Dallas Fort Worth International Airport

Dallas Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex and the North Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas.

Dallas Fort Worth International Airport
The DFW logo: the letters "DFW" in orange with "Dallas Fort Worth International Airport" in gray
An aerial photograph of DFW Airport, including its runways.
Airport typePublic
OwnerCities of Dallas and Fort Worth
OperatorDFW Airport Board
ServesDallas–Fort Worth metroplex
LocationCities of Grapevine, Irving, Euless, and Coppell in Tarrant and Dallas counties, Texas, United States
OpenedSeptember 23, 1973; 50 years ago (1973-09-23)
Hub for
Operating base for
Time zoneCentral Standard Time (CST) (−06:00)
 • Summer (DST)Central Daylight Time (CDT) (−05:00)
Elevation AMSL607 ft / 185 m
Coordinates32°53′49″N 097°02′17″W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°W / 32.89694; -97.03806
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13L/31R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
13R/31L 9,300 2,835 Concrete
17L/35R 8,500 2,591 Concrete
17C/35C 13,400 4,084 Asphalt
17R/35L 13,400 4,084 Concrete
18L/36R 13,401 4,085 Concrete
18R/36L 13,400 4,085 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Aircraft operations689,569
Cargo774,033.8 tons
Sources: Dallas Fort Worth International Airport[1]

It is the largest hub for American Airlines, which is headquartered near the airport,[2] and is the third-busiest airport in the world by aircraft movements and the second-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic in 2022 and 2023, according to the Airports Council International.[3][4] As of 2021, it is the sixth-busiest international gateway in the United States and the second-busiest international gateway in Texas (behind Houston-IAH).[5] The hub American Airlines operates at DFW is the second-largest single airline hub in the world and the United States, behind Delta Air Lines's hub in Atlanta.[6]

Located roughly halfway between the major cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, DFW spills across portions of Dallas and Tarrant counties and includes portions of the cities of Grapevine, Irving, Euless, and Coppell.[7][8] At 17,207 acres (26.89 sq mi; 69.63 km2), DFW is the second-largest airport by land area in the United States after Denver International Airport covering an area larger than Manhattan in New York City.[9][10] It has its own post office ZIP Code, 75261, and United States Postal Service city designation ("DFW Airport, TX"), as well as its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services.

DFW Airport has service to 254 destinations (191 domestic, 63 international) from 28 passenger airlines. As of April 2023, DFW Airport has service to more nonstop destinations than any other airport in North America. Every major city in the Contiguous United States can be flown to in four hours or less. It is also the largest carbon neutral airport in the world and the first in North America to achieve this status.[11]

History edit

Planning edit

As early as 1927, before the area had an airport, Dallas proposed a joint airport with Fort Worth. Fort Worth declined the offer and thus each city opened its own airport, Love Field in Dallas and Meacham Field in Fort Worth, each of which had scheduled airline service.

In 1940, the Civil Aeronautics Administration earmarked US$1,900,000 (equivalent to $41,300,000 in 2023) for the construction of a Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport. American Airlines and Braniff Airways struck a deal with the city of Arlington to build an airport there, but the governments of Dallas and Fort Worth disagreed over its construction and the project was abandoned in 1942. After World War II, Fort Worth annexed the site and developed it into Amon Carter Field[12] with the help of American Airlines. In 1953, Fort Worth transferred its commercial flights from Meacham to the new airport, which was 12 miles (19 km) from Love Field. In 1960, Fort Worth purchased Amon Carter Field and renamed it Greater Southwest International Airport (GSW) in an attempt to compete with Dallas' airport, but GSW's traffic continued to decline relative to Love Field. By the mid-1960s, Fort Worth was getting 1% of Texas air traffic while Dallas was getting 49%, which led to the virtual abandonment of GSW.

The joint airport proposal was revisited in 1961 after the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) refused to invest more money into separate Dallas and Fort Worth airports. While airline service had steeply declined at both GSW and Meacham, Love Field was congested and had no more room to expand. Following an order from the federal government in 1964 that it would unilaterally choose a site if the cities could not come to an agreement, officials from the two cities finally agreed on a location for a new regional airport that was just north of the near-abandoned GSW and almost equidistant from the two city centers. The land was purchased by the cities in 1966 and construction began in 1969. The cost of the first phase of Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport was estimated at $700 million.

