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NCAA Division I Football Championship

The NCAA Division I Football Championship is an annual post-season college football game, played since 2006, used to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS). From 1978 to 2005, the game was known as the NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship.

NCAA Division I
Football Championship
NCAA Division I FCS logo.svg
StadiumToyota Stadium (2010–present)
LocationFrisco, Texas (2010–present)
Previous stadiumsFinley Stadium (1997–2009)
Marshall University Stadium (1992–1996)
various (1978–1991)
Previous locationsChattanooga, Tennessee (1997–2009)
Huntington, West Virginia (1992–1996)
various (1978–1991)
Operated2006–present
Preceded byNCAA Division I-AA Football Championship (1978–2005)
2018 season matchup
North Dakota State vs. Eastern Washington
(North Dakota State 38–24)
2019 season matchup
TBD vs. TBD
(January 11, 2020)

The game serves as the final match of an annual postseason bracket tournament between top teams in FCS. Since 2013, 24 teams participate in the tournament, with some teams receiving automatic bids upon winning their conference championship, and other teams determined by a selection committee. The reigning national champions are the North Dakota State Bison, who have won seven championship games in the past eight seasons (2011–2015, 2017–2018).

The FCS is the highest division in college football to hold a playoff tournament sanctioned by the NCAA to determine its champion. The four-team College Football Playoff used by the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) is not sanctioned by the NCAA.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Playoff formatEdit

In the inaugural season of Division I-AA, the 1978 postseason included just four teams; three regional champions (East, West, and South) plus an at-large selection.[1] The field doubled to eight teams in 1981, with champions of five conferences—Big Sky, Mid-Eastern, Ohio Valley, Southwestern, and Yankee—receiving automatic bids.[2] The top four teams were seeded, and then matched against the four remaining teams based on geographical proximity.[3] The tournament was expanded to 12 teams in 1982, with each of the top four seeds receiving a first-round bye and a home game in the quarterfinals.[4] Champions of the Southern and Southland conferences also received automatic bids.[5]

The number of automatic bids has varied over time, due to changes in the number and size of conferences, with an automatic bid typically granted only to champions of conferences with at least six teams.[6] Initially, the tournament was played in December; since the expansion to twelve teams in 1982, earlier rounds have been held in late November.

The playoffs expanded to a 16-team format in 1986, requiring four postseason victories to win the title. Initially, only the top four teams were seeded,[7] with other teams geographically placed in the bracket. From 1995 through 2000, all 16 teams were seeded, independent of geography. In 2001, the number of seeded teams was reduced to four, with the seeded teams assured of home games in early tournament rounds, and other teams once again placed in the bracket to minimize travel.[8] Home team designation in games between unseeded teams is determined based on several factors, including attendance history and revenue potential.[9]

In April 2008, the NCAA announced that the playoff field would expand to 20 teams in 2010, with the Big South and Northeast Conference earning automatic bids for the first time.[10] That bracket structure included seeding of the top five teams. Twelve teams received first-round byes; the remaining eight teams played first-round games, with the four winners advancing to face the top four seeds. The playoffs expanded to 24 teams beginning in 2013, with the champion of the Pioneer Football League receiving an automatic bid for the first time.[11] The number of seeded teams was increased to eight, with the 16 unseeded teams playing in first-round games.

The field is traditionally set the Sunday before Thanksgiving and play begins that weekend.

 
Appalachian State's National Championship trophies for 2005 (I-AA), 2006 (FCS), and 2007 (FCS).
Playoff Format
Season(s) Bracket
size
Seeded
teams
1st round
byes
1978–1980 4
1981 8 4
1982–1985 12 4 4
1986–1994 16 4
1995–2000 16
2001–2009 4
2010–2012 20 5 12
2013–present 24 8 8

Team selectionEdit

At-large selections and seeding within the bracket are determined by the FCS Playoff Selection Committee, which consists of one athletic director from each conference with an automatic bid.[12] As of the 2018 season, there are 10 conferences with automatic bids and the selection committee makes 14 at-large selections.[12] For the 2018 season, the committee was chaired by Dr. Brad Teague of the University of Central Arkansas.[13]

Championship gameEdit

 
The 2015 championship game between North Dakota State and Jacksonville State at Toyota Stadium

The tournament culminates with the national championship game, played between the two remaining teams from the playoff bracket. Unlike earlier round games in each year's playoff, which are played at campus sites, the title game is played at a site predetermined by the NCAA, akin to how the NFL predetermines the site for each Super Bowl. Originally played in December, with the 2010 expansion to a 20-team field, the championship game moved to January, with two or three weeks between the semifinals and final.

