Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Main logo used by the NCAA in Division I, II, and III.

Division II is an intermediate-level division of competition in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). It offers an alternative to both the larger and better-funded Division I and to the scholarship-free environment offered in Division III.

Before 1973, the NCAA's smaller schools were grouped together in the College Division. In 1973, the College Division split in two when the NCAA began using numeric designations for its competitions. The College Division members who wanted to offer athletic scholarships or compete against those who did became Division II, while those who chose not to offer athletic scholarships became Division III.

Nationally, ESPN televises the championship game in football, CBS televises the men's basketball championship, and ESPN2 televises the women's basketball championship. CBS Sports Network broadcasts six football games on Thursdays during the regular season, and one men's basketball game per week on Saturdays during that sport's regular season.

The official slogan of NCAA Division II, implemented in 2015, is "Make It Yours." [1]

Contents

MembershipEdit

There are currently 300 full and 20 provisional members of Division II with seven institutions moving to full membership in September 2015.[2] Division II schools tend to be smaller public universities and many private institutions. A large minority of Division II institutions (133 schools / 42%) have fewer than 2,499 students. Only six institutions have more than 15,000 students. Division II has a diverse membership, with two active member institutions in Alaska and four in Hawaii. Additionally, it is the only division that has member institutions in Puerto Rico and the only division that has expanded its membership to include an international member institution. Simon Fraser University became the first institution outside the US to enter the NCAA membership process. This occurred after the Division II Membership Committee accepted the institution's application during a July 7–9 meeting in Indianapolis, Indiana. Simon Fraser, located in the Vancouver suburb of Burnaby, British Columbia, began a two-year candidacy period September 1, 2009. Prospective members also must complete at least one year of provisional status before being accepted as full-time Division II members. In the fall of 2012, the NCAA President's Council officially approved Simon Fraser University as the organization's first international member.[3] In April 2017, the NCAA made permanent the pilot program under which Simon Fraser was admitted to the NCAA. The Mexican school CETYS, which is fully accredited in the U.S. as well as Mexico, is seeking to join the NCAA with the backing of the California Collegiate Athletic Association.[4]

OverviewEdit

Men's team sportsEdit

Number Sport Teams[5] Conferences Scholarships
per team
Season Most Championships
1 Football 173 16 36.0 Fall Disputed
2 Basketball 320 24 10.0 Winter Kentucky Wesleyan (8)
3 Baseball 270 24 9.0 Spring Florida Southern (9)
4 Soccer 215 24 9.0 Fall Southern Connecticut State University (6)
5 Lacrosse 65 24 10.8 Spring Adelphi (7)
6 Volleyball* 24 4 4.5 Spring UCLA (19)
7 Water polo* 7 4 4.5 Fall California (13)

* Championships are combine with DI

Sports are ranked according to total possible scholarships (number of teams x number of scholarships per team). Scholarship numbers for head-count sports are indicated without a decimal point. Numbers for equivalency sports are indicated with a decimal point, with a trailing zero if needed.

Men's individual sportsEdit

No. Sport Teams[5] Athletes[5] Season
1 Track (outdoor) 210 7,189 Spring
2 Track (indoor) 166 5,826 Winter
3 Cross country 280 3,679 Fall
4 Swimming & diving 73 1,500 Winter
5 Golf 237 2,470 Spring
6 Tennis 174 1,749 Spring
7 Wrestling 60 1,946 Winter

Women's team sportsEdit

No. Sport Teams[5] Conferences Scholarships
per team
Season Most Championships
1 Basketball 321 24 10.0 Winter Cal Poly Pomona and North Dakota State (5)
2 Soccer 267 24 9.9 Fall Grand Vally State and Franklin Pierce (5)
3 Volleyball 308 24 8.0 Fall Conordia St. Paul (8)
4 Softball 299 24 7.2 Spring Cal State-Northridge (4)
5 Rowing 16 24 20.0 Spring Western Washington (8)
6 Lacrosse 100 24 9.9 Spring Adelphi (8)
7 Field Hockey 30 24 6.3 Fall Bloomsburg (13)
8 Water Polo* 10 6 8.0 Spring UCLA (7)
  • Championships are combine with DI