Voters went to the polls in cities throughout the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex to approve the new North Texas Regional Airport, which was named after the North Texas Commission that was instrumental in the regional airport coming to fruition. The North Texas Commission formed the North Texas Airport Commission to oversee the planning and construction of the giant airport. Area voters approved the airport referendum and the new North Texas Regional Airport would become a reality.[13] However, many Dallas residents remained satisfied with Love Field, and an attempt to establish an independent Dallas Fort Worth Regional Airport Authority—despite strong backing from the Dallas Chamber of Commerce and Dallas mayor J. Erik Jonsson—failed when Dallas voters rejected the proposal by a narrow margin. After further negotiation, the cities instead established an appointed airport board consisting of seven members from Dallas and four from Fort Worth and were able to persuade all existing air carriers at Love, GSW, and Meacham to move to the new regional airport.[14][15]

Under the original 1967 airport design, DFW was to have pier-shaped terminals perpendicular to a central highway. In 1968, the design was revised to provide for semicircular terminals, which served to isolate loading and unloading areas from the central highway, and to provide additional room for parking in the middle of each semicircle.[16] The plan proposed thirteen such terminals, but only four were built initially.[17][18]

Opening and operations edit

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) in 2013

DFW held an open house and dedication ceremony on September 20–23, 1973, which included the first landing of a supersonic Concorde in the United States, an Air France aircraft en route from Caracas to Paris.[16] The attendees at the airport's dedication included former Texas Governor John Connally, Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar, U.S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen and Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe.[19] The airport opened for commercial service as Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport on January 13, 1974, at a cost of $875 million (equivalent to $5.5 billion in 2024), which included $65 million for the land and $810 million in total construction costs. At the time of DFW's opening, at 17,500 acres (27.3 sq mi; 7,100 ha; 71 km2), it was the largest airport in the world ever constructed in terms of land area (surpassed in October 1975 with the opening of Montréal-Mirabel International Airport).[20] The first flight to land was American Airlines Flight 341 from New York, which had stopped in Memphis and Little Rock.[21] The surrounding cities began to annex the airport property into their city limits shortly after the airport was developed.[7] The name change to Dallas/Fort Worth International did not occur until 1985.

An innovative feature of the airport during its early history was the Vought Airtrans, the world's first operational fully automated people mover system. Later rebranded as the Airport Train and then the TrAAin ("AA" signifying American Airlines), the system ultimately encompassed 13 mi (21 km) of fixed guideways and transported as many as 23,000 persons per day at a maximum speed of 17 mph (27 km/h).[22]

American Airlines is headquartered near DFW, the airline's primary hub.

When it opened, DFW had four terminals, numbered 2W, 2E, 3E and 4E.[17] During its first year of operations, the airport was served by American Airlines, Braniff International Airways, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, Frontier Airlines,[N 1] Ozark Air Lines, Rio Airways and Texas International Airlines.[23]

Southwest Airlines had not begun flights when the other airlines agreed to move from Love Field to DFW, and it had only received approval to fly within the state of Texas. It refused to move to DFW because it felt that convenience for Dallas residents was central to its business. After the Airline Deregulation Act was enacted in 1978, Southwest announced flights to other states. Local officials feared that the resumption of long-distance flights at Love would threaten DFW's financial stability, prompting the enaction of the Wright Amendment in 1979, which banned airliners with more than 56 seats from operating between Love Field and airports beyond Texas and its four neighboring states: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Oklahoma.[24][25]

Braniff International Airways was a major operator at DFW in the airport's early years, operating a hub from Terminal 2W with international flights to South America and Mexico from 1974, London from 1978, and Europe and Asia from 1979, as well as extensive domestic service before ceasing all operations in 1982.[26] During the Braniff hub era, DFW was one of only four U.S. airports to have scheduled Concorde service; Braniff commenced scheduled Concorde service from Dallas to Washington from 1979 to 1980, using British Airways and Air France aircraft temporarily re-registered to Braniff while flying within the United States. British Airways later briefly flew Concordes to Dallas in 1988 as a substitute for its ordinarily scheduled DC-10 service.[16]

Following airline deregulation, American Airlines (which had already been one of the largest carriers serving the Dallas/Fort Worth area for many years) established its first hub at DFW on June 11, 1981.[27] American finished moving its headquarters from Grand Prairie, Texas, to a building in Fort Worth located on the site of the old Greater Southwest International Airport, near DFW Airport on January 17, 1983; the airline began leasing the facility from the airport, which owns the facility.[28] By 1984, the American hub occupied most of Terminal 3E and part of Terminal 2E.[29] American's hub grew to fill all of Terminal 2E by 1991.[30] American also began long-haul international service from DFW, adding flights to London in 1982 and Tokyo in 1987.[31]

