Ochil Hills

The Ochil Hills (/ˈxəl/ (About this soundlisten);[1] Scottish Gaelic: Monadh Ochail[2] is a range of hills in Scotland north of the Forth valley bordered by the towns of Stirling, Alloa, Kinross, Auchterarder and Perth. The only major roads crossing the hills pass through Glen Devon/Glen Eagles and Glenfarg, the latter now largely replaced except for local traffic by the M90 Edinburgh-Perth motorway cutting through the eastern foothills. The hills are part of a Devonian lava extrusion whose appearance today is largely due to the Ochil Fault which results in the southern face of the hills forming an escarpment. The plateau is undulating with no prominent peak, the highest point being Ben Cleuch at 721 m (2,365 ft). The south-flowing burns have cut deep ravines including Dollar Glen, Silver Glen and Alva Glen, often only passable with the aid of wooden walkways.

Ochil Hills (Wood Hill and Elistoun Hill) viewed from south-west of Tillicoultry
Seamab from the SW

The extent of the Ochils is not well-defined but by some definitions continues to include the hills of north Fife.[3]

Historically, the hills, combined with the town's site at the lowest bridging-point on the River Forth, led to Stirling's importance as a main gateway to the Highlands. They also acted as a boundary with Fife. Castle Campbell was built at the head of Dollar Glen in the late 15th century (an earlier castle on the site had been called "Castle Gloom") mainly as a very visible symbol of the Campbell domination of the area. Sheriffmuir, the site of the 1715 battle of the Jacobite rising, is on the northern slopes of the hills. In the early Industrial Revolution, several mill towns such as Tillicoultry, Alva and Menstrie (the Hillfoots Villages) grew up in the shadow of the Ochils to tap the water power. Some of the mills are open today as museums.

Ochil Hills viewed from Stirling Castle. The scarp face formed by the line of the Ochil Fault can be seen clearly. The Abbey Craig is in the middle distance.

Blairdenon Hill was the site of one of the Beacons of Dissent during the G8 protests in July 2005.

EtymologyEdit

The name Ochil, recorded as Okhel in the 13th Century, is of Pictish origin.[3][4] The name may involve *ogel meaning, "a ridge".[4] It is less likely[4] that the name involves the adjective *uchel meaning "high, tall" (c.f. Welsh uchel).[3]

GeologyEdit

The Ochils are formed from a thick wedge of Devonian age volcanic and volcano-sedimentary rocks, rising up from below the lower Old Red Sandstone sedimentary rocks to the north and terminated to the south by the major southerly downthrowing Ochil Fault.[5]

The Ochil Volcanic Formation, a sub-unit of the Arbuthnott-Garvock Group, consists of basaltic andesite and trachyandesite lavas and related rock types erupted during the Early Devonian epoch.[6] Parts of the lower slopes on the northern side around Blackford and Auchterarder are formed from a volcanic conglomerate. It is intruded by numerous dykes of micridiorite of Silurian/Devonian age which form a part of the North Britain Siluro-Devonian Calc-alkaline Dyke Suite. Intrusions of both mafic and felsic character are also found. The whole massif is heavily faulted with some valleys such as Alva Glen and Glen Sherup having been eroded along these lines. Glacial till covers much of the lower ground around and within the range and peat accumulations occur on the plateau surface particularly in the west.[7]

Pictish folklore of the hillsEdit

Ancient folklore and historical documentation suggests that the Ochils once were inhabited by the Picts, or at least that a few Pictish settlements existed in the Ochil Hills. Castle Craig, a ruined ancient fort above the village of Mill Glen destroyed by industrial quarrying, was mentioned by local historian William Gibson in 1883 as being "a round Pictish fortress, the traces of which can still be distinctly seen."[8]Old lore also told that some of the stones from the fort of Castle Craig were used in the construction of Stirling Castle, 7 34 miles (12.5 kilometres) to the west.