Women's individual sportsEdit

No. Sport Teams[5] Athletes[5] Season
1 Track (outdoor) 236 7,104 Spring
2 Track (indoor) 189 5,921 Winter
3 Cross country 307 3,897 Fall
4 Swimming & diving 94 1,853 Winter
5 Golf 195 1,561 Spring
6 Tennis 232 2,067 Spring
7 Gymnastics 7 130 Winter

RequirementsEdit

Division II institutions have to sponsor at least five sports for men and five for women, (or four for men and six for women), with two team sports for each gender, and each playing season represented by each gender. There are contest and participant minimums for each sport, as well as scheduling criteria—football and men's and women's basketball teams must play at least 50 percent of their games against Division II or Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly Division I-A) or Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA) opponents. For sports other than football and basketball there are no scheduling requirements. There are not attendance requirements for football, nor arena size requirements for basketball. There are maximum financial aid awards for each sport, as well as a separate limit on financial aid awards in men's sports, that a Division II school must not exceed. Division II teams usually feature a number of local or in-state student-athletes. Many Division II student-athletes pay for school through a combination of scholarship money, grants, student loans and employment earnings. Division II athletics programs are financed in the institution's budget like other academic departments on campus. Traditional rivalries with regional institutions dominate schedules of many Division II athletics programs.[6]

Athletic scholarships are offered in most sponsored sports at most institutions, but with more stringent limits as to the numbers offered in any one sport than at the Division I level. For example, Division II schools may give financial aid in football equivalent to 36 full scholarships (whereas each school in Division I FBS, the highest level, is allowed 85 individuals receiving financial aid for football), although some Division II conferences limit the number of scholarships to a lower level. Division II scholarship programs are frequently the recipients of student-athletes transferring from Division I schools; a transfer student does not have to sit out a year before resuming sports participation as would usually be the case in the event of transferring from one Division I institution to another. Several exceptions to this rule currently exist, of which three are the most significant. First, football players transferring from a Division I FBS school to a Division I FCS school do not have to sit out a year, provided that the player has at least two remaining seasons of athletic eligibility. The same also applies to players transferring from scholarship-granting FCS schools to non-scholarship FCS schools.[7][a] Second, in sports other than football, baseball, men's and women's basketball, and men's ice hockey, a first-time transfer does not have to sit out a year, provided that the player's former institution grants a scholarship release.[7] Additionally, student-athletes in any sport who complete a bachelor's degree and still have athletic eligibility remaining can transfer to another school and be immediately eligible, provided that they enroll in a graduate or professional degree program at the new institution.[8]

Conferences competing in Division IIEdit

^ Conferences that sponsor football

The newest D-II conference is the Mountain East Conference, formed in 2012 after the football-sponsoring schools in the West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (WVIAC) announced that they would leave to form a new league,[9][10] a move that led to the demise of the WVIAC. The Mountain East was approved by the NCAA Division II Membership Committee in February 2013, and became an official conference on September 1 of that year.[11]

IndependentsEdit

Scholarship limits by sportEdit

The NCAA imposes limits on the total financial aid each Division II member may award in each sport that the school sponsors. All Division II sports are classified as "equivalency" sports, meaning that the NCAA restricts the total financial aid that a school can offer in a given sport to the equivalent of a set number of full scholarships.[12] This differs from Division I, in which some sports are "head-count" sports in which the NCAA limits the total number of individuals who can receive athletic aid. In another practice that differs from Division I, Division II members are limited to a combined total of 60 scholarship equivalents for men's sports apart from football and basketball.[13]

Scholarship limits in bold are identical to those for Division I members in the same sport for the same sex. Most, but not all, of these sports have a single championship open to schools from all divisions (for example bowling and rifle), or a combined Division I/II national championship and a separate Division III championship (as in women's ice hockey and men's volleyball). Examples of sports with identical scholarship numbers in the two divisions, but separate national championships for each, include men's cross-country and women's rowing.