Delta Air Lines also built up a hub operation at DFW, which occupied most of Terminal 4E through the 1990s.[29][30] The Delta hub peaked around 1991, when Delta had a 35% market share at DFW; its share was halved by 2004, after many of its mainline routes were downgraded to more frequent regional jet service in 2003.[32] Delta constructed a satellite terminal in Terminal E in 1988 to accommodate their hub, which was permanently reopened in May 2019 for American Eagle operations.[33][34] Delta closed its DFW hub in 2004 in a restructuring of the airline to avoid bankruptcy, cutting its DFW operation to only 21 flights a day from over 250 and redeploying aircraft to hubs in Cincinnati, Atlanta and Salt Lake City. Prior to the closure, Delta had a 17.3% market share at DFW.[35]

In 1989 the airport authority announced plans to rebuild the existing terminals and add two runways. After an environmental impact study was released the following year, the cities of Irving, Euless and Grapevine sued the airport over its extension plans, a battle that was finally decided (in favor of the airport) by the US Supreme Court in 1994. The seventh runway opened in 1996. The four primary north-south runways (those closest to the terminals) were all lengthened from 11,388 feet (3,471 m) to their present length of 13,400 feet (4,084 m). The first, 17R/35L, was extended in 1996 (at the same time the new runway was constructed) and the other three (17C/35C, 18L/36R, and 18R/36L) were extended in 2005. DFW is now the only airport in the world with four serviceable paved runways longer than 4,000 metres (13,123 ft).

Terminal D, built for international flights, and DFW Skylink, a modern bidirectional people mover system, opened in 2005.[36][37] The remaining Airport Train system, which had been mostly replaced by buses in 2003, had been fully decommissioned weeks earlier.[22] The largest commercial aircraft in the world, the Airbus A380, made its inaugural arrival at DFW in September 2014 and was handled at Terminal D.[38]

From 2004 to 2012, DFW was one of two US Army "Personnel Assistance Points" that received US troops returning from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for rest and recuperation. This ended on March 14, 2012, leaving Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport as the sole Personnel Assistance Point.[39]

In the late 20th century, the Wright Amendment had become unpopular with travelers and business groups because it suppressed local airline competition, but it was backed by powerful political interests including American Airlines, which did not want direct low-fare competition from Southwest Airlines at its DFW fortress hub. Efforts to revise the amendment in the 1980s and early 1990s became mired in lawsuits and political wrangling.[40][41][42][43] In a 2023 statement to The Dallas Morning News, former American Airlines chief executive officer Robert Crandall said that at the time, a Wright repeal was a greater threat to American Airlines than to DFW Airport.[43]

The Wright Amendment status quo was upset between 1996 and 2000, when laws were passed adding new states to the Wright service area, and several airlines began long-distance service from Love Field under the previously unexploited 56-seat exemption. This broke Southwest's monopoly at Love Field, threatened highly profitable American Airlines routes at DFW, and proved that changes to the amendment were now politically viable.[44] Southwest soon began campaigning to repeal the Wright Amendment, but was staunchly opposed by American Airlines, which feared that Southwest would maintain its near-monopoly at Love Field while simultaneously expanding to DFW Airport and possibly Fort Worth Alliance Airport or Meacham Airport.[43]

In a 2006 agreement brokered by Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas,[43] DFW Airport, Dallas, Fort Worth, Southwest, and American agreed to mutually support the repeal, but with a number of conditions. The agreement permanently capped the number of gates at Love Field and gave American and Southwest preferential leases to the remaining gates. Until 2025, international passenger flights in the metroplex may only operate from DFW Airport; Southwest must surrender Love Field gates if it or any codeshare agreement partners offer flights from DFW or another airport in the metroplex; and the parties agreed to cooperatively oppose passenger service from other airports in the area.[25][45]

On October 13, 2014, the Wright Amendment domestic flight restrictions ended, allowing airlines to fly from Love Field to anywhere in the U.S.[46][47] Despite the increased local competition, the number of annual enplanements at DFW grew by five million from 2013 to 2015, only slightly less than an approximately six million passenger increase at Love Field during the same period.[25]