The inaugural title game was played in 1978 in Wichita Falls, Texas. The 1979 and 1980 games were held in Orlando, Florida, and Sacramento, California, respectively, and the game returned Wichita Falls for 1981 and 1982. The games played in Wichita Falls were known as the Pioneer Bowl, while the game played in Sacramento was known as the Camellia Bowl—both names were used for various NCAA playoff games played in those locations, and were not specific to the I-AA championship. In 1983 and 1984, the game was played in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1985 and 1986, Tacoma, Washington, hosted the game, which the NCAA branded as the "Diamond Bowl".[14]

The 1987 and 1988 games were played in Pocatello, Idaho; and from 1989 through 1991, in Statesboro, Georgia. The 1992 through 1996 games were held in Huntington, West Virginia; and from 1997 through 2009, the title game was played in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Since 2010, the title game has been played in Frisco, Texas, a suburb north of Dallas, at Toyota Stadium, a multi-purpose stadium primarily used by FC Dallas of Major League Soccer. The stadium was known as Pizza Hut Park until the day after the championship game of the 2011 season, and then as FC Dallas Stadium until September 2013. The original contract with Frisco began in the 2010 season and ran through the 2012 season.[15] The contract has since been extended three times; first through the 2015 season,[16] then through the 2019 season,[17] and most recently through the 2024 season with an option for the 2025 season.[18]

Season(s) Venue Location Tenant NCAA team  Title games by tenant
1978 Memorial Stadium Wichita Falls, Texas none N/A
1979 Orlando Stadium Orlando, Florida UCF Knights (D-III) N/A
1980 Hughes Stadium Sacramento, California none N/A
1981–82 Memorial Stadium Wichita Falls, Texas none N/A
1983–84 Johnson Hagood Stadium Charleston, South Carolina The Citadel Bulldogs none
1985–86 Tacoma Dome Tacoma, Washington none N/A
1987 Minidome  Pocatello, Idaho Idaho State Bengals none
1988 Holt Arena
1989–91 Paulson Stadium Statesboro, Georgia Georgia Southern Eagles 2: 1989, 1990
1992–96 Marshall University Stadium Huntington, West Virginia Marshall Thundering Herd 4: 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996
1997–2009 Finley Stadium Chattanooga, Tennessee Chattanooga Mocs none
2010–11 Pizza Hut Park  Frisco, Texas none N/A
2012 FC Dallas Stadium 
2013–present Toyota Stadium

  at the time games were played
  earlier name of the same venue

There have been six instances where a team whose venue was predetermined to host the final game advanced to play for the championship on their own field. Georgia Southern won both title games they played at Paulson Stadium, while Marshall had a 2–2 record in four title games they played at Marshall University Stadium (now known as Joan C. Edwards Stadium).

Non-participantsEdit

Three FCS conferences usually do not participate in the tournament. The Ivy League, which has been at the FCS level since 1982 and prohibits its members from awarding athletic scholarships in any sport, plays a strict ten-game regular season and does not participate in any postseason football, citing academic concerns.[19][20] The Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) and Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC), two conferences consisting of historically black colleges and universities, opt to play the Celebration Bowl (which was established in 2015) instead of the FCS tournament. MEAC gave up its automatic spot in the tournament prior to the 2015 season, while SWAC (whose regular season extends through the Turkey Day Classic and Bayou Classic at the end of November and holds its own championship game in December) has not sent a team to the tournament since 1997.[21] Teams from the MEAC and SWAC may accept at-large bids, so long as they aren't committed to other postseason games that would conflict with the tournament. The most recent team from the MEAC to accept a bid were the 2016 North Carolina A&T Aggies, while the most recent SWAC team to participate in the tournament were the Jackson State Tigers in 1997.

