Francis DeSales Ouimet (May 8, 1893 – September 2, 1967) was an American amateur golfer who is frequently referred to as the "father of amateur golf" in the United States. He won the U.S. Open in 1913 and was the first non-Briton elected Captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.
Ouimet in 1913
|Full name||Francis DeSales Ouimet|
|Born||May 8, 1893|
|Died||September 2, 1967 (aged 74)|
|Height||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight||175 lb (79 kg; 12.5 st)|
Stella Sullivan (m. 1918–1965)
|Best results in major championships|
|Masters Tournament||WD: 1941|
|U.S. Open||Won: 1913|
|The Open Championship||T56: 1914|
|U.S. Amateur||Won: 1914, 1931|
|British Amateur||T3: 1923|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1974 (member page)|
|Bob Jones Award||1955|
Ouimet was born to Mary Ellen Burke and Arthur Ouimet in Brookline, Massachusetts, a suburb southwest of Boston. His father was a French-Canadian immigrant, and his mother was originally from Ireland. When Francis was four years old, his family purchased a house on Clyde Street in Brookline, directly across from the 17th hole of The Country Club. The Ouimet family grew up relatively poor and were near the bottom of the economic ladder, which was hardly the position of any American golfer at the time. As far as the general public was concerned, amateur golf was reserved for the wealthy, while professional golf provided competition and income for former caddies, prohibited by the USGA from caddying after the age of 16 or lose their amateur status.
Ouimet became interested in golf at an early age and started caddying at The Country Club at the age of 11. Using clubs from his brother and balls he found around the course, he taught himself to play. His game soon caught the eye of many country club members and caddie master Dan MacNamara. It wasn't long before Ouimet was the best high school golfer in the state. When he was a junior in high school, his father insisted that he drop out and do "something useful" with his life. Ouimet worked at a drygoods store before landing a job at a sporting goods store owned by future Baseball Hall of Famer George Wright.
1913 U.S. OpenEdit
In 1913, Ouimet won his first significant title at age 20, the Massachusetts Amateur, an event he won five more times. He participated in the U.S. Amateur at the Garden City Golf Club in Long Island, New York in early September, losing in the quarterfinals to the eventual champion, Jerome Travers. Soon after, he was asked personally by the president of the United States Golf Association, Robert Watson, if he would play in the national professional championship, the 1913 U.S. Open, which had been postponed to mid-September from its original June dates to allow for the participation of British golfers Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, both of Jersey. Vardon had won the U.S. Open in 1900 and The Open Championship five times to that point. Ray had won the Open Championship in 1912. The 1913 event was played at the course Ouimet knew best, The Country Club in Brookline, Massachusetts. Ouimet originally declined to play, having just returned from an absence from work to play in the National Amateur. His participation in the Open was soon arranged, however, with the cooperation of his employer.
It was Ouimet's first appearance in the championship. Eddie Lowery was his ten year old caddie. After 72 holes of regulation play ended in a three-way tie, Ouimet, Vardon, and Ray engaged in an 18-hole playoff the next day in rainy conditions. Ouimet won the playoff at one-under-par for the day, beating Vardon by 5 strokes and Ray by 6. His victory was widely hailed as a stunning upset over the strongly favored British, who were regarded as the top two golfers in the world. He was the first amateur to win the U.S. Open. The biggest crowds ever seen in American golf followed the playoff, and his achievement was front-page news across the country.
Ouimet's U.S. Open success is credited for bringing golf into the American sporting mainstream. Before his win over Vardon and Ray, golf was dominated by British players. In America, the sport was restricted to players with access to private facilities. There were very few public courses (the first, Van Cortlandt Golf Course in The Bronx borough of New York City, opened in 1895.) Ten years after his 1913 victory, the number of American players had tripled and many new courses had been built, including numerous public ones.
