2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

The 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses are a series of electoral contests organized by the Democratic Party to select the approximately 3,979[a] pledged delegates to the 2020 Democratic National Convention. Those delegates will elect the Democratic nominee for president of the United States in the 2020 U.S. presidential election.[4] If a candidate amasses at least 1,991[5][6] pledged delegates by the DNC convention in August (formerly July but postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States),[7] they will be the nominee. The elections are taking place from February to August 2020 in all fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, five U.S. territories, and among Democrats Abroad.

2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

← 2016 February 3 to August 11, 2020 2024 →

  Joe Biden February 2020 crop.jpg Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Candidate Joe Biden Bernie Sanders Elizabeth Warren
Home state Delaware Vermont Massachusetts
Estimated delegate count 2,633[2] 1,070[2] 63[2]
Contests won 45 9 0
Popular vote 17,596,164[3] 9,364,791[3] 2,780,632[3]
Percentage 50.59% 26.92% 7.99%

  Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore 2 (cropped).jpg Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Candidate Michael Bloomberg Pete Buttigieg Amy Klobuchar
Home state New York Indiana Minnesota
Estimated delegate count 51[2] 21[2] 7[2]
Contests won 1 1 0
Popular vote 2,474,725[3] 912,081[3] 524,353[3]
Percentage 7.11% 2.62% 1.51%

  Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Candidate Tulsi Gabbard
Home state Hawaii
Estimated delegate count 2[2]
Contests won 0
Popular vote 261,241[3]
Percentage 0.75%

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2020 California Democratic presidential primary2020 Oregon Democratic presidential primary2020 Washington Democratic presidential primary2020 Idaho Democratic presidential primary2020 Nevada Democratic presidential caucuses2020 Utah Democratic presidential primary2020 Arizona Democratic presidential primary2020 Montana Democratic presidential primary2020 Wyoming Democratic presidential caucuses2020 Colorado Democratic presidential primary2020 New Mexico Democratic presidential primary2020 North Dakota Democratic presidential caucuses2020 South Dakota Democratic presidential primary2020 Nebraska Democratic presidential primary2020 Kansas Democratic presidential primary2020 Oklahoma Democratic presidential primary2020 Texas Democratic presidential primary2020 Minnesota Democratic presidential primary2020 Iowa Democratic presidential caucuses2020 Missouri Democratic presidential primary2020 Arkansas Democratic presidential primary2020 Louisiana Democratic presidential primary2020 Wisconsin Democratic presidential primary2020 Illinois Democratic presidential primary2020 Michigan Democratic presidential primary2020 Indiana Democratic presidential primary2020 Ohio Democratic presidential primary2020 Kentucky Democratic presidential primary2020 Tennessee Democratic presidential primary2020 Mississippi Democratic presidential primary2020 Alabama Democratic presidential primary2020 Georgia Democratic presidential primary2020 Florida Democratic presidential primary2020 South Carolina Democratic presidential primary2020 North Carolina Democratic presidential primary2020 Virginia Democratic presidential primary2020 West Virginia Democratic presidential primary2020 District of Columbia Democratic presidential primary2020 Maryland Democratic presidential primary2020 Delaware Democratic presidential primary2020 Pennsylvania Democratic presidential primary2020 New Jersey Democratic presidential primary2020 New York Democratic presidential primary2020 Connecticut Democratic presidential primary2020 Rhode Island Democratic presidential primary2020 Vermont Democratic presidential primary2020 New Hampshire Democratic presidential primary2020 Maine Democratic presidential primary2020 Massachusetts Democratic presidential primary2020 Alaska Democratic presidential primary2020 Hawaii Democratic presidential primary2020 Puerto Rico Democratic presidential primary2020 U.S. Virgin Islands presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 Northern Mariana Islands presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 American Samoa presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 United States presidential election in Guam#Democratic caucuses2020 Democrats Abroad presidential primaryDemocratic Party presidential primaries results by first instance vote, 2020.svg
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Previous Democratic nominee

Hillary Clinton

Presumptive Democratic nominee

Joe Biden

Independent of the results of the primaries and caucuses, the Democratic Party will, from its group of party leaders and elected officials, also appoint 771[b] unpledged delegates (superdelegates) to participate in its national convention. In contrast to all previous election cycles since superdelegates were introduced in 1984, superdelegates will no longer have the right to cast decisive votes at the convention's first ballot for the presidential nomination. They will be allowed to cast non-decisive votes if a candidate has clinched the nomination before the first ballot, or decisive votes on subsequent ballots in a contested convention.[4][8][9]

Overall, there were 29 major Democratic presidential candidates in the 2020 election, and for six weeks around July 2019, 25 of these had active campaigns simultaneously. On April 8, 2020, former Vice President Joe Biden became the presumptive nominee after Senator Bernie Sanders, the only other major candidate left, suspended his campaign and endorsed Biden a few days later.[10][11] In early June 2020, Biden passed the threshold of 1,991 delegates to gain the nomination at the 2020 Democratic National Convention.[12][13]

Background

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, many felt the Democratic Party lacked a clear leading figure.[14] Divisions remained in the party following the 2016 primaries, which pitted Clinton against Bernie Sanders.[15][16] Between the 2016 election and the 2018 midterm elections, Senate Democrats generally shifted to the political left in relation to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration.[17][18] The 2018 elections saw the Democratic Party regain the House of Representatives for the first time in eight years, picking up seats in both urban and suburban districts.[19][20]

The 2020 field of Democratic presidential candidates peaked at more than two dozen major candidates.[21] According to Politifact, this field is believed to be the largest field of presidential candidates for any American political party since 1972;[c] it exceeds the field of 17 major candidates who sought the Republican presidential nomination in 2016.[23] In May 2019, CBS News referred to the field of 2020 Democratic presidential candidates as "the largest and most diverse Democratic primary field in modern history", including six major female presidential candidates and seven major candidates of African, Hispanic, Asian, or Pacific Islander ancestry.[24]

Reforms since 2016

On August 25, 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) members passed reforms to the Democratic Party's primary process in order to increase participation[25] and ensure transparency.[26] State parties are encouraged to use a government-run primary whenever available and increase the accessibility of their primary through same-day or automatic registration and same-day party switching. Caucuses are required to have absentee voting, or to otherwise allow those who cannot participate in person to be included.[25]

The reforms mandate that automatic delegates ("superdelegates") refrain from voting on the first presidential nominating ballot, unless a candidate via the outcome of primaries and caucuses already has gained a majority of all delegates, including superdelegates.[27] In a contested convention where no majority of minimum pledged delegate votes is found for a single candidate on the first ballot, all superdelegates will then regain their right to vote on any subsequent ballot necessary in order for a presidential candidate to be nominated, wherein the number of votes required shall increase to a majority of pledged and superdelegates combined.[4] Superdelegates are not precluded from publicly endorsing a candidate of their choosing before the convention.

