Kaufman is a town in and the county seat of Kaufman County, Texas, United States.[5][6] Its population was 6,797 at the 2020 census.[7]

Kaufman, Texas
Maples Block in downtown Kaufman, Texas (2022)
Maples Block in downtown Kaufman, Texas (2022)
Motto(s): 
"Progress, Tradition"[1]
Location of Kaufman in Kaufman County, Texas
Location of Kaufman in Kaufman County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°35′7″N 96°18′28″W / 32.58528°N 96.30778°W / 32.58528; -96.30778
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyKaufman
Government
 • MayorJeff Jordan
Area
 • Total9.22 sq mi (23.88 km2)
 • Land9.05 sq mi (23.45 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)
Elevation
459 ft (140 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total6,797
 • Density740/sq mi (280/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75142
Area code(s)214, 469, 945, 972
FIPS code48-38488[3]
GNIS feature ID1338964[4]
Websitewww.kaufmantx.org

History edit

Kaufman was founded as "Kings Fort", named after Dr. William P. King, who established the fort in 1840 after purchasing 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of land where the city is now located. The community was renamed "Kingsboro" after five years of growth. In 1852, Kingsboro was renamed "Kaufman" after the newly formed Kaufman County, which in turn was named after David S. Kaufman.[6][8]

Kaufman was the first place that Bonnie Parker, of Bonnie and Clyde, was incarcerated.

Nearby Camp Kaufman was used as a German POW camp during World War II.[9]

Geography edit

U.S. Route 175, a four-lane limited-access highway, passes through the southwest side of the city, leading northwest 33 miles (53 km) to Dallas and southeast 39 miles (63 km) to Athens. Texas State Highway 34 passes through the south and east sides of the city, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to Terrell and southwest 26 miles (42 km) to Ennis. State Highway 243 leads east from Kaufman 27 miles (43 km) to Canton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Kaufman has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22.1 km2), of which 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 2.08%, is covered by water.[10]

Climate edit

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Kaufman has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[11]

Demographics edit

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880490
18901,282161.6%
19002,37885.5%
19101,959−17.6%
19202,50127.7%
19302,279−8.9%
19402,65416.5%
19502,7142.3%
19603,08713.7%
19704,01230.0%
19804,65816.1%
19905,23812.5%
20006,49023.9%
20106,7033.3%
20206,7971.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
 
The Greenslade Drug Store in Kaufman
Kaufman racial composition as of 2020[7]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3,266 48.05%
Black or African American (NH) 621 9.14%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 18 0.26%
Asian (NH) 63 0.93%
Pacific Islander (NH) 5 0.07%
Some other race (NH) 11 0.16%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 259 3.81%
Hispanic or Latino 2,554 37.58%
Total 6,797

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,797 people, 2,177 households, and 1,427 families residing in the city.

Sports edit

Kaufman was home to minor league baseball. The 1915 Kaufman Kings played as members of the Class D level Central Texas League before the league disbanded.[citation needed]

Education edit

Public schools edit

Kaufman and surrounding portions of Kaufman County are served by the Kaufman Independent School District.[15]

Private schools edit

Honors Academy operates the Legacy Academy, a grades 6–12 charter school, in Kaufman.[16]

In addition, Kaufman Christian School, a church-run school with classes from prekindergarten to 12th grade, also serves the area.

Colleges and universities edit

Trinity Valley Community College operates its Health Science Center in Kaufman. (The college offers other nonmedical general-education courses at other TVCC campuses.)


Notable people edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]

References edit

  1. ^ "City of Kaufman Texas". City of Kaufman Texas. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Profile for Kaufman, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  8. ^ Minor, David (June 15, 2010). "Kaufman, TX". Handbook of Texas (online ed.). Texas State Historical Association.
  9. ^ Krammer, Arnold (1979). Nazi Prisoners of War in America. New York: Stein and Day. p. 245,262. ISBN 978-0812825718.
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Kaufman city, Texas". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  11. ^ "Kaufman, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  15. ^ "Kaufman Independent School District". Kaufman Independent School District. Archived from the original on October 29, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  16. ^ "Home Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine." Legacy Academy. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "Legacy Academy * 607 South Madison Street * Kaufman, TX 75142"

External links edit