University of Massachusetts Lowell

The University of Massachusetts Lowell (also known as UMass Lowell and UML) is a public research university in Lowell, Massachusetts, with a satellite campus in Haverhill, Massachusetts. The university is part of the University of Massachusetts system and has been regionally accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE) since 1975.[4] With 1,110 faculty members and over 18,000 students, it is the largest university in the Merrimack Valley and the second-largest public institution in the state.[5] It is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity".[6]

University of Massachusetts Lowell
UMass-Lowell-logo.png
Former names
Lowell Normal School (South Campus)
Lowell Textile Institute (North Campus)
Lowell Technological Institute (North Campus)
Lowell State College (South Campus)
University of Lowell
TypePublic
Established1894; 126 years ago (1894)
FounderJoseph Conti
Endowment$ 99.9 million (2019)[1]
ChancellorJacqueline Moloney
ProvostJoseph Hartman
Students18,338 (2019)[2]
Location, ,
U.S.

42°38′34″N 71°20′04″W / 42.642716°N 71.334530°W / 42.642716; -71.334530Coordinates: 42°38′34″N 71°20′04″W / 42.642716°N 71.334530°W / 42.642716; -71.334530
CampusUrban
150 acres
ColorsBlue, White, and Red[3]
     
AthleticsNCAA Division I
America East
Hockey East
NicknameRiver Hawks
AffiliationsUMass System
MascotRowdy the River Hawk
Websitewww.uml.edu

The university offers 120 bachelor's degree, 43 master's degree, and 25 doctoral degree programs, including nationally recognized programs in engineering, criminal justice, education, music, science, and technology.[1] The university is one of the few public universities in the United States to offer accredited undergraduate degrees in meteorology, sound recording technology, nuclear engineering and plastics engineering. It was the first to offer a degree in music education. Academically, UMass Lowell is organized into six schools and colleges: the College of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences; the College of Education; the Kennedy College of Sciences; the Francis College of Engineering; the Manning School of Business; and the Zuckerberg College of Health Sciences.[7]

HistoryEdit

 
Coburn Hall in 1899

The University of Massachusetts Lowell owes its origins to two institutions founded in the 1890s: Lowell State College on the south side of the Merrimack River and Lowell Technological Institute on the north side. Each would follow its own path of expansion through the 20th century.[8]

Lowell State CollegeEdit

Lowell State College got its start as the Lowell Normal School, which was chartered in 1894 as a teacher-training institution for women. The 10th and final normal school to be established in Massachusetts, it opened in 1898 with 108 students and five faculty members. The original classroom building opened the next year at the corner of Broadway and Wilder streets, and quickly became a landmark in the city.[9] Designed by local firm Stickney & Austin, it reflects the fashion of the time: high-style Beaux Arts with classical symmetry, arches, cast-iron lampposts and yellow brick. Its design was influenced in part by Lowell High School, which was also designed by Lowell native Frederick W. Stickney. Frank Coburn, for whom the hall was later named, served as the school's first principal until 1908.[10]

After being threatened with closure during the Great Depression, school administrators rallied local support to help keep it open. A delegation of prominent individuals representing Lowell's powerful interest groups traveled to Boston and convinced state officials of the school's importance. The result was that the school not only survived, but continued to grow and expand. In 1950, Dr. Daniel O'Leary assumed the presidency and initiated an ambitious building program. The physical plant of the campus expanded during post-war era from a single structure to a multi-building complex, forming an area now known as UMass Lowell's South Campus.[11]

As the demand for more qualified teachers grew, the legislature reorganized the Normal School into Lowell State College in 1960 with a curriculum that expanded beyond education to include baccalaureate degrees in other fields including nursing and music. Beginning in 1967, the college was authorized to confer two more degrees: Master of Education and Master of Music Education.[12]

Lowell Technological InstituteEdit

 
Southwick Hall in 1903
 
World War I era photo of Southwick and Kitson Hall

Established in 1895 as the Lowell Textile School, the institution was founded to train technicians and managers for work in Lowell's booming textile industry. Modeled after the now-defunct Polytechnic College of Pennsylvania, Lowell Textile was the combined effort of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and corporations eager to form a school dedicated to textile education. Under the guidance of founder James T. Smith, Lowell Textile opened its doors in February 1897 in the upper floors of a downtown commercial block located on Middle Street. The school offered three-year training programs in cotton and wool manufacturing, design, textile chemistry and dyeing.[13]

