Scottish Fire and Rescue Service

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS; Scottish Gaelic: Seirbheis Smàlaidh agus Teasairginn na h-Alba) is the national fire and rescue service of Scotland. It was formed by the merger of eight regional fire services in the country on 1 April 2013. It thus became the largest fire brigade in the United Kingdom, surpassing the London Fire Brigade. [1]

Scottish Fire and Rescue Service
Seirbheis Smàlaidh agus Teasairginn na h-Alba
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service.png
Operational area
CountryScotland
Address5 Whitefriars Crescent
Perth
PH2 0PA
Agency overview
Established1 April 2013 (1 April 2013)
Employees8,281 (2016)
Facilities and equipment
Stations356
Engines533
Website
www.firescotland.gov.uk Edit this at Wikidata


ConsolidationEdit

After a consultation,[2] the Scottish Government confirmed on 8 September 2011[3] that a single fire and rescue service would be created in Scotland to replace the eight existing services.

Following further consultation[4] on the detailed operation of the service, the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Bill was published on 17 January 2012.[5] After scrutiny and debate by the Scottish Parliament, the legislation was approved on 27 June 2012.[6] The Bill duly received royal assent as the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012. This Act also created Police Scotland in place of the previous eight regional police forces. The mergers were effective from 1 April 2013. Eight months after the consolidation, an internal report said the reorganisation had not negatively affected operational response.[7]

The service is headquartered in Cambuslang, South Lanarkshire, on the south-eastern outskirts of Glasgow, incorporating a national training centre, opened in January 2013. There are a further three service delivery centres in the east, west and north of the country.[8]

StructureEdit

On 16 August 2012 the Scottish Government confirmed the first chief fire officer of the new service would be Alasdair Hay, then acting chief fire officer of Tayside Fire and Rescue Service, following an open recruitment exercise.[9]

Pat Watters, former president of the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities, was also announced as chair of the service, an appointment to run for three years from September 2012.[10]

Members of the SFRS Board appointed in October 2012 were Watters, Bob Benson, James Campbell, Kirsty Darwent, Marieke Dwarshuis, Michael Foxley, Robin Iffla, Bill McQueen, Sid Patten, Neil Pirie, Martin Togneri and Grant Thoms.[11]

Chief OfficersEdit

OperationsEdit

 
SFRS firefighter douses flames at the Glasgow School of Art fire in May 2014

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service attended 25,002 fires in 2014/15. The service also delivers a preventative programme, with 65,343 free home fire safety visits conducted in 2015/16.[12]

As well as fighting fires, the service attends tens of thousands of specialist services such as road traffic collisions, water rescues and flooding incidents. In 2014/15 it attended 10,740 non-fire incidents.[12]

Water rescueEdit

 
Fair Isles community fire station

The Service is the primary emergency service for the rescue of persons from the River Clyde in Glasgow. The service has a fleet of 4 rescue boats stationed at various points downstream of the tidal weir and works closely with the Glasgow Humane Society and other agencies. The service works alongside other emergency services during flooding events to ensure the safety of communities and rescue people in difficulty, with specialist swift water rescue teams positioned on major waterways and areas of activity. Firefighters are routinely called out to water, flood and boat rescues. For example, during Storm Frank in December 2015 the SFRS received 350 flood related calls in the space of six days.[13]

WildfiresEdit

In 2015 the SFRS were called out to 78 wildfire incidents in total, with over half of those taking place in the north of Scotland.[12]

Medical emergenciesEdit

In 2015 a national trial was launched, in partnership with the Scottish Ambulance Service, which has seen firefighters at certain stations receive enhanced CPR training aimed at increasing survival rates for people who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.[14]

StationsEdit

As of March 2016, the SFRS operates 356 stations throughout Scotland. Stations are split into six categories:

 
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Headquarters, Cambuslang
  • Wholetime: A station with full-time firefighters
  • Wholetime/Retained: As above but with retained firefighters manning a second appliance
  • Wholetime/Day Crewed (Livingston): A station with a Wholetime shift manning the first appliance and a day shift manning the second appliance who will then respond via pager at night
  • Retained: Part-time, on a call-out basis and predominantly based in some of the more rural areas of Scotland
  • Volunteer: as above but firefighters receive no payment for their work
  • Community Response Unit (highlands) a volunteer unit with a small LDV appliance to suit their area

