Fresh Air is an American radio talk show broadcast on National Public Radio stations across the United States since 1985. It is produced by WHYY-FM in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The show's host is Terry Gross. As of 2017[update], the show was syndicated to 624 stations and claimed nearly 5 million listeners. The show is fed live weekdays at 12:00 noon ET.[not verified in body] In addition, some stations carry Fresh Air Weekend, a re-programming of highlights of the week's interviews. In 2016, Fresh Air was the most-downloaded podcast on iTunes.
|Running time||c. 50 min.|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Hosted by||Terry Gross|
|Recording studio||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Original release||1975 – present|
The show began in 1975 at WHYY, with Judy Blank as host. In September of that year, Terry Gross took over as presenter and producer; over 45 years later she remains its chief presenter. In 1985, WHYY launched a weekly half-hour edition of Fresh Air, which was distributed nationally by NPR. The show began daily national broadcasts in 1987. The show is composed primarily of interviews with prominent figures in various fields, among them entertainment and the arts, culture, journalism, and global current affairs. This main segment is followed by shorter segments, most often comprising coverage and reviews of events and new releases in various cultural and entertainment spheres. The subjects of these shorter segments include movies, books, stage plays, television programs, as well as recordings of popular music, jazz, and classical music. The program also features commentary from a range of regular contributors, including Maureen Corrigan, David Bianculli, Dave Davies, Ken Tucker, Kevin Whitehead, John Powers, Lloyd Schwartz, Geoffrey Nunberg, Justin Chang, Milo Miles, and Ed Ward. The show was formerly titled "Fresh Air with Terry Gross" but is now simply branded "Fresh Air."
The executive producer of Fresh Air is Danny Miller. The program is produced and edited by Amy Salit, Phyllis Myers, Ann Marie Baldonado, Sam Briger, Lauren Krenzel, Heidi Saman, Therese Madden and Mooj Zadie. The show is directed by Roberta Shorrock. Audrey Bentham is the engineer. Molly Seavy-Nesper is the associate producer of Online Media.
The program's interviews are pre-recorded and edited, not broadcast live. As with many such radio programs, guests are often not in the studio during recording, and often speak remotely from a local affiliate station, or a home studio. When pressing news requires, the show has gone live, such as during the Soviet coup attempt of 1991, and in the aftermath of the Boston Marathon bombing on April 19, 2013.
Fresh Air interviews are generally first aired on the Monday through Thursday shows. The Friday shows are rebroadcasts of past interviews.
In February 2002, when Gross interviewed Gene Simmons of Kiss, Simmons discussed his sexual experimentation with women of all age groups and propositioned Gross in demonstration; according to NPR's website, Simmons withheld permission to supply transcripts or audio of the interview on their website.
In July 2010, Fresh Air was removed from Mississippi Public Broadcasting radio because of "recurring inappropriate content", shortly after the broadcast of an interview with comedian Louis C.K. in which he discussed his sex life. By mid-2011, it had returned to the state network's evening line-up.
In 1993, NPR, Fresh Air, and Gross were presented with the George Foster Peabody Award with praise for her "probing questions, revelatory interviews, and unusual insights". The show was inducted into the National Radio Hall of Fame in 2012. The show would win an institutional Peabody in 2022.
In 2004, Gross published a book of her favorite interviews from the show under the title All I Did Was Ask.
In 2016, Gross received the National Humanities Medal from President Barack Obama, "For her artful probing of the human experience. Her patient, persistent questioning in thousands of interviews over four decades has pushed public figures to reveal personal motivations behind extraordinary lives—revealing simple truths that affirm our common humanity."
- "Fresh Air from WHYY: About the program". Fresh Air. NPR; WHYY-FM. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "Fresh Air Weekend: Nina Totenberg; 'Watchmen' Writer Cord Jefferson". NPR.org. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
- "Fresh Air Weekend | WNYC | New York Public Radio, Podcasts, Live Streaming Radio, News". WNYC. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
- "Apple unveils Best of 2016 across apps, music, movies and more" (Press release). Apple Inc. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
- "Terry Gross". National Public Radio. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "Fresh Air with Terry Gross".
- Sharf, Zack (November 27, 2018). "Film Critic David Edelstein Fired by NPR Over 'Last Tango in Paris' Rape Joke".
- "About 'Fresh Air'". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
- Kerr, Jolie (November 17, 2018). "How to Talk to People, According to Terry Gross". Section ST: New York Times. p. 4. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
One thing she does not allow of her interview subjects, however, is input on the edit. "When the interview is over, you don't have a chance to call back and say, 'Well I like my answer to this, I don't like my answer to that, can you edit that out," she said.
- Burton, Sarah (October 25, 2015). "How to Talk to Strangers". Sunday Magazine: New York Times. p. 34. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
As a practicality, Gross performs most of her interviews long distance.
- "Leader and Bassist of the Band Kiss, Gene Simmons". Fresh Air. NPR; WHYY. 2002-02-04. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- Gene Simmons (4 February 2002). "Transcript of Gene Simmons and Terry Gross, host of NPR's Fresh Air". Fresh Air (Interview). Interviewed by Terry Gross. WHYY; NPR. Archived from the original on 2008-01-01. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- Gene Simmons (4 February 2002). "Listen to the Terry Gross and Gene Simmons Interview". Fresh Air (Interview). Interviewed by Terry Gross. WHYY; NPR. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- O'Neal, Sean (2010-07-16). "Louis C.K. interview gets NPR's Fresh Air banned in Mississippi". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- "MPB : Mississippi Public Broadcasting". Archived from the original on 21 June 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- "The Peabody Award Winners Archive". The Peabody Award. Archived from the original on 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- "Fresh Air". National Radio Hall Of Fame. 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Fresh Air Receives Peabody Institutional Award". PeabodyAwards.com. Retrieved 2022-05-24.
- Gross, Terry (2004). All I Did Was Ask: Conversations with Writers, Actors, Musicians, and Artists. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 1-4013-0010-3.
- "At White House, a Golden Moment for America's Great Artists and Patrons". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
- Burton, Susan (21 October 2015). "Terry Gross and the Art of Opening Up". The New York Times Magazine. p. 34 (as "How to Talk to Strangers"). ISSN 0028-7822. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
- Gross, Terry (2004). All I Did Was Ask: Conversations with Writers, Actors, Musicians, and Artists (1st ed.). New York: Hyperion Books. ISBN 1401300103. OCLC 54459942. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
- Kerr, Jolie (November 17, 2018). "How to Talk to People, According to Terry Gross". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2019.