In 1903, the school moved from downtown to its permanent location just northwest of the Merrimack River. The yellow brick mill-like Southwick Hall was dedicated to Royal and Dierexa Southwick. Grandparents of the wealthy businessman Frederick Ayer, the Southwicks were Quakers and abolitionists who came to Lowell in the 1820s to help establish the Lowell Carpet Company. Ten years later, the school granted its first bachelor's degrees in textile dyeing and textile engineering.[14]

In 1953, President Martin Lydon expanded the curriculum to include programs in plastics, leather, paper and electronics technology, increased the liberal arts offerings and renamed the school the Lowell Technological Institute.[15] He moved the institute decisively toward general engineering, setting up a bachelor's program in 1956. The textile program was closed in 1971, reflecting the closure of most of the mills in the city.[16]

MergerEdit

In 1972, a feasibility study was conducted on merging Lowell State College with Lowell Technological Institute.[17] Lowell State and Lowell Tech merged in 1975 as the University of Lowell. In 1991, the Lowell campus joined the University of Massachusetts system under its current name.[18] Under Chapter 142, the UMass system was restructured to combine the Amherst, Boston, and Worcester campuses with the University of Lowell and Southeastern Massachusetts University (now UMass Dartmouth).[19]

Recent developmentsEdit

In 2018 the union of adjunct faculty members launched a campaign titled "Justice for Lowell", demanding health insurance. According to their information UMass Lowell is the only university in the UMass system, that doesn't offer health insurance and retirement benefits for all adjunct professors. Further cited reasons for protests are unequal pay and contract issues.[20][21]

The following year, a sexual harassment complaint against Associate Dean Oliver Ibe was settled by the University of Massachusetts Lowell for $49,300 and $25,700 in attorney's fees, for a combined amount of close to $75,000. The complaint was from a younger female staff member in 2017. Dean Ibe was not fired however, as has been the policy and practice of some other universities including Boston University, and instead had his title of Associate Dean removed. Ibe remains on the faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the College of Engineering, and in 2018 made a salary of $159,893. The University of Massachusetts Lowell has issued several public statements to a petition from faculty and staff to have Ibe removed from the campus, but this has not amounted to any change in policy.[22] In May 2019, students protested, calling for Ibe's removal.[23][24] Ibe has since retired. [25]

CampusEdit

UMass Lowell is the second-largest campus in the University of Massachusetts system and it has three campus clusters: North, South and East. The universities main facilities are located in Lowell, Massachusetts, 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Boston on both sides of the Merrimack River. The university has increased student housing by more than 2,500 beds in the last five years,[26] including opening three new residence halls in 2013, 2015, and 2017.

Organization and administrationEdit

The university is governed by a six-member executive cabinet, including and led by the chancellor. The current chancellor is Jacqueline Moloney, who was appointed in August 2015.[27] Marty Meehan, former UMass Lowell Chancellor, is currently the President of the entire University of Massachusetts system. He assumed office July 2015, and previously served as Chancellor since September 2007.[28][29]

AcademicsEdit

The University of Massachusetts Lowell has an acceptance rate of 72 percent,[30] a freshman retention rate of 85 percent, and a graduation rate of 63 percent. In 2016, 87% of first-year students rated their overall educational experience as "good" or "excellent".[1] The average combined SAT score (Critical Reading and Math) for incoming freshmen for fall 2018 was 1233, up nearly 150 points since fall 2010, and the average entering GPA was a 3.60, up from 3.18 in fall 2010.[1] 47% of undergraduate classes had 20 students or fewer in the fall 2018 semester. In 2018 UMass awarded a total of 2,798 Bachelor's, 1,102 Master's and 122 Doctoral degrees.[1]

Tuition and feesEdit

The 2018-2019 annual tuition and fees for undergraduates were $15,180 (In State), $26,441 (New England Regional & Proximity) and $32,827 (Out of State). Graduate tuitions were $15,060, $22,871 and $26,840 respectively.[31]