There were also a number of changes to the process of nomination at the state level. A decline in the number of caucuses occurred after 2016, with Democrats in Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Washington all switching from various forms of caucuses to primaries (with Hawaii, Kansas, and North Dakota switching to party-run "firehouse primaries"). This has resulted in the lowest number of caucuses in the Democratic Party's recent history, with only three states (Iowa, Nevada, and Wyoming) and four territories (American Samoa, Guam, Northern Marianas, and U.S. Virgin Islands) using them. In addition, six states were approved in 2019 by the DNC to use ranked-choice voting in the primaries: Alaska, Hawaii, Kansas, and Wyoming for all voters; Iowa and Nevada for absentee voters.[28] Rather than eliminating candidates until a single winner is chosen, voters' choices would be reallocated until all remaining candidates have at least 15%, the threshold to receive delegates to the convention.[29]

Several states which did not use paper ballots widely in 2016 and 2018, adopted them for the 2020 primary and general elections,[30] to minimize potential interference in vote tallies, a concern raised by intelligence officials,[31] election officials[32] and the public.[33] The move to paper ballots enabled audits to start where they had not been possible before, and in 2020 about half the states audit samples of primary ballots to measure accuracy of the reported results.[34] Audits of caucus results depend on party rules, and the Iowa Democratic party investigated inaccuracies in precinct reports, resolved enough to be sure the delegate allocations were correct, and decided it did not have authority or time to correct all errors.[35][36][37]

Rules for number of delegates

Number of pledged delegates per state

The number of pledged delegates from each state is proportional to the state's share of the electoral college, and to the state's past Democratic votes for president.[38][39] Thus less weight is given to swing states and Republican states, while more weight is given to strongly Democratic states, in choosing a nominee.

Six pledged delegates are assigned to each territory, 44 to Puerto Rico, and 12 to Democrats Abroad. Each jurisdiction can also earn bonus delegates by holding primaries after March or in clusters of 3 or more neighboring states.[38]

Within states, a quarter of pledged delegates are allocated to candidates based on statewide vote totals, and the rest based on votes in each Congressional District, though some states use divisions other than congressional districts. For example, Texas uses state Senate districts.[40][38] Districts which have voted Democratic in the past get more delegates, and fewer delegates are allocated for swing districts and Republican districts.[38] For example, House Speaker Pelosi's strongly Democratic district 12 has 7 delegates, or one per 109,000 people, and a swing district, CA-10, which became Democratic in 2018, has 4 delegates, or one per 190,000 people.[41][42][43]

Candidate threshold

Candidates who get under 15% of the votes in a state or district get no delegates from that area. Candidates who get 15% or more of the votes divide delegates in proportion to their votes.[41][44] These rules apply at the state level to state delegates and within each district for those delegates. The 15% threshold was established in 1992[45] to limit "fringe" candidates.[46] The threshold now means that any sector of the party (moderate, progressive, etc.) which produces many candidates, thus dividing supporters' votes, may win few delegates, even if it wins a majority of votes.[46][47][45]

Schedule and results

Date
(daily totals)
Total pledged
delegates
Contest
and total popular vote
Delegates won and popular vote
Joe Biden Bernie Sanders Elizabeth Warren Michael Bloomberg Pete Buttigieg Amy Klobuchar Tulsi Gabbard Other
February 3 41 Iowa
172,300[d]
14[e]
23,605 (13.7%)
12
45,652 (26.5%)
5
34,909 (20.3%)

16 (0.0%)
9
43,209 (25.1%)
1
21,100 (12.2%)

16 (0.0%)

3,793 (2.2%)
February 11 24 New Hampshire
298,377

24,944 (8.4%)
9
76,384 (25.6%)

27,429 (9.2%)

4,777 (1.6%)
9
72,454 (24.3%)
6
58,714 (19.7%)

9,755 (3.3%)

23,920 (8.0%)
February 22 36 Nevada
101,543[f]
9
19,179 (18.9%)
24
41,075 (40.5%)

11,703 (11.5%)
3
17,598 (17.3%)

7,376 (7.3%)

32 (0.0%)

4,580 (4.5%)
February 29 54 South Carolina
539,263
39
262,336 (48.7%)
15
106,605 (19.8%)

38,120 (7.1%)

44,217 (8.2%)

16,900 (3.1%)

6,813 (1.3%)

64,272 (11.9%)
March 3
(Super Tuesday)
(1,344)
52 Alabama
452,093
44
286,065 (63.3%)
8
74,755 (16.5%)

25,847 (5.7%)

52,750 (11.7%)

1,416 (0.3%)

907 (0.2%)

1,038 (0.2%)

9,315 (2.1%)
6 American Samoa
351

31 (8.8%)

37 (10.5%)

5 (1.4%)
4
175 (49.9%)
2
103 (29.3%)
31 Arkansas
229,122
19
93,012 (40.6%)
9
51,413 (22.4%)

22,971 (10.0%)
3
38,312 (16.7%)

7,649 (3.3%)

7,009 (3.1%)

1,593 (0.7%)

7,163 (3.1%)
415 California
5,784,364
172
1,613,854 (27.9%)
225
2,080,846 (36.0%)
11
762,555 (13.2%)
7
701,803 (12.1%)

249,256 (4.3%)