Airports Council International (ACI) named DFW Airport the best large airport with more than 40 million passengers in North America for passenger satisfaction in 2016.[48]

In June 2018, DFW Airport opened a fully functioning, free standing emergency room on airport grounds, located in Southgate Plaza near the Airport Headquarters and Rental Car Center. With this opening, the facility became the first actual ER on an airport's property anywhere around the globe.[49]

DFW Airport tentatively completed a $2.7 billion[50] "Terminal Renewal and Improvement Program" (TRIP), which encompassed renovations of three of the original four terminals (A, B, and E). Work on the project began following the conclusion of Super Bowl XLV in February 2011. Terminal A was the first terminal to undergo these renovations, which were completed in January 2017 at a cost of about $1 billion.[51] This was followed by the completion of Terminal E in August 2017 and Terminal B in December 2017. While Terminal C was originally part of the multibillion-dollar renovations, American Airlines in 2014 asked to delay renovations of the terminal.

In early 2023, Frontier Airlines[N 1] established a crew operating base at DFW and added a gate to accommodate additional flights.[52]

In 2023, DFW served 81,764,044 passengers, a record for the facility, exceeding 80 million passengers for the first time in the airport's 50-year history.[53]

Future edit

DFW Airport has embarked on a series of expansion projects expected to last until 2028.

The first phase will construct the long-discussed Terminal F, albeit significantly downsized from earlier plans. The 15-gate concourse will cost $1.63 billion and will be built between 2024 and 2026. Previous plans for Terminal F called for 24 gates at a cost of $3.5 billion. Terminal F will have no landside facilities. Passenger and baggage screening and services will be handled in a new expansion of Terminal E, with passengers boarding Skylink to reach Terminal F, and baggage travelling in a tunnel under International Parkway.[54] Terminal F will be built in a way that it could be expanded to 22 gates in the future.

The second phase of the project will include the delayed renovations of Terminal C, adding piers to with additional gates to terminals A and C, and upgrading roadways. The $2.72 billion project will add nine additional gates and will be completed in phases by 2028.[55][56]

Composition and facilities edit

A Skylink train stopped at Terminal E adjacent to a Spirit Airlines Airbus A320

Of the portions of the airport, fewer than 8,000 acres (3,200 ha) reside in Grapevine, fewer than 6,000 acres (2,400 ha) are in Irving, over 3,000 acres (1,200 ha) are in Euless, and 266 acres (108 ha) are in Coppell.[7]

Terminals edit

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport has five terminals and 174 gates;[57] these terminals are in the City of Grapevine.[7] DFW's terminals are designed in a half-circle shape, which minimizes the distance between a passenger's car and airplane, and to reduce traffic on main airport roads. The DFW Skylink automated people mover system allows passengers to quickly travel between gates inside the secured area of the airport, with an average travel time of seven minutes.[37]

Terminal D is the airport's primary international terminal, with CBP (Customs and Border Protection) facilities to process arriving international passengers and has a gate capable of accommodating an Airbus A380.

American Airlines has a presence in every terminal at DFW. Other domestic airlines operate out of Terminal E, while overseas carriers operate out of Terminal D.[58][59]

Airlines that provide nonstop service to DFW include: Air Canada, Air France, Emirates, Qatar Airways, Japan Airlines, Korean Air, British Airways, Lufthansa, Qantas, Volaris, and Aeromexico.

  • Terminal A has 26 gates.[57]
  • Terminal B has 45 gates (35 in the main terminal and 10 in a satellite building).[57]
  • Terminal C has 29 gates.[57]
  • Terminal D has 33 gates.[57]
  • Terminal E has 41 gates (26 in the main terminal and 15 in a satellite building).[57]

Hotels edit

There are two Hyatt branded hotels located in the central terminal area.

The Hyatt Regency DFW International Airport was built in 1978 as the east wing of the Airport Marina Hotel. It originally had an identical twin west wing, located on the opposite side of International Parkway, which was built in 1974 and demolished for construction of Terminal D.[60] It has 811 rooms, 92,000 square feet (8,500 m2) of meeting space and four food and beverage outlets. The hotel is located adjacent to Terminal C, with shuttle buses connecting to all terminals.[61][62]

The Grand Hyatt DFW opened on July 1, 2005[63] and has 298 rooms, 34,000 square feet (3,200 m2) of meeting space and three food and beverage outlets. The hotel is located directly above Terminal D, with direct access to the check-in area.[64][65]

Ground transportation edit

The International Parkway Toll Road intersects the airport.

