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Auchterarder (// (listen); Scottish Gaelic: Uachdar Àrdair, meaning Upper Highland) is a small town located north of the Ochil Hills in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, and home to the famous Gleneagles Hotel. The 1 1⁄2-mile (2.4 km) long High Street of Auchterarder gave the town its popular name of "The Lang Toun" or Long Town.
Auchterarder High Street in the sunshine: Star Hotel, Post Office and Town Hall
|Population||3,945  (2001 census)|
est. 4,450 (2006),
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||31 mi (50 km)|
|• London||361 mi (581 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
The modern town is a popular shopping destination with a wide variety of independent shops and cafes.
In the Middle Ages, Auchterarder was known in Europe as 'the town of 100 drawbridges', a colourful description of the narrow bridges leading from the road level across wide gutters to the doorsteps of houses. The name appears in a charter of 1227 in a grant of land transaction to the Convent of Inchaffray  The Jacobite Earl of Mar's army torched the town in 1716, but it quickly rose to prominence again thanks mainly to the handloom industry.
In 1717, a controversy over the selection of a parish minister, following the recent passing of the Veto Act, allowed the parishioners of Auchterarder to reject the chosen minister, Rev Robert Young. Whilst this might have ended with the selection of an alternative, Young took the issue to the High Court. The court's decision concluded a link between state and church, directly contradicting the church's own view, and causing the first in a chain of events which would ultimately lead to the 1843 schism in the Church of Scotland. The remains of this church – the tower – have recently been renovated, and there is a plaque explaining what the church used to look like. As a result of the troubles of 1834, Auchterarder became one of the first towns in Scotland to build its own independent Free Church, indeed appearing to pre-empt the Disruption by commissioning the architect David Cousin to design their church in advance, such that it was completed in 1843 as soon as the Free Church formally came into existence.
The Burgh (Police) Scotland Act of 1892 bestowed Burgh status upon the town and a provost, two bailies, an honorary treasurer, Dean of Guild and six councillors were appointed to manage its affairs.
|Climate data for Strathallan (35 m asl, averages 1981–2010) (Extremes 1960-)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.2
|Average low °C (°F)||0.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||116.6
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||16.0||11.7||13.6||9.8||11.2||11.6||10.8||10.8||11.8||15.1||14.0||13.6||150|
|Source: Met Office|
Gleneagles railway station is located around 2 miles (3 km) to the south-west of Auchterarder.
This castle stood to the north of the town in the area now known as Castleton. It is said to have been a hunting seat for King Malcolm Canmore in the 11th century and was visited by King Edward I in 1296. It was made ruinous in the 18th century and only fragments remained at the end of the 19th century.
- Andrew Fairlie, two-Michelin-starred chef, lived in Auchterarder
- Eve Graham, singer with The New Seekers, was born in Auchterarder
- Sandy Gunn, Spitfire photo reconnaissance pilot shot down and taken prisoner in Norway during the Second World War, and executed after the "Great Escape"
- Rev Robert Haldane preached here 1797 to 1806
- Stephen Hendry, seven-time world snooker champion, lived in Auchterarder
- James Kennaway, novelist, was born in Auchterarder
- Rev Dr G. A. Frank Knight DD FRSE (1869–1937) minister of the Free Church 1892–1900
- John Rutherford Gordon, sometime editor of the Sunday Express, who latterly wrote a column frequently praising the common-sense of the people of the town
- Rev Robert Nisbet DD FRSE (1814–1874) religious author
- Prof John Monteath Robertson FRSE (1900–1989) crystallographer
- "Comparative Population Profile: Auchterarder Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Archived from the original on 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
-  Archived September 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Field, John (1980). Place-names of Great Britain and Ireland. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. p. 27. ISBN 0389201545. OCLC 6964610.
- Young, Alex F. (2003). Old Auchterarder, Blackford and Braco. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-84033-261-2.
- Dictionary of Scottish Architects: David Cousin
- Middleton, Alison (2008-07-25). "Article - Auchterarder home to two most expensive streets". Press and Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Strathallan climate information". Met Office. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- http://www.andrewfairlie.co.uk/tm_headline=&method=full&objectid=18917749&siteid=88886-name_page.html[permanent dead link]
- "New Seekers star Eve Graham looks back 40 years after their greatest hit". Daily Record. 2011-03-12. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- "Stephen Hendry's profile". World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2011.