Stations (North)Edit

Station Name Duty System
Unst (Shetland) Retained
Fetlar (Shetland) Retained
Yell (Shetland) Retained
Hillswick (Shetland) Retained
Brae (Shetland) Retained
Walsay (Shetland) Retained
Walls (Shetland) Retained
Bixter (Shetland) Retained
Scalloway (Shetland) Retained
Lerwick (Shetland) Retained
Bressay (Shetland) Retained
Sandwick (Shetland) Retained
Sumburgh (Shetland) Retained
Fair Isle (Shetland) Retained
North Ronaldsay (Orkney) Retained
Papa Westray (Orkney) Retained
Westray (Orkney) Retained
Sanday (Orkney) Retained
Eday (Orkney) Retained
Rousay (Orkney) Retained
Stronsay (Orkney) Retained
Shapinsay (Orkney) Retained
Stromness (Orkney) Retained
Kirkwall (Orkney) Retained
Hoy (Orkney) Retained
St Margarets Hope (Orkney) Retained
Ness (Lewis) Retained
Shawbost (Lewis) Retained
Stornoway (Lewis) Retained
Valtos (Lewis) Retained
South Lochs (Lewis) Retained
Great Bernera Retained
Tarbert (Harris) Retained
Scalpay Retained
Leverburgh (Harris) Retained
Lochmaddy (North Uist) Retained
Bayhead (North Uist Retained
Benbecula Retained
Lochboisdale (South Uist) Retained
Barra Retained
Staffin (Skye) Retained
Uig (Skye) Retained
Dunvegan (Skye) Retained
Portree (Skye) Retained
Broadford (Skye) Retained
Raasay Retained
Muck Community Response Unit
John O' Groats Retained
Thurso Retained
Wick Retained
Bettyhill Retained
Lybster Community Response Unit
Tongue Retained
Dunbeath Retained
Durness Retained
Helmsdale Retained
Kinlochbervie Retained
Lairg Retained
Scourie Retained
Golspie Retained
Lochinver Retained
Bonar Bridge Retained
Achilitibuie Retained
Dornoch Retained
Ullapool Retained
Tain Retained
Auitbea Retained
Balintore Community Response Unit
Gairloch Retained
Invergordon Retained
Kinlochewe Retained
Dingwall Retained
Torridon Retained
Cromarty Community Response Unit
Applecross Retained
Fortrose Retained
Lochcarron Retained
Beauly Retained
Kyle Retained
Inverness Wholetime/Retained
Cannich Retained
Ratagan Community Response Unit
Drummadrochit Retained
Glenelg Retained
Nairn Retained
Foyers Retained
Grantown Retained
Carrbridge Community Response Unit
Fort Augustus Retained
Aviemore Retained
Nethybridge Community Response Unit
Mallaig Retained
Newtonmore Community Response Unit
Kingussie Retained
Spean Bridge Community Response Unit
Kilchoan Retained
Acharacle Retained
Strontian Retained
Lochaline Retained
Fort William Retained
Kinlochleven Retained
Lossiemouth Retained
Gordonstoun Volunteer
Forres Retained
Elgin Wholetime/Retained
Buckie Retained
Fochabers Retained
Rothes Retained
Keith Retained
Aberlour Retained
Dufftown Retained
Tomintoul Retained
Cullen Retained
Portsroy Retained
Banff Retained
Macduff Retained
Aberchirder Retained
Fraserburgh Retained
Turriff Retained
Maud Retained
Peterhead Wholetime/Retained
Huntley Retained
Insch Retained
Oldmeldrum Retained
Ellon Retained
Inverurie Retained
Strathdon Retained
Alford Retained
Kintore Retained
Braemar Retained
Balmoral Retained
Ballater Retained
Aboyne Retained
Banchory Retained
Stonehaven Retained
Laurencekirk Retained
Inverbervie Retained
Dyce (Aberdeen/Area HQ) Retained
Aberdeen Central Wholetime
North Anderson Drive (Aberdeen) Wholetime
Altens (Aberdeen) Wholetime
Glenshee Volunteer
Kinloch Rannoch Volunteer
Pitlochry Retained
Kirkmichael Volunteer
Kirriemuir Retained
Brechin Retained
Aberfeldy Retained
Alyth Retained
Forfar Retained
Montrose Retained
Dunkeld Retained
Blairgowrie Retained
Coupar Angus Retained
Comrie Retained
Creiff Retained
Perth Wholetime
Macalpine Road (Dundee) Wholetime
Blackness Road (Dundee) Wholetime
Kingsway East (Dundee) Wholetime
Balmossie (Dundee) Wholetime/Retained
Carnoustie Retained
Arbroath Wholetime/Retained
Auchterarder Retained
Kinross Retained

