Amy Tan (born February 19, 1952) is an American writer whose works explore mother-daughter relationships and the Chinese American experience. Her novel The Joy Luck Club was adapted into a film in 1993 by director Wayne Wang.
Tan in 2007
February 19, 1952
Oakland, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||San Jose State University (BA, MA)|
UC Santa Cruz & UC Berkeley (dropped out)
|Notable works||The Joy Luck Club (1989)|
Tan has written several other novels, including The Kitchen God's Wife, The Hundred Secret Senses, The Bonesetter's Daughter, Saving Fish from Drowning, and The Valley of Amazement. Tan's latest book is a memoir entitled Where The Past Begins: A Writer's Memoir (2017). In addition to these, Tan has written two children's books: The Moon Lady (1992) and Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat (1994), which was turned into an animated series that aired on PBS.
Tan was born in Oakland, California. She is the second of three children born to Chinese immigrants John and Daisy Tan. Her father was an electrical engineer and Baptist minister who traveled to the United States in order to escape the chaos of the Chinese Civil War. Tan attended Marian A. Peterson High School in Sunnyvale for one year. When she was fifteen years old, her father and older brother Peter both died of brain tumors within six months of each other.
Daisy subsequently moved Amy and her younger brother, John Jr., to Switzerland, where Amy finished high school at the Institut Monte Rosa, Montreux. During this period, Amy learned about her mother's previous marriage to another man in China, of their four children (a son who died as a toddler and three daughters), and how her mother left these children behind in Shanghai. This incident was the basis for Tan's first novel The Joy Luck Club. In 1987, Amy traveled with Daisy to China. There, Amy met her three half-sisters.
Tan had a difficult relationship with her mother. At one point, Daisy held a knife to her throat and threatened to kill her while the two were arguing over Amy's new boyfriend. Her mother wanted Tan to be independent, stressing that Tan needed to make sure she was self-sufficient. Tan later found out that her mother had three abortions while in China. Daisy often threatened to kill herself, saying that she wanted to join her mother (Tan's grandmother, who also committed suicide). She attempted suicide but never succeeded. Daisy died in 1999.
Tan and her mother did not speak for six months after Tan dropped out of the Baptist college her mother had selected for her, Linfield College in Oregon, to follow her boyfriend to San Jose City College in California. Tan met him on a blind date and married him in 1974. Tan later received bachelor's and master's degrees in English and linguistics from San Jose State University. She also participated in doctoral studies in linguistics at UC Santa Cruz and UC Berkeley, but abandoned her doctoral studies in 1976.
While in school, Tan worked odd jobs—serving as a switchboard operator, carhop, bartender, and pizza maker—before starting a writing career. As a freelance business writer, she worked on projects for AT&T, IBM, Bank of America, and Pacific Bell, writing under non-Chinese-sounding pseudonyms.
While Tan was studying at Berkeley, her roommate was murdered, and Tan had to identify the body. The incident left her temporarily mute. She claimed that every year for ten years, on the day she identified the body, she lost her voice.
In 1998, Tan contracted Lyme disease, which went misdiagnosed for a few years. As a result, she suffers complications like epileptic seizures. Tan co-founded LymeAid 4 Kids, which helps uninsured children pay for treatment. She wrote about her life with Lyme disease in The New York Times.
Tan also suffers from depression, for which she takes antidepressants. Part of the reason that Tan chose not to have children was a fear that she would pass on a genetic legacy of mental instability - her maternal grandmother committed suicide, her mother threatened suicide often, and she herself has struggled with suicidal ideation.
Tan resides in San Francisco, California, with her husband in a house they designed "to feel open and airy, like a tree house, but also to be a place where we could live comfortably into old age" with accessibility features. Tan has recently taken up drawing and has shared her art on social media.
Tan sang with the Rock Bottom Remainders before they retired from touring.
Work and themesEdit
Tan's first novel, The Joy Luck Club, consists of sixteen related stories about the experiences of four Chinese American mother-daughter pairs. Tan's second novel, The Kitchen God's Wife, also focuses on the relationship between an immigrant Chinese mother and her American-born daughter. Tan's third novel, The Hundred Secret Senses, was a departure from the first two novels, in focusing on the relationships between sisters. Tan's fourth novel, The Bonesetter's Daughter, returns to the theme of an immigrant Chinese woman and her American-born daughter.
Tan's work has been adapted into several different forms of media. The Joy Luck Club was adapted into a play in 1993; that same year, director Wayne Wang adapted the book into a film. The Bonesetter's Daughter was adapted into an opera in 2008. Tan's children's book Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat was adapted into a PBS animated television show.
Though she has won several awards for her work, Tan has also received substantial criticism for her "complicity in perpetuating racial stereotypes and misrepresentations as well as gross inaccuracies in recalling details of the Chinese cultural heritage". Sau-ling Cynthia Wong, a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, wrote that Tan's novels "appear to possess the authority of authenticity but are often products of the American-born writer's own heavily mediated understanding of things Chinese". Another writer stated that the popularity of Tan's work can mostly be attributed to Western consumers "who find her work comforting in its reproduction of stereotypical images".
The often negative depiction of Chinese culture and Chinese men in Tan's work has raised eyebrows, with one scholar going so far as to say that the storylines of her novels "demonstrate a vested interest in casting Chinese men in the worst possible light". This, in addition to the lack of cultural and historical accuracy in Tan's work, has led several writers and scholars to accuse Tan of "pandering to the popular imagination" of Westerners regarding Chinese people.