126,961 (2.2%)

33,769 (0.6%)

215,320 (3.7%)
67 Colorado
960,128
21
236,565 (24.6%)
29
355,293 (37.0%)
8
168,695 (17.6%)
9
177,727 (18.5%)

10,037 (1.1%)

11,811 (1.2%)
24 Maine
205,937
11
68,729 (33.4%)
9
66,826 (32.5%)
4
32,055 (15.6%)

24,294 (11.8%)

4,364 (2.1%)

2,826 (1.4%)

1,815 (0.9%)

5,028 (2.4%)
91 Massachusetts
1,418,180
45
473,861 (33.4%)
30
376,990 (26.6%)
16
303,864 (21.4%)

166,200 (11.7%)

38,400 (2.7%)

17,297 (1.2%)

10,548 (0.7%)

31,020 (2.2%)
75 Minnesota
744,198
38
287,553 (38.6%)
27
222,431 (29.9%)
10
114,674 (15.4%)

61,882 (8.3%)

7,616 (1.0%)

41,530 (5.6%)

2,504 (0.3%)

6,008 (0.8%)
110 North Carolina
1,332,382
68
572,271 (43.0%)
37
322,645 (24.2%)
2
139,912 (10.5%)
3
172,558 (13.0%)

43,632 (3.3%)

30,742 (2.3%)

6,622 (0.5%)

44,000 (3.3%)
37 Oklahoma
304,281
21
117,633 (38.7%)
13
77,425 (25.5%)
1
40,732 (13.4%)
2
42,270 (13.9%)

5,115 (1.7%)

6,733 (2.2%)

5,109 (1.7%)

9,264 (3.0%)
64 Tennessee
516,250
36
215,390 (41.7%)
22
129,168 (25.0%)
1
53,732 (10.4%)
5
79,789 (15.5%)

17,102 (3.3%)

10,671 (2.1%)

2,278 (0.4%)

8,120 (1.6%)
228 Texas
2,094,428
113
725,562 (34.6%)
99
626,339 (29.9%)
5
239,237 (11.4%)
11
300,608 (14.4%)

82,671 (4.0%)

43,291 (2.1%)

8,688 (0.4%)

68,032 (3.2%)
29 Utah
220,582
7
40,674 (18.4%)
16
79,728 (36.1%)
3
35,727 (16.2%)
3
33,991 (15.4%)

18,734 (8.5%)

7,603 (3.5%)

1,704 (0.8%)

2,421 (1.1%)
16 Vermont
158,032
5
34,669 (21.9%)
11
79,921 (50.6%)

19,785 (12.5%)

14,828 (9.4%)

3,709 (2.4%)

1,991 (1.3%)

1,303 (0.8%)

1,826 (1.2%)
99 Virginia
1,323,693
67
705,501 (53.3%)
31
306,388 (23.2%)
1
142,546 (10.8%)

128,030 (9.7%)

11,199 (0.9%)

8,414 (0.6%)

11,288 (0.9%)

10,327 (0.8%)
March 3–10 13 Democrats Abroad
39,984
4
9,059 (22.7%)
9
23,139 (57.9%)

5,730 (14.3%)[g]

892 (2.2%)[h]

616 (1.5%)

224 (0.6%)

146 (0.4%)

178 (0.4%)
March 10
(352)
20 Idaho
108,649
12
53,151 (48.9%)
8
46,114 (42.4%)

2,878 (2.7%)

2,612 (2.4%)

1,426 (1.3%)

774 (0.7%)

876 (0.8%)

818 (0.8%)
125 Michigan
1,587,679
73
840,360 (52.9%)
52
576,926 (36.3%)

26,148 (1.7%)

73,464 (4.6%)

22,462 (1.4%)

11,018 (0.7%)

9,461 (0.6%)

27,840 (1.8%)
36 Mississippi
274,391
34
222,160 (81.0%)
2
40,657 (14.8%)

1,550 (0.6%)

6,933 (2.5%)

562 (0.2%)

440 (0.2%)

1,003 (0.4%)

1,086 (0.4%)
68 Missouri
666,112
44
400,347 (60.1%)
24
230,374 (34.6%)

8,156 (1.2%)

9,866 (1.5%)

3,309 (0.5%)

2,682 (0.4%)

4,887 (0.7%)

6,491 (1.0%)
14 North Dakota
14,413
6
5,742 (39.8%)
8
7,682 (53.3%)

366 (2.5%)

113 (0.8%)

164 (1.1%)

223 (1.5%)

89 (0.6%)

34 (0.2%)
89 Washington
1,558,776
46
591,403 (37.9%)
43
570,039 (36.6%)

142,652 (9.2%)

122,530 (7.9%)

63,344 (4.1%)

33,383 (2.1%)

13,199 (0.9%)

22,226 (1.4%)
March 14 6 Northern Mariana Islands
134
2
48 (36.4%)
4
84 (63.6%)

2 (1.5%)
March 17
(441)
67 Arizona
613,355
38
268,029 (43.7%)
29
200,456 (32.7%)

35,537 (5.8%)

[i]

24,868 (4.1%)

[i]

3,014 (0.5%)

81,451 (13.3%)[i]
219 Florida
1,739,214
162
1,077,375 (62.0%)
57
397,311 (22.8%)

32,875 (1.9%)

146,544 (8.4%)

39,886 (2.3%)

17,276 (1.0%)

8,712 (0.5%)

19,235 (1.1%)
155 Illinois
1,674,133
95
986,661 (59.0%)
60
605,701 (36.2%)

24,413 (1.5%)

25,500 (1.5%)

9,729 (0.6%)

9,642 (0.6%)

12,487 (0.7%)
April 7 84 Wisconsin
925,165
56
581,463 (62.9%)
28
293,441 (31.7%)

14,060 (1.5%)

8,846 (1.0%)

4,946 (0.5%)

6,079 (0.7%)

5,565 (0.6%)

10,765 (1.2%)
April 10 15 Alaska
19,589[j]
8
10,834 (55.3%)
7
8,755 (44.7%)
April 17 14 Wyoming
15,118[j]
10
10,912 (72.2%)
4
4,206 (27.8%)
April 28 136 Ohio
894,383
115
647,284 (72.4%)
21
149,683 (16.7%)