The DFW Airport area is served by International Parkway (partially State Highway 97 Spur), which runs through the center of the airport, connecting to Airport Freeway (State Highway 183) on the southern side of the airport and John W. Carpenter Freeway (State Highway 114) on the northern side. International Parkway continues north of State Highway 114, carrying the State Highway 121 designation for a short while until its interchange with the Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway (I-635), where State Highway 121 continues north as the Sam Rayburn Tollway.

Bus routes serving the airport are operated by Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) and Trinity Metro. DART operates route 230 from Downtown Irving/Heritage Crossing Station and Southwestern Medical District/Parkland Station to the Remote South Parking facility, and Trinity Metro operates the TRE Link bus route from CentrePort/DFW Airport station.

Three rail systems serve the airport: DART Light Rail, TEXRail, and the Trinity Railway Express. DART operates light rail from DFW Airport station located at Terminal A.[66] This provides direct rail service on the Orange Line to Dallas and Las Colinas (with a later extension to DFW Airport North station). TEXRail is a commuter rail service between Terminal B and T&P Station in downtown Fort Worth. DFW Airport is additionally served by the Trinity Railway Express commuter rail line at CentrePort/DFW Airport Station via shuttle bus to the Remote South parking lot. The line serves both downtown Dallas and downtown Fort Worth. There is also the DART Silver Line opening in 2024 which will also serve terminal B.

A consolidated rental car facility is located at the south end of the airport and connected to all terminals by a dedicated network of shuttle buses.[67] Hosting ten rental car companies, the center was completed in March 2000.[68]

Other facilities edit

A cargo facility at 1639 West 23rd Street is located on the airport property and in the City of Grapevine.[69][70][71] Tenants include China Airlines,[72] Lufthansa Cargo,[73] and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[74]

The DFW Airport Department of Public Safety provides the airport with its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services.[75]

The DFW International Airport headquarters is located nearby at 2400 Aviation Drive.[76]

In 1995, the airport opened Founders' Plaza, an observation park dedicated to the founders of DFW Airport. The site offered a panoramic view of the south end of the airport and hosted several significant events, including an employee memorial the day after the September 11 attacks in 2001 and the airport's 30th anniversary celebration in 2004.[77] As part of the perimeter taxiway project, Founders' Plaza was closed in 2007 and moved to a new location surrounding a 50-foot (15 m)-tall beacon on the north side of the airport in 2008. The 6-acre (2.4 ha) plaza features a granite monument and sculpture, post-mounted binoculars, piped-in voices of air traffic controllers and shade pavilions. In 2010, a memorial honoring Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was dedicated at the plaza.[78]