Another item of folklore existing in the Ochil Hills is Katie Thirsty's Well, a sacred well shrouded in mythology (OS Grid Reference – NS 81787 97653). Local historians have struggled to discover exactly the identity of "Katie Thirsty", but Pictish researcher Ronald Henderson argues that "the name derives from a corruption of both St. Katherine of Alexandria [Katie] and the Pictish King, Drust or Drustan [Thirsty]." He goes on to say "that the great crags of Dumyat less than a mile to the east is universally credited with being the last Pictish stronghold at the old hillfort there."[9]

Windfarm in the Ochil HillsEdit

An 18-turbine development, approved in June 2006, has been constructed at Green Knowes, south of Auchterarder, north of Glendevon about 400 m (1,300 ft) north of the Ben Thrush summit. Following approval in early 2007, the construction of a wind farm consisting of thirteen 102 m (335 ft) turbines on Burnfoot Hill, which lies north of Tillicoultry and Ben Cleuch and to the south of the Upper Glendevon Reservoir has been completde. The site consists of fifteen 2 MW and six 2.05 MW turbines with a tip height of 100 m (330 ft).[10] The windfarm is owned and run by EDF Renewables, who support the work of the Ochils Mountain Rescue Team through the Burnfoot Hill Community Fund with an annual donation of £5,000 guaranteed till 2039.[11]

Ochils Mountain Rescue TeamEdit

The Ochil Hills are home to the Ochils Mountain Rescue Team (founded in 1971), a local division of the Mountain Rescue Committee of Scotland. The Ochils Mountain Rescue Team consists of 35 volunteer mountaineers with specialist training who "locate and recover people who find themselves in difficult situations in the outdoors."[12]

List of peaks in the Ochil HillsEdit

In order of height.

  • Ben Cleuch (721 m)
  • Ben Buck (679 m)
  • Andrew Gannel Hill (670 m)
  • King's Seat Hill (648 m)
  • Tarmangie Hill (645 m)
  • Whitewisp Hill (643 m)
  • Whum Hill (640 m)
  • The Law (638 m)
  • Blairdenon Hill (631 m)
  • Ben Ever (622 m)
  • Greenforet Hill (613 m)
  • Innerdownie (611 m; the lowest of the 2000 ft summits in the Ochils.)
  • Cairnmorris Hill (606 m)
  • Skythorn Hill (601m)
  • Mickle Corum (594 m)
  • Scad Hill (586 m)
  • Craighorn (583 m)
  • Burnfoot Hill (583 m)
  • Grodwell Hill (571 m)
  • Bengengie Hill (565 m)
  • Middle Hill (556 m)
  • Colsnaur Hill (553 m)
  • Core Hill (543 m)
  • Mid Cairn (542 m) (not on OS Maps*)
  • Sauchanwood Hill (541 m)
  • Burnfoot Hill (526 m)
  • Wood Hill (525 m)
  • Saddle Hill (522 m)
  • Big Hunt Hill (520 m)
  • Little Corum (520 m)
  • Ben Shee (516 m)
  • Craig Leith (513 m)
  • Kidlau Hill (510 m)
  • Wether Hill (503 m)
  • Bald Hill (500 m)
  • Innerdouny Hill (497 m)
  • Elistoun Hill (497 m)
  • Craigentaggert Hill (493 m)
  • Scad Law (488 m)
  • Steele's Knowe (485 m)
  • John's Hill (483 m)
  • Sim's Hill (483 m)
  • Glentye Hill (481 m)
  • Green Law (481 m)
  • Berry Hill (East) (480 m)
  • Mellock Hill (479 m)
  • Eastbow Hill (476 m)
  • Corb Law (475 m)
  • East Craig (473 m)
  • Green Knowes (473 m)
  • Commonedge Hill (468 m)
  • Glenquey Hill (466m)
  • Carlownie Hill (465m)
  • Rowan Tree Craig ( 460m)
  • Ben Thrush (456 m)
  • Lendrick Hill (456 m)
  • Big Torry (452 m) (Wee Torry is marked as a peak, but widely considered to simply be the southern face of Big Torry)
  • The Nebit (449 m)
  • Long Craig (448 m)
  • Black Creich Hill (443 m)
  • Little Law (443m)
  • Hillfoot Hill (442 m)
  • Seamab Hill (439 m)
  • White Creich Hill (436 m)
  • Little Hunt Hill (431 m)
  • The Seat (429 m)
  • Kinpauch Hill (426 m)
  • Lamb Hill (422 m)
  • Brown Hill (419 m)
  • Dumyat (418 m)
  • Loss Hill (417 m)
  • Beld Hill (412 m)
  • Common Hill (412 m)
  • Craig Rossie (410 m)
  • Carmodle (408 m)
  • Cock Law (408 m)
  • Burnt Hill (405 m)
  • The Law (404 m)
  • Muckle Law Hill (400m)
  • Castleton Hill (396 m)
  • Tam Beth (391 m)
  • Cleuch Hill (390 m)
  • Hillkitty (390m)
  • Myreton Hill (387 m)
  • Castle Law (374 m)
  • Knock Wood (367 m)
  • Dochrie Hill (366 m)
  • Down Hill (361 m)
  • Black Hill (East) (357 m)
  • Bank Hill (346 m)
  • Cloon (346 m)
  • Black Maller (336 m)
  • Tillyrie Hill (332 m)
  • Braughty Hill (325 m)
  • Rossie Law (324 m)
  • Culteuchar Hill (313 m)
  • Whitehill Head (307 m)
  • Arlick Hill (307 m)
  • Coul Hill (306 m)
  • Montalt Hill (300 m)
  • Glenearn Hill (300m)
  • Norman's Law (285 m)
  • Cairnie Hill (228 m)
  • Black Hill (West) (226 m)
  • Mount Hill (221 m)
  • Lucklawhill (190 m)
  • White Hill (160 m)


