ISBN 9781668016138 – via www.simonandschuster.com.
- ^ "The Collection | Barbara Kruger. My Pretty Pony. 1988". MoMA. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
- ^ "Gauntlet Press website, forthcoming titles". Gauntletpress.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- ^ "June/July 2012 Contents". Esquire. May 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- ^ "August 2012 Contents". Esquire. July 3, 2012. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- ^ King, Stephen; Hill, Joe; Lang, Stephen (October 9, 2012). In the Tall Grass. Simon & Schuster Audio. ISBN 978-1442359888.
- ^ Thurman, Trace (September 21, 2016). "Stephen King Turns 69 Today!". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- ^ Truitt, Brian (May 22, 2017). "Stephen King loads 'Gwendy's Button Box' with scares". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 11, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- ^ Breznican, Anthony (May 1, 2019). "'Gwendy's Magic Feather' goes back to Stephen King's Castle Rock". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 12, 2021. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- ^ Chizmar, Richard [@RichardChizmar] (November 29, 2020). "She's back" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- ^ King, Stephen [@StephenKing] (January 26, 2021). "Reading CHASING THE BOOGEYMAN , by my sometime collaborator, Rich Chizmar (GWENDY'S BUTTON BOX and the forthcoming GWENDY'S FINAL TASK). BOOGEYMAN is creepy and engrossing. You'll believe it" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- ^ Chizmar, Richard [@RichardChizmar] (March 9, 2021). "Couple of lucky guys in today's Publishers Marketplace..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- ^ Gregmar, Bolle. "Complete Blue Öyster Cult Discography" (PDF). Blue Öyster Cult. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2007. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
- ^ Knopper, Steve (October 26, 2012). "Blue Oyster Cult's 40th anniversary CD". Newsday. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ Ives, Brian (June 13, 2013). "Inside The Music Of Stephen King's 'Under The Dome' Miniseries". radio.com. CBS. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ Adams, Michael (July 14, 2009). "The Cold Case: Director Mick Garris on Michael Jackson's Forgotten Ghosts". Movieline. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ King, Stephen (January 17, 2015). "Memories of Michael Jackson". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ "Stephen King | Stephen Contributes to". stephenking.com. Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
- ^ Lewis, Randy (February 27, 2010). "Shooter Jennings and Stephen King team for 'Black Ribbons'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- ^ Domonoske, Camila (June 17, 2013). "Digital Scrapbook Collects Rock-Star Authors' Memories". NPR. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
- ^ Crowder, Courtney (July 12, 2013). "The Rock Bottom Remainders rock out in 'Hard Listening'". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
- ^ "Stephen King at The Comic Book Database". Comicbookdb.com. Archived from the original on May 16, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- ^ "Heroes for Hope". Comic Book Database. Archived from the original on May 20, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- ^ Manning, Matthew K. (2010). "1980s". In Dolan, Hannah (ed.). DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
Batman celebrated the 400th issue of his self-titled comic with a blockbuster featuring dozens of famous comic book creators and... with an introduction by novelist Stephen King.
- ^ Rogers, Vaneta (October 26, 2009). "Stephen King Brings an American Vampire Tale to Vertigo". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- ^ Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 340: "The first five double-sized issues consisted of two stories, illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque. Scott Snyder wrote each issue's lead feature, and Stephen King wrote the back-up tales."
- ^ King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 163–164.
- ^ "Stephen King's official site". Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- ^ a b King, Stephen (1978). Night Shift. pp. xii–xvii.
- ^ Jenna Blum, 2013, The Modern Scholar published by Recorded Books, The Author at Work: The Art of Writing Fiction, Disk 1, Track 11, ISBN 978-1-4703-8437-1
- ^ King, Stephen (1981). Danse Macabre (2011 ed.). p. 26.
- ^ "Stephen King Exclusive: Read an Excerpt From New Book 'Revival'". Rolling Stone. October 27, 2014.
- ^ "Joyce Carol Oates on Stephen King, Princeton University, 1997". Celestial Timepiece. April 19, 1997. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
- ^ King, Stephen (1982). Different Seasons. p. 302.
- ^ King, Stephen. On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 179–180.
- ^ Stephen King. 1986. It. Dedication
- ^ Flood, Alison (January 22, 2013). "Joyland by Stephen King -- review". The Guardian.
- ^ Stade, George (October 29, 1989). "His Alter-Ego is a Killer". The New York Times.
- ^ "Stephen King Accepts the Medal For Distinguished Contribution to American Letters". 2003.
- ^ King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. pp. 179–180.
- ^ King, Stephen. On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. p. 147.
- ^ Bricken, Rob (June 24, 2013). "R.I.P. Richard Matheson, Author of I Am Legend and Many Other Classics". io9. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- ^ Stayton, Richard. "Ray Bradbury: A Lion at 90, 91, 92..." The Writers Guild of America. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- ^ King, Stephen. 11/22/63. pp. 848–849.