Online programsEdit

The university offers various courses online; in 2018, it had a total online-enrollment of 30,932 which was an increase of 7.4% compared to 2017. Total revenue from online classes in 2018 was $39.1 million.[1]

CollegesEdit

Francis College of EngineeringEdit

 
Southwick Hall - University of Massachusetts Lowell

The Francis College of Engineering is named after James B. Francis, a hydraulic engineer who began his career in Lowell during the Industrial Revolution.[16] The college is home to nearly 150 full-time faculty members and 14 research centers, and is fully accredited by ABET.[32] The college is ranked No. 118 by U.S. News and World Report.[33]

UMass Lowell has a radiation laboratory with a Van de Graaff generator that provides students with real-world experience in particle physics, nuclear engineering and health physics.

The UMass Lowell Baseball Research Center is associated with the College of Engineering. The facility, first funded in 1998, is the official testing center for Major League Baseball, testing bats and baseballs. Those conducting research through the center include mechanical engineering faculty and a full-time staff engineer, and six to 12 student laboratory assistants.[34]

Zuckerberg College of Health SciencesEdit

The Roy J. Zuckerberg College of Health Sciences includes the Solomont School of Nursing, elevated from a department as of June 1, 2013.

The college has more than 2,100 undergraduate students, 409 graduate students, 82 faculty members and six research centers.[35] The college offers seven degree and certificate programs, including the only doctorate of physical therapy (DPT) degree program offered by a public institution in Massachusetts. It also offers the only graduate degrees in pharmaceutical sciences at a public institution in the Commonwealth. The graduate nursing program is ranked No. 156 in the nation while the graduate physical therapy program is ranked No. 101, according to U.S. News and World Report.[33]

College of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social SciencesEdit

The College of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences includes the School of Criminology and Justice Studies, as well as signature programs including sound recording technology, music business, peace and conflict studies, security studies and more. The College of Fine Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences is the largest college at UMass Lowell and offers 24 undergraduate and graduate degree programs and houses seven centers and institutes, including the Kerouac Center for Public Humanities, named for writer Jack Kerouac, a Lowell native.[36]

College of EducationEdit

 
Cumnock Hall - University of Massachusetts Lowell

The College of Education offers bachelor's, master's and doctoral degree programs. The school includes 13 tenure-track faculty members and four clinical faculty members. The school has a 100 percent pass rate on the Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure. The online graduate education program is ranked No. 16 in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.[37]

William J. and John F. Kennedy College of SciencesEdit

The William J. and John F. Kennedy College of Sciences has six departments: Biological Sciences; Chemistry; Computer Science; Environmental, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences; Mathematical Sciences; and Physics and Applied Physics.[38] Originally the UMass Lowell College of Sciences, the college was renamed in honor of two alumni, John F. Kennedy '70 and William J. Kennedy '54, in 2015 (unrelated to the political family).[39]

Research centers associated with the college include the New England Robotics Validation and Testing Center (NERVE), one of the nation's premier robotics research, testing and training facilities.[40] Computer Science professor and NERVE director Holly Yanco is currently collaborating with Northeastern University professors Taskin Padir and Robert Platt in developing NASA's Valkyrie robot to research advancements in cutting-edge humanoid robotics.[41]

The graduate chemistry program is ranked No. 145 and the graduate physics program is ranked No. 124 in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.[33]

Manning School of BusinessEdit

The Manning School of Business is named after Robert J. Manning, the chairman and CEO of MFS Investment Management.[42] The school was named after Manning, a 1984 graduate of UMass Lowell, after he and his wife donated $5 million to the university.[43]

The Manning School of Business consists of five departments: Accounting, Finance, Management, MEI (Marketing, Entrepreneurship, and Innovation), and OIS (Operations and Information Systems). The school offers Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD level degrees.

