Frisco, Texas

Frisco is a city in Collin and Denton counties in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex and about 25 miles (40 km) from both Dallas Love Field and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Its population was 200,509 at the 2020 U.S. census.[2][5]

Frisco, Texas
George A. Purefoy Municipal Center at Frisco Square
George A. Purefoy Municipal Center at Frisco Square
Flag of Frisco, Texas
Coat of arms of Frisco, Texas
Location of Frisco in Collin County, Texas
Location of Frisco in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°8′29″N 96°48′47″W / 33.14139°N 96.81306°W / 33.14139; -96.81306Coordinates: 33°8′29″N 96°48′47″W / 33.14139°N 96.81306°W / 33.14139; -96.81306
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesCollin, Denton
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • City CouncilMayor Jeff Cheney
John Keating
Tammy Meinershagen
Angelia Pelham
Bill Woodard
Laura Rummel
Brian Livingston
 • City ManagerWes Pierson
Area
 • Total69.19 sq mi (179.21 km2)
 • Land68.64 sq mi (177.77 km2)
 • Water0.56 sq mi (1.44 km2)
Elevation
774 ft (236 m)
Population
 • Total200,509
 • Estimate 
(2022)[3]
215,995
 • Density2,920.98/sq mi (1,127.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
75033-75036, 75068, 75071
Area code972 / 469 / 214
FIPS code48-27684
GNIS feature ID1336263[4]
Websitefriscotexas.gov

Frisco was the fastest-growing city in the United States in 2017,[6] and also from 2000 to 2009. In the late 1990s, the northern DFW suburban development tide hit the northern border of Plano and spilled into Frisco, sparking rapid growth into the 2000s. Like many of the cities in Dallas's northern exurbs, Frisco serves as a bedroom community for professionals who work in DFW. Since 2003, Frisco has received the designation Tree City USA from the National Arbor Day Foundation.

HistoryEdit

When the Dallas area was being settled by American pioneers, many of the settlers traveled by wagon trains along the Shawnee Trail. This trail became the Preston Trail, and later Preston Road. With all this activity, the community of Lebanon was founded along this trail, and was granted a U.S. post office in 1860.[7]

In 1902, a line of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway was being built through the area, and periodic watering stops were needed along the route for the steam locomotives. The current settlement of Lebanon was on the Preston Ridge, and was too high in elevation, so the watering stop was placed about 4 miles (6 km) to the west on lower ground. A community grew around this train stop. Some Lebanon residents moved their houses to the new community on logs.[8] The new town was originally named Emerson, but the U.S. Postal Service rejected the name as too similar to another community, Emberson, in Lamar County.[9]

In 1904, the town's residents chose "Frisco City" in honor of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway. This name was later shortened to Frisco.[9]

GeographyEdit

Frisco is within the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, partially in Denton and Collin countries, in North Texas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 62.4 sq mi (161.6 km2), of which 160.1 km2 (61.8 sq mi) is land and 0.58 sq mi (1.5 km2), or 0.92%, is covered by water.

Frisco is part of the humid subtropical region. The city gets 39 inches (990 mm) of precipitation per year. On average, 230 days per year are sunny. The July high is 96 °F (36 °C); the January low is 33 °F (1 °C). The comfort index, which is based on humidity during the hot months, is a 25 out of 100, where higher is more comfortable.[10]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910332
1920733120.8%
1930618−15.7%
19406708.4%
19507369.9%
19601,18460.9%
19701,84555.8%
19803,42085.4%
19906,13879.5%
200033,714449.3%
2010116,989247.0%
2020200,50971.4%
2022 (est.)221,181[3]10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2020 Census[2]
Frisco racial composition as of 2020[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 96,248 48.0%
Black or African American (NH) 17,683 8.82%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 611 0.3%
Asian (NH) 52,672 26.27%
Pacific Islander (NH) 110 0.05%
Some Other Race (NH) 1,049 0.52%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 9,120 4.55%
Hispanic or Latino 23,016 11.48%
Total 200,509

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 200,509 people, 64,151 households, and 48,519 families residing in the city, up from 2010's tabulation of 116,989.