- Fish Cheeks (1987)
- The Joy Luck Club (1989)
- The Kitchen God's Wife (1991)
- The Hundred Secret Senses (1995)
- The Bonesetter's Daughter (2001)
- Saving Fish from Drowning (2005)
- The Valley of Amazement (2013)
- The Moon Lady, illustrated by Gretchen Schields (1992)
- Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat, illustrated by Gretchen Schields (1994)
- Mid-Life Confidential: The Rock Bottom Remainders Tour America With Three Chords and an Attitude (with Dave Barry, Stephen King, Tabitha King, Barbara Kingsolver) (1994)
- Mother (with Maya Angelou, Mary Higgins Clark) (1996)
- The Best American Short Stories 1999 (Editor, with Katrina Kenison) (1999)
- The Opposite of Fate: A Book of Musings (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2003, ISBN 9780399150746)
- Hard Listening, co-authored in July 2013, an interactive ebook about her participation in a writer/musician band, the Rock Bottom Remainders. Published by Coliloquy, LLC.
- Where the Past Begins: A Writer's Memoir, (HarperCollins Publishers, 2017, ISBN 9780062319296 )
- 1989, Finalist National Book Award for The Joy Luck Club
- 1989, Finalist National Book Critics Circle Award for The Joy Luck Club
- Finalist Los Angeles Times Fiction Prize
- Bay Area Book Reviewers Award
- Commonwealth Gold Award
- American Library Association's Notable Books
- American Library Association's Best Book for Young Adults
- 2005-2006, Asian/Pacific American Awards for Literature Honorable Mention for Saving Fish From Drowning
- The Joy Luck Club selected for the National Endowment for the Arts' Big Read
- The New York Times Notable Book
- Booklist Editors Choice
- Finalist for the Orange Prize
- Nominated for the Orange Prize
- Nominated for the International Dublin Literary Award
- Audie Award: Best Non-fiction, Abridged
- Parents' Choice Award, Best Television Program for Children
- Shortlisted British Academy of Film and Television Arts award, best screenplay adaptation
- Shortlisted WGA Award, best screenplay adaptation
- 1996, Academy of Achievement, Golden Plate Award
- Where the Past Begins: A Writer's Memoir. New York: Ecco. October 17, 2017. ISBN 9780062319296.
- Lee, Jonathan (2015). Chinese Americans: The History and Culture of a People: The History and Culture of a People. p. 334.
- Wong, Sau-ling Cynthia (1995). Sugar Sisterhood: Situating the Amy Tan Phenomenon. p. 55.
- Sherryl Connelly (February 27, 2001). "Mother As Tormented Muse Amy Tan Drew On A Dark Past For 'Daughter'". nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Archived from the original on March 14, 2011. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
- "Amy Tan Biography and Interview". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- Huntley, E.D. (1998). Amy Tan: A Critical Companion. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 5–7, 80. ISBN 0313302073.
- "The Archives of my Personality", address to American Association of Museums General Session (Los Angeles), May 26, 2010
- "Penguin Reading Guides - The Joy Luck Club - Amy Tan". Archived from the original on July 24, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
- "'I Am Full Of Contradictions': Novelist Amy Tan On Fate And Family". NPR.org. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Krug, Nora (October 11, 2017). "Amy Tan talks about her new memoir, politics and why she's not always 'joy lucky'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Kinsella, Bridget (August 9, 2013). "'Fifty Shades of Tan': Amy Tan". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- Tauber, Michelle (November 3, 2003). "A New Ending". People Magazine. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "Amy Tan Biography". Archived from the original on July 2, 2008. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
- Jaggi, Maya (March 3, 2001). "Interview with Amy Tan". the Guardian. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Stone, Steven (August 2015). "Summertime Blues: To DEET or not to DEET...". Vintage Guitar. p. 60.
- Amy Tan (August 11, 2013). "My Plight with the Illness". The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
- Tan, Amy (July 30, 2014). "Amy Tan on Joy and Luck at Home: The novelist builds a home she can grow old in". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "Amy Tan." Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol. 257. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center.
- Hoyte, Kirsten D. Contradiction and Culture: Revisiting Amy Tan's "Two Kinds" (Again). Publication. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/essays/15966483/contradiction-culture-revisiting-amy-tans-two-kinds-again
- Kosman, Joshua (September 15, 2008). "Opera review: 'Bonesetter's Daughter'". SF Gate. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
- "Sagwa: About the show". PBS Kids. Archived from the original on October 17, 2014.
- Lee, Lily (2003). 中國婦女傳記詞典: The Twentieth Century, 1912-2000. p. 503.
- Yin, Xiao-huang (2000). Chinese American Literature Since the 1850s. p. 235.
- Huntley, E. D. (2001). Maxine Hong Kingston: A Critical Companion. p. 58.
- "Hard Listening".
- "National Book Awards". Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "All Past National Book Critics Circle Award Winners and Finalists". National Book Critics Circle. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "APALA: 2005-2006 Awards". Archived from the original on October 16, 2014.
- "The Big Read: The Joy Luck Club".
- "1993-2008 Golden Plate Recipients". Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Amy Tan|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amy Tan.|
- Official website
- 'Reading in Reverse', review of The Opposite of Fate in the Oxonian Review
- *Teresa Miller television interview with Amy Tan (60 minutes)
- Interview with Amy Tan from the Academy of Achievement
- Amy Tan at Library of Congress Authorities, with 34 catalog records
- 'I Am Full Of Contradictions': Novelist Amy Tan On Fate And Family, interview on Fresh Air (37 minutes)