The 1934 U.S. Open was the 38th U.S. Open, held June 7–9 at Merion Golf Club in Ardmore, Pennsylvania, a suburb northwest of Philadelphia. Olin Dutra won his only U.S. Open, a stroke ahead of runner-up Gene Sarazen on the East Course. Dutra overcame an eight-stroke deficit after 36 holes to win his second major title; he won the PGA Championship in 1932.
|Dates||June 7–9, 1934|
|Course(s)||Merion Golf Club|
|Format||Stroke play − 72 holes|
|Length||6,694 yards (6,121 m)|
|Field||146 players, 65 after cut|
Bobby Cruickshank opened the tournament with a pair of 71s, and had a three-stroke lead over Sarazen at the midway point. Sarazen carded a 73 in the third round to take a one-shot lead over Cruickshank. In the final round on Saturday afternoon, both Cruickshank and Sarazen were overcome by Dutra, who took the lead after birdies at 10 and 15. Sarazen took a triple bogey on the 11th while Cruickshank bogeyed 5 of the final 7 holes. Despite a pair of bogeys to finish the round, Dutra's 72 (+2) and total of 293 (+13) was enough to secure the victory.
Dutra's win was all the more impressive after he fell ill before the tournament and was laid up for three days in his hotel room. He lost fifteen pounds (7 kg) and could not practice for ten days. He was about to withdraw until his brother Mortie, who finished in 28th place, convinced him to play on. His 36-hole comeback from eight shots down was the largest in U.S. Open history until Arnold Palmer equaled it in 1960. From California, Dutra was the first U.S. Open champion born in the western United States.
Former caddies in Texas at the same course in Fort Worth, Ben Hogan and Byron Nelson played in their first major championship, and both missed the cut, shooting 158 and 162, respectively. Lawson Little finished as low amateur in 25th place; he won the title six years later in 1940 as a professional.
Past champions in the fieldEdit
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||1922, 1932||73||72||73||76||294||+14||2|
|Billy Burke||United States||1931||76||71||77||72||296||+16||T6|
|Johnny Goodman (a)||United States||1933||76||77||83||75||311||+31||T43|
|Tommy Armour|| Scotland
|Johnny Farrell||United States||1928||75||79||83||81||318||+38||T58|
|Walter Hagen||United States||1914, 1919||82||72||79||81||318||+38||T58|
- All former champions in the field made the cut
Thursday, June 7, 1934
|T1||Wiffy Cox||United States||71||+1|
|4||Gene Sarazen||United States||73||+3|
|T5||Rodney Bliss||United States||74||+4|
|Henry Ciuci||United States|
|Mortie Dutra||United States|
|Willie Goggin||United States|
|Paul Runyan||United States|
|Jimmy Thomson|| Scotland|
|Horton Smith||United States|
|George Von Elm||United States|
Friday, June 8, 1934
|2||Gene Sarazen||United States||73-72=145||+5|
|3||Wiffy Cox||United States||71-75=146||+6|
|T4||Leo Diegel||United States||76-71=147||+7|
|Rodney Bliss||United States||74-73=147|
|Billy Burke||United States||76-71=147|
|Horton Smith||United States||74-73=147|
|T8||Henry Ciuci||United States||74-74=148||+8|
|Macdonald Smith|| Scotland
Saturday, June 9, 1934 (morning)
|1||Gene Sarazen||United States||73-72-73=218||+8|
|3||Wiffy Cox||United States||71-75-74=220||+10|
|T4||Olin Dutra||United States||76-74-71=221||+11|
|Ralph Guldahl||United States||78-73-70=221|
|T6||Harry Cooper|| England
|Billy Burke||United States||76-71-77=224|
|T8||Leo Diegel||United States||76-71-78=225||+15|
|Johnny Golden||United States||75-76-74=225|
|T10||Al Espinosa||United States||76-74-76=226||+16|
|Butch Krueger||United States||76-75-75=226|
|Johnny Revolta||United States||76-73-77=226|
|Macdonald Smith|| Scotland
Saturday, June 9, 1934 (afternoon)
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Olin Dutra||United States||76-74-71-72=293||+13||1,000|
|2||Gene Sarazen||United States||73-72-73-76=294||+14||750|
|T3||Harry Cooper|| England
|Wiffy Cox||United States||71-75-74-75=295|
|T6||Billy Burke||United States||76-71-77-72=296||+16||300|
|Macdonald Smith|| Scotland
|T8||Tom Creavy||United States||79-76-78-66=299||+19||116|
|Ralph Guldahl||United States||78-73-70-78=299|
|Jimmy Hines||United States||80-70-77-72=299|
|Johnny Revolta||United States||76-73-77-73=299|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
Birdie Bogey Double bogey Triple bogey+
- Gould, Alan (June 10, 1934). "Olin Dutra's 293 wins National Open in sensational finish". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. p. D1. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "Thirty-eighth National Open Golf Championship" (PDF). Trenham Golf History. Official Program. 1934. p. 35. Retrieved May 8, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- Bartlett, Charles (June 10, 1934). "Olin Dutra's 293 takes U.S. Open golf title". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 21.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 9, 1934). "Cruickshank leads National Open golf with 142". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 17.
- Cavagnaro, Bob (June 10, 1934). "Dutra wanted to stay home". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. p. D4.
- "National Open scores". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 9, 1934. p. 18.
- "154 start play in U.S. Open golf tourney today". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 7, 1934.
- "National Open scores". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 10, 1934. p. 6, part 2.
- Bartlett, Charles (June 8, 1934). "Three tie at 71 for National Open golf lead". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 27.
- "National Open results". Palm Beach Post. Associated Press. June 10, 1934. p. 9. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- About.com – 1934 U.S. Open
- USGA Championship Database
- USOpen.com - 1934
- Trenham Golf History – 1934 U.S. Open
- USGA – Looking back: 1934 U.S. Open