  • Notes on "List of peaks in the Ochil Hills"

Black Hill (North-West) near Sherrifmuir is marked on OS Maps as “Black Hill", but has no distinguishable peak or summit, more of a slop leading onto Glentye Hill. Marked as 350 metres.

Peat Hill, Lamb Hill, and Gled’s Nose are a selection of “hills” marked on OS Maps near NN 9768 0247. These hills have no distinguishable summit, disqualifying them as “peaks” in the Ochils, but rather they lead onto Glenquey Hill and Innerdownie respectively.

Berry Hill and The Shank (near NN 9591 0456) are marked as hills on OS maps, but fail to have distinguishable peaks. Rather, they lead onto the peak of Ben Shee

 
Ochil Hills and statue of Robert the Bruce as seen from Stirling Castle
 
Ochil Hills viewed from Alloa road on the way to Tullibody.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 110.
  2. ^ "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba (AÀA) – Gaelic Place-names of Scotland". www.ainmean-aite.scot.
  3. ^ a b c "Fife Place-name Data :: Ochils". fife-placenames.glasgow.ac.uk.
  4. ^ a b c Rhys, Guto. "Approaching the Pictish language: historiography, early evidence and the question of Pritenic" (PDF). University of Glasgow. University of Glasgow.
  5. ^ "Geological Survey of Great Britain (Scotland), 1:50000 Solid Edition, Alloa, sheet 39E". Maps Portal. British Geological Survey. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Ochil Hills Volcanic Formation". NGS Lexicon of named rock units. British Geological Survey. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  7. ^ "GeoIndex Onshore". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  8. ^ megalithix (2016-03-02). "Castle Craig, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire". The Northern Antiquarian. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  9. ^ megalithix (2019-04-17). "Katie Thirsty's Well, Logie, Stirlingshire". The Northern Antiquarian. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  10. ^ EDF Renewables. EDF. EDF https://www.edf-re.uk/our-sites/burnfoot-hill-burnfoot-hill-north-rhodders. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "Burnfoot Hill, Burnfoot Hill North & Rhodders". EDF Energy Renewables. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  12. ^ "Ochils Mountain Rescue". Ochils Mountain Rescue Team. Retrieved 2019-12-23.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 56°13′43″N 3°40′01″W / 56.22861°N 3.66694°W / 56.22861; -3.66694