- ^ King, Stephen. Danse Macabre. p. 282.
- ^ Spignesi, Stephen J. (August 4, 2010). The Essential Stephen King: A Ranking of the Greatest Novels, Short Stories. Movies, and Other Creations of the World's Most Popular Writer. New Page Books. p. 312. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- ^ "Exclusive: Stephen King on J.K. Rowling, Stephenie Meyer"
- ^ King, Stephen (January 8, 2016). "John D and me". Herald Tribune.
- ^ Robertson, Don (1987). The Ideal, Genuine Man. Bangor, ME: Philtrum Press. viiI.
- ^ Parker, James (April 12, 2011). "Stephen King on the Creative Process, the State of Fiction, and More". The Atlantic.
- ^ King, Stephen (1997). The Shining. p. 157.
- ^ King, Stephen. "Stephen King's Top Ten List (2007)". Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- ^ Thomas-Mason, Lee (July 1, 2022). "Stephen King names his 10 favorite novels of all time". Far Out Magazine.
- ^ Clute, John and Peter Nichols. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1993. ISBN 0-312-09618-6
- ^ Carroll, Noël (1990) The Philosophy of Horror, or, Paradoxes of the Heart. NY: Routledge, 0-415-90145-6
- ^ Joshi, S. T. (2001). "Stephen King: The King's New Clothes". The Modern Weird Tale. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. pp. 62–95. ISBN 9780786409860.
- ^ Bloom, Harold (September 24, 2003). "Dumbing down American readers". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on June 17, 2006. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
- ^ "Yummi Bears, Lions, Boomtown, Mayer, and King – Uncle Orson Reviews Everything". Hatrack.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- ^ Ebert, Roger (March 12, 2004). "Secret Window". Chicago Sun-Times.
- ^ "The New Classics: Books | EW 1000: Books | The EW 1000". Entertainment Weekly. June 27, 2008. Archived from the original on January 27, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- ^ Mendelsohn, Daniel (September 27, 1998). "Familiar Terrors". The New York Times.
- ^ "10 Best Books of 2011". The New York Times. November 30, 2011. Archived from the original on January 5, 2012.
- ^ MacDonald, John D. Introduction to Night Shift by King, Stephen. 1978 p vii-x
- ^ Oates, Joyce Carol (2016). "Joyce Carol Oates on Stephen King". celestialtimepiece.com.
- ^ Oates, Joyce Carol, ed. (2013). The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 707.
- ^ Mack, Sammy (November 19, 2013). "Author Sherman Alexie Talks Young Adult Fiction and Banned Books". State Impact.
- ^ Fassler, Joe (April 23, 2013). "'Stephen King Saved My Life' - The Atlantic". The Atlantic.
- ^ Timberg, Scott (September 11, 2015). "Stephen King goes to the White House: With his National Medal of Arts, the master of horror plants both feet firmly in the literary canon".
- ^ "Lilja's". liljas-library.com.
- ^ Diaz, Junot (2007). The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. pp. 12, 18, 27.
- ^ Freeman, John (November 23, 2016). "Write the Book That Scares You: An Interview with Colson Whitehead".
- ^ Gresham, Tom (February 10, 2017). "Colson Whitehead tells the story behind the 'Underground Railroad' - VCU New - Virginia Commonwealth University". VCU News.
- ^ "Macabre King takes Hart". UPI. January 10, 1984. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
- ^ King, Stephen; "Videogame Lunacy"; "The Pop of King" Entertainment Weekly; April 11, 2008.
- ^ "Earth Times: show/175900,stephen-king-backing-barack-obama.html". July 29, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012.
- ^ a b Bershad, Jon. "Stephen King Speaks At Budget Cut Protest, Says Florida Governor Should Star In His Next Horror Novel" Archived March 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Mediaite, March 9, 2011
- ^ a b King, Stephen (March 21, 2011). "Stephen King: Tax Me, for F@%&'s Sake!". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- ^ Carroll, Rory (January 25, 2013). "Stephen King risks wrath of NRA by releasing pro-gun control essay". The Guardian. Archived from the original on June 6, 2014. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- ^ King, Stephen (February 1, 2013). "Stephen King: why the US must introduce limited gun controls". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 26, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- ^ Samuel, Benjamin (February 14, 2013). "Why Stephen King was wrong to publish 'Guns' as a Kindle Single" Archived February 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Daily News.
- ^ "An Open Letter to the American People". Literary Hub. May 24, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2023.
