WBAP (820 kHz) is an AM news/talk radio station licensed to Fort Worth, Texas and serving the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. WBAP is owned by Cumulus Media and broadcasts with 50,000 watts from a transmitter site in the northwest corner of Mansfield. It is a Class A clear-channel station, using a non-directional antenna. Its nighttime signal can often be heard throughout the Southern, Central, and Midwestern states and Northern Mexico, while its daytime signal provides at least secondary coverage from Oklahoma City to Austin. The station's studios are located in the Victory Park district in Dallas just north of downtown. WBAP is one of the oldest radio stations in Texas, dating back to 1922, when stations in Texas were still given call signs beginning with "W" instead of "K."
|City||Fort Worth, Texas|
|Broadcast area||Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex|
|Branding||WBAP News/Talk 820 AM|
|Slogan||The News and Talk of Texas|
|Repeater(s)||KPLX 99.5 HD2|
|First air date||May 2, 1922|
|Class||A (Clear channel)|
|Transmitter coordinates|| (main antenna)|
|Callsign meaning||sequential; We Bring A Program (backronym)|
|Affiliations||Westwood One |
The Weather Channel (weather partnership)
WFAA-TV (news and weather partnership)
|Owner||Cumulus Media |
(Radio License Holdings LLC)
|Sister stations||KESN (LMA with Disney), KLIF, KLIF-FM, KSCS, KTCK, KTCK-FM, KPLX|
|Webcast||Listen Live (via iHeartRadio)|
WBAP and sister station KSCS are responsible for activation of the North Texas Emergency Alert System when hazardous weather alerts, Disaster area declarations, and child abductions are issued. WBAP is also the Primary entry point for northern Texas for the EAS.
WBAP began broadcasting May 2, 1922 at a wavelength of 360 meters (about 833 kHz), changing to 400 meters (750 kHz) in August 1922. The station shared time with Dallas stations WFAA and WRR. It was the first station in the United States to have an audible logo signal similar to the NBC chimes, the WBAP cowbell. According to President Herbert Hoover, the station's call letters stood for "We Bring A Program," although in reality, the call letters were assigned sequentially, without any special meaning.
On May 15, 1923, the Federal Radio Commission expanded the broadcast band, and WBAP and WFAA moved to 630 kHz. Another expansion moved WBAP to 600 kHz effective April 15, 1927, and this frequency was shared with WOAI in San Antonio. On November 11, 1928, WBAP moved to 800 kHz, and on June 1, 1929, WFAA also moved to 800 kHz, sharing time (and NBC Red network affiliation) with WBAP. Station owner Amon G. Carter was unhappy with having to share time on 800 kHz with WFAA. Carter Publishing purchased KGKO in Wichita Falls (570 kHz) and moved it to Fort Worth as an affiliate of the NBC Blue network (which became ABC), and more importantly as a second frequency to be used when 800 kHz was not available. The sale was approved by the Federal Communications Commission September 24, 1935. On March 29, 1941, as a consequence of the Treaty of Havana, WBAP and WFAA moved one last time, to 820 kHz.
On September 29, 1948, WBAP pioneered television service in Texas with the opening of the state’s first video outlet, NBC affiliate WBAP-TV (channel 5).
The dual frequency sharing arrangement between WBAP and WFAA continued through the 1950s and 1960s, with the stations switching frequencies several times a day. When WBAP changed frequencies, it signaled the change with a cowbell, which became widely associated with the station. Even though the stations swapped frequencies several times each day, the network affiliations remained constant: NBC network programming stayed on 820 kHz and ABC network programming stayed on 570 kHz. This frequently proved confusing for announcers and listeners alike.
On May 1, 1970, the unique dual split-frequency lives of WBAP and WFAA ended when WBAP paid $3.5 million to WFAA in exchange for sole occupancy of 820 kHz (and the NBC affiliation). WFAA took on 570 kHz (and the ABC affiliation), but with only 5,000 watts full-time. Once the frequency-sharing with WFAA ended in 1970, both stations were free to program musical formats, and WBAP began programming country music. It also gained the added benefit of 820's clear-channel signal; previously WFAA controlled it during these prime nighttime hours.
Also around this time, the FCC began to scrutinize ownership of broadcast stations and print media in the same market with the tightening of its rules, which disallowed new radio and/or television combinations with newspapers while grandfathering existing instances. Carter Publications’ ownership of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram and WBAP-AM-FM-TV was one of three which existed in the Dallas/Fort Worth market. However, Carter voluntarily ended the cross-ownership issue in January 1973, when it announced the sale of all its Fort Worth media interests. WBAP and its FM sister (now known as KSCS), and the Star-Telegram were packaged to Capital Cities Communications for $64.5 million; LIN Broadcasting paid $35 million to acquire WBAP-TV, whose call letters were changed to KXAS-TV. The sales became final in the summer of 1974.
After a series of network affiliation changes in the late 1970s among WBAP, KRLD and WFAA, WBAP switched affiliations to ABC.