Among the population, the 2019 American Community Survey estimated 51.9% were non-Hispanic or Latino white, 8.4% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 26.0% Asian alone, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 2.7% two or more races, and 10.7% Hispanic and Latino American of any race.[15] By 2020, 48% of the population were non-Hispanic white, 8.82% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 26.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.52% some other race, 4.55% multiracial, and 11.48% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12]

According to a 2010 American Community Survey estimate,[16] the median income for a household in the city was $100,868, the median income for a family was $109,086. The per capita income for the city was $38,048. About 2.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over. The median price for a new home was $252,000. By 2019, its median income grew to $116,884.[17]

EconomyEdit

 
Interior of Stonebriar Centre

Frisco has many retail properties, including Stonebriar Centre, a 165-store regional mall; IKEA, a furniture store with an area of 28,800 m2 (310,000 sq ft); and The Star, the headquarters of the Dallas Cowboys. Retail establishments and restaurants line Preston Road, one of the city's major north–south traffic arteries.

Frisco took a different economic track than many surrounding cities, electing to use a fractional percent of local sales tax to fund the Frisco Economic Development Corporation (FEDC) rather than Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART), the regional transportation body. The effectiveness of the FEDC, whose primary purpose is to reallocate such tax dollars to commercial ventures, is a matter of public debate.

Frisco Square, a mixed-use development, became the new downtown along with the city hall. Frisco Square has about 250 rental residential units, seven restaurants, about 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2) of commercial office space, and a few personal-service locations. The major development in the project is the new city hall, main library, and public commons. A Cinemark theater opened in 2010. In 2012, a hospital, Medical City Plano-Frisco, was built north of the theater.[18]

Major employersEdit

Frisco's top employers as of 2019 were the following:[10]

No. Employer No. of employees
1 Frisco Independent School District 7,048
2 City of Frisco 1,641
3 Conifer Health Solutions 903
4 T-Mobile USA 900
5 Baylor Medical Center of Frisco 663
6 Mario Sinacola & Sons Excavating 603
7 Oracle Corporation 500
8 IKEA 423
9 Baylor Scott White / Centennial Hospital 400
10 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center 300

Arts and cultureEdit

 
Frisco Discovery Center in June 2019

Frisco hosts the Museum of the American Railroad, which is based out of the Frisco Heritage Museum while construction on a separate museum complex continues. The nearby Discovery Center features an art gallery, a black-box theater, and the National Videogame Museum.

Frisco Square hosts a variety of events throughout the year including Arts in the Square, Music in the Square, and the annual Christmas in the Square holiday light show (the largest choreographed lights and music show in North Texas).[19][20] The city hall also hosts a Music in the Chamber concert series in the city council chamber.[21]

SportsEdit

Frisco is home to several sporting venues, many major sports teams headquarters, and an NCAA Division I conference headquarters. In April 2011, Men's Journal named Frisco the Best Place to Raise an Athlete.[22]

VenuesEdit

 
Ford Center at the Star, the Dallas Cowboys' practice facility which has also been home to Frisco ISD football games, the Texas Revolution, and the Dallas Rattlers

The Ford Center at the Star is a 12,000-seat indoor stadium. The 91-acre Dallas Cowboys project "The Star" includes the team's headquarters and training facilities, including the Ford Center, where the Cowboys practice and Frisco ISD high school teams practice and play on a rotating basis. It is on Gaylord Parkway, one block west of the Dallas North Tollway.[23] Multiple professional teams have made their home at the Ford Center, including the Texas Revolution of Champions Indoor Football[24][25] and the Dallas Rattlers of Major League Lacrosse.

Riders Field, a 10,316-seat baseball stadium, hosted its first baseball game on April 3, 2003. BaseballParks.com named it the best new ballpark that year,[26] and it received the 2003 Texas Construction award for Best Architectural Design.[27]

Toyota Stadium, which opened in 2005 as "Pizza Hut Park", is a 20,500-seat stadium. It is primarily used as a soccer stadium by FC Dallas, but also hosts concerts and high school and college football games, including the NCAA Division I-AA (FCS) college football championship starting in 2010 and the NCAA Division I (FBS) Frisco Bowl starting in 2017.

The Comerica Center (formerly Dr Pepper Arena), a combination hockey and basketball venue, is the home of the Texas Legends of the NBA G League and the Frisco Fighters of the Indoor Football League, and a practice facility for the Dallas Stars of the NHL.

 
The inaugural home opener of the Frisco Fighters at the Comerica Center.

The Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL) moved their corporate headquarters to "The Star" in Frisco in time for the 2016 NFL football season; the complex opened in June 2016. Built in partnership with Frisco ISD, which contributed $30 million to building the Ford Center at the Star in lieu of a dedicated third football stadium, Frisco ISD has held high school football games at the Ford Center since it opened.[28]

Multiple professional indoor football teams have previously been based in Frisco, including the Frisco Thunder of the Intense Football League and the Texas Revolution of Champions Indoor Football.

In 2020 a new Indoor Football League expansion franchise, the Frisco Fighters, debuted with home games to be played at Comerica Center. After the Fighters' 2020 season was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the team played its inaugural home opener on June 5, 2021.[29] In their first year of operation, the Fighters clinched a playoff berth, advancing as far as the IFL semifinal game against the eventual 2021 United Bowl champion Massachusetts Pirates.[30]

The Dallas Stars National Hockey League team is headquartered in Frisco, and practices at the Comerica Center. The Texas Tornado of the North American Hockey League had been based in Frisco since the fall of 2003, and shortly afterward the league moved its main offices to Frisco. In the 2013 off-season, the Texas Tornado relocated to North Richland Hills, Texas. The league relocated its offices in 2018.

FC Dallas (formerly the Dallas Burn), a Major League Soccer team, moved its home to Pizza Hut Park (now Toyota Stadium) near the corner of the Dallas North Tollway and Main Street in August 2005. A major international youth soccer tournament, the Dallas Cup, is hosted in Frisco each year and draws teams from around the world. The National Soccer Hall of Fame is co-located with Toyota Stadium.[31]

 
The main entrance of Riders Field

The Frisco RoughRiders, the Double-A Minor League Baseball affiliate of the Texas Rangers in the South Division of the Texas League, play in Frisco at Riders Field.[26][27]

The Texas Legends, affiliated with the Dallas Mavericks, are members of the NBA G League and play at Comerica Center.

On November 16, 2017, Major League Lacrosse announced it would be moving the Rochester Rattlers franchise to The Ford Center at the Star in Frisco for the 2018 season as the Dallas Rattlers.[32] The Rattlers folded after the 2019 season.

The Southland Conference, an NCAA Division I athletics organization, relocated its headquarters to Frisco in 2006. On February 26, 2010, Pizza Hut Park (now Toyota Stadium) was announced as the host of the Football Championship Subdivision (formerly NCAA Division I-AA) championship game, formerly held in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Huntington, West Virginia. The first matchup, hosted by the Southland Conference, was played January 7, 2011.[33]

OthersEdit

Frisco also has an Olympic-sized, state-of-the-art natatorium. The Frisco Baseball and Softball Association was established in 1984.[34] The Frisco Football League is an organized recreational league that allows children to play football before entering football in the school district.[35] The Flagfootball4fun Flag Football League (FF4FUN) is an organized recreational youth flag football league.[36] The sports entertainment conglomerate Dude Perfect is in Frisco.

Parks and recreationEdit

The Frisco Athletic Center features 18,000 square feet (1,700 m2) of indoor aquatics elements and about 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2) of outdoor aquatic features. It features exercise equipment, basketball courts, and group exercise classes.[37][38]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

Frisco is a "home rule" city. Frisco voters adopted its initial "home rule" charter in 1987. Frisco residents have voted to amend the charter three times since 1987:

  • May 2002, approved 19 propositions
  • May 2010, approved 14 propositions
  • May 2019, approved 24 propositions

In May 2014, the Charter Review Commission recommended an additional 14 propositions, but these were never placed on the ballots.

The form of government adopted by Frisco is the council-manager, which consists of a mayor and six city council members elected at-large and a city manager. Council members' duties include enacting local legislation (ordinances), adopting budgets, determining policies, and appointing the city manager. The mayor and city council members each serve three year terms, with term limits of three terms. There have only been two city managers in Frisco history: George Purefoy served for over 34 years before his retirement in 2022, when he was replaced by current city manager Wes Pierson.[39]

According to the city's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $227.2 million in revenues, $184.4 million in expenditures, $1.647 billion in total assets, $753.1 million in total liabilities, and $159.3 million in cash and investments.[10]

The city of Frisco is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

MayorsEdit

Mayor Start Year End Year Notes
Dr. I. S. Rogers 1908 1911 First elected mayor of city
E. D. Baccus 1911 1912
F. P. Shrader 1912 1916
E. D. Baccus 1916 1917 Previously served as mayor 1911–1912
F. P. Shrader 1917 1920 Previously served as mayor 1912–1916
Gus Stacy 1920 1921 Unclear why seat was vacated
R. W. Carpenter 1921 1922
F. P. Shrader 1922 1926 Previously served as mayor 1912–1916 and 1917–1920
F. H. Anderson 1926 1927
F. P. Shrader 1927 1930 Previously served as mayor 1912–1916, 1917–1920, and 1922–1926
W. H. Clark 1930 1934
Dr. J. M. Ogle 1934 1938
J. F. Biggerstaff 1938 1944
William Watson 1944 1946
Sam Lane 1946 1948
R. K. Hollas 1948 1954
B. A. Staley 1954 1960
J. C. Grant 1960 1966
H. P. Bacchus 1966 1978
John Clanton 1978 1986
Randy Elliot 1986 1990 Resigned
Bob Warren 1990 1996
Kathy Seei 1996 2002
Mike Simpson 2002 2008
Maher Maso 2008 2017
Jeff Cheney 2017 Current mayor

State governmentEdit

After the 2021 state and federal redistricting, Frisco contains most or parts of Texas State House of Representatives districts 57, 61, 66 and 106. Frisco contains parts of Texas State Senate districts 8 and 30.

Federal governmentEdit

After the 2021 state and federal redistricting, Frisco contains parts of United States Congressional districts 3, 4, and 26.

EducationEdit

Primary and secondaryEdit

Most of Frisco is in the Frisco Independent School District (Frisco ISD), with some parts of the city extending into the Lewisville Independent School District, Little Elm Independent School District, and Prosper Independent School District. Lewisville ISD operates one elementary campus in the city while Prosper ISD operates an elementary school, a middle school, and Rock Hill High School, a high school within the Frisco city limits.

Frisco ISD has 11 high schools (with a 12th set to open in August 2022), 17 middle schools and 42 elementary schools, and 3 special programs centers.[40] Most Frisco ISD schools are within the Frisco city limits, but some are in adjacent suburbs, such as Plano. All Frisco high schools compete in UIL Class 5A, with the exception of soon-to-open Panther Creek High School, which will compete in Class 4A.

The Frisco ISD Early Childhood School is available for children ages three and four who meet eligibility requirements for Headstart, Prekindergarten, or Preschool Program for Children with Disabilities.[41]

At the Frisco ISD Career and Technical Education Center, high school students can experience and try different careers, from veterinary work to advertising and graphic design.[42]

Higher educationEdit

The Texas Legislature designated Collin College as the community college for the municipality of Frisco as well as all of Collin County.[43] The Preston Ridge campus of the community college district opened on Wade Boulevard in Frisco in 1995. Amberton University has a local campus on Parkwood Boulevard north of Warren Parkway. In 2008, Frisco ISD opened the Career and Technology Education Center.

The University of Dallas moved its Carrollton campus to Frisco. UT Arlington has a professional MBA campus in Frisco. The University of North Texas core MBA courses can be taken at the Frisco campus.

InfrastructureEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Notable peopleEdit

PoliticiansEdit

Entertainers, artists, and celebritiesEdit

SportsEdit

In popular cultureEdit

In 1978, the first season of Dallas was filmed at Frisco's Cloyce Box Ranch (now the Brinkmann Ranch), where the house on site was used as the Ewing family home. This house burned down during renovations in 1987, and the steel skeleton of the house still stands on today's Brinkmann Ranch, now the largest family-owned estate in Frisco.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "2020 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Population". Frisco. Frisco. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ "2020 Census". Frisco. Frisco. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
  6. ^ "Frisco, other Dallas-area cities among fastest-growing in U.S." Dallas Morning News. June 23, 2010. Archived from the original on September 21, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  7. ^ Bonar, Eric (August 29, 2010). "Lebanon Baptist Church". Heritage Association of Frisco, Inc. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  8. ^ "Discover The History Of Frisco, Texas". www.visitfrisco.com. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  9. ^ a b "TSHA | Frisco, TX". www.tshaonline.org. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  10. ^ a b c City of Frisco, Texas Comprehensive Annual Financial Report September 30, 2019 (Audited Report). City of Frisco, Texas. May 3, 2022. p. 149.
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  13. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  15. ^ "2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
  16. ^ 2010 American Community Survey, US Census Bureau, http://factfinder.census.gov/main.html Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today [1]
  17. ^ "2019 Annual Income Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
  18. ^ "Star Local". Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  19. ^ "About". Frisco Square. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  20. ^ "The Best Christmas Lights Frisco, Plano And Christmas Events". localprofile.com. November 29, 2021. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  21. ^ "Music in the Chamber | Frisco, TX - Official Website". www.friscotexas.gov. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  22. ^ "Men's Journal names Frisco the Best Place to Raise an Athlete". Dallas News. March 8, 2011. Archived from the original on August 5, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  23. ^ "Dallas Cowboys complex gets a name: The Star in Frisco". November 11, 2014. Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
  24. ^ Luna, Nicole (December 19, 2018). "Indoor football's Texas Revolution to play home games at Ford Center at The Star in Frisco". Community Impact Newspaper. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  25. ^ "May 9 Texas Revolution announcement". TexasRevs.com. May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ a b "Frisco's Dr Pepper/Seven Up Ballpark". BaseballParks.com. Archived from the original on May 12, 2006. Retrieved July 13, 2006.
  27. ^ a b "Texas Construction's Best of 2003 Awards" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2006.
  28. ^ "FISD Prepares for First Football Games at The Ford Center". Frisco ISD. August 24, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  29. ^ Hunt, Stephen (May 1, 2021). "Finally Ready for Takeoff". Frisco STYLE. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  30. ^ Fuelling, Robert (September 2, 2021). "Jerrod Heard and Malik Henry lead the Frisco Fighters to IFL semifinals". Spectrum News 1 Texas. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  31. ^ "National Soccer Hall of Fame - Experience | National Soccer Hall of Fame". National Soccer Hall of Fame - Experience | National Soccer Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  32. ^ "MLL Announces Rattlers Relocation to Dallas". uslaxmagazine.com. Archived from the original on December 13, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  33. ^ Caplan, Jeff (February 26, 2010). "Division I adopts 20-team bracket, moves FCS title game to Frisco, Texas". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 28, 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
  34. ^ http://www.fbsa.org/[bare URL]
  35. ^ http://www.friscofootballleague.com/[bare URL]
  36. ^ http://www.flagfootball4fun.com[bare URL]
  37. ^ "Frisco Athletic Center". Archived from the original on February 7, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
  38. ^ Official website. "Frisco Athletic Center (FAC)". friscotexas.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2020.
  39. ^ Henvey, Audrey (August 3, 2022). "Wes Pierson begins his role as Frisco's second-ever City Manager". Star Local. Retrieved August 5, 2022.
  40. ^ "Frisco ISD District Overview - Facts & Figures". www.friscoisd.org. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  41. ^ "Early Childhood School". schools.friscoisd.org. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  42. ^ "FISD Online :: Career and Technical Education". Archived from the original on November 22, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  43. ^ Sec. 130.175. COLLIN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.
  44. ^ "Death Metal Legend King Diamond Lives in Frisco". November 4, 2014. Archived from the original on August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2019.

External linksEdit