1948 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1948 U.S. Open was the 48th U.S. Open, held June 10–12 at Riviera Country Club in Pacific Palisades, California, northwest of Los Angeles. Ben Hogan won the first of his four U.S. Open titles at the course that became known as "Hogan's Alley," as it was his third win at Riviera in less than 18 months. He had won the Los Angeles Open at the course in early 1947 and 1948. It was the third of Hogan's nine major titles; he had won his second PGA Championship a few weeks earlier. He was only the second to win both titles in the same year, joining Gene Sarazen in 1922. Later winners of both were Jack Nicklaus in 1980 and Tiger Woods in 2000.
|Dates||June 10–12, 1948|
|Location||Pacific Palisades, California|
|Course(s)||Riviera Country Club|
|Length||7,020 yards (6,419 m)|
|Field||171 players, 57 after cut|
Although Sam Snead held the lead by a stroke after 36 holes with a record 138, Hogan dominated the final two rounds, shooting 68-69 on Saturday for a total of 276 (−8), two shots ahead of runner-up Jimmy Demaret. Hogan decimated the U.S. Open scoring record (281 by Ralph Guldahl in 1937) by five strokes, and his three rounds in the 1960s was a tournament first. The scoring record stood for 19 years, until bested by a stroke by Jack Nicklaus in 1967. Hogan's 8-under-par set a U.S. Open record that stood until 2000, when it was broken by Tiger Woods (12-under, broken by Rory McIlroy in 2011 at 16-under).
Eight months later, Hogan and his wife were involved in a serious automobile accident, a head-on collision with a Greyhound bus in west Texas. The injuries he sustained prevented a defense of his title in 1949 while he recovered. Hogan returned to competition and won the U.S. Open in 1950, 1951, and 1953. (He led after 36 holes in 1952, but finished third.)
This was the first U.S. Open played on the West Coast; the first in the western U.S. was a decade earlier, in 1938 near Denver. The first major played on the West Coast was the PGA Championship in 1929, played at Hillcrest Country Club in Los Angeles. At the time, the course at Riviera was the longest ever for a U.S. Open at 7,020 yards (6,419 m).
Babe Didrikson Zaharias became the first woman to attempt to qualify for the U.S. Open, but her application was rejected by the USGA. They stated that the event was intended to be open to men only.
Past champions in the fieldEdit
Made the cutEdit
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Lew Worsham||United States||1947||67||74||71||73||285||+1||6|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States||1946||71||72||74||74||291||+7||T21|
|Ralph Guldahl||United States||1937, 1938||73||75||75||71||294||+10||T32|
|Tommy Armour|| Scotland
Missed the cutEdit
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Lawson Little||United States||1940||72||78||150||+8|
|Craig Wood||United States||1941||76||75||151||+9|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1922, 1932||77||77||154||+12|
|Tony Manero||United States||1936||78||78||156||+14|
|Olin Dutra||United States||1934||82||75||157||+15|
|Chick Evans (a)||United States||1916||81||78||159||+17|
Thursday, June 10, 1948
|T1||Ben Hogan||United States||67||−4|
|Lew Worsham||United States|
|T3||Ken Rogers (a)||United States||69||−2|
|Sam Snead||United States|
|T5||Bobby Locke||South Africa||70||−1|
|Toney Penna||United States|
|Ted Rhodes||United States|
|T8||Skip Alexander||United States||71||−1|
|John Bass||United States|
|Charles Congdon||United States|
|John Dawson (a)||United States|
|Jimmy Demaret||United States|
|Leland Gibson||United States|
|Herman Keiser||United States|
|Dave Killen||United States|
|Lloyd Mangrum||United States|
|Andrew Mills||United States|
|Jim Turnesa||United States|
|Marvin Ward (a)||United States|
|Gene Webb||United States|
|Al Zimmerman||United States|
Friday, June 11, 1948
|1||Sam Snead||United States||69-69=138||−4|
|T2||Ben Hogan||United States||67-72=139||−3|
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||70-69=139|
|4||Jim Turnesa||United States||71-69=140||−2|
|T5||Charles Congdon||United States||71-70=141||−1|
|Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-70=141|
|George Schneiter||United States||73-68=141|
|Frank Stranahan (a)||United States||72-69=141|
|Lew Worsham||United States||67-74=141|
|T10||Herman Keiser||United States||71-71=142||E|
|Joe Kirkwood, Jr.||United States||72-70=142|
|Toney Penna||United States||70-72=142|
Saturday, June 12, 1948 (morning)
|1||Ben Hogan||United States||67-72-68=207||−6|
|2||Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-70-68=209||−4|
|3||Jim Turnesa||United States||71-69-70=210||−3|
|4||Sam Snead||United States||69-69-73=211||−2|
|T5||Charles Congdon||United States||71-70-71=212||−1|
|Bobby Locke||South Africa||70-69-73=212|
|Jug McSpaden||United States||74-69-69=212|
|Lew Worsham||United States||67-74-71=212|
|9||Smiley Quick||United States||73-71-69=213||E|
|T10||Herman Barron||United States||73-70-71=214||+1|
|Joe Kirkwood, Jr.||United States||72-70-72=214|
Saturday, June 12, 1948 (afternoon)
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Ben Hogan||United States||67-72-68-69=276||−8||2,000|
|2||Jimmy Demaret||United States||71-70-68-69=278||−6||1,500|
|3||Jim Turnesa||United States||71-69-70-70=280||−4||1,000|
|4||Bobby Locke||South Africa||70-69-73-70=282||−2||800|
|5||Sam Snead||United States||69-69-73-72=283||−1||600|
|6||Lew Worsham||United States||67-74-71-73=285||+1||500|
|7||Herman Barron||United States||73-70-71-72=286||+2||400|
|T8||Johnny Bulla||United States||73-72-75-67=287||+3||300|
|Toney Penna||United States||70-72-73-72=287|
|Smiley Quick||United States||73-71-69-74=287|
- "Riviera layout for Open championship". St. Petersburg Times. Florida. Associated Press. June 11, 1948. p. 20.
- "Ben Hogan sets mark, wins Open". Youngstown Vindicator. Ohio. United Press. June 13, 1948. p. 1, sports.
- "Worsham begins defense of National Open title". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 10, 1948. p. 20.
- "Ben Hogan captures $10,000 Los Angeles Open meet". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Florida. Associated Press. January 6, 1948. p. 6.
- "Ben Hogan sets record in taking U.S. Open". Palm Beach Post. Associated Press. June 13, 1948. p. 18.
- "Open golf win goes to Hogan". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. Associated Press. June 14, 1948. p. 13.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 12, 1948). "Snead's 138 sets U.S. Open golf record". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, part 2.
- "Snead takes Open golf lead with 138". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 12, 1948. p. 13.
- "Hogan's 276 wins Open, smashes Guldahl mark". Miami News. United Press. June 13, 1948. p. 1-C.
- "Ben Hogan is seriously hurt as car, bus collide head on". Milwaukee Journal. February 3, 1949. p. 7-L.
- Phlegar, Ben (April 7, 1948). "The Babe 'Not Welcome' In National Open Play". The Telegraph Herald. Dubuque, Iowa. Associated Press. p. 11.
- "National Open golf scores". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 12, 1948. p. 13.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 11, 1948). "Hogan, Worsham tie at 67 for U.S. Open Lead". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 13, 1948). "Ben Hogan's record 276 wins U.S. Open". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, part 2.