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Tumbling, also known as power tumbling, is a gymnastics sporting discipline which combines skills of artistic gymnastics with those of trampolining. It is sometimes practiced on a 25-meter-long spring track. Tumbling, which originated for entertainment purposes, is now codified, regulated, judged, and performed using standardized special acrobatic equipment.

Tumbling
Jordan Ramos tumbling gymnastics champion.jpg
Jordan Ramos in the British Tumbling Championships
Highest governing bodyInternational Gymnastics Federation
Characteristics
Mixed genderNo
TypeGymnastic sport
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
OlympicNo
World Games1981 – 2021[1]

Competitors, both male and female, perform two passes, each containing eight skills, along the track. Passes usually begin with a Round-off, Barani or Rudi (the Barani and Rudi are forward, twisting somersaults) which is followed by a series of back-handsprings and/or whips (a fast, long back somersault done in a straight body position) ending in a 'dismount' skill. In competition, only feet and hands are allowed to make contact with the track.

Governed by rules established by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique, tumbling is one of the gymnastic disciplines. Elements of tumbling are also practiced on floor exercise by participants of both women's and men's artistic gymnastics. Tumbling elements, such as the round-off and back-handspring (flip), are commonly integrated into the balance beam routines of gymnasts.

Tumbling has been an Olympic event only once, at the 1932 Summer Olympics, and was a demonstration event in 1996 and 2000. However, it is one of the events of the World Games and is an annual World Championships event held in conjunction with the Trampoline World Championships.

Contents

EquipmentEdit

When power tumbling was first started, and for the first ever US NatiFrom there, "floors" evolved in a wide variety of ways, including rows of skis tied together with the ends cut off under those mats, and then to the rod floor used today. This was[2] developed by Randy Mulkey, which is a 25 metres (82 ft) long by 2-metre (6.6 ft) wide track consisting of fiberglass rods (laid horizontally, to make it springy) under two layers of foam mats.[3][4] It also includes a 10 metres (33 ft) run up at the front. At the end is a mat where the gymnasts land their dismounting skill.

CompetitionEdit

Competitors perform two passes, each containing eight skills along the track, usually starting with a round-off, barani, or rudi (the barani and rudi are forward, twisting somersaults) followed by a series of back-handsprings and/or whips (a fast, long back somersault done in a straight body position) ending in a 'dismount' skill. In the lower levels, there are rules about what each pass should contain. At more advanced levels there is a choice about the skills performed. This includes adding much more difficulty to the passes by adding twisting somersaults (called single, double or triple fulls) in the middle of the pass. The dismounting skill is often another double or triple full or a double or triple back somersault, which can also include extra twists. Internationally, competitors frequently have three double somersaults incorporated into each pass. All athletes in this sport at high levels are expected to have a finals pass as well as their other two passes. While not used at every competition, it is important to have three passes.

Scoring is similar to trampolining with five judged scores for execution (form, body position and final landing) and one for the degree of difficulty (number of somersaults and twists etc.). The top and bottom execution scores are dropped and the remaining three added to the difficulty score to give the total for the pass.

Basic tumbling movesEdit

  • Punch fronts
  • Back handsprings
  • Roundoffs
  • Roundoff back handsprings
  • Layouts
  • Front fulls
  • Double fulls
  • Standing fulls
  • Baranis
  • Whips
  • Double backs
  • Tucks
  • front walkover
  • front handspring

Tumbling resultsEdit

World Champions – MenEdit

FIG era
Year Gymnast Country
2018 Vadim Afanasiev   Russia
2017 Zhang Kuo   China
2015 Yang Song   China
2014 Yang Song   China
2013 Kristof Willerton   United Kingdom
2011 Yang Song   China
2010 Viktor Kyforenko   Ukraine
2009 Tagir Murtazaev   Russia
2007 Andrey Krylov   Russia
2005 Wang Jiexu   China
2003 Alexsei Kryzhanovskly   Russia
2001 Denis Serdiyukov   Russia
1999 Levon Petrosian   Russia
FIT era
Year Gymnast Country
1998 Levon Petrosian   Russia
1996 Rayshine Harris   United States
1994 Adrian Sienkiewicz   Poland
1992 Jon Beck   United States
1990 Pascal Eouzan   France
1988 Pascal Eouzan   France
1986 Jerry Hardy   United States
1984 Steve Elliott   United States
1982 Steve Elliott   United States
1980 Ken Ekberg   United States
1978 Jim Bertz   United States
1976 Jim Bertz   United States