Historically, conferences in FCS that did not offer athletic scholarships were not granted automatic bids into the tournament and, although in theory were eligible for at-large bids, never received any. The last non-scholarship conference in the subdivision, the Pioneer Football League, now receives a tournament bid, which was initiated with the 2013 postseason.

FCS conferencesEdit

Conference Nickname Founded Football members Sports Headquarters
Big Sky Conference Big Sky 1963 12 16 Ogden, Utah
Big South Conference Big South 1983 10 19 Charlotte, North Carolina
Colonial Athletic Association CAA 1979 10 21 Richmond, Virginia
Ivy League % 1954 8 33 Princeton, New Jersey
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference   MEAC 1970 13 16 Norfolk, Virginia
Missouri Valley Football Conference MVFC 1982 10 1 St. Louis, Missouri
Northeast Conference NEC 1981 10 22 Somerset, New Jersey
Ohio Valley Conference OVC 1948 12 18 Brentwood, Tennessee
Patriot League 1986 10 24 Center Valley, Pennsylvania
Pioneer Football League PFL 1991 11 1 St. Louis, Missouri
Southern Conference SoCon 1921 10 20 Spartanburg, South Carolina
Southland Conference 1963 11 17 Frisco, Texas
Southwestern Athletic Conference   SWAC 1920 10 18 Birmingham, Alabama

% The Ivy League abstains from the championship tournament and all postseason play.

  The MEAC champion, since 2015, forgoes its automatic bid to allow its champion to participate in the Celebration Bowl. Non-champions are eligible for at-large bids (an example being the 2016 North Carolina A&T Aggies football team).

  The SWAC abstains from the championship tournament to allow for a longer regular season, a conference championship game, and participation in the Celebration Bowl against the MEAC champion since 2015.

ChampionsEdit

For each season since the inaugural year of Division I-AA play, 1978, the following table lists the date of each title game and the champion.[22] The score and runner-up are also noted, along with the host city, game attendance, and head coach of the championship team.

Season Date (notes) Champion Score Runner-up Location Attendance Winning
head coach
1978 December 16, 1978  Florida A&M 35–28 UMass Wichita Falls, TX 13,604 Rudy Hubbard
1979 December 15, 1979 Eastern Kentucky 30–7 Lehigh Orlando, FL 5,200 Roy Kidd
1980 December 20, 1980 Boise State 31–29 Eastern Kentucky Sacramento, CA 8,157 Jim Criner
1981 December 19, 1981 Idaho State 34–23 Eastern Kentucky Wichita Falls, TX 11,002 Dave Kragthorpe
1982 December 18, 1982 Eastern Kentucky (2) 17–14 Delaware Wichita Falls, TX 11,257 Roy Kidd (2)
1983 December 17, 1983 Southern Illinois 43–7 Western Carolina Charleston, SC 15,950 Rey Dempsey
1984 December 15, 1984 Montana State 19–6 Louisiana Tech Charleston, SC 9,125 Dave Arnold
1985 December 21, 1985 Georgia Southern 44–42 Furman Tacoma, WA 5,306 Erk Russell
1986 December 19, 1986 Georgia Southern (2) 48–21 Arkansas State Tacoma, WA 4,419 Erk Russell (2)
1987 December 19, 1987 Northeast Louisiana 43–42 Marshall Pocatello, ID 11,513 Pat Collins
1988 December 17, 1988 Furman 17–12 Georgia Southern Pocatello, ID 9,714 Jimmy Satterfield
1989 December 16, 1989 Georgia Southern (3) 37–34 Stephen F. Austin Statesboro, GA 25,725 Erk Russell (3)
1990 December 15, 1990 Georgia Southern (4) 36–13 Nevada Statesboro, GA 23,204 Tim Stowers
1991 December 21, 1991 Youngstown State 25–17 Marshall Statesboro, GA 12,667 Jim Tressel
1992 December 19, 1992 Marshall 31–28 Youngstown State Huntington, WV 31,304 Jim Donnