Open main menu

Wikipedia β

The Kennedy family is an American political family that has been prominent in American politics, public service, and business. At least one Kennedy family member held federal elective office in every year since 1947, a span of time comprising more than a quarter of the United States's existence.[1]

Kennedy
Political family
Coat of Arms of John F. Kennedy.svg
Parent family O'Kennedy
Ethnicity Irish Americans
Current region New England
Place of origin Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Founded Arrival in the United States: 1849
Founder Patrick Kennedy (1823–1858)
Titles
Distinctions Kennedy curse
Estate(s) Kennedy Compound (Hyannis Port, Massachusetts)

The descendants of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy include a president of the United States (who had also served in both houses of Congress), five other members of the United States House of Representatives or Senate, and two U.S. ambassadors, a lieutenant governor, three state legislators (one of whom went on to the U.S. House of Representatives), and one mayor.

In addition, Joseph Sr.'s daughter, Eunice, founded the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (a part of the National Institutes of Health), and founded the Special Olympics. A granddaughter, Maria Shriver, was married to Austrian bodybuilder and actor Arnold Schwarzenegger and was instrumental in creating the California Museum for History, Women and the Arts (now the California Museum) [2].

Members of the family have been involved in public service since 1884, 35 years after their forebears arrived from Ireland.

Contents

HistoryEdit

According to genealogist Brian Kennedy in his work JFK's Irish O'Kennedy Ancestors, the Kennedy family who would go on to play a significant role in the United States of America originated from the Ó Cinnéide Fionn (one of the three Irish Gaelic Ó Cinnéide clans who ruled the kingdom of Ormond, along with the Ó Cinnéide Donn and Ó Cinnéide Ruadh). Their progenitor, Diarmaid Ó Cinnéide Fionn held Knigh Castle close to what is today Puckane, County Tipperary in 1546. From there, having lost out to the New English order in the Kingdom of Ireland, they ended up in Dunganstown, New Ross, County Wexford by 1740. It is here that Patrick Kennedy was born in 1823.

The first Kennedys to reside in the United States were Patrick Kennedy (1823–1858) and Bridget Murphy (1824–1888), who sailed from Ireland to East Boston in 1849; Patrick worked in East Boston as a barrel maker, or cooper. [3] Patrick and Bridget had five children; their youngest, Patrick Joseph "P. J." Kennedy, went into business and served in the state Legislature.

P.J. and his wife, Mary Augusta Hickey, were the parents of four children. Their oldest was Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr.,[4] who amassed a fortune in banking and securities trading, which he further expanded by investing in other growing industries. Joseph Sr. was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, chairman of the Maritime Commission, and U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom in the lead-up to World War II.

Joseph Sr. and his wife, Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald, were the parents of nine children: Joseph Jr., John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, Jean, and Ted. John served as the 35th President of the United States, while Robert and Edward (Ted) both became prominent senators. Every Kennedy to hold elective office has served as a Democrat, while other members of the family have worked for the Democratic Party or held Cabinet posts in Democratic administrations. Many have attended Harvard University, and the family has contributed greatly to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Joseph expected his eldest son, Joseph Jr., to go into politics and ultimately be elected President. After Joseph Jr. was killed in World War II, Joseph Sr.'s expectations transferred to his second son, John. After returning from World War II Navy service, John served in the U.S. House of Representatives for six years, and later as the junior Senator from Massachusetts until he was elected President in 1960.

During John's administration, his brother, Robert, served as attorney general; and brother-in-law, Sargent Shriver, served as director of the new Peace Corps. The youngest brother, Ted, was elected to the Senate in 1962. The family received intense publicity, often emphasizing their relative youth, allure, education, and future in politics.

In a biography for the White House website [5], Frank Freidel and Hugh Sidey wrote that the Kennedy administration's "economic programs launched the country on its longest sustained expansion since World War II," and that the administration "laid plans for a massive assault on persisting pockets of privation and poverty"; "took vigorous action in the cause of equal rights, calling for new civil rights legislation"; facilitated a peaceful resolution to the Cuban Missile Crisis; started the Alliance for Progress and the Peace Corps to build relationships and assist in economic development abroad; and promoted the arts as having a "central role ... in a vital society."

The family suffered many tragedies, which contributed to the idea of the "Kennedy curse". In 1941, Rosemary underwent a lobotomy intended to curb behavioral and emotional issues, but the operation left her incapacitated; Joseph Jr. died in 1944 when the World War II Navy bomber he was flying exploded in flight; Kathleen died in a plane crash in France in 1948; John and Robert were assassinated in 1963 and 1968; and Ted was the driver of his car that went off a bridge and into a channel in 1969, which left his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, drowned. Of Joseph Sr.'s grandchildren, David died of a drug overdose in 1984; Michael died from injuries sustained in a skiing accident in 1997; John Jr. died in a plane crash in 1999; and Kara died of a heart attack in 2011.

GenealogyEdit

 
Kennedy family in September 1963

.