In 1963, WGBH-TV, Boston's public television station, aired an interview with Ouimet at The Country Club in Brookline, Massachusetts, to mark the 50th anniversary of his win at the 1913 U.S. Open. The kinescope of that interview was included in the DVD of the Walt Disney film The Greatest Game Ever Played. Disney's film took artistic license, portraying the win as having been by a single stroke when, in reality, Ouimet won by five strokes.
Ouimet never turned professional; he wished to remain an amateur for his whole career, as he decided before his U.S. Open success that he wanted to work in the world of business. In 1916, however, the USGA, in one of the most controversial decisions in their history, stripped Ouimet of his amateur status. Its reasoning was that he was using his celebrity to aid his own sporting goods business and was therefore making a living from golf. This was at the time when caddies were not allowed to continue caddying after they reached the age of 16, unless they declared themselves professionals. The decision was greeted with uproar from Ouimet's fellow golfers. In 1918, Ouimet enlisted in the U.S. Army and rose to the rank of lieutenant. After the war, the USGA quietly reinstated his amateur status. Ouimet did not bear a grudge against the USGA and served on several committees. He was also a golf member of Charles River Country Club in Newton Centre, and was a member of the Woodland Golf Club of Auburndale.
Ouimet won the U.S. Amateur twice (1914 and 1931). He played on the first eight Walker Cup Teams and was Captain of the next four for a team record of 11-1. In 1951, he became the first non-Briton elected Captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews and in 1955 was the first-ever winner of the Bob Jones Award, the highest honor given by the USGA, in recognition of distinguished sportsmanship in golf. Ouimet has been named to many golf halls of fame and has a room named after him in the USGA Museum.
Two other aspects of Ouimet's golf career are important: He used the overlapping grip to hold the club and was among the first top players to use this method. He very likely used the grip to emulate Vardon, who often is credited with developing the grip. Many great golf champions since have used this technique. The method is named for the "overlapping' of the little finger of the top hand between the forefinger and middle finger of the bottom hand. Ouimet mentored and encouraged the young Gene Sarazen, who developed into one of golf's greatest champions.
Francis Ouimet Scholarship FundEdit
In 1949, a group of Ouimet's friends started a scholarship in his honor, naming it the Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund. The scholarship was created to give college scholarship aid to young people who worked as caddies at clubs in Massachusetts. The inaugural class had 13 scholars who received a total of $4,600. Since then more than 5,100 students have been selected as Ouimet Scholars, receiving more than $26 million in need-based college tuition assistance. Today's requirements state that young people who have given at least two years of service to golf as caddies or worked in a pro shop or in course superintendent operations in Massachusetts are eligible to receive the Scholarship.
The Ouimet Fund is the second largest caddie scholarship in the U.S. and the largest independent scholarship fund in Massachusetts. Students must go through a rigorous application and interview process before being selected as a Ouimet Scholar. Once selected, students may attend any school they wish, which is one of the major differences between the Ouimet Fund and the Evans Fund, the other major caddie fund in the U.S. Since the Ouimet Fund is a need-based scholarship, awards can range anywhere from a few thousand dollars to $30,000 or more over four years.
The Francis Ouimet Award for Lifelong Contributions to Golf was first presented in 1997 and is presented annually at the Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund's banquet. Past winners include Arnold Palmer (1997), Peter Jacobsen (2006), Jack Nicklaus (2007), and Annika Sörenstam (2010).
In 2002, Mark Frost wrote a biographical account of Ouimet's U.S. Open victory titled The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf. Shortly afterward, Frost was tapped by Walt Disney Studios to write a motion picture adaptation. The Greatest Game Ever Played was released in theaters in 2005. The film starred Shia LaBeouf as Ouimet and was directed by Bill Paxton and produced by Larry Brezner.