Airlines and destinations edit

Passenger edit

Aeroméxico Connect Mexico City [79]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [80]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [81]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma [82]
American Airlines Albany, Albuquerque, Amarillo, Aruba, Asheville, Atlanta, Austin, Bakersfield, Baltimore, Belize City, Birmingham (AL), Bogotá, Boise, Boston, Buffalo, Burbank, Calgary, Cancún, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus–Glenn, Cozumel, Dayton, Denver, Des Moines, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Detroit, Dublin, Durango (MX), Eagle/Vail, El Paso, Eugene, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Fresno, Grand Cayman, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Harrisburg, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville (FL), Kahului, Kansas City, Key West, Knoxville, Las Vegas, León/Del Bajío, Lexington, Liberia (CR), Little Rock, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Madrid, Mazatlán, McAllen, Memphis, Mérida, Mexico City, Miami, Midland/Odessa, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Monterey (CA), Monterrey (MX), Montreal–Trudeau, Montrose, Morelia, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oaxaca, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Querétaro, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Roatan, Rome–Fiumicino, Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Thomas, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Luis Obispo, San Luis Potosí, San Salvador, Santa Barbara, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarasota, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sioux Falls, Spokane, Syracuse, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tucson, Tulsa, Tulum, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach, Wichita, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Anchorage, Auckland, Bangor, Barcelona, Bozeman, Brisbane (begins October 26, 2024),[83][84] Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Burlington (VT), Durango (CO), Glacier Park/Kalispell, Gunnison/Crested Butte, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Kailua-Kona (resumes December 19, 2024),[84] Missoula, Nassau, Panama City (FL), Portland (ME), Providenciales, Rapid City, Redmond/Bend,[85] Rio de Janeiro–Galeão (begins October 27, 2024),[84] Santiago de Chile, Tegucigalpa/Comayagua, Traverse City
American Eagle Abilene, Aguascalientes, Alexandria, Amarillo, Appleton (begins June 6, 2024),[87] Asheville, Aspen, Augusta (GA), Austin, Baton Rouge, Beaumont, Billings, Birmingham (AL), Bismarck, Bloomington/Normal, Brownsville/South Padre Island, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Champaign/Urbana, Chattanooga, Chihuahua, College Station, Colorado Springs, Columbia (MO), Corpus Christi, Dayton, Des Moines, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Durango (CO), El Paso, Evansville, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fayetteville (NC), Flagstaff, Fort Smith, Fort Wayne, Gainesville, Garden City, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harlingen, Houston–Hobby, Huntsville, Idaho Falls, Jackson (MS), Kansas City, Killeen/Fort Hood, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Laredo, Lawton, Lexington, Little Rock, Longview, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Manhattan (KS), Memphis, Midland/Odessa, Mobile–Regional, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Monterey (CA), Monterrey (MX), Montgomery, Montrose, Oklahoma City, Panama City (FL), Pensacola, Peoria, Provo (begins October 7, 2024),[88] Rapid City, Roswell, St. Louis, San Angelo, Santa Fe, Shreveport, Sioux Falls, South Bend, Springfield/Branson, Stillwater, Tallahassee, Texarkana, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tri-Cities (TN), Tulsa, Tyler, Veracruz (begins June 12, 2024),[84] Waco, Wichita, Wichita Falls, Wilmington (NC), Yuma, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Acapulco, Burlington (VT), Eagle/Vail, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Hilton Head, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Loreto, Manzanillo, Mérida, Myrtle Beach, St. George (UT), Santa Rosa, Sarasota
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador [89]
Breeze Airways Provo (begins June 7, 2024)[90][91]
British Airways London–Heathrow [92]
Contour Airlines Fort Leonard Wood, Greenville (MS) [93]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma (begins July 8, 2024)[94] [95]
Denver Air Connection Clovis (NM) [96]
Emirates Dubai–International [97]
Finnair Helsinki [98]
Frontier Airlines Baltimore, Charlotte,[99] Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O'Hare,[99] Denver, Detroit,[99] Fort Myers,[99] Grand Rapids,[99] Houston–Intercontinental,[99] Indianapolis,[99] Jacksonville (FL),[100] Las Vegas, Los Angeles,[99] Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul,[99] Nashville,[99] New York–LaGuardia, Omaha,[99] Orange County, Orlando, Pittsburgh,[100] Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR),[99] Puerto Vallarta,[99] Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento (begins June 13, 2024),[101] St. Louis (begins June 14, 2024),[102] Salt Lake City,[99] San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma (begins June 14, 2024),[101] Tampa
Seasonal: Atlanta, Cancún, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Ontario, San Juan
Iberia Madrid [104]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda [105]
JetBlue Boston [106]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [107]
Lufthansa Frankfurt [108]
Qantas Melbourne, Sydney [109]
Qatar Airways Doha [110]
Southern Airways Express El Dorado (AR), Harrison (AR), Hot Springs [111]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Glenn (begins July 10, 2024),[112] Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Kansas City (begins July 10, 2024),[113] Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis (begins July 11, 2024),[113] Miami, Milwaukee (begins July 11, 2024),[114] Nashville (ends September 3, 2024),[115] Newark, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Pensacola (ends September 3, 2024),[115] Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Antonio (begins July 10, 2024),[113] San Jose (CA), San Juan, Tampa
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach, San Diego, San José del Cabo
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Cancún, Las Vegas, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [118]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [119]
United Express Denver, Houston–Intercontinental [119]
Viva Aerobus León/El Bajío,[120] Mexico City, Monterrey [121]
Volaris Guadalajara, Mexico City [122]