I.[ii] Patrick Kennedy
(c.1823, Ireland–​1858, U.S.)[iii]
Bridget
Murphy
(c.1824–1888)[iv]
II. Mary L.
Kennedy
(1851–1926)
Joanna L. Kennedy
(1852–1926)
John
Kennedy III
(1854–1855)
Margaret M. Kennedy
(1855–1929)
Patrick Joseph 'P.J.' Kennedy
(1858–1929)
Mary Augusta Hickey
(1857–1923)
III. Joseph P. 'Joe' Kennedy Sr.
(1888–1969)
Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald
(1890–1995)[v]
Francis Benedict
Kennedy
(1891–1892)
Mary Loretta
Kennedy
(1892–1972)
George William
Connelly
(1898–1971)
Margaret Louise
Kennedy
(1898–1974)
Charles Joseph
Burke
(1899–1967)
IV. Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr.
(1915–1944)
John Fitzgerald 'Jack'
Kennedy

(1917–1963)
Rose Marie
Kennedy

(1918–2005)
Kathleen Agnes (Marchioness of Hartington)
Kennedy

(1920–1948)
Eunice Mary
Kennedy

(1922–2009)
Patricia Helen
Kennedy

(1924–2006)
Robert Francis 'Bobby'
Kennedy

(1925–1968)
Jean Ann
Kennedy

(b. 1928)
Edward Moore 'Ted'
Kennedy

(1932–2009)
Jacqueline Lee
Bouvier

(1929–1994)
William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington
(1917–1944)
Robert Sargent Shriver Jr.
(1915–2011)
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford
(1923–1984)
Ethel
Skakel

(b. 1928)
Stephen Edward
Smith

(1926–1990)
Virginia Joan Bennett
(b. 1937)
1st m./div.
Victoria Anne Reggie
(b. 1954)
2nd m.
V. Arabella Kennedy
(1956–1956)
Caroline Bouvier
Kennedy

(b. 1957)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr.
(1960–1999)
Patrick Bouvier
Kennedy

(1963–1963)
Kara Anne
Kennedy

(1960–2011)
Edward Moore
Kennedy Jr.

(b. 1961)
Patrick Joseph
Kennedy II

(b. 1967)
CK-S
Robert Sargent Shriver III
(b. 1954)
Maria Owings Shriver
(b. 1955)
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger
(b. 1947)
Timothy Perry Shriver
(b. 1959)
Mark Kennedy Shriver
(b. 1964)
Anthony Paul Kennedy
Shriver

(b. 1965)
Stephen Edward
Smith Jr.
(b. 1957)
William Kennedy
Smith

(b. 1960)
Amanda Mary
Smith
(b. 1967)
Kym Maria
Smith
(b. 1972)
MSh-Schw
Christopher Kennedy Lawford
(b. 1955)
Sydney Maleia Kennedy Lawford
(b. 1956)
Victoria Francis Lawford
(b. 1958)
Robin
Elizabeth
Lawford
(b. 1961)
Kathleen Hartington Kennedy
(b. 1951)
Joseph Patrick Kennedy II
(b. 1952)
Robert Francis Kennedy Jr.
(b. 1954)
David Anthony Kennedy
(1955–1984)
Mary Courtney Kennedy
(b. 1956)
Michael LeMoyne
Kennedy

(1958–1997)
Mary Kerry
'Kerry'
Kennedy

(b. 1959)
Christopher George
Kennedy

(b. 1963)
Matthew Maxwell Taylor 'Max' Kennedy
(b. 1965)
Douglas Harriman
Kennedy

(b. 1967)
Rory Elizabeth Katherine
Kennedy

(b. 1968)
JPK2-R
JPK2-R MSh-Schw CK-S
VI.[vi] Joseph Patrick
Kennedy III

(b. 1980)
Katherine Eunice
Schwarzenegger

(b. 1989)
Patrick Arnold
Shriver
Schwarzenegger

(b. 1993)
Rose Kennedy
Schlossberg

(b. 1988)
John Bouvier
Kennedy
Schlossberg

(b. 1993)
Notes:
  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl (10 May 2003). "Patrick Kennedy". The Peerage. p. 6527 § 65269. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Patrick Kennedy M, b. circa 1823, d. 22 November 1858 
  2. ^ The numbering of generations (in Roman numerals I–VI) is arbitrary
  3. ^ Parents: Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0. 
  4. ^ Marriage: Collier, P.; Horowitz, D. (1984). The Kennedys - An American Drama. [full citation needed]
  5. ^ Parents: Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2001). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. pp. 88–89. 
  6. ^ In generation VII, only notable family members are listed

Offices heldEdit

Italics denote members who married into the family. Only members who held political office are shown below.

Since John F. Kennedy's election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1946, there have been very few times in which a Kennedy was not holding public office -- first from December 22, 1960 until January 20, 1961 (from Kennedy's resignation from the Senate to his assumption of the Presidency) and next from Patrick J. Kennedy's departure from the House on January 3, 2011 until Joseph P. Kennedy III's election to the House on January 3, 2013.

Coat of armsEdit

In 1961, John F. Kennedy was presented with a grant of arms for all the descendants of Patrick Kennedy (1823–1858) from the Chief Herald of Ireland. The design of the arms strongly alludes to symbols in the coats of arms of the O'Kennedys of Ormonde and the FitzGeralds of Desmond, from whom the family is believed to be descended. The crest is an armored hand holding four arrows between two olive branches, elements taken from the coat of arms of the United States of America and also symbolic of Kennedy and his brothers.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Levenson, Michael (February 13, 2010). "Pondering a Congress without Kennedys". The Boston Globe. 
  2. ^ Library, California State. "Governors of California - Maria Shriver". governors.library.ca.gov. 
  3. ^ Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0. 
  4. ^ The Kennedy Family The JFK Library, accessed Feb 10, 2016
  5. ^ "John F. Kennedy". whitehouse.gov. 
  6. ^ "John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States". American Heraldry Society. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved October 27, 2009. 

External linksEdit