In sports that conduct "National Collegiate" championships open to schools from multiple divisions, Division II schools are allowed to award the same number of scholarships as Division I members.[14] If the Division I scholarship limit is higher than the Division II limit, the D-II member must annually file a declaration of intent to compete under Division I rules with the NCAA prior to June 1.[15]

Additionally, if the NCAA sponsors a Division I championship but not a Division II championship in a given sport, D-II members are allowed to compete in the D-I championship,[16] and are also allowed to operate under D-I scholarship limits.[17] An example of this situation can be seen in men's ice hockey, which has not had a Division II championship in the 21st century. Several schools in the Northeast-10 Conference compete under Division II scholarship limits; other Division II schools with programs in that sport choose to play as Division I programs under the higher Division I scholarship limits.

Rifle is classified by the NCAA as a men's sport, but allows competitors of both sexes.

Sport Men's Women's
Baseball
9.0
-
Basketball
10.0
10.0
Beach volleyball
-
5.0
Bowling
-
5.0
Cross-country/track & field
12.6[s 1]
12.6[s 2]
Equestrian
-
15.0
Fencing
4.5
4.5
Field hockey
-
6.3
Football
36.0
-
Golf
3.6
5.4
Gymnastics
5.4
6.0
Ice hockey
13.5
18.0
Lacrosse
10.8
9.9
Rifle
3.6
-
Rowing
-
20.0
Rugby
-
12.0
Skiing
6.3
6.3
Soccer
9.0
9.9
Softball
-
7.2
Swimming and diving
8.1
8.1
Tennis
4.5
6.0
Triathlon
-
5.0
Volleyball
4.5
8.0
Water polo
4.5
8.0
Wrestling
9.0
-
Notes
  1. ^ Schools that do not sponsor men's indoor or outdoor track, but do sponsor men's cross-country, are allowed 5.0 equivalents.[18]
  2. ^ Schools that do not sponsor women's indoor or outdoor track, but do sponsor women's cross-country, are allowed 6.0 equivalents.[18]

Interaction with other divisionsEdit

The NCAA does not strictly prevent its member institutions from playing outside of their own division, or indeed playing against schools that are not members of the NCAA, but it is discouraged in many sports.

NAIAEdit

Many Division II schools frequently schedule matches against members of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), which consists of colleges and universities across the United States and Canada that promote competitive and character-based athletics that is controlled by its membership, as opposed to the NCAA that serves as a regulating body.

Division IEdit

Division II schools also frequently schedule "money games", usually in football and men's basketball, against Division I schools.

In football, D-II teams once occasionally played games against schools that are now in Division I FBS, but this practice has ended because under current NCAA rules, FBS schools cannot use victories over schools below FCS level for establishing bowl eligibility. Today, D-II "money games" are exclusively against FCS schools, whose postseason eligibility is less seriously impacted by scheduling a D-II opponent. In basketball, where conference tournaments play a large role in determining postseason participants, D-I schools have less of a penalty for scheduling an occasional D-II opponent, resulting in more "money games".

In any event, the D-II school is almost invariably the visiting team, and is invited to play with knowledge that it will likely be defeated but will receive a substantial (at least by Division II standards) monetary reward which will help to finance much of the rest of the season and perhaps other sports as well. Such games are funded by Division I schools which can afford such games.

In recent years, "money games" in men's basketball have also included preseason exhibitions against D-I programs, typically in the same region, that do not count in official statistics for either team. Under NCAA rules, Division I teams are allowed to play two exhibition games in a season, and must host these games.[19]

The University of Kansas helps the state's four Division II members by rotating them onto the Jayhawks' exhibition schedule annually. Milwaukee, which has been a Division I member since 1990, has continued its series with their former Division II rival Wisconsin-Parkside as part of their exhibition schedule.

When these exhibition games do happen, there are times when the Division II team does win, and against a well-respected Division I program. In 2009, a Division II team beat the eventual Big East regular season champion.[20] In 2010, two other Division II teams beat teams that reached the NCAA Division I tournament.[20] In 2011, another Division II team defeated a Division I team that finished in the top half of the Pac-12 Conference. In 2012, another Division II team beat[20] eventual Atlantic Coast Conference regular-season and tournament champion Miami.[21]

Also in basketball, two of the best-known early-season tournaments for D-I schools, the Great Alaska Shootout and Maui Invitational, are hosted by D-II schools that also compete in the events, respectively Alaska–Anchorage and Chaminade. The Great Alaska Shootout has men's and women's tournaments, while the Maui Invitational only involves men's teams. In the men's tournaments, the hosts usually lose all of their games. However, Alaska–Anchorage has been highly competitive in the women's Shootout, winning the tournament five times since 2003.