30,985 (3.5%)

28,704 (3.2%)

15,113 (1.7%)

11,899 (1.3%)

4,560 (0.5%)

6,155 (0.7%)
May 2 39 Kansas
143,183[j]
29
110,041 (76.9%)
10
33,142 (23.1%)
May 12 29 Nebraska
164,582
29
126,444 (76.8%)

23,214 (14.1%)

10,401 (6.3%)

4,523 (2.8%)
May 19 61 Oregon
618,711
46
408,315 (66.0%)
15
127,345 (20.6%)

59,355 (9.6%)

10,717 (1.7%)

12,979 (2.1%)
May 22 24 Hawaii
33,552[k]
16
21,215 (63.2%)
8
12,337 (36.8%)
June 2
(479)
20 District of Columbia
110,688
20
84,093 (76.0%)

11,116 (10.0%)

14,228 (12.9%)

442 (0.4%)

809 (0.7%)
82 Indiana
497,927
81
380,836 (76.5%)
1
67,688 (13.6%)

14,344 (2.9%)

4,783 (1.0%)

17,957 (3.6%)

3,860 (0.8%)

2,657 (0.5%)

5,802 (1.2%)
96 Maryland
1,050,773
96
879,753 (83.7%)

81,939 (7.8%)

27,134 (2.6%)

6,773 (0.6%)

7,180 (0.7%)

5,685 (0.5%)

4,226 (0.4%)

38,083 (3.6%)
19 Montana
149,973
18
111,706 (74.5%)
1
22,033 (14.7%)

11,984 (8.0%)

4,250 (2.8%)
34 New Mexico
247,880
30
181,700 (73.3%)
4
37,435 (15.1%)

14,552 (5.9%)

2,735 (1.1%)

11,458 (4.6%)
186 Pennsylvania[l]
1,595,508
151
1,264,624 (79.3%)
34
287,834 (18.0%)

43,050 (2.7%)
26 Rhode Island
103,982
25
79,728 (76.7%)
1
15,525 (14.9%)

4,479 (4.3%)

651 (0.6%)

3,599 (3.5%)
16 South Dakota
52,408
13
40,590 (77.5%)
3
11,818 (22.6%)
June 6
(14)
7 Guam
388
5
270 (69.6%)
2
118 (30.4%)
7 U.S. Virgin Islands
550
7
502 (91.3%)

28 (5.1%)

20 (3.6%)
June 9
(133)
105 Georgia
1,086,729[m]
105
922,177 (84.9%)

101,668 (9.4%)

21,906 (2.0%)

7,657 (0.7%)

6,346 (0.6%)

4,317 (0.4%)

4,117 (0.4%)

18,541 (1.7%)
28 West Virginia
187,390
28
122,468 (65.4%)

22,778 (12.2%)

5,736 (3.1%)

3,758 (2.0%)

3,453 (1.8%)

3,009 (1.6%)

4,161 (2.2%)

22,027 (11.8%)
June 23
(328)
54 Kentucky[l]
537,904
52
365,283 (67.9%)

65,055 (12.1%)

15,300 (2.8%)

9,127 (1.7%)

5,296 (1.0%)

5,859 (1.1%)
2[n]
71,984 (13.4%)
274 New York[l]
751,408
218
507,892 (67.6%)
53
142,688 (19.0%)

33,118 (4.4%)

26,003 (3.5%)

11,678 (1.6%)

5,852 (0.8%)

5,923 (0.8%)

18,254 (2.4%)
July 7
(147)
21 Delaware[l]
91,682
21
81,954 (89.4%)

6,878 (7.5%)

2,850 (3.1%)
126 New Jersey[l]
639,126
118
553,181 (86.6%)

83,329 (13.0%)

2,616 (0.4%)
July 11 54 Louisiana[l]
266,941
54
212,267 (79.5%)

19,834 (7.4%)

6,416 (2.4%)

4,309 (1.6%)

2,361 (0.9%)

2,429 (0.9%)

1,962 (0.7%)

17,363 (6.5%)
July 12 51 Puerto Rico[l]
3,879
42
2,631 (67.83%)
3
524 (13.51%)

48 (1.24%)
2
509 (13.12%)

64 (1.65%)

10 (0.26%)

68 (1.75%)

25 (0.64%)
August 11 60 Connecticut








Total
3,979 pledged delegates
35,321,763 votes
2,638
17,963,932 (50.86%)
1,117
9,448,815 (26.75%)
67
2,781,699 (7.88%)
49
2,479,806 (7.02%)[i]
21
912,932 (2.58%)
7
524,521 (1.48%)[i]
2
267,260 (0.76%)
2
942,798 (2.67%)[i]

Election day postponements and cancellations

 

  February   March 3 (Super Tuesday)   March 10   March 14–17   March 24–29   April 4–7   April 28   May   June

 

  February   March 3 (Super Tuesday)   March 10   March 14–17   April 7–17   April 28   May   June   July–August

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, a number of presidential primaries were rescheduled. Some have also cancelled in-person voting entirely. On April 27, New York cancelled its voting by mail as well on the grounds that there was only one candidate left with an active campaign. Andrew Yang responded with a lawsuit, arguing that the decision infringes on voting rights,[50] and in early May, the judge ruled in favor of Yang.[51]

