James Braid (golfer)
James Braid (6 February 1870 – 27 November 1950) was a Scottish professional golfer and a member of the Great Triumvirate of the sport alongside Harry Vardon and John Henry Taylor. He won The Open Championship five times. He also was a renowned golf course architect. Braid is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.
Braid in 1904
|Full name||James Braid|
|Born||6 February 1870|
Earlsferry, Fife, Scotland
|Died||27 November 1950 (aged 80)|
|Best results in major championships|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1901, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1910|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1976 (member page)|
Braid was born in Earlsferry, Fife, Scotland, the son of James and Mary (née Harris). He played golf from an early age, working as a clubmaker before turning professional in 1896. Initially his game was hindered by problems with his putting, but he overcame this after switching to an aluminium putter in 1900. He won The Open Championship in 1901, 1905, 1906, 1908 and 1910. In addition, Braid won four British PGA Matchplay Championships (1903, 1905, 1907 and 1911), as well as the 1910 French Open title. He was also runner-up in The Open Championship in 1897, 1902, 1904, and 1909. His 1906 victory in The Open Championship was the last successful defence of the title by a European until Pádraig Harrington replicated the feat in 2008.
In 1912, Braid scaled back his tournament golf, and became a full-time club professional at Walton Heath; he had begun a relationship with that London-area club more than a decade before. He developed a very successful career in golf course design, and is sometimes regarded as the "inventor" of the dogleg, although holes of similar design had been known for centuries (for example, the Road Hole at the Old Course at St Andrews). Among his designs are the "King's Course" and the "Queen's Course" at Gleneagles, and the 1926 remodelling of The Open Championship venue Carnoustie Golf Links.
Stranraer Golf Club's course was the final one that was designed by Braid in the year that he died, 1950. He was called out of retirement to plan Creachmore, which was to be his last commission. Braid never lived to see the course completed. He died in London on 27 November 1950.
Tournament wins (19)Edit
Note: This list may be incomplete.
- 1901 The Open Championship, Lytham and St Anne's Professional Tournament
- 1902 Tooting Bec Cup, Greenore Professional Tournament
- 1903 News of the World Match Play, Tooting Bec Cup
- 1904 Tooting Bec Cup
- 1905 The Open Championship, News of the World Match Play
- 1906 The Open Championship
- 1907 News of the World Match Play, Tooting Bec Cup
- 1908 The Open Championship
- 1910 The Open Championship, French Open
- 1911 News of the World Match Play
- 1920 Galashiels Tournament, McVitie & Price Tournament (joint winner with Abe Mitchell), Amateurs and Professionals Foursomes Tournament (with J. H. Taylor)
Major championships are shown in bold.
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1901||The Open Championship||5 shot lead||79-76-74-80=309||3 strokes||Harry Vardon|
|1905||The Open Championship (2)||6 shot lead||81-78-78-81=318||5 strokes||Rowland Jones, J.H. Taylor|
|1906||The Open Championship (3)||3 shot deficit||77-76-74-73=300||4 strokes||J.H. Taylor|
|1908||The Open Championship (4)||6 shot lead||70-72-77-72=291||8 strokes||Tom Ball|
|1910||The Open Championship (5)||2 shot deficit||76-73-74-76=299||4 strokes||Sandy Herd|
|The Open Championship||T10||6||2||T10||T5|
|The Open Championship||3||1||T2||5||T2||1||1||T5||1||T2|
|The Open Championship||1||T5||3||T18||T10||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship||T21||T16||T49||T18||T28||T30||T41|
|The Open Championship||CUT|
Note: Braid only played in The Open Championship
NT = No tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
- England–Scotland Professional Match (representing Scotland): 1903 (winners), 1904 (tie), 1905 (tie), 1906, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1912 (tie)
- France vs Great Britain (representing Great Britain): 1908 (winners)
- Coronation Match (representing the Professionals): 1911 (winners)
- Great Britain vs USA (representing Great Britain): 1921 (winners)
- Seniors vs Juniors (representing the Seniors): 1928 (winners)
Golf courses designed by BraidEdit
Braid designed over 200 courses including the following:
- Alloa Golf Club, Alloa
- Alyth Golf Club, Perthshire
- Belleisle Golf Club, Alloway, Ayr
- Bentra G.C, Whitehead, Northern Ireland
- Boat of Garten Golf Club, Inverness-Shire, Scotland
- Budock Vean Golf Club, Falmouth, Cornwall
- Caldwell Golf Club, Uplawmoor, East Renfrewshire
- Charnwood Forest Golf Club, Woodhouse, Leicestershire, the oldest golf club in Leicestershire
- Cirencester Golf Club, Bagendon, Gloucestershire
- Cochrane Castle, Johnstone, Renfrewshire
- Colchester Golf Club, Colchester, Essex
- Copthorne Golf Club, Copthorne, West Sussex
- Cowglen Golf Club, Glasgow
- Crow Wood Golf Club, Glasgow