Cargo edit

AeroLogic Chicago–O'Hare, East Midlands, Frankfurt
Air Canada Cargo Guadalajara, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Cargo Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, New York–JFK, Shanghai–Pudong
Amazon Air Allentown/Bethlehem, Cincinnati, Ontario, Sacramento, Tampa
Ameriflight Amarillo, Lubbock, Wichita Falls
Amerijet International Sacramento
Asiana Cargo Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Seattle/Tacoma
ASL Airlines Belgium Atlanta, Liège
Atlas Air[123] Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Los Angeles
Cargojet Hamilton, Mexico City, Toronto–Pearson
Cargolux Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Mexico City
Cargolux Italia Milan–Malpensa
Cathay Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, El Paso, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
Empire Airlines Lubbock
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, Los Angeles, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Seattle/Tacoma
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Guadalajara
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Mexico City
Martinaire Abilene, Addison, Amarillo, Fort Worth–Meacham, Lubbock, Oklahoma City, Palestine (U.S.), Pampa (Texas), Shreveport, Temple, Tyler, Wichita Falls
MSC Air Cargo Hong Kong,[124] Indianapolis[124]
Nippon Cargo Airlines Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Tokyo–Narita
Qantas Freight Beijing–Capital, Chongqing
Qatar Airways Cargo Atlanta, Campinas–Viracopos, Doha, Liège, Luxembourg, Panama City–Tocumen
Silk Way West Airlines Baku, Chicago–O'Hare, Hahn
Singapore Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Brussels, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma, Singapore
Suparna Airlines Hefei
UPS Airlines Albuquerque, Amarillo, Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Chicago/Rockford, Columbia (SC), El Paso, Fargo, Greenville/Spartanburg, Houston–Intercontinental, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Memphis, Miami, Newark, Oakland, Ontario, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Antonio, San Bernardino, San Jose (CA), Spokane, Tampa
Seasonal: Hartford, Honolulu, Knoxville, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Philadelphia

Statistics edit

Top destinations edit

Busiest domestic routes from DFW (January 2023 – December 2023)[125]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1   Los Angeles, California 1,045,000 American, Delta, Spirit
2   Atlanta, Georgia 940,000 American, Delta, Frontier, Spirit
3   Las Vegas, Nevada 935,000 American, Frontier, Spirit, Sun Country
4   Denver, Colorado 873,000 American, Frontier, United
5   Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 836,000 American, Spirit, United
6   Orlando, Florida 800,000 American, Frontier, Spirit
7   New York–LaGuardia, New York 790,000 American, Delta, Spirit
8   Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 778,000 American, Frontier, Spirit
9   Miami, Florida 677,000 American, Spirit
10   Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 645,000 Alaska, American
Busiest international routes from DFW (October 2022 – September 2023)[126]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1   Cancún, Mexico 1,140,840 American, Frontier, Spirit, Sun Country
2   London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 820,315 American, British Airways
3   Mexico City, Mexico 542,978 Aeroméxico, American, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4   San José del Cabo, Mexico 467,080 American, Spirit, Sun Country
5   Guadalajara, Mexico 398,701 American, Volaris
6   Monterrey, Mexico 352,359 American, VivaAerobus
7   Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 342,246 American, Sun Country
8   Toronto–Pearson, Canada 341,884 American, Air Canada
9   Paris—Charles de Gaulle, France 317,401 Air France, American
10   Seoul-Incheon, South Korea 281,009 Korean Air, American
11   Madrid, Spain 275,376 Iberia, American
12   Frankfurt, Germany 260,355 Lufthansa, American
13   Vancouver, Canada 230,783 American
14   Doha, Qatar 213,189 Qatar Airways
15   Tokyo-Haneda, Japan 212,848 Japan Airlines, American
16   León/Del Bajío, Mexico 212,008 Viva Aerobus, American
17   Querétaro, Mexico 207,516 American
18   Dubai, United Arab Emirates 191,566 Emirates
19   São Paulo, Brazil 180,406 American
20   Calgary, Canada 177,825 American

Airline market share edit

Largest airlines at DFW
(December 2022 - November 2023)
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 46,514,000 69.18%
2 Envoy Air 6,103,000 9.08%
3 Spirit Airlines 2,983,000 4.44%
4 SkyWest Airlines 2,661,000 3.96%
5 Delta Air Lines 2,616,000 3.89%
Other 6,358,000 9.46%

Annual traffic edit

Annual passenger traffic at DFW airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at DFW, 1994–Present[1]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1994 52,642,225 2004 59,446,078 2014 63,522,823
1995 56,490,845 2005 59,176,265 2015 65,512,163
1996 58,034,503 2006 60,226,829 2016 65,670,697
1997 60,488,713 2007 59,786,476 2017 67,092,194
1998 60,313,000 2008 57,093,187 2018 69,112,607
1999 60,112,998 2009 56,030,457 2019 75,066,956
2000 60,687,181 2010 56,905,600 2020 39,364,990
2001 55,141,763 2011 57,806,918 2021 62,465,756
2002 52,829,750 2012 58,590,633 2022 73,362,946
2003 53,252,205 2013 60,436,739 2023 81,764,044

