Perth and Kinross

Perth and Kinross (Scots: Pairth an Kinross; Scottish Gaelic: Peairt agus Ceann Rois) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland and a Lieutenancy Area. It borders onto the Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dundee, Fife, Highland and Stirling council areas. Perth is the administrative centre. With the exception of a large area of south-western Perthshire, the council area mostly corresponds to the historic counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire.

Perth and Kinross
Pairth an Kinross
Peairt agus Ceann Rois
Perth and Kinross in Scotland.svg
Coat of arms of Perth and Kinross Pairth an Kinross Peairt agus Ceann Rois
Coat of arms
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryScotland
Lieutenancy areaPerth and Kinross
Admin HQPerth
Government
 • BodyPerth & Kinross Council
 • ControlCon minority (council NOC)
 • MPs
 • MSPs
Area
 • Total2,041 sq mi (5,286 km2)
Area rankRanked 5th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total151,290
 • RankRanked 12th
 • Density74/sq mi (29/km2)
ONS codeS12000024
ISO 3166 codeGB-PKN
Websitewww.pkc.gov.uk

Perthshire and Kinross-shire shared a joint county council from 1929 until 1975. The area formed a single local government district in 1975 within the Tayside region under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, and was then reconstituted as a unitary authority (with a minor boundary adjustment) in 1996 by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994.

Geographically the area is split by the Highland Boundary Fault into a more mountainous northern part and a flatter southern part. The northern area is a popular tourist spot, while agriculture makes an important contribution to the southern part of the area.

The area is run by Perth and Kinross Council, and is represented by members of the Scottish National Party within both the Scottish Parliament and the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

HistoryEdit

 
Perth & Clackmannan Shires. 1854. Civil Parish map

The historical counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire were separate entities prior to 1975. Under the terms of the 1973 Local Government (Scotland) Act Kinross-shire became part of the Tayside region, while Perthshire was split between the Tayside and Central regions. Under the terms of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 these regions were desolved in 1996 and the unitary authority of Perth and Kinross was created from the areas of Perthshire and Kinross-shire which were previously part of the Tayside region.[1][2]

GeographyEdit

 
Topographic map of Perth and Kinross

The Highland Boundary Fault runs across the region from the northeast to the southwest. This roughly divides the area between highland Perthshire, including part of the Grampian Mountains, to the north, and lowland Perthshire and Kinross to the south. The highland area is intersected with glacial valleys, often containing ribbon lakes, including Loch Tay and Loch Earn. The lowland area is a fertile region lying within the Central Lowlands.[3]

EconomyEdit

In the southern part of Perth and Kinross agriculture plays an important part of the local economy.[4] This includes the cultivation of fruits, fodder, wheat and seed potatoes.[3]

The scenic nature of the northern part of Perth and Kinross makes tourism an important part of the economy.[4] The Forestry Commission controls large parts of the area, which is also home to a number of hydroelectric dams.[3]

CityEdit

Towns and villagesEdit

TownsEdit

VillagesEdit

Places of interestEdit

Politics and GovernanceEdit

Local CouncilEdit

Following the 2017 Perth and Kinross Council election, part of the Scotland wide local elections, the composition of the local council was as follows:[5]

Party Councillors
Conservative 17
Scottish National Party 15
Liberal Democrat 4
Independent 3
Labour 1

Scottish ParliamentEdit

Perth and Kinross is covered by two Scottish Parliament constituencies and one electoral region.[6] Following the 2016 Scottish Parliament election these two constituencies - Perthshire South and Kinross-shire and Perthshire North - are held respectively by Roseanna Cunningham and John Swinney, both members of the Scottish National Party.[7][8] Following the same election the electoral region - Mid Scotland and Fife - is represented by four members of the Scottish Conservative Party, two members of the Scottish Labour Party, and one member of the Scottish Green Party.[9]

UK ParliamentEdit

Perth and Kinross is covered by two United Kingdom Parliament constituencies; Perth and North Perthshire and Ochil and South Perthshire.[6] Following the 2019 UK Parliamentary General Election these seats are respectively held by Pete Wishart and John Nicolson, both for the Scottish National Party.[10][11]

ReferendaEdit

On 18 September 2014, Perth and Kinross voted strongly "No" in the Scottish Independence Referendum with a majority of 60.2%.[12]

On 23 June 2016, Perth and Kinross voted in favour of remain in the Brexit referendum with a majority of 61.1%.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lagasse, Paul; Columbia University (2018). "Kinross-shire". The Columbia Encyclopedia - Credo Reference (8th ed.). Columbia University Press. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  2. ^ Lagasse, Paul; Columbia University (2018). "Perthshire". The Columbia Encyclopedia - Credo Reference (8th ed.). Columbia University Press. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Perth and Kinross". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Perth and Kinross". The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide - Credo Reference. Helicon. 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  5. ^ Perthshire Advertiser (5 May 2017). "Increase in Tory councillors in Perth and Kinross following poll". Daily Record. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  6. ^ a b "MPs and MSPs". www.pkc.gov.uk. Perth & Kinross Council. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  7. ^ "Perthshire South and Kinross-shire". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Perthshire North". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Mid Scotland and Fife". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Perth & North Perthshire parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Ochil & South Perthshire parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  12. ^ "Scotland Decides". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  13. ^ "EU Referendum local results - P". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 August 2020.

External linksEdit