Morning show host Hal Jay recently celebrated his 25-year anniversary with WBAP by organizing a charity fund-raising event for Cook Children's Hospital ("Hal Jay's Celebrity Roast"). Among those who attended were Baseball Hall-of-Famer Nolan Ryan and syndicated radio talk show host Sean Hannity.
On June 12, 2007, WBAP was one of many Disney/ABC Radio stations sold to Citadel Broadcasting. That same year, WBAP transmitted iBiquity HD Radio (digital) during the daytime and when not airing sports programming, until abruptly ending the "HD" digital transmission in early December 2008. Because the license to broadcast digital "HD Radio" is perpetual, the station could resume digital broadcasts at any time.
For many years, WBAP was the flagship station for Dallas Stars hockey team, but relinquished the rights beginning in the 2009-2010 season, as on January 16, 2009, the Dallas Stars named KTCK Sportsradio 1310 The Ticket as its new flagship station for the next 5 years. Ironically, with Cumulus Media's recent acquisition of Citadel, WBAP and KTCK are now sister stations. Among the moments of when WBAP Had the stars, both Stanley Cup final runs were aired. And WBAP had the honor of broadcasting Game 6 of the 1999 Stanley Cup Finals, when the Stars clinched the Stanley Cup over Buffalo.
Sister station KPMZ (later WBAP-FM, now KTCK-FM) started simulcasting WBAP on 96.7 FM, March 15, 2010. Although broadcasting on a rimshot signal, management claimed that WBAP-FM provides "crystal-clear FM fidelity" for their listeners within 96.7's pre-determined coverage area.
On October 7, 2013, Cumulus announced the discontinuation of the WBAP simulcast on 96.7 FM. It switched call letters to KTCK-FM as a simulcast of the sports radio programming on KTCK (AM). Dan Bennet, the vice president/market manager of Cumulus, said he had "seen no ratings increase since adding the FM." Bennett added, "WBAP at 820 AM still covers 114 counties in the day and has been heard in up to 38 states at night and early morning before the sun comes up. WBAP at 820 is one of the biggest radio signals in America." The WBAP simulcast has moved to KPLX 99.5 HD2 (HD Radio needed), formerly The Ticket's radio spot.
WBAP airs both local and nationally syndicated shows on weekdays. The day begins with the "WBAP Morning News" followed by Chris Salcedo mid-mornings, Rick Roberts in the afternoon and Chris Krok evenings. Most syndicated shows come from the co-owned Westwood One Network: Mark Levin, Red Eye Radio and on weekends John Batchelor, Bob Brinker and Larry Kudlow. From Premiere Networks WBAP carries Rush Limbaugh. Weekends include shows on money, cars, home improvement, real estate and the outdoors. Brokered programming also airs. Most hours on weekdays start with local news at the top of the hour while nights and weekends, Westwood One News is heard.
Overnights are locally originated as WBAP is the flagship station of the nationally syndicated Red Eye Radio (formerly Midnight Trucking Radio Network), a trucking show that traces its roots to Bill Mack's overnight show back in 1969. Hosts Eric Harley and Gary McNamara are heard live locally weeknights, with "Best Of" programs heard weekend overnights.
Prior to Citadel's takeover of the station in August 2007, talk show host Mark Davis's show was a full three hours, (9 A.M. to Noon). As a result, Limbaugh, Hannity and Levin were all forced to air on a one-hour tape delay. However, with Citadel's assumption of the station, Davis's show was both cut in length and shifted back by a half-hour, to carry the top-rated talkers live. Davis departed the station in March 2012 when a contract agreement could not be reached.
In the fall of 2010, WBAP began an agreement with Texas Christian University to air live play-by-play of TCU Horned Frogs football and TCU Horned Frogs men's basketball. The station carried every game of the undefeated football team in that first season.
- "Call Letter Origins". Radio History on the Web.
- "About WBAP". WBAP website. Archived from the original on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- Dallas-Fort Worth Radio Ratings - Radio Online (accessed January 6, 2019)
- "Dallas Fort Worth Local Plan" (PDF). Texas Association of Broadcasters. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 32. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 34. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 66. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- "KGKO Shift to Ft. Worth; Two NBC Outlets Planned" (PDF). Broadcasting. October 1, 1935. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 69. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- DFW Radio History - AM Stations (retrieved June 25, 2008)
- Schroeder, Richard (1998). Texas Signs On: The Early Days of Radio and Television. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. p. 70. ISBN 0-89096-813-6.
- "Fort Worth media deal hits $100 million mark" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 8, 1973. p. 10.
- Stars Sign Five-Year Agreement with Sportsradio 1310 The Ticket Archived January 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine - Dallas Stars Press Release (released January 16, 2009)
- WBAP/Dallas Gets FM Simulcast With Flip Of KPMZ - All-Access Music Group (released March 12, 2010)
- ‘SportsRadio 1310 the Ticket’ to also air on 96.7 FM Archived October 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine - DFW.com (released October 7, 2013)
- Official website
- DFW Radio Archives
- DFW Radio/TV History
- Query the FCC's AM station database for WBAP
- Radio-Locator Information on WBAP
- Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WBAP