Accidents and incidents edit

  • August 2, 1985: Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 on a Fort Lauderdale–Dallas/Fort Worth–Los Angeles route, crashed near the north end of runway 17L (now 17C) after encountering a severe microburst on final approach; the crash killed 8 of 11 crew members, 128 of 152 passengers on board and one person on the ground. This was the first fatal accident at or near DFW since its opening in January 1974.[128]
  • March 24, 1987: The pilot of a Metroflight Convair CV-580, registration number N73107, operating for American Eagle Airlines bound for Gregg County Airport, lost directional control during a crosswind takeoff. The left-hand wing and propeller struck the runway and the nose landing gear collapsed as the craft slid onto an adjacent taxiway; eight passengers and three crew aboard the airliner suffered minor or no injuries. The crash was attributed to the pilot's decision to disregard wind information and take off in weather conditions that exceeded the rated capabilities of the aircraft; the pilot's "overconfidence in [his/her] personal ability" was cited as a contributing factor in the accident report.[129][130]
  • May 21, 1988: An American Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N136AA, operating as AA Flight 70 bound for Frankfurt Airport, overran runway 35L after warning signals prompted the flight crew to initiate a rejected takeoff. The jetliner continued to accelerate for several seconds and did not stop until it had run 1,100 feet (335 m) past the runway threshold, collapsing the nose landing gear. Two crew were seriously injured and the remaining 12 crew and 240 passengers escaped safely; the aircraft was severely damaged and was written off. Investigators attributed the overrun to a shortcoming in the design standards when the DC-10 was built; there had been no requirement to test whether worn (as opposed to new) brake pads were capable of stopping the aircraft during a rejected takeoff and eight of the ten worn pad sets failed.[131][132]
  • August 31, 1988: Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a Boeing 727, bound for Salt Lake City International Airport, crashed after takeoff, killing 14 of the 108 people on board and injuring 76 others, 26 seriously. To date, this is the last and most recent fatal accident to occur near or on airport property.
  • April 14, 1993: The pilot of American Airlines Flight 102, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N139AA, lost directional control during a crosswind landing in rain on arrival from Honolulu International Airport. The jetliner slid off runway 17L (now 17C) and dug into deep mud, collapsing the nose landing gear, tearing off the left-hand engine, and damaging the left wing. A fire in the left-hand wheel well was rapidly extinguished by firefighters. Two passengers suffered serious injuries while using the evacuation slides; the remaining 187 passengers and 13 crew evacuated safely. The aircraft was written off.[133][134][135]
  • October 1, 1993: Martinaire Flight 639, a Cessna 208B Caravan cargo aircraft, registration number N9762B, was blown off runway 17L by jet blast after arriving from Tulsa International Airport, sustaining substantial damage to the left wing. The pilot and sole occupant was not injured. The pilot had disregarded a safety advisory from air traffic control and attempted to taxi behind a McDonnell Douglas MD-11 as it was cleared for takeoff.[136]
  • July 18, 1997: A Cessna 172 allegedly stolen from Sherman Municipal Airport was unlawfully flown at very low altitude across DFW Airport, Fort Worth Alliance Airport, and the landing area at a Bell Helicopter facility, causing significant air traffic disruptions. The unknown pilot then flew the aircraft back to Sherman Municipal and parked it. The Cessna's owner denied flying it that day and stated that he could not positively identify the incident pilot because several people had access to the aircraft.[137]
  • May 23, 2001: The right main landing gear of an American Airlines Fokker 100, registration number N1419D, operating as AA Flight 1107, collapsed upon landing on runway 17C after a scheduled flight from Charlotte/Douglas International Airport. The pilot was able to maintain directional control and stop the aircraft on the runway. The incident was attributed to metal fatigue caused by a manufacturing flaw in the right main gear; there were no serious injuries to the 88 passengers or 4 crew, but the aircraft was badly damaged and was written off.[138][139][140]

See also edit

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b The modern Frontier Airlines company, founded in 1994, is separate and distinct from Frontier Airlines (1950–1986), which went bankrupt in 1986 and had its remaining operations absorbed by Continental Airlines.

Citations edit

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