World Champions – WomenEdit

FIG era
Year Gymnast Country
2017 Jia Fangfang   China
2015 Jia Fangfang   China
2014 Rachael Letsche   United Kingdom
2013 Jia Fangfang   China
2011 Jia Fangfang   China
2010 Anna Korobeynikova   Russia
2009 Anna Korobeynikova   Russia
2007 Anna Korobeynikova   Russia
2005 Anna Korobeynikova   Russia
2003 Elena Chabenenko   Ukraine
2001 Elena Chabenenko   Ukraine


FIT era
Year Gymnast Country
1998 Elena Bluyina   Russia
1996 Chrystel Robert   France
1994 Chrystel Robert   France
1992 Chrystel Robert   France
1990 Chrystel Robert   France
1988 Megan Cunningham   United States
1986 Jill Hollembeak   United States
1984 Jill Hollembeak   United States
1982 Jill Hollembeak   United States
1980 Tracy Conour   United States
1978 Nancy Quattrochi   United States
1976 Tracy Long   United States

World GamesEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1981 Santa Clara   United States
Steve Elliott
  United States
Randy Wickstrom
  United States
Steve Cooper
1985 London   United States
Steve Elliott
  United States
Chad Fox
  France
Didier Semmola
1989 Karlsruhe   United States
Jon Beck
  France
Pascal Eouzan
  France
Christophe Lambert
1993 The Hague   United States
Jon Beck
  United States
Rayshine Harris
  Russia
Aleksey Kryzhanovskiy
1997 Lahti   Russia
Vladimir Ignatenkov
  United States
Rayshine Harris
  South Africa
Tseko Mogotsi
2001 Akita   Russia
Levon Petrosian
  South Africa
Tseko Mogotsi
  United Kingdom
Robert Small
2005 Duisburg   Poland
Jozef Wadecki
  Belarus
Andrey Kabishev
  Russia
Aleksandr Skorodumov
2009 Kaohsiung   Russia
Andrey Krylov
  United Kingdom
Michael Barnes
  Ukraine
Viktor Kyforenko
2013 Cali   China
Zhang Luo
  Ukraine
Viktor Kyforenko
None awarded   United Kingdom
Kristof Willerton

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1981 Santa Clara   United States
Angie Whiting
  United States
Kristi Laman
  United States
Stacey Hansen
1985 London   France
Isabelle Jagueux
  United States
Megan Cunningham
  Canada
Maria Constantinitis
1989 Karlsruhe   France
Chrystel Robert
  United States
Michelle Mara
  United States
Melanie Bugg
1993 The Hague   France
Chrystel Robert
  Belarus
Tatyana Morosova
  United States
Michelle Mara
1997 Lahti   Ukraine
Olena Chabanenko
  France
Chrystel Robert
  Russia
Natalya Borisenko
2001 Akita   Russia
Elena Bluyina
  United Kingdom
Kathryn Peberdy
  Belarus
Anna Terenya
2005 Duisburg   Ukraine
Olena Chabanenko
  Russia
Anna Korobeynikova
  United States
Yuliya Hall
2009 Kaohsiung   Russia
Anna Korobeynikova
  Russia
Anzhelika Soldatkina
  Canada
Emily Smith
2013 Cali   China
Jia Fangfang
  United Kingdom
Rachael Letsche
  Canada
Emily Smith

Other notable tumblersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gymnastics on the program of the world games". The World Games.
  2. ^ Bertz, Jim. "Through The Years: How the Competitive Tumbling Floor Evolved". Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  3. ^ Ross, Athletic Supply. "Competition Equipment". Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2007.
  4. ^ FIG (2009). "Part II". Apparatus Norms. pp. 83–84. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011.

Holly Alyssa Ludwig

External linksEdit