ResearchEdit

Total R&D expenditure was $84 million in 2019.[44]

Labs and Research InitiativesEdit

  • Advanced Biophotonics Laboratory
  • Advanced Composites Materials & Textile Research  
  • Advanced Computation and Telecommunications
  • Advanced Computing & Networking Systems
  • Advanced Electronics Technology
  • Astronomical Observatory
  • Baseball Research
  • Biomanufacturing Science & Technology
  • Cancer Treatment, Tissue Regeneration
  • Children & Families
  • Combustion Lab
  • Computer Machine/Human Intelligence, Networking & Distributed Systems
  • Data Analytics
  • Emerging Technologies to Protect SOLDIERS  
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Health Assessment  
  • Human-Robot Interaction
  • Materials Characterization
  • Medical Device Development
  • Medical Physics
  • Nanomanufacturing Center
  • Neuroscience
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Nuclear Security & Safeguards
  • Peace & Conflict Studies Institute
  • Photonics, Electromagnetics & Nanoelectronics
  • Printed Electronics
  • Protective Fabrics
  • Structural Dynamics & Acoustic Systems
  • Submillimeter-Wave Technology
  • Sustainable Production
  • Toxics Use Reduction Institute

Research CentersEdit

  • Center for Advanced Manufacturing of Polymers and Soft Materials
  • Center for Advanced Materials
  • Center for Asian American Studies
  • Center for Population Health
  • Center for Program Evaluation
  • Center for the Promotion of Health in the New England Workplace
  • Center for Terrorism & Security Studies
  • Center for Wind Energy
  • Center for Women & Work
  • Climate Change Initiative
  • Lowell Center for Space Science & Technology
  • New England Robotics Validation & Experimentation Center
  • Raytheon-UMass Lowell Research Institute[45]

Engagement CentersEdit

  • Center for Community Research and Engagement
  • Center for Public Opinion
  • Stella and Jack Kerouac Center for the Public Humanities
  • Tsongas Industrial History Center

Seed CentersEdit

  • Biomedical Terahertz Technology Center
  • Center for Autism Research and Education (CARE)
  • Center for Gerontology Research & Partnerships
  • Center for International Security & Forensics Education & Research
  • Massachusetts Biomanufacturing Center
  • Radiation Laboratory

University rankingsEdit

University rankings
National
Forbes[47] 408[46]
U.S. News & World Report[48] 176
Washington Monthly[49] 262
Global
THE[50] 501-600
U.S. News & World Report[51] 1053

U.S. News & World Report ranks UMass Lowell No. 176 on its top-tier National Universities list in the Best Colleges of 2021. U.S. News & World Report also named UMass Lowell No. 87 in the top public universities and second among public universities in Massachusetts.[52] Washington Monthly ranked UMass Lowell No. 163 nationally for 2015, representing a 31-spot jump from 2013.[53][54] Forbes ranked UMass Lowell No. 175 among research universities and No. 408 overall. University Ranking by Academic Performance for 2019-2020 ranks the university as No. 197 in the country.[55]

UMass Lowell is known for having one of the highest returns on investment (ROI) in the country for its graduates. Forbes ranked UMass Lowell as the 10th best value among all universities and colleges nationwide for 2013 and fourth-best value among non-military academies.[56] UMass Lowell is one of just 75 institutions in the nation whose graduates have a 30-year net ROI of more than $1 million. PayScale.com found that UMass Lowell provides the 10th best ROI among 437 public universities in the U.S. and 50th out of 1,060 colleges and universities for 2013.[57] PayScale also ranked UMass Lowell 40th in the Northeast Region for highest mid-career salary among graduates of state universities ($95,100) and 80th overall (tied with Boston College).[56]

UMass Lowell has been listed as one of the most underrated colleges in America on multiple occasions. In 2013, Business Insider named UMass Lowell as the "Most Underrated College in America". The 2015 edition has named UMass Lowell as the second-most underrated college in the U.S. behind NJIT.[58][59]

Student lifeEdit

Student bodyEdit

Total enrollment for the 2019-2020 academic year is 18,338, including 2,481 students in online and continuing education.[1]

In-state enrollment represents 88.3 percent of undergraduates and 58.4 percent of graduate students. International students make up 3.5 percent of the undergraduate population and 16.2 percent of the graduate population. Students of color represent 36 percent of the total undergraduate population and 25 percent of the graduate population. The male-female ratio for undergraduates in 2018 was 61/39.[1] Total enrollment has increased 50 percent since 2007.

