Chicago Golf Club is a private golf club in the central United States, located in Wheaton, Illinois, a suburb west of Chicago. The oldest 18-hole course in North America, it was one of the five founding clubs of the United States Golf Association (USGA) in 1894. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2020.

Chicago Golf Club
Club information
Chicago Golf Club is located in the United States
Chicago Golf Club
Chicago Golf Club is located in Illinois
Chicago Golf Club
Coordinates41°50′55″N 88°06′58″W / 41.84861°N 88.11611°W / 41.84861; -88.11611
LocationWheaton, Illinois, U.S.
Elevation750 ft (230 m)
Established1892; 132 years ago (1892)
Operated byJohn Guyton
Total holes18
Events hostedU.S. Open:
(1897, 1900, 1911)
Walker Cup:
(1928, 2005)
Designed byCharles B. Macdonald
Length6,950 yards (6,355 m)
Course rating73.8
Slope rating137 [1]
Layout of course from space

The club has hosted several prominent events, including multiple U.S. Opens and Walker Cups, and was founded by renowned course designer and World Golf Hall of Fame member Charles B. Macdonald. In July 2018, the club hosted the inaugural U.S. Senior Women's Open, created as the 14th USGA national championship.

History edit

Known as the Father of Golf in Chicago, designer Macdonald went to college in Scotland at the University of St Andrews,[2] where he learned to play the game. He brought back a set of clubs, and in early 1888, on the Lake Forest estate of a friend, C.B. Farwell, and his son-in-law, Hobart Chatfield-Taylor, laid out seven informal golf holes on an interesting piece of lakefront property known as "Bluff's Edge". His group of friends were fascinated by the new game and demanded a course be built on a dedicated site. In late spring of 1892, Macdonald passed around a hat with his friends, who contributed $10 each for a total of two or three hundred dollars. Macdonald spent that money in laying out a nine-hole course, about 23 mi (37 km) west of Chicago's Union Station, on the stock farm of A. Haddow Smith at Belmont, located one block north of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad line. This was to become the first golf course built west of the Alleghenies, and second to Shinnecock Hills in Long Island, New York, which opened 12 holes in 1891.

With contacts in Scotland, Macdonald next cabled the Royal Liverpool Golf Club and ordered six sets of clubs. As soon as they arrived, his newfound associates were soon bitten by the golf bug.

The first American woman to win an Olympic event, Margaret Abbott, was a member at the Chicago Golf Club in the 1890s.[3]

In the spring of 1893, Macdonald wrote in his c. 1925 book Scotland's Gift – Golf, that he increased the number of holes at Belmont to 18, creating the first 18-hole golf course in North America. On July 18, 1893, the charter was granted for the Chicago Golf Club.

The club became so popular that, in 1894, the members bought a piece of property to build an improved 18-hole course. They purchased a 200-acre (0.81 km2) parcel of the Patrick farm in Wheaton, for a complete sum totaling $28,000, which became "a first class 18-hole course of 6,500 yards." The site was chosen because of its vast rolling hills covered with native grasses, which reminded Macdonald of Scotland.

Macdonald designed the links-style layout himself; since he was a chronic slicer, he routed the holes so that both nines would play in a clockwise fashion so that he would stay out of trouble. Once the private land adjacent to the course became developed, a new rule was needed for errant golf balls leaving the premises. The United States Golf Association Rule of Golf for "Out Of Bounds" (27-1) had its origin at Chicago Golf Club.

Ossian Cole Simonds was commissioned to design the landscape architecture for the course at the Wheaton property in 1894.[4] O.C. Simonds went on to do the landscape architecture for many famous Chicago properties including Lincoln Park, the Morton Arboretum and other golf courses including the Glen View Golf Club in 1897.

The Chicago clubhouse was designed by renowned Chicago architect Jarvis Hunt.[5][6]

Chicago Golf Club
Former Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad interurban station
Preceding station Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad Following station
toward Aurora
Aurora Branch Emory
toward Wheaton

Around 1902, the Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad constructed an electrified third-rail railroad between the far western terminus of the Metropolitan West Side Elevated Railroad at 52nd Avenue (now Laramie Avenue) in Chicago, and the Fox River towns of Aurora and Elgin. The branch line splitting to Aurora from downtown Wheaton traveled just past the main entrance to Chicago Golf Club, where was built a splendid brick station. A large majority of the club members commuted from downtown Chicago, and on weekends and special occasions a luxuriously appointed wood-paneled club car with a well-stocked bar and linen tablecloth dinner service was employed to ferry golfers out to the Chicago Golf Club. At the club's station was a siding, where the club car was parked until it was needed for the evening return trip.

Macdonald also brought the Foulis brothers to Chicago from St Andrews, Scotland, to help grow the new game. The Foulis' father, James Foulis Sr., worked as a foreman in the clubmaking shop of the legendary Old Tom Morris—which was located across the street from the Old Course at St Andrews. Macdonald invited Robert Foulis to be the first club professional at Chicago Golf, but, as he was already under contract at a separate club, he passed the offer to his brother, James Foulis, who became the golf professional at Chicago Golf in 1895; he had worked for both Old Tom Morris and clubmaker Robert Forgan.

In 1905, Jim was succeeded by his brother David Foulis,[7] who stayed at the Wheaton course until 1916. In addition to their skills as golf professionals, clubmakers and players, they were responsible for many innovations to the game of golf. They were first to apply the bramble (reverse-dimple) pattern on the cover of Coburn Haskell's new rubber-cored wound golf ball, and in response to the demands of the new ball developed the "mashie-niblick", the modern 7-iron, which fell between the traditional mashie (5-iron) and niblick (9-iron). Jim and Dave also designed many golf courses, most of which still exist today. While at Chicago Golf, Dave brought the metal hole-liner to the U.S. from Scotland and improved the design to hold the flagstick upright, even in the wind. Another brother, John, was a ballmaker and bookkeeper at the club until his death in 1907.

After the Chicago Golf Club vacated the Belmont location, Herbert J. Tweedie, a one-time member of the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, formed the Belmont Golf Club, of which the charter was granted in 1899. By that time, however, the course was back to nine holes. The original site has remained a golf course through the years, passing through several owners, and now is owned and operated as a public facility by the Downers Grove Park District.

Chicago Golf Club is ranked the fifth-most exclusive in the world. There are only 120 members and it will never exceed this amount, the only way to get in is by invitation from a member.[citation needed]

Current members include Cleveland Golf founder Roger Cleveland, former ServiceMaster chief executive Jonathan P. Ward, actor Chris O'Donnell, former ServiceMaster vice chairman Charles Stair and former Amoco chairman H. Laurence Fuller. Two-time Masters champion Ben Crenshaw is a non-resident member, and recently deceased members include radio great Paul Harvey and International Harvester scion Brooks McCormick. Club President Bob King (1990–1991) led the process which allowed African Americans and women to be admitted as members of the club. Despite being in close proximity to multiple all-male clubs, Chicago Golf Club began admitting female members in 2001 with the admission of Judith Whinfrey.[8] Chicago Golf Club admitted its first African-American member, Charles Thurston, in 1993. (History collected from Chicagoland Golf magazine, April 1992, by Phil Kosin)

Course edit

Hole Name Yards Par Hole Name Yards Par
1 Valley 450 4 10 Short 149 3
2 Road 481 4 11 Dogleg 410 4
3 Biarittz 219 3 12 Punchbowl 465 4
4 Long 549 5 13 Eden 181 3
5 Leven 365 4 14 Cape 356 4
6 Double Plateau 399 4 15 Ginger Beer 400 4
7 Redan 211 3 16 Raynor's Prize 530 5
8 Narrows 445 4 17 Maiden 467 4
9 Pond 448 4 18 Home 425 4
Out 3,567 35 In 3,383 35
Source:[9][10] Total 6,950 70

USGA Championships edit

1897 U.S. Open and Amateur edit

The 1897 Open was the first tournament hosted at Charles Blair MacDonald's club as well as the first championship west of the Appalachia. Macdonald ended up losing the championship on his home turf in the semifinals to W. Rosstier Betts. The actual open championship was played over 36 holes in one day between the semifinals and finals of the Amateur championship and was won by Scotsman Joe Lloyd with a score of 162. Local club professional James Foulis finished in third place two shots behind Lloyd. Eventual Amateur champion H.J. Wigham finished as the low amateur in a tie for eighth.

1900 U.S. Open edit

The 1900 Open was the sole USGA Championship won by Jerseyman Harry Vardon, who is regarded by many to be one of the greatest players of all time. Vardon competed in the championship after finishing a 90 match tour of the United States and Canada. He won the Open by two strokes over Englishman J.H. Taylor

1911 U.S. Open edit

The 1911 Open was the first of back to back championships won by John McDermott. This came following a defeat in a playoff in the 1910 U.S. Open in his hometown of Philadelphia. McDermott was the first American to win the Championship, and to this day is the youngest ever to win the U.S. Open at 19 years of age. McDermott won in a playoff over Mike Brady and Chicago Golf Club member George Simpson. He would go on to successfully defend his title the following year.

1928 Walker Cup edit

The 1928 Walker Cup was the first championship played across the newly designed Seth Raynor course at Chicago Golf Club. The American team crushed their GB&I foes 11 to 1. The team is widely regarded as one of the greatest Walker Cup teams of all time, having a combined 6 U.S. Open and 12 U.S. Amateur Championships among the eight of them. The team featured superstars such as Bobby Jones, Francis Ouimet, and Chick Evans

2005 Walker Cup edit

2018 U.S. Senior Women's Open edit

The 2018 Senior Women's Open was the inaugural edition of the championship. It was won by 1987 U.S. Women's Open champion Laura Davies, who went on to complete a "women's senior slam" by, three months later, winning the Senior LPGA Championship.

Tournament results edit

Notable events at Chicago Golf Club:

U.S. Open edit

U.S. Amateur edit

U.S. Women's Amateur edit

U.S. Senior Amateur edit

Walker Cup edit

  • 1928 United States 11, Great Britain & Ireland 1
  • 2005 United States 12½, Great Britain & Ireland 11½

Western Junior edit

  • 1992 John Curley

U.S. Women's Senior Open edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Course Rating and Slope Database™ - Chicago Golf Club". United States Golf Association. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  2. ^ Moore, Dan (21 December 2017). "Macdonald's Architectural Genius Shines at Chicago G.C." United States Golf Association. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  3. ^ Holmes, Tao Tao (10 August 2016). "The First American Woman to Win an Olympic Championship Didn't Even Know It". Atlas Obscura. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Biography of O.C. Simonds | the Cultural Landscape Foundation". Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Jarvis Hunt". Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Jarvis Hunt, architect". University of Illinois at Chicago. Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  7. ^ "David Foulis". Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  8. ^ "Judith Ann Whinfrey: 1949-2010". Chicago Tribune. 22 January 2010. Archived from the original on 3 October 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Inaugural U.S. Senior Women's Open Championship: Fact Sheet". United States Golf Association. 6 September 2017. Archived from the original on 19 February 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Scorecard" (PDF). Chicago Golf Club. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 December 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  11. ^ "U.S. Senior Women's Open Championship to debut in 2018". United States Golf Association. 6 February 2015. Archived from the original on 13 August 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2018.

External links edit