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Kaufman is a city in Kaufman County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,703 at the 2010 census.[4] It is the county seat of Kaufman County.[5][6]

Kaufman, Texas
Motto(s): 
"Progress, Tradition"[1]
Location of Kaufman in Kaufman County, Texas
Location of Kaufman in Kaufman County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°35′7″N 96°18′28″W / 32.58528°N 96.30778°W / 32.58528; -96.30778Coordinates: 32°35′7″N 96°18′28″W / 32.58528°N 96.30778°W / 32.58528; -96.30778
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyKaufman
Government
 • MayorJeff Jordan
Area
 • Total8.52 sq mi (22.07 km2)
 • Land8.34 sq mi (21.61 km2)
 • Water0.18 sq mi (0.46 km2)
Elevation
459 ft (140 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,703
 • Density803/sq mi (310.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75142
Area code(s)214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-38488[2]
GNIS feature ID1338964[3]
Websitewww.kaufmantx.org
The Greenslade Drug Store in Kaufman, Texas

Contents

HistoryEdit

Kaufman was founded as "Kings Fort", named after Dr. William P. King who established the fort in 1840 after purchasing 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of land where the city is now located. The community was renamed "Kingsboro" after five years of growth. In 1852, Kingsboro was renamed "Kaufman" after the newly formed Kaufman County, which in turn was named after David S. Kaufman.[6][7]

Kaufman was the first place that Bonnie Parker, of Bonnie and Clyde fame, was incarcerated.

Nearby Camp Kaufman was used as a German POW camp during World War II.[8]

GeographyEdit

Kaufman is located in central Kaufman County at 32°35′7″N 96°18′28″W / 32.58528°N 96.30778°W / 32.58528; -96.30778 (32.585395, -96.307673).[9] U.S. Route 175, a four-lane limited access highway, passes through the southwest side of the city, leading northwest 33 miles (53 km) to Dallas and southeast 39 miles (63 km) to Athens. Texas State Highway 34 passes through the south and east sides of the city, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to Terrell and southwest 26 miles (42 km) to Ennis. State Highway 243 leads east from Kaufman 27 miles (43 km) to Canton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Kaufman has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22.1 km2), of which 8.3 square miles (21.6 km2) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 2.08%, are water.[4]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880490
18901,282161.6%
19002,37885.5%
19101,959−17.6%
19202,50127.7%
19302,279−8.9%
19402,65416.5%
19502,7142.3%
19603,08713.7%
19704,01230.0%
19804,65816.1%
19905,23812.5%
20006,49023.9%
20106,7033.3%
Est. 20187,467[10]11.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of 2010 Kaufman had a population of 6,703. The median age was 32. The ethnic and racial composition of the population was 55.4% non-Hispanic white, 9.4% non-Hispanic black, 0.9% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 13.6% reporting some other race and 3.5% from two or more races. 32.6% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 6,490 people, 2,179 households, and 1,579 families residing in the city. The population density was 977.9 people per square mile (377.4/km²). There were 2,310 housing units at an average density of 348.1 per square mile (134.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.83% White, 12.87% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 15.92% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.74% of the population.

There were 2,179 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,250, and the median income for a family was $38,983. Males had a median income of $29,637 versus $23,695 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,024. About 12.4% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Public educationEdit

The city of Kaufman and surrounding portions of Kaufman County are served by the Kaufman Independent School District.[13]

Private educationEdit

Honors Academy operates the Legacy Academy, a 6-12 charter school, in Kaufman.[14]

In addition, Kaufman Christian School (KCS), a church-run primary school with classes from pre-kindergarten to sixth grades, also serves the area.

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Trinity Valley Community College operates its Health Science Center in Kaufman. (The college offers other non-medical general education courses at other TVCC campuses.)

ClimateEdit

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kaufman has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[15]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "City of Kaufman Texas". City of Kaufman Texas. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Kaufman city, Texas". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b "Profile for Kaufman, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  7. ^ Minor, David (June 15, 2010). "Kaufman, TX". Handbook of Texas (online ed.). Texas State Historical Association.
  8. ^ Krammer, Arnold (1979). Nazi Prisoners of War in America. New York: Stein and Day. p. 245,262. ISBN 978-0812825718.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics for Kaufman, Texas
  13. ^ "Kaufman Independent School District". Kaufman Independent School District. Archived from the original on October 29, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  14. ^ "Home Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine." Legacy Academy. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "Legacy Academy * 607 South Madison Street * Kaufman, TX 75142"
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Kaufman, Texas
  16. ^ "El Chico Story". elchico.com.
  17. ^ "About Stuart Spitzer". stuartspitzer.com. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2014.

External linksEdit