2020 Democratic primaries altered due to COVID-19.
Primary Original
schedule
Altered
schedule
Vote in
person?
Last
changed
Ref.
Ohio March 17 April 28[o] Cancelled March 25 [52][53]
Georgia March 24 June 9 Held April 9 [54][55]
Puerto Rico March 29 July 12 Held May 21 [56][57][58]
Alaska April 4 April 10[p] Cancelled March 23 [59]
Wyoming April 4 April 17[q] Cancelled March 22 [60]
Hawaii April 4 May 22[r] Cancelled March 27 [61][62][63]
Louisiana April 4 July 11[s] Held April 14 [64][65]
Maryland April 28 June 2 Held March 17 [66]
Pennsylvania April 28 June 2 Held March 27 [67]
Rhode Island April 28 June 2 Held March 23 [68]
New York April 28 June 23 Held April 27 [69][70][71]
Delaware April 28 July 7 Held May 7 [72][73]
Connecticut April 28 August 11 Scheduled April 17 [74]
Kansas May 2 May 2[t] Cancelled March 30 [75]
Guam May 2 June 6 Held June 4 [76]
Indiana May 5 June 2 Held March 20 [77]
West Virginia May 12 June 9 Held April 1 [78]
Kentucky May 19 June 23 Held March 16 [79]
New Jersey June 2 July 7[u] Held April 8 [80]

In addition, the DNC elected to delay the 2020 Democratic National Convention from July 13–16 to August 17–20.[81]

Candidates

Major candidates in the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries have either: (a) served as vice president, a member of the cabinet, a U.S. senator, a U.S. representative, or a governor, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage. As of April 8, 2020, one major candidate is still in the race.

Nearly 300 candidates who did not meet the criteria to be deemed "major" also filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in the Democratic Party primary.[82]

Presumptive nominee

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign announced Pledged delegates[83] Popular vote[3] Contests won Article Ref.
 
Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 77)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
 
Delaware
April 25, 2019 2,633 17,596,164
(50.59%)
45
(AL, AK, AZ, AR, DE, DC, FL, GA, GU, HI, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OK, OR, PA, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VI, WA, WV, WI, WY)
 
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[84]

Withdrew during the primaries

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign announced Campaign suspended Delegates won[83] Popular vote Contests won Article Ref.
 
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Candidate for president in 2016
  Vermont February 19, 2019 April 8, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[85]
1,070 9,364,791
(26.92%)
9
(CA, CO, DA, NV, NH, ND, MP, UT, VT)
 
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[86][87]
 
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 39)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–present)   Hawaii January 11, 2019 March 19, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[88]
2 261,241
(0.75%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[89][90]
 
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 71)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present)   Massachusetts February 9, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 31, 2018
March 5, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[91]
63 2,780,632
(7.99%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[92][93]
 
Michael Bloomberg
February 14, 1942
(age 78)
Boston, Massachusetts
Mayor of New York City, New York (2002–2013)
CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
  New York November 24, 2019
Exploratory committee: November 21, 2019
March 4, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[94]
51 2,474,725
(7.11%)
1
(AS)
 
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[95][96]
 
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 60)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present)   Minnesota February 10, 2019 March 2, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[97]
7 524,353
(1.51%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[98][97]
 
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 38)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–2020)   Indiana April 14, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
March 1, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[99]
21 912,081
(2.62%)
1
(IA)
 
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[100][101]
 
Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 63)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital and Beneficial State Bank
  California July 9, 2019 February 29, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[102]
0 257,885
(0.75%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[103][104]
 
Deval Patrick
July 31, 1956
(age 63)
Chicago, Illinois
Governor of Massachusetts (2007–2015)   Massachusetts November 14, 2019 February 12, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[105]
0 26,259
(0.08%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[106][107]
 
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 55)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present)   Colorado May 2, 2019 February 11, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[108]
0 56,102
(0.16%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[109][110]
 
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 45)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
  New York November 6, 2017 February 11, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[111]
0 155,605
(0.45%)
0  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[112][113]

Other notable individuals who did not meet the criteria to become major candidates also terminated their campaigns during the primaries:

Other notable individuals who did not meet the criteria to become major candidates but still have active campaigns include:


Withdrew before the primaries

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Popular vote Article Ref.
 
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 57)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019)   Maryland July 28, 2017 January 31, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[120]
17,461  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[121][122]
 
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 51)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
  New Jersey February 1, 2019 January 13, 2020
(running for re-election)[123]
(endorsed Biden)[124]
31,575  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[125][126]
 
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 68)
Houston, Texas
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Independent candidate for U.S. House from CA-33 in 2014
  California January 28, 2019
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
January 10, 2020
(endorsed Sanders)[127]
22,334  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[128][129]
 
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
  Texas January 12, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 12, 2018
January 2, 2020
(endorsed Warren, then Biden as presumptive nominee)[130][131]
37,037  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[132][133]
 
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 55)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
  California January 21, 2019 December 3, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[134]
844  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[135][136]
 
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 54)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
  Montana May 14, 2019 December 2, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[137]
549  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[138][139]
 
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 68)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Former Vice Admiral of the United States Navy
  Pennsylvania June 23, 2019 December 1, 2019
(endorsed Klobuchar)[140]
5,251 Campaign
FEC filing
[141][142]
 
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 46)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present)   Florida March 28, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 13, 2019
November 19, 2019 0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[143][144]
 
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 47)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)   Texas March 14, 2019 November 1, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[145]
1[v][146]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[147][148]
 
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 46)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
  Ohio April 4, 2019 October 24, 2019
(running for re-election)[149]
(endorsed Biden)
[150]
0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[151][152]
 
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 59)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present)   New York May 16, 2019 September 20, 2019
(endorsed Sanders)[153]
0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[154][155]
 
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 53)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
  New York March 17, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 15, 2019
August 28, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[156]
0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[157][158]
 
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 41)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present)   Massachusetts April 22, 2019 August 23, 2019
(running for re-election)[159]
(endorsed Biden)[160]
0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[161][162]
 
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 69)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
  Washington March 1, 2019 August 21, 2019
(running for re-election)[163]
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[164]
1[v][165]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[166][167]
 
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 68)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
  Colorado March 4, 2019 August 15, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[168]
(endorsed Bennet, then Biden as presumptive nominee)[169]
[170]
1[v][165]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[171][172]
 
Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 90)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Candidate for president in 2008
Candidate for Vice President in 1972
  California April 2, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 19, 2019
August 6, 2019
(co-endorsed Gabbard and Sanders)[173]
0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[174][173]
 
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 39)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present)   California April 8, 2019 July 8, 2019[175]
(running for re-election)
(endorsed Biden)[176][177]
0[v]  
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[178][179]
 