- ^ "Author Stephen King tells Iowans to vote out Steve King: 'I'm tired of being confused with this racist dumbbell'". The Hill. November 4, 2018. Archived from the original on November 4, 2018. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- ^ "Author Stephen King calls for release of 'unjustly imprisoned' Sentsov". Kyiv Post. June 15, 2018. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
- ^ Christian, Carlos (February 4, 2020). "Stephen King Wants Warren to "Open a Large Can of Whup-Ass on Trump"". The Union Journal. Archived from the original on February 15, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- ^ Sternlicht, Alexandra (June 29, 2020). "Willie Nelson Joins List of Celebrities Endorsing Biden". Forbes. Archived from the original on July 29, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
- ^ Adejobi, Alicia (March 1, 2022). "Stephen King shares rare photo of himself to support Ukraine". Metro. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
- ^ "I don't usually post pictures of myself, but today is an exception". Twitter. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
- ^ "Stephen King refused to cooperate with Russian publishers in support of Ukraine". globalhappenings.com. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
- ^ "Neither am I." Twitter. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
- ^ "Stephen King Appears to Be Pranked By Fake Zelensky, Praises Nazi Collaborator As 'Great Man'". Mediaite. July 19, 2022. Retrieved July 19, 2022.
- ^ @stephenking (July 21, 2022). "Actually, turned out I WAS pranked. Had no idea who this guy Bandera was. So...I'm embarrassed. But it turns out I wasn't alone. Other victims who fell for these guys include J.K. Rowling, Prince Harry, and Justin Trudeau" (Tweet). Retrieved September 7, 2022 – via Twitter.
- ^ Peng, Evan (July 19, 2022). "Stephen King Is Set to Testify in Book Publishing Antitrust Trial". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
- ^ King, Stephen (May 30, 2014). "For this lifetime Mainer, Bellows is the clear choice". Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
- ^ Mistler, Steve (March 20, 2015). "Stephen King calls out LePage on erroneous tax statements". Kennebec Journal. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- ^ Mistler, Steve (March 20, 2015). "King to LePage: 'Man up and apologize'". Kennebec Journal. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- ^ Mistler, Steve (March 26, 2015). "LePage crashes local budget forum, denies saying Stephen King doesn't pay taxes". Portland Press Herald. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- ^ Cousins, Christopher (March 23, 2015). "Stephen King for governor: Horror story or best seller?". Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on March 25, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- ^ Cousins, Christopher (March 23, 2015). "UPDATE: King continues attack on LePage, says 'I will not run' for governor". Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
- ^ Rhoda, Erin (July 1, 2015). "Stephen King joins call for LePage to resign". Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
- ^ DeCosta-Klipa, Nik (August 28, 2016). "Maine's Stephen King says Gov. Paul LePage 'is a bigot, a homophobe, and a racist'". Boston.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2016. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
- ^ Flood, Alison (May 1, 2012). "Stephen King: I'm rich, tax me". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 24, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- ^ "Top Giving Foundations: ME". The Grantsmanship Center. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- ^ Flood, Alison (November 10, 2011). "Stephen King to donate $70,000 to heat Maine homes". The Guardian. UK. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- ^ Guzman, Joseph (February 12, 2021). "Stephen King donation to elementary students will allow them to publish their own books". The Hill. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
- ^ King, Stephen. "Stephen King on Twitter: "A couple of kids got married 48 years ago today. So far it's worked out pretty well. Still in love."". Twitter. Archived from the original on January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
- ^ "Stephen King is turning his Maine home into a museum and writer's retreat". Telegram.com. October 17, 2019. Archived from the original on December 20, 2019. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
- ^ Ehrlich, Brenna (October 17, 2019). "Stephen King's House to Become Archive and Writers' Retreat". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 20, 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
- ^ "River of Grass Ministry". Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
- ^ "Jordan will build 'Box' for Warners". Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
- ^ Adams, Tim (September 14, 2000). "The Stephen King interview, uncut and unpublished". The Guardian. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
- ^ a b c d e f g h King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-76996-3.
- ^ "Stephen King, The Art of Fiction No. 189". The Paris Review. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
- ^ "Author Stephen King Interviewed About the Foods He Loves and Hates". Bon Appétit. June 8, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
- ^ Fox, Mindy (November 9, 2020). "Cookbook Crush: Maine Bicentennial Community Cookbook". Rachael Ray In Season. Archived from the original on January 11, 2022. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
- ^ Kamila, Avery Yale (June 21, 2020). "Vegan Kitchen: The new 'Maine Bicentennial Cookbook' reveals the state's vegetarian flavors". Press Herald. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
- ^ McCrea, Nick. (August 23, 2001), "Stephen King announces new radio show, hopes it will 'burn some feet'" Archived October 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Bangor Daily News
- ^ King, Stephen (April 16, 1990). "Head Down". The New Yorker.