- Dalmahoy Golf Club (East & West Courses), Edinburgh
- Dumfries & County Golf Club, Dumfries
- Eaglescliffe Golf Club, Stockton-on-Tees, England
- East Brighton Golf Club, Brighton, East Sussex
- East Renfrewshire Golf Club, Newton Mearns, Renfrewshire
- Elderslie Golf Club, Renfrewshire
- Erskine Golf Club, Erskine, Renfrewshire, Scotland
- Finchley Golf Club
- Fraserburgh Golf Club, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
- Girvan Golf Club, Ayrshire
- Haydock Park Golf Club, Lancashire
- Herefordshire Golf Club, Raven's Causeway, Herefordshire (1896)
- Howth Golf Club, Howth, Dublin, Co. Dublin, Ireland
- Hull Golf Club, Kirk Ella, East Riding of Yorkshire
- Irvine Golf Club (Bogside), Irvine, Ayrshire
- Kilmacolm Golf Club, Renfrewshire
- King's and Queen's Course, Gleneagles Golf Club, Perthshire, Scotland
- Kirkhill Golf Club, South Lanarkshire
- Kirkistown Castle Links, Cloughey, Co. Down, Northern Ireland
- Kirriemuir Golf Club, Kirriemuir, Angus
- La Moye Golf Club, Jersey
- Lanark Golf Club
- Lancaster Golf Club, Lancashire
- Littlehill Golf Course, Glasgow
- Ludlow Golf Club, Shropshire
- Maesteg Golf Club, Maesteg, south Wales.
- Middlesbrough Golf Club, Nunthorpe, Middlesbrough
- Musselburgh Golf Club, Musselburgh, East Lothian
- Neath Golf Club, Neath, Wales
- Newton Green Golf Club, Sudbury, Suffolk
- North Shore Golf Club, Skegness, Lincolnshire
- Northcliffe Golf Club, Shipley, West Yorkshire
- Old Colwyn Golf Club, Old Colwyn, North Wales
- Old Ranfurly Golf Club, Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire
- Oswestry Golf Club, Shropshire
- Perranporth Golf Club, Perranporth, Cornwall
- Peterborough Milton Golf Club, Cambridgeshire
- Porthmadog Golf Club, Morfa Bychan, North Wales
- Pyecombe Golf Club, Sussex, England
- Ralston Golf Club, Paisley, Renfrewshire
- Renfrew Golf Club, Renfrew, Renfrewshire, Scotland
- Rhyl Golf Club, Rhyl, North Wales
- Romford Golf Club, Gidea Park, London Borough of Havering
- Royal Blackheath Golf Club
- Ryston Park Golf Club
- St Austell Golf Club, St Austell, Cornwall
- Saint Enodoc Golf Club, Wadebridge, Cornwall
- Seafield, Belleisle Park, Alloway, Ayr
- Stranraer Golf Club, Stranraer
- Strathaven Golf Club, Lanarkshire
- Tiverton Golf Club, Tiverton, Devon, England
- Theydon Bois Golf Club Epping Essex (1897)
- Tullamore Golf Club, Offaly, Ireland
- Verulam Golf Club, St. Albans, Hertfordshire
- Walmer and Kingsdown, Kingsdown, Kent
- Worsley Golf Club, Greater Manchester
- Wrexham Golf Club, Wrexham, Wales
- Thetford Gold Club, Thetford, Norfolk
Braid disliked travel overseas, very rarely left the British Isles, and never traveled outside Europe. But he did design two 18-hole golf courses for the Singapore Island Country Club in Asia, using topographic maps to plan his layouts there, which were then constructed to his orders.
- "Births in the Parish of Kilconquar in the County of Fife". Statutory Births 436/00 0009. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "James Braid". The Open. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Harrington sets 'exclusive' goals". BBC News. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2008.
- "The James Braid Golf Trail". Visit Scotland. Archived from the original on 19 May 2005. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- "History of Stranraer Golf Club". Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Alloa Golf Club". Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Belleisle Golf Club". Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- "Bentra Golf Club". Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Boat of Garten Golf Club". Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Budock Vean Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Colchester Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Copthorne Golf Club
- "East Brighton Golf Club". Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Finchley Golf Club website".
- "Herefordshire Golf Club website".
- "About Hull Golf Club". Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Home". Kirkhill Golf Club. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Kirkistown Castle Links". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Kirriemuir Golf Club". Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "The Musselburgh Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Neath Golf Club". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Newton Green Golf Club". Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "North Shore Golf Club". Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- "Oswestry Golf Club". Retrieved 16 September 2017.
- "Perranporth Golf Club". Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "St Austell Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Saint Enodoc Golf Club". Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Tiverton Golf Club". Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "The Golf Course", by Geoffrey Cornish and Ronald Whitten, 1981, 'James Braid' in golf course architects section