Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is a links-style golf club located in an unincorporated area of the Town of Southampton on Long Island, New York, situated between the Peconic Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.
Clubhouse at the 2018 U.S. Open
|Location||Southampton, New York, U.S.|
|Elevation||20–90 feet (6–27 m)|
|Tournaments hosted||U.S. Open (5), Walker Cup, U.S. Amateur, U.S. Women's Amateur|
|Designed by||William Flynn (1931)|
C. B. MacDonald (1901)
Willie Dunn (1894)
Willie Davis (1891)
|Length||6,940 yards (6,346 m) (red)|
7,440 yards (6,800 m)
(2018 U.S. Open)
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
|Nearest city||Southampton, New York|
|Area||259 acres (105 ha)|
|Architect||McKim, Mead & White; et al.|
|Architectural style||Bungalow/American Craftsman|
|NRHP reference #||00001211|
|Added to NRHP||September 29, 2000|
Shinnecock Hills claims to be the oldest formal organized golf club in the United States (1891), to have the oldest golf clubhouse in the U.S. (1892), and to have been the first to admit women, which it did from the start.
Shinnecock Hills is a founding member of the United States Golf Association. It has hosted several important events, notably five U.S. Opens, most recently being the 2018 U.S. Open won by Brooks Koepka. It is scheduled to host a sixth in 2026. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. It is routinely ranked as one of the top golf courses in the United States.
The club traces its roots to an 1889–1890 trip by William K. Vanderbilt, Edward Meade, and Duncan Cryder, to Biarritz in southern France where they encountered champion golfer Willie Dunn, from Scotland, who was building a golf course at the resort.
Back in the United States, Meade and Cryder scouted for a place for a golf course near New York City. Meade, known for his cowboy-ish antics trading commodities, was convinced that upstate New York would be the ideal location, but Cryder preferred a parcel of land in Yonkers. Ultimately, they chose the sandhills adjoining the Long Island Rail Road just east of the Shinnecock Canal. The 80-acre (32 ha) parcel was purchased for $2,500 and 44 original members signed up for $100 each.
Willie Davis, the club professional from the Royal Montreal Club, designed a 12-hole course that opened in late summer 1891. Members of Shinnecock Indian Nation helped build the course, which is on land they have laid claim to and which remains in litigation. Stanford White designed the 1892 clubhouse, said to be the oldest golf clubhouse in the United States. A nine-hole ladies-only course was designed and built at Shinnecock Hills in 1893.
In 1894, Dunn arrived and added six more holes bringing the total to 18. That same year Dunn won the tournament which was an inaugural attempt to establish a national championship at Newport, Rhode Island, but this victory was not recognized as official. Later in 1894, Shinnecock Hills was one of five founding clubs of the United States Golf Association, established in New York City. The new USGA held the first U.S. Open in 1895 in Newport, Rhode Island.
In 1896 the then–5,000 yd (4,570 m) Shinnecock hosted the second U.S. Open. Many players broke 80 in the 36-hole event, which led to demands to increase the course's difficulty. Participating in the 1896 Open was black professional player John Shippen, believed by many historians to have been the first USA-born golf professional.
William Flynn extensively redesigned the course in 1931 into a 6,740-yard (6,163 m) configuration. Flynn's design retains five of the holes by Macdonald and Raynor, and the green of a sixth hole designed by those two. Prior to the 2004 U.S. Open, the course was extended to a length of 6,996 yards (6,397 m) by the addition of extra tees.
Its routing was retained, and several new tees were added, in preparation for the 2018 U.S. Open; the course was extended to 7,440 yards, retaining its par of 70. The design modifications were performed by Ben Crenshaw and Bill Coore. The club also maintains a nine-hole secondary course.
Notable events hostedEdit
|2018||U.S. Open (5)||Brooks Koepka||281||+1||1 stroke||Tommy Fleetwood||2,160,000|
|2004||U.S. Open (4)||Retief Goosen||276||−4||2 strokes||Phil Mickelson||1,125,000|
|1995||U.S. Open (3)||Corey Pavin||280||E||2 strokes||Greg Norman||350,000|
|1986||U.S. Open (2)||Raymond Floyd||279||−1||2 strokes|| Chip Beck
|1977||Walker Cup||United States||24 matches||16 to 8|| Great Britain &
|1900||U.S. Women's Amateur||Frances Griscom||match play||6 & 5||Margaret Curtis||—|
|1896||U.S. Open||James Foulis||152||—||3 strokes||Horace Rawlins||150|
|1896||U.S. Amateur||H. J. Whigham||match play||8 & 7||Joseph G. Thorp||—|
- A sixth U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills is scheduled for 2026
|2018 U.S. Open||74.7 / 140||399||252||500||475||589||491||189||439||485||3819||415||159||469||374||519||409||616||175||485||3621||7440|
|Red||74.4 / 140||391||221||456||409||529||456||184||361||411||3418||412||158||469||372||447||408||542||169||426||3403||6821|
|Green||72.3 / 134||380||193||422||373||487||415||173||319||373||3135||402||150||427||354||436||357||464||149||374||3113||6248|
|Blue||70.3 / 129|
|White||72.5 / 131||366||146||395||303||413||368||133||281||307||2712||337||121||396||325||361||288||406||140||289||2663||5375|
- National Golf Links of America (located immediately north of the course across Sebonac Road)
- "Coure ratings". Shinnecock Hills golf Club. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- "Course Rating and Slope Database™ - Shinnecock Hills Golf Club". USGA. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Grimsley, Will (June 12, 1986). "U.S. Open course was once closed to the pros". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. C1.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Alison Cornish (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Shinnecock Hills Golf Club". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-02-20. See also: "Accompanying seven photos". and: "Additional documentation".
- [https://www.golfdigest.com/story/shinnecock-hills-golf-club "Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Southampton, N.Y. / 7,450 yards, Par 70 / Points: 69.2301"] Golf Digest. January 4, 2017.
- World Atlas of Golf: The Greatest Courses and How They Are Played by N. Hamlyn, Herbert Warren Wind, Charles Price, Peter Thomson, Mark Rowlinson - Octopus Publishing Group – 2006 ISBN 978-0-600-61375-6
- World Atlas of Golf, 1988 edition
- Golf Digest, U.S. Open preview, June 2018
- "Course Ratings".