Student activitiesEdit

 
UMass Lowell mellophone player

UMass Lowell has more than 250 student-run organizations.[60] Of those, the seven largest are funded directly from the student activities fee (other registered student organizations have budgets granted through the Student Government Association). They are:

Greek lifeEdit

Greek life was banned from the university campus after a hazing in 1987, where a student suffered overheating when left with a sleeping bag over his head near a space heater. Greek life was returned to the campus in 2012.[61]

Fraternities

Sororities

AthleticsEdit

 
The Tsongas Center at UMass Lowell
 
LeLacheur Park, with the Merrimack River in the background, taken from the top of Fox Hall

UMass Lowell athletic teams compete in a variety of men's and women's sports in Division I. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, ice hockey, lacrosse, track and field, and soccer. Women's sports are basketball, cross country, lacrosse, track and field, field hockey, soccer, and softball. As of July 1, 2013, 14 of UMass Lowell's Division II teams moved up to Division I, joining the America East Conference. The River Hawks, with the exception of men's ice hockey, previously competed in the Northeast-10 Conference at the Division II level. Past champions include the 1988 men's basketball team, the 1991 men's cross country team, the men's ice hockey team (three times) and the field hockey team twice (2005, 2010). The 2010 field hockey team finished its season with a perfect 24-0 record.

The university's men's ice hockey team plays in the Hockey East Association and plays its home games at the Tsongas Center at UMass Lowell. In 2013, the men's hockey team won the Hockey East regular-season and tournament championships and advanced to the NCAA Division I Championship "Frozen Four," all for the first time in the university's history.[62] The men's hockey team repeated as Hockey East champions in 2014 while advancing to the NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Championship for the third straight year and sixth time overall. Goalie Connor Hellebuyck is the only Hockey East player to receive the league tournament's Most Valuable Player Award in two consecutive years, earning the honor in 2013 and 2014.[63]

The nickname "River Hawks" came about during the school's transition from the University of Lowell to UMass Lowell and was inspired by the campus's location along the Merrimack River. The University of Lowell's nickname was the Chiefs, which was abandoned in favor of the current name. A campus-wide poll was conducted for student input and final candidates included the Ospreys and the Raging Rapids, according to the Connector student newspaper.

Alumni and notable peopleEdit

Alumni activityEdit

In 2018, a total of 8,158 alumni were supporting UMass Lowell financially, representing 10.2% of the alumni body.[1]