Appearing on the cover of The Greatest Game is a photograph of Ouimet at the U.S. Open with his ten-year-old caddie, Eddie Lowery. This iconic image is one of the best known in American golf and was used as the logo for the United States Golf Association's Centennial celebrations. A statue of Ouimet and Lowery based on the photograph stands in Brookline, Massachusetts, and at the World Golf Hall of Fame in St. Augustine, Florida.
Oddly enough, a street is named after Ouimet in Greenside, Johannesburg, South Africa, close to the Parkview Golf Course. A number of adjacent streets are also named after golfers, although the street in Johannesburg is named Quimet Street. How the misspelling occurred is not known. The street is still sometimes pronounced (correctly) without the Q, while it is also sometimes pronounced in the French way (Wee-May).
Ouimet aspired to become a businessman to elevate himself into the middle class. The life of a professional golfer at that time did not offer an avenue to reach that goal. Within ten years of his U.S. Open victory, Ouimet had started to work as a banker and eventually a stock broker, which had always been his intention. He culminated his business career as a customer's financial advisor at Brown Brothers Harriman.
During the First World War he served in the US Army.
He married Stella M. Sullivan on September 11, 1918. They had two daughters: Janice Salvi and Barbara McLean.
Tournament wins (27)Edit
- 1909 Boston Interscholastic
- 1910 Boston Interscholastic, Woodland Golf Club Open
- 1911 Woodland Golf Club Open
- 1912 The Country Club Cup, Allston Golf Club Open Championship
- 1913 U.S. Open, Massachusetts Amateur, Meadow Brook Golf Club Open
- 1914 U.S. Amateur, Massachusetts Amateur, French Amateur
- 1915 Massachusetts Amateur, Baltimore Country Club Spring Invitational
- 1917 Western Amateur
- 1919 Massachusetts Amateur
- 1920 North and South Amateur
- 1922 Massachusetts Amateur, Houston Invitational
- 1923 St. George's Challenge
- 1924 Crump Memorial
- 1925 Massachusetts Amateur, Gold Mashie Tournament, Bermuda Handicap Tourney at Riddle's Bay
- 1927 Crump Memorial
- 1931 U.S. Amateur
- 1932 Massachusetts Open
- 1934 Boston Open
Professional and amateur majors shown in bold.
Major championships (3)Edit
Professional wins (1)Edit
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runners-up|
|1913||U.S. Open||Tied for lead||+12 (77-74-74-79=304)||Playoff 1||Harry Vardon, Ted Ray|
1 Defeated Vardon and Ray in an 18-hole playoff – Ouimet 72 (−1), Vardon 77 (+4), Ray 78 (+5)
Amateur wins (2)Edit
|1914||U.S. Amateur||6 & 5||Jerome Travers|
|1931||U.S. Amateur||6 & 5||Jack Westland|
|U.S. Open||1 LA||T5||T35||NT||NT||T18|
|The Open Championship||T56||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Amateur Championship||R128||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship|
|U.S. Amateur||2||R16 M||R16||SF||SF||DNQ||SF||SF||R32||SF|
|The Amateur Championship||R128||SF||R64|
|The Open Championship|
|The Amateur Championship||R32||R256||R64|
|The Open Championship||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Amateur Championship||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT||R32||R128|
|The Open Championship|
|The Amateur Championship||R128|
Note: As an amateur, Ouimet could not play in the PGA Championship.
M = Medalist
LA = Low amateur
NYF = Tournament not yet founded
NT = No tournament
WD = Withdrew
"T" indicates a tie for a place
DNQ = Did not qualify for match play portion
R256, R128, R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in match play
|The Open Championship||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||-|
|The Amateur Championship||0||0||1||1||1||3||10||-|
- Most consecutive cuts made – 9 (1913 U.S. Amateur – 1924 U.S. Amateur)
- Longest streak of top-10s – 3 (1921 U.S. Amateur – 1923 The Amateur Championship, 1923 U.S. Amateur – 1925 U.S. Open)
U.S. national team appearancesEdit
- Walker Cup: 1922 (winners), 1923 (winners), 1924 (winners), 1926 (winners), 1928 (winners), 1930 (winners), 1932 (winners, playing captain), 1934 (winners, playing captain), 1936 (winners, playing captain), 1938 (non-playing captain), 1947 (winners, non-playing captain), 1949 (winners, non-playing captain)
- Gibson, Nevin H. The Encyclopedia of Golf (A.S. Barnes & Company, 1958)
- Frost, Mark The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf (Hyperion, 2002)
- Kelley, Brent. "Francis Ouimet bio". About.com. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
- Duca, Rob. "America's triumph: Remembering a legend". Cape Cod Times. Archived from the original on December 15, 2000. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
The year was 1913. He was a young man of modest means, but he shook up the exclusive world of golf.
- Brookline Amateur Wins U.S. Open
- Frost, Mark The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf (Hyperion, 2002)
- Francis D. Ouimet profile at www.hickoksports.com Archived 2009-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
- "Ouimet Ties Great English Golfers. Twenty-Year-Old Schoolboy's Wonderful Performance in National Open Golf". New York Times. September 20, 1913. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
An American youth, Francis Ouimet, a stripling scarcely out of his teens, carved a niche for himself in international sporting history here to-day when he tied with England's famous professional golfers, Harry Vardon and Edward Ray, in the final round of the national open championship.
- "Ouimet's Aged Mother Is Happy, But His Health Is First Thought. New Golf Champion's 70-Year-Old Parent Hopeful That Her Son Did Not Tax His Strength--Tells How He Swang at Stones With Home-Made Clubs at 4". New York Times. September 6, 1931. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
To the rest of the world Francis Ouimet is a battle-scarred veteran, who returned from a golfers' Valhalla to win another national amateur championship, but to his sweet-faced ...
- The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf, by Mark Frost, 2003; Gettin' to the Dance Floor: An Oral History of American Golf, chapter on Sarazen, by Al Barkow, 1986
- "Marblehead's Lynch tabbed for prestigious award". North Shore Golf Blog. April 10, 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
- Scott catalog # 2377.
- The Story Behind Greensides Road Names Archived 2015-04-29 at the Wayback Machine at heritageportal.co.za
- The Golfer's Progress, The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, December 22, 1917, p504
- "Francis Ouimet Marries". New York Times. September 12, 1918. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
Lieutenant Francis Ouimet, former amateur national golf champion, and Stella Sullivan were married in Boston ...
- "Francis Ouimet, Golfer, Is Dead; First Amateur to Win U.S. Open; Gardener's Son Who Won in 1913 Showed Sport Wasn't Only for the Affluent". United Press International. September 2, 1967. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
Francis D. Ouimet, who amazed the sports world 54 years ago by upsetting Britain's two greatest golfers to win the United States Open, died today. He was 74 years old.
- Source for U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur: USGA Championship Database
- Source for 1914 British Open: www.theopen.com[permanent dead link]
- Source for 1914 British Amateur: Golf Illustrated, July, 1914, pgs. 22-34.
- Source for 1921 British Amateur: The American Golfer, June 4, 1921, pg. 24.
- Source for 1923 British Amateur: The American Golfer, July, 1923, pgs. 48 & 50.
- Source for 1926 British Amateur: The American Golfer, July, 1926, pg. 58.
- Source for 1930 British Amateur: The Glasgow Herald, May 30, 1930, pg. 13.
- Source for 1934 British Amateur: The American Golfer, July, 1934, pg. 16.
- Source for 1938 British Amateur: TIME Magazine, June 6, 1938
- Source for 1941 Masters: www.masters.com
- Source for 1947 British Amateur: The Glasgow Herald, May 30, 1947, pg. 5.
- Source for 1949 British Amateur: The Glasgow Herald, May 25, 1949, pg. 2.
- Source for 1950 British Amateur: The Glasgow Herald, May 25, 1950, pg. 9.
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