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 49)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)   West Virginia November 11, 2018 January 25, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[180]
(endorsed Biden)[181]
0[v]

Campaign
FEC filing

[182][183]

The following notable individuals who did not meet the criteria to become major candidates also terminated their campaigns before the primaries:

Political positions

Debates and forums

In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Candidates are allowed to participate in forums featuring multiple other candidates as long as only one candidate appears on stage at a time; if candidates participate in any unsanctioned debate with other presidential candidates, they will lose their invitation to the next DNC-sanctioned debate.[192][193]

The DNC also announced that it would not partner with Fox News as a media sponsor for any debates.[194][195] Fox News had last held a Democratic debate in 2003.[196] All media sponsors selected to host a debate will as a new rule be required to appoint at least one female moderator for each debate, to ensure there will not be a gender-skewed treatment of the candidates and debate topics.[197]

Debate schedule
Debate Date Time
(ET)
Viewers Location Sponsor(s) Moderator(s)
1A June 26, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~24.3 million
(15.3m live TV; 9m streaming)[198]
Arsht Center,
Miami, Florida[199]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
Jose Diaz-Balart
Savannah Guthrie
Lester Holt
Rachel Maddow
Chuck Todd[200]
1B June 27, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~27.1 million
(18.1m live TV; 9m streaming)[201]
2A July 30, 2019 8–10:30 p.m. ~11.5 million
(8.7m live TV; 2.8m streaming)
Fox Theatre,
Detroit, Michigan[202]
CNN Dana Bash
Don Lemon
Jake Tapper[203]
2B July 31, 2019[204] 8–10:30 p.m. ~13.8 million
(10.7m live TV; 3.1m streaming)[205]
3 September 12, 2019 8–11 p.m. 14.04 million live TV[206] Health and Physical Education Arena,
Texas Southern University,
Houston, Texas[207]
ABC News
Univision
Linsey Davis
David Muir
Jorge Ramos
George Stephanopoulos[208]
4 October 15, 2019[209] 8–11 p.m. ~8.8 million
(8.34m live TV; 0.45m streaming)[210]
Rike Physical Education Center,
Otterbein University,
Westerville, Ohio
CNN
The New York Times[211]
Erin Burnett
Anderson Cooper
Marc Lacey[212]
5 November 20, 2019[213] 9–11 p.m. ~7.9 million
(6.6m live TV; 1.3m streaming)[214]
Oprah Winfrey sound stage,
Tyler Perry Studios,
Atlanta, Georgia[215]
MSNBC
The Washington Post
Rachel Maddow
Andrea Mitchell
Ashley Parker
Kristen Welker[216]
6 December 19, 2019 8–11 p.m.[217] ~14.6 million
(6.17m live TV; 8.4m streaming)[218]
Gersten Pavilion,
Loyola Marymount University,
Los Angeles, California[219]
PBS
Politico
Tim Alberta
Yamiche Alcindor
Amna Nawaz
Judy Woodruff[220]
7 January 14, 2020 9–11:15 p.m.[221] ~11.3 million
(7.3m live TV; 4.0m streaming)[222]
Sheslow Auditorium,
Drake University,
Des Moines, Iowa[223][224]
CNN
The Des Moines Register
Wolf Blitzer
Brianne Pfannenstiel
Abby Phillip[225]
8 February 7, 2020 8–10:30 p.m.[226] ~11.0 million
(7.8m live TV; 3.2m streaming)[227]
Thomas F. Sullivan Arena,
Saint Anselm College,
Manchester, New Hampshire[223][228]
ABC News
WMUR-TV
Apple News
Linsey Davis
Monica Hernandez
David Muir
Adam Sexton
George Stephanopoulos[226]
9 February 19, 2020 9–11 p.m.[229] ~33.16 million
(19.66m live TV; 13.5m streaming)[230][231][232]
Le Théâtre des Arts,
Paris Las Vegas,
Paradise, Nevada[229]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
The Nevada Independent
Vanessa Hauc
Lester Holt
Hallie Jackson
Jon Ralston
Chuck Todd[229]
10 February 25, 2020 8–10 p.m.[233] ~30.4 million
(15.3m live TV; 15.1m streaming)[234]
Gaillard Center,
Charleston, South Carolina[223]
CBS News
BET
Twitter
Congressional Black Caucus Institute[235]
Margaret Brennan
Major Garrett
Gayle King
Norah O'Donnell
Bill Whitaker[235]
11 March 15, 2020 8–10 p.m.[236] ~11.4 million
(10.8m live TV; 0.6m streaming)[237]
CNN studio
Washington, D.C.[238]
CNN
Univision
Congressional Hispanic Caucus BOLD
Dana Bash
Ilia Calderón
Jake Tapper[238]


Primary election polling

The following graph depicts the standing of each candidate in the poll aggregators from December 2018 to April 2020.

Polling aggregates
Active candidates
     Joe Biden
     Others/Undecided
Withdrawn candidates
     Bernie Sanders
     Tulsi Gabbard
     Elizabeth Warren
     Michael Bloomberg
     Amy Klobuchar
     Pete Buttigieg
     Andrew Yang
     Cory Booker
     Kamala Harris
     Beto O'Rourke
Events
     Debates
     Caucuses and primaries
     COVID-19 pandemic
national emergency declaration


Timeline

Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton 2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan 2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam 2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignJulián Castro 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaignDeval Patrick 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaign
Presumptive
nominee
Exploratory
committee
Suspended
campaign
Midterm
elections
Iowa
caucuses
New Hampshire
primary
South Carolina
primary
Super
Tuesday
National emergency
declared due to
coronavirus
Wisconsin primary
General
election

2017

Rep. John Delaney was the first major candidate to announce his campaign, two and a half years before the 2020 Iowa caucus.
Entrepreneur Andrew Yang was the second major Democratic candidate to announce his campaign.
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard became the first major female candidate to announce her candidacy on January 11, 2019.
Sen. Kamala Harris launched her bid on January 21, 2019.
Sen. Cory Booker launched his bid on February 1, 2019.
Sen. Elizabeth Warren launched her bid on February 9, 2019.
Sen. Amy Klobuchar launched her bid on February 10, 2019.
Sen. Bernie Sanders launched his second campaign on February 19, 2019.
Governor Jay Inslee launched his presidential bid on March 1, 2019, becoming the first incumbent governor to do so.
Former Rep. Beto O'Rourke launched his bid on March 14, 2019.
Mayor Pete Buttigieg launched his bid on April 14, 2019.

In the weeks following the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 election, media speculation regarding potential candidates for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries began to circulate. As the Senate began confirmation hearings for members of the cabinet, speculation centered on the prospects of the "hell-no caucus", six senators who went on to vote against the majority of Trump's nominees. According to Politico, the members of the "hell-no caucus" were Cory Booker, Kamala Harris, Kirsten Gillibrand, Bernie Sanders, Jeff Merkley, and Elizabeth Warren.[239][240] Other speculation centered on then-Vice-President Joe Biden making a third presidential bid following failed attempts in 1988 and 2008.[241]

2018

In August 2018, Democratic Party officials and television networks began discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[244] Changes were made to the role of superdelegates, deciding to allow them to vote on the first ballot only if the nomination is uncontested.[245] The Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for the 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020.

November 2018

December 2018

2019

Former Vice President Joe Biden launched his third campaign on April 25, 2019.
Rep. Eric Swalwell became the first representative to suspend their campaign following the first debate on July 8, 2019.
Billionaire hedge fund manager Tom Steyer launched his campaign on July 9, 2019.
Former Governor John Hickenlooper suspended his campaign on August 15, 2019 and subsequently launched a bid for the United States Senate. He later endorsed Michael Bennet.
Kirsten Gillibrand became the first incumbent Senator and first female major candidate to suspend her campaign on August 28, 2019.
Mayor Bill de Blasio suspended his campaign on September 20, 2019 and endorsed Bernie Sanders after the New Hampshire primary.
Rep. Tim Ryan suspended his campaign on October 24, 2019 and subsequently endorsed Joe Biden.
Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg launched his campaign via video on November 24, 2019.
Governor Steve Bullock suspended his campaign and declined to run for the United States Senate on December 2, 2019. He later reversed his decision and challenged Senator Steve Daines after meeting with Barack Obama and Chuck Schumer.
Former HUD Secretary Julian Castro suspended his campaign on January 2, 2020 and subsequently endorsed Elizabeth Warren.
Spiritual author Marianne Williamson suspended her campaign on January 10, 2020 and subsequently endorsed Bernie Sanders.
Sen. Michael Bennet suspended his campaign on February 11, 2020, after the polls closed in the New Hampshire primary.
Former Governor Deval Patrick suspended his campaign on February 12, 2020, prior to the Nevada caucus.
Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg suspended his campaign on March 4, 2020 after a distant third place finish on Super Tuesday.

January 2019

February 2019

March 2019

April 2019

May 2019

June 2019

July 2019

August 2019

September 2019

October 2019

November 2019

December 2019

2020

January 2020

  • January 2: Julián Castro dropped out of the race.[332] He later endorsed Elizabeth Warren's campaign.[130]
  • January 10: Marianne Williamson dropped out of the race.[129] She later endorsed Sanders.[127]
  • January 13: Booker dropped out of the race.[333]
  • January 14: The seventh Democratic debate took place in Des Moines, Iowa, at Drake University.[223]
  • January 17: The first votes were cast as no-excuse, in-person absentee voting in the Minnesota primary began.[334]
  • January 31: Delaney dropped out of the race.[335]

February 2020

  • February 3: The Iowa caucuses took place, but inconsistencies reported in the caucus results delayed reporting of the outcome.[336][337]
  • February 4–7: Results were released in the Iowa caucuses that showed Buttigieg leading in state delegate equivalents, and Sanders winning a plurality of first-alignment and final-alignment votes. The reporting delays, errors, and inconsistencies surrounding the caucuses prompted DNC Chairman Tom Perez and both campaigns to call for a recanvass. On February 27, 2020, following several recounts and a recanvass, Buttigieg retained his lead in state delegate equivalents, and the Iowa Democratic Party declared him the official winner, becoming the first openly gay candidate of a major political party to win a presidential primary contest. Sanders won a plurality of first-alignment and final-alignment votes.[338] Warren came in third, Biden came in fourth and Klobuchar came in fifth.
  • February 7: The eighth Democratic debate took place in Goffstown, New Hampshire at St. Anselm College.[223]
  • February 11: New Hampshire primary
    • Sanders was announced as the winner of the New Hampshire primary, with 26% of the vote.[339] Buttigieg (24%, 2nd) and Klobuchar (20%, 3rd) were the only other candidates to receive delegates; Warren (9%, 4th) and Biden (8%, 5th) finished below the delegate threshold.[340]
    • Bennet and Yang dropped out of the race.[341][342]
  • February 12: Patrick dropped out of the race.[107]
  • February 14: De Blasio endorsed Sanders.[343]
  • February 15–17: The Moving America Forward Infrastructure Forum was held at University of Nevada, Las Vegas, by the IUOE, ASCE, TWUA, ARTBA, APTA, AEM, and other groups. Infrastructure policy was discussed, with a focus on transportation, water, and broadband issues.[344]
  • February 19: The ninth Democratic debate took place in Las Vegas, Nevada.[223]
  • February 21: Voting in the Washington primary began.[345]
  • February 22: Nevada caucuses
    • With almost 47% of the county convention delegates, Sanders was announced as the winner of the Nevada caucuses.[346] Biden finished second (20%), Buttigieg third (14%), Warren fourth (10%), and Steyer fifth (5%).[347]
  • February 24: Voting in the Colorado primary began.[348]
    • Williamson endorsed Sanders.[349]
  • February 25: The tenth Democratic debate took place in Charleston, South Carolina at the Gaillard Center.[223]
  • February 29: South Carolina primary
    • With 48% of the popular vote, Biden was announced as the winner of the South Carolina primary.[350] Sanders came in second (20%), with Steyer 3rd (11%), Buttigieg 4th (8%), and Warren 5th (7%).[351]
    • Steyer dropped out of the race.[352]