- ^ "The Red Sox offense woke up minutes after Stephen King tweeted about the team's struggles". www.boston.com. Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
- ^ "King's accident". Lijia's Library. Archived from the original on March 7, 2005. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- ^ "The writer, the accident, and a lonely end". The Guardian. October 1, 2002. Archived from the original on October 18, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- ^ Rogak, Lisa. Haunted heart: The Life and Times of Stephen King Archived March 26, 2018, at the Wayback Machine at Google Books. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- ^ "Novelist Stephen King" Archived September 5, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Fresh Air; NPR June 22, 2001
- ^ Dubner, Stephen J. "What's Stephen King Trying to Prove?" Archived January 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine The New York Times, August 13, 2000
- ^ Alex Awards Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, American Library Association. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bram Stoker Awards Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Horror Writer's Association. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- ^ "Horror Writers Association Blog » Blog Archive » 2011 Bram Stoker Award™ winners and Vampire Novel of the Century Award winner". Horror.org. April 1, 2012. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- ^ "The Winners of the 2013 Bram Stoker Awards" Archived June 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Horror Writers Association. May 11, 2014.
- ^ a b c d e f British Fantasy Society Awards Archived May 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Fantastic Fiction. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- ^ "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. July 26, 2007. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
- ^ a b International Horror Guild Awards Archived October 31, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, International Horror Guild. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- ^ Kono Mystery ga Sugoi! 2014 (in Japanese). Takarajimasha. December 2013. ISBN 978-4-8002-2039-4.
- ^ "Book Prizes – Los Angeles Times Festival of Books". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 10, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- ^ a b c d e Locus Awards Archived February 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Locus Magazine. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- ^ King, Stephen. Full Dark, No Stars ISBN 978-1-4391-9256-6
- ^ "National Magazine Awards 2013 Winners Announced" (Press release). American Society of Magazine Editors (ASME). May 2, 2013. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- ^ "The Shirley Jackson Awards Website". Shirleyjacksonawards.org. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- ^ a b c d "World Fantasy Awards – Complete Listing". Worldfantasy.org. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- ^ "Past WHCs". World Horror Convention. November 15, 2009. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- ^ "The Cocaine-Fueled Acting Cameos Of Stephen King". Cracked.com. May 9, 2017. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- ^ Lowry, Brian (February 29, 2004). "Review: 'Stephen King's Kingdom Hospital'". Variety. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- ^ Morrison, Sara (May 7, 2010). "Stephen King guests on Sons of Anarchy for season three". Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010.
- ^ Bruney, Gabrielle (September 7, 2019). "Here's How 'It Chapter Two' Pulled Off Those Big Cameos". Esquire. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- Brooks, Justin (2008). Stephen King: A Primary Bibliography of the World's Most Popular Author. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 978-1-58767-153-1.
- Collings, Michael R. (1985). The Many Facets of Stephen King. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-14-3.
- Collings, Michael R.; Engebretson, David A. (1985). The Shorter Works of Stephen King. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-02-X.
- Collings, Michael R. (1985). Stephen King as Richard Bachman. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-00-3.
- Collings, Michael R. (1986). The Films of Stephen King. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-10-0.
- Collings, Michael R. (1986). The Annotated Guide to Stephen King: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography of the Works of America's Premier Horror Writer. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-80-1.
- Collings, Michael R. (1987). The Stephen King Phenomenon. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-12-7.
- Collings, Michael R. (2003). Horror Plum'd: An International Stephen King Bibliography and Guide 1960–2000. Overlook Connection Press. ISBN 1-892950-45-6.
- Collings, Michael R. (2008). Stephen King Is Richard Bachman. Overlook Connection Press. ISBN 978-1-892950-74-1.
- Hoppenstand, Gary, ed. (2010). Stephen King. Salem Press. ISBN 978-1-58765-685-9.
- Spignesi, Stephen (1991). The Complete Stephen King Encyclopedia. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0-8092-3818-7.
- Spignesi, Stephen (1998). The Lost Work of Stephen King. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 978-1-55972-469-2.
- Spignesi, Stephen (2001). The Essential Stephen King. Career Press. ISBN 978-1-56414-710-3.
- Wood, Rocky; Rawsthorne, David; Blackburn, Norma. The Complete Guide to the Works of Stephen King. Kanrock Partners. ISBN 0-9750593-3-5.
- Wood, Rocky (2006). Stephen King: Uncollected, Unpublished. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 1-58767-130-1.
- Wood, Rocky; Brooks, Justin. The Stephen King Collector's Guide. Kanrock Partners. ISBN 978-0-9750593-5-7.
- Wood, Rocky; Brooks, Justin (2008). Stephen King: The Non-Fiction. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 978-1-58767-160-9.
- Official website
- Stephen King on Twitter
- Working with the King – Shotsmag Ezine Interview with Philippa Pride, King's UK editor
- Stephen King at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Stephen King at the Internet Book List
- Stephen King at IMDb
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher; Rich, Nathaniel (Fall 2006). "Stephen King, The Art of Fiction No. 189". The Paris Review. Fall 2006 (178).