Notable alumni and othersEdit

Notable people associated with the university include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i (PDF). 2020-03-01 https://www.uml.edu/docs/Report-Card-3-20_tcm18-323070.pdf. Retrieved 2019-03-22. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ https://www.uml.edu/Institutional-Research/Enrollment-At-Glance.aspx
  3. ^ "Branding Guide". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  4. ^ "New England Commission of Higher Education". NECHE. Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  5. ^ "Quick Facts". UMass System. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  6. ^ "Carnegie Classifications Institution Lookup". carnegieclassifications.iu.edu. Center for Postsecondary Education. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Colleges & Schools". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  8. ^ "University of Massachusetts -- Lowell". Lowell, Massachusetts: Alloy Education. 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  9. ^ Lowell: The River City. Arcadia Publishing. 2006. pp. 79–. ISBN 978-0-7385-3932-4.
  10. ^ Hudon, Paul (November 15, 2004). Lower Merrimack: The Valley and Its Peoples (1st ed.). American Historical Press. pp. 186–191. ISBN 1-892724-44-8.
  11. ^ Marie Frank (2012). University of Massachusetts Lowell. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 8–. ISBN 978-0-7385-7565-0.
  12. ^ "Graduate School of Education Umass Lowell-History". Lowell, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Lowell. 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  13. ^ "The Lowell Textile School-First of Its Kind In Massachusetts Opens With 200 Students" (PDF). The New York Times. Lowell, Massachusetts. October 5, 1897. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
  14. ^ Lowell: The River City. Arcadia Publishing. 2006. pp. 79–82. ISBN 978-0-7385-3932-4.
  15. ^ Marie Frank (2012). University of Massachusetts Lowell. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-0-7385-7565-0.
  16. ^ a b "History of the Francis College of Engineering". University of Massachusetts Lowell. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  17. ^ Auburn, Norman Paul (1972). Study on feasibility of merging Lowell Technological Institute and Lowell State College. Lowell, Massachusetts: Merger Study Team, Academy for Educational Development.
  18. ^ Paul W. Rahmeier (1998). "A University's Mission: Responding to Community Needs". Education. 118 (3): 323.
  19. ^ "History of UMass – Timeline | University of Massachusetts". UMass System. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  20. ^ "Justice for Lowell – Justice for Lowell". justiceforlowell.org. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
  21. ^ Keller, Gretchen. "'Justice for Lowell' union fights for adjunct healthcare". Massachusetts Daily Collegian. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
  22. ^ "UMass Lowell dean demoted, not fired, over harassment". Lowell Sun. 2019-04-20. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  23. ^ "UML students protest over alleged harassing professor". Lowell Sun. 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  24. ^ "Students join calls for professor's removal". Lowell Sun. 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  25. ^ https://www.lowellsun.com/2019/08/09/demoted-umass-professor-retires/
  26. ^ "Capital plan" (PDF). www.uml.edu. p. 4. Retrieved 2019-05-16.
  27. ^ "Chancellor | UMass Lowell". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  28. ^ "Martin T. Meehan Elected 27th President of the University of Massachusetts | UMass Lowell". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  29. ^ "Alumni Magazine UMass Lowell" (PDF).
  30. ^ "University of Massachusetts--Lowell". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  31. ^ "University Quick Facts | UMass Lowell". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  32. ^ "Francis College of Engineering Research".
  33. ^ a b c "University of Massachusetts--Lowell (Francis) - Overall Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  34. ^ Nancy Shohet West, UML lab runs 'test kitchen' for bats, baseballs, The Boston Globe (October 14, 2007) (republished by the University of Massachusetts Lowell).
  35. ^ "College of Health Sciences". Archived from the original on 2015-02-02. Retrieved 2015-02-02.
  36. ^ "Fine Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences".
  37. ^ "About | College of Education". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
  38. ^ "Departments | Kennedy College of Sciences". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  39. ^ Renaming Recognizes Kennedy Family's Commitment to Students, Campus, University of Massachusetts Lowell (October 28, 2015).
  40. ^ "New England Robotics Validation and Experimentation (NERVE) Center".
  41. ^ "'Star Wars'-like NASA Robot Coming to Campus". 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  42. ^ "Inside Marty Meehan's campaign to remake UMass Lowell".
  43. ^ "Robert Manning to speak at UMass Lowell graduation". Lowell Sun. 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  44. ^ https://www.uml.edu/about/quick-facts.aspx
  45. ^ https://www.uml.edu/Research/Centers-Institutes/ |title=UMass Lowell Research Centers
  46. ^ "University of Massachusetts Lowell". Forbes.
  47. ^ "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  48. ^ "2021 Best National University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  49. ^ "2020 National University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  50. ^ "World University Rankings 2021". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  51. ^ "2021 Best Global Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  52. ^ University of Massachusetts-Lowell | Overall Rankings | Best College | US News. Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  53. ^ "National University Rankings 2013 2nd Page - Washington Monthly". washingtonmonthly.com. Archived from the original on 2013-08-30.
  54. ^ "2015 National Universities Rankings - Washington Monthly". Washington Monthly. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06.
  55. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Performance". www.urapcenter.org.
  56. ^ a b "Top Colleges 2013: Best Value College". Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  57. ^ "College ROI 2013 Schools by Type". PayScale.
  58. ^ "Most Underrated Colleges in America 2013". Business Insider.
  59. ^ "The 50 Most Underrated Colleges In America - 2015".
  60. ^ "Clubs & Organizations | Student Activities & Leadership". www.uml.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-25.
  61. ^ Kapteyn, Nick. "New frats, sororities try to change their images". BostonGlobe.com. Boston Globe. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  62. ^ "NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Bracket". Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  63. ^ "DI Men's College Ice Hockey - Bracket - NCAA.com". NCAA.com.

External linksEdit