March 2020

  • March 1: Buttigieg dropped out of the race.[353]
  • March 2: Klobuchar dropped out of the race.[354]
    • Buttigieg, Klobuchar, and O'Rourke endorsed Biden during an evening rally in Texas.[355]
  • March 3: Super Tuesday: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont and Virginia primaries; American Samoa caucus.
    • Biden won Alabama, Arkansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
    • Bloomberg won American Samoa.
    • Sanders won California, Colorado, Utah, and Vermont.
    • Voting in the Democrats Abroad primary began.[356]
  • March 4: Bloomberg dropped out of the race, endorsing Biden.[357]
  • March 5: Warren dropped out of the race.[358]
  • March 6: Delaney endorsed Biden.[359]
  • March 8: Harris endorsed Biden.[360]
  • March 9: Booker endorsed Biden.[361]
  • March 10: Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri and Washington primaries; North Dakota caucus.
    • Biden won Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, and Washington.
    • Sanders won North Dakota.
    • Yang endorsed Biden.[362]
  • March 13: A national emergency was declared due to the coronavirus pandemic.[363] Following this, several presidential primaries were rescheduled (including Kentucky[364] and Louisiana[365]), and candidates limited in-person events.
  • March 14: Sanders won Northern Mariana Islands.[366]
  • March 15: The 11th Democratic debate, originally scheduled to take place in Phoenix, Arizona,[367] took place in Washington, D.C. due to coronavirus concerns.[368][369]
  • March 16: Ohio announced that it intended to postpone its presidential primary, a plan that was struck down by a judge that same day.[370] Following the judge's decision, Ohio Governor Mike DeWine announced that polls would be closed by order of Ohio Health Director Amy Acton due to a "health emergency." State officials sought to extend the voting process.[371]
  • March 17: Arizona, Florida, and Illinois primaries.[371]
    • Biden won Arizona, Florida,[372] and Illinois.[373]
  • March 19: Gabbard dropped out of the race, endorsing Biden.[374] Connecticut rescheduled its primary from April 28 to June 2.[375]
  • March 23: Sanders won Democrats Abroad.[376]
  • March 28: The New York primary was rescheduled from April 28 to June 23 due to coronavirus concerns.[377]

April 2020

  • April 7: Wisconsin primary
  • April 8:
    • Sanders dropped out of the race, and Biden became the presumptive presidential nominee.[378]
    • The New Jersey primary was moved from June 2 to July 7 due to coronavirus concerns.[80]
  • April 10: Mail-in voting period ends for Alaska party-run primary.
  • April 11: Biden won Alaska.[379]
  • April 13:
    • Sanders endorsed Biden.[380]
    • Biden won Wisconsin.[381]
  • April 14:
    • Former President Barack Obama endorsed Biden.[382]
    • Louisiana rescheduled its primary election for the second time, moving the date from June 20 to July 11.[65]
  • April 15: Warren endorsed Biden.[383]
  • April 17: Mail-in voting period ends for Wyoming caucus. Connecticut rescheduled its primary again, from June 2 to August 11.[74]
  • April 19: Biden won Wyoming.[384]
  • April 22: Inslee endorsed Biden.[385]
  • April 27:
  • April 28:
  • April 29: Voting for the Oregon primary begins.[390]
  • April 30: Biden announced his vice-presidential selection committee.[391]

May 2020

June 2020

July 2020

August 2020

Ballot access

Filing for the primaries began in October 2019.[415][416]   indicates that the candidate is on the ballot for the primary contest,   indicates that the candidate is a recognized write-in candidate, and   indicates that the candidate will not appear on the ballot in that state's contest.   indicates that a candidate withdrew before the election but is still listed on the ballot.

Primaries and caucuses
State/
Territory
Date
Biden
Sanders
Gabbard
Warren
Bloomberg
Klobuchar
Buttigieg
Steyer
Patrick
Bennet
Yang
Other
Ref
IA[w] Feb 3 Ballot access not required [417]
NH Feb 11                        [A] [119][418]
NV[w] Feb 22                         [B] [419]
SC Feb 29                         [C] [420]
AL Mar 3                         [D] [421]
AR Mar 3                        [E] [422]
AS[w] Mar 3                         [F] [423]
CA Mar 3                        [G] [424]
CO Mar 3                        [H] [425][426]
ME Mar 3                         [I] [427]
MA Mar 3                         [D] [428]
MN Mar 3                         [D] [429]
NC Mar 3                         [D] [430]
OK Mar 3                         [J] [431]
TN Mar 3                         [K] [432][433]
TX Mar 3                        [L] [434]
UT Mar 3                        [M] [435]
VT Mar 3                        [N] [436]
VA Mar 3                         [J] [437]
DA Mar 10                         [438]
ID Mar 10                        [O] [439]
MI Mar 10                         [P] [440]
MS Mar 10                         [441]
MO Mar 10                        [Q] [442]
ND[w] Mar 10                         [B] [443]
WA Mar 10                         [C] [444]
MP[w] Mar 14                         [445][446]
AZ Mar 17                        [R] [447]
FL Mar 17                         [P] [448]
IL Mar 17                         [C] [449]
WI Apr 7                         [B] [450]
AK Apr 10                         [451][452]
WY[w] Apr 17                         [453]
OH Apr 28                         [454][455]
KS May 2                         [456]
NE May 12                         [457]
OR May 19                         [458]
HI May 22                         [B] [459]
DC Jun 2                         [460]
IN Jun 2                         [461]
MD Jun 2                         [J] [462]
MT Jun 2                         [463]
NM Jun 2                         [464]
PA Jun 2                         [465]
RI Jun 2                         [466]
SD Jun 2                         [467]
GU[w] Jun 6 Ballot access not required [468]
VI[w] Jun 6                         [469]
GA Jun 9                         [B] [470]
WV Jun 9                        [S] [471]
KY Jun 23                         [472]
NY Jun 23                         [473]
DE Jul 7                         [474]
NJ Jul 7                         [475]
LA Jul 11