James Martin Barnes (April 8, 1886 – May 24, 1966) was a leading figure in the early years of professional golf in the United States. He is one of three native Britons (with Tommy Armour and Rory McIlroy) to win three different modern major professional championships.
|Full name||James Martin Barnes|
|Born||April 8, 1886|
Lelant, Cornwall, England
|Died||May 24, 1966 (aged 80)|
East Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
|Height||6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)|
|Spouse||Caroline Mary Barnes|
|Former tour(s)||PGA Tour|
|Number of wins by tour|
|PGA Tour||22 (tied 27th all time)|
|Best results in major championships|
|PGA Championship||Won: 1916, 1919|
|U.S. Open||Won 1921|
|The Open Championship||Won 1925|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1989 (member page)|
Barnes was born on April 8, 1886 in Lelant, Cornwall. Barnes was like many golfers of his era, and worked as a caddie and a club-maker's apprentice while growing up. He moved to the United States and turned professional in 1906, but never became an American citizen. He arrived in San Francisco, and later worked in Vancouver, British Columbia, Spokane, Washington, and Tacoma, Washington, and then at The Broadmoor in Colorado Springs.
From 1923–26, he was resident professional at the Temple Terrace Golf and Country Club in Temple Terrace, Florida, which hosted the 1925 Florida Open (dubbed "The Greatest Field of Golfers Ever to Play in Florida"), as well as the 1926 Florida Open with over one hundred contestants and a $5,000 cash prize. In 1925–26 his good friend and fellow golfer Fred McLeod wintered with him, and they worked with James Kelly Thomson from North Berwick.
Barnes was also known as "Long Jim" for his height of 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m). He later moved west to the Oakland, California, area where he resided for many years. Barnes authored several books on golf technique. He died at age 80 in East Orange, New Jersey.
He won nine majors, with four of them the modern professional majors. Many golfers and media covering the sport at the time, according to golf journalist Dan Jenkins, the Western Open and North and South Open titles he won at the time were declared majors.
- PGA Championship: 1916, 1919
- U.S. Open: 1921
- The Open Championship: 1925
- Western Open: 1914, 1917, 1919
- North and South Open: 1916, 1919
Barnes' two PGA titles were the first in the event; there was no tournament in 1917 or 1918 because of World War I. His winning margin in the 1921 U.S. Open was nine strokes, a record which was not broken until Tiger Woods won by 15 strokes in 2000.
Barnes was one of the most prolific tournament winners of the first few seasons of the PGA Tour, which was also founded in 1916. He won 21 times on the tour in total. He led the tournament winners list in four seasons: 1916 with three, 1917 with two (shared with Mike Brady), 1919 with five and 1921 with four. His win in the 1937 Long Island Open marked the first PGA Tour win by a player past his 50th birthday. In 1940, Barnes was honored as one of the 12 golfers to be inducted in the PGA's inaugural Hall of Fame. Later he was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1989.
PGA Tour wins (22)Edit
- 1914 (1) Western Open
- 1916 (3) North and South Open, Connecticut Open, PGA Championship
- 1917 (2) Western Open, Philadelphia Open Championship
- 1919 (5) North and South Open, Shawnee Open, Western Open, PGA Championship, Southern Open
- 1920 (1) Shawnee Open
- 1921 (4) Deland Open, Florida Open, U.S. Open, Main Line Open
- 1922 (1) California Open Championship
- 1923 (1) Corpus Christi Open
- 1925 (1) The Open Championship
- 1926 (1) Mid-Winter Tournament
- 1930 (1) Cape Cod Open
- 1937 (1) Long Island Open
Modern major championships are shown in bold.
Note: This list may be incomplete
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1916||PGA Championship||n/a||1 up||Jock Hutchison|
|1919||PGA Championship (2)||n/a||6 & 5||Fred McLeod|
|1921||U.S. Open||7 shot lead||+9 (69-75-73-72=289)||9 strokes||Walter Hagen, Fred McLeod|
|1925||The Open Championship||5 shot deficit||70-77-79-74=300||1 stroke||Archie Compston, Ted Ray|
|The Open Championship||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship||6||T6||T2||T9||1||T18||T17||T6||7|
|The Open Championship||T6|
Note: Barnes never played in the Masters Tournament.
NYF = Tournament not yet founded
NT = No tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
DNQ = Did not qualify for match play portion
R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
"T" indicates a tie for a place
|The Open Championship||1||1||0||2||8||10||10||10|
- Most consecutive cuts made – 27 (1912 U.S. Open – 1926 Open)
- Longest streak of top-10s – 8 (1919 PGA – 1922 Open)
- Kalb, Elliott (2006). "Jim Barnes: The Forgotten Champion". Who's better, who's best in golf?: Mr. Stats sets the record straight on the Top 50 Golfers of All Time. McGraw-Hill. pp. 159–63. ISBN 0-07-146977-X.
- Missildine, Harry (May 29, 1966). "Barnes was giant in his day". Spokesman-Review. p. 1-sports. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- Newport, John Paul (July 15, 2009). "What Makes the Majors Major". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
- "1925 Jim Barnes". The Open. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Jim Barnes". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 22, 2015.