Stations (East)Edit

Station Name Duty System
Tyndrum Retained
Killin Retained
Crianlarich Retained
Aberfoyle Retained
Callander Retained
Doune Retained
Dunblane Retained
Balfron Retained
Bridge of Allan Retained
Stirling Wholetime
Tillicoultry Retained
Alloa Wholetime/Retained
Tayport Retained
Newborough Retained
St Andrews Retained
Auchtermuchty Retained
Cupar Retained
Glenrothes Wholetime
Methil Wholetime
Anstruther Retained
St Monans Retained
Lochgelly Wholetime
Kirkcaldy Wholetime
Dunfermline Wholetime
Burntisland Retained
Denny Retained
Larbert Wholetime/Retained
Slamannan Retained
Falkirk Wholetime/Retained
Bo'Ness Wholetime/ Retained
Linlithgow Retained
Bathgate Wholetime/Retained
Whitburn Wholetime
Broxburn Retained
South Queensferry Retained
West Calder Retained
Livingston Wholetime/Day Crewed
Crewe Toll (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Mcdonald Road (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Marionville (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Tollcross (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Sighthill (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Liberton (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Newcraighall (Edinburgh) Wholetime
Musselburgh Wholetime
Dalkeith Wholetime
West Linton Retained
Penicuik Retained
Tranent Retained
North Berwick Retained
Peebles Retained
Haddington Retained
East Linton Retained
Dunbar Retained
Innerleithen Retained
Galashiels Wholetime/Retained
Lauder Retained
Duns Retained
Eyemouth Retained
Selkirk Retained
Coldstream Retained
Kelso Retained
Hawick Wholetime/Retained
Jedburgh Retained
Newcastleton Retained

National Training CentreEdit

The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service National Training Centre opened in January 2013. The facility in Cambuslang features a mock town with realistic motorways, railway tracks and buildings, including a multi-storey tenement structure.[15]

ImpactEdit

The following services were merged to create the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service:

The number of control rooms handling 999 calls was also reduced from eight to three.

The consolidation of regional call centres has reportedly resulted in a number of dispatching errors. For example, in December 2016 a crew from Raasay was mobilised to an incident on Skye – a journey that would have required taking their fire engine on a ferry – despite an alternative crew being able to reach Skye directly via a road bridge. On another occasion, a crew from Beauly was sent to a blaze 10 miles away in Dingwall as the dispatcher was allegedly unaware Dingwall had its own fire station.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Who we are". London Fire Brigade. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2014. LFB employs approximately 7,000 staff of which 5,800 are operational firefighters and officers
  2. ^ Research report on consultation 15 September 2011 - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2011/09/15110325/0
  3. ^ Scottish Government news release 8 September 2011 - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2011/09/08142643
  4. ^ Research report on consultation 16 December 2011 - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2011/12/15130636/0
  5. ^ Scottish Government news release 17 January 2012 - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2012/01/Police-Fire17012012
  6. ^ Scottish Government news release 27 June 2012 - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2012/06/policeandfirereformstage327062012
  7. ^ "Praise after fire service merger". The Herald. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Your Area". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 6 January 2017. three service delivery HQs
  9. ^ "Alasdair Hay named as new chief for merged Scottish fire service". BBC News. 16 August 2012.
  10. ^ "First new Police Authority and Fire Service chairmen appointed". BBC News. 31 August 2012.
  11. ^ "Scottish Fire and Rescue Service" (Press release). Scottish Government. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  12. ^ a b c "Fire & Rescue Statistics 2014-15" (PDF). 15 December 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  13. ^ Hannan, Martin (6 January 2016). "Fire crews worked 'flat out' after the flood devastation". The National. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Firefighters to respond to cardiac arrest cases". BBC News. 29 October 2015.
  15. ^ "New fire training centre simulates burning buildings and train crashes". STV News. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  16. ^ "All at sea". Private Eye. London: Pressdram Ltd. 10 February 2017.

External linksEdit