Non-revenue sports competitionEdit

Matches between the different collegiate divisions in non-revenue sports are often quite competitive. Indeed, in some sports, among them ice hockey and men's volleyball, there is no Division II national championship. In hockey, many schools whose athletic programs are otherwise Division II compete in Division I, and men's volleyball has a truncated divisional structure with a Division III championship but no Division II championship (as opposed to the NAIA, which fully includes men's volleyball in its divisional structure). In any sport that does not have a Division II national championship, Division II members are allowed to award the same number of scholarships as Division I members.

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Most FCS members award football scholarships, but the following programs do not award football scholarships:
    • Members of the Ivy League, which prohibits its members from awarding athletic scholarships in any sport.
    • Members of the Pioneer Football League, a football-only league that also bans athletic scholarships (though only in that sport).
    • Georgetown, which chose to remain a non-scholarship football program after its football home of the Patriot League began allowing football scholarships in 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ smeyers@ncaa.org (2015-07-08). "Division II begins rollout of 'Make It Yours' logo". NCAA.org - The Official Site of the NCAA. Retrieved 2017-03-27. 
  2. ^ "Division II Facts and Figures | NCAA.org - The Official Site of the NCAA". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  3. ^ August 21, 2012 6:03 PM (2012-08-10). "NCAA makes it official: SFU is admitted as first Canadian member - Public Affairs and Media Relations - Simon Fraser University". Sfu.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  4. ^ Tracy, Marc (May 1, 2017). "Looking to Cross the Border From Mexico, Into the N.C.A.A". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f NCAA Sports Sponsorship and Participation Rates Report, October 2016, http://www.ncaapublications.com/productdownloads/PR1516.pdf
  6. ^ "Divisional Differences and the History of Multidivision Classification | NCAA.org - The Official Site of the NCAA". NCAA.org. Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  7. ^ a b "Bylaw 14.5.5.2.10: Transfer Regulations, One-Time Transfer Exception" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division I Manual. NCAA. p. 170. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Bylaw 14.6.1: Graduate Student/Postbaccalaureate Participation, One-Time Transfer Exception" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division I Manual. NCAA. p. 173. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  9. ^ "UVa–Wise Accepts Charter Membership in Mountain East Conference". Hazard, KY: WYMT-TV. August 20, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  10. ^ Rine, Shawn (August 20, 2012). "Cards, Toppers Set To Jump Into New League". The Intelligencer & Wheeling News Register. Wheeling, WV. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  11. ^ "NCAA Adds Mountain East Conference As Newest DIvision II League" (Press release). Mountain East Conference. February 15, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Bylaw 15.4.2 Equivalency Sports" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. pp. 165–66. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Bylaw 15.4.2.1.1.1 Overall Limit" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. p. 166. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Bylaw 20.7.1.1 Maximum Awards Exception" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. p. 298. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Bylaw 20.7.1.1.1 Declaration of Intent to be Exempt" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. p. 298. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Bylaw 20.7.2 Options When No Division II Championship Is Conducted" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. p. 298. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Bylaw 20.7.2.1 Participation in Division I Championship" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. p. 298. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "Bylaw 15.4.2.1.4 Maximum Equivalency Limits—Institutions That Sponsor Cross Country but Do Not Sponsor Track and Field" (PDF). 2016–17 NCAA Division II Manual. NCAA. p. 166. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  19. ^ Bolen, Erin (June 17, 2011). "Missouri State men's basketball to play Missouri Southern in exhibition". Springfield News-Leader. Springfield, Missouri. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c "Is Miami's exhibition loss to Division II St. Leo an aberration or an omen?". Yahoo Sports. 5 November 2012. 
  21. ^ "Miami (FL) Hurricanes Basketball 2013-14 Schedule - Hurricanes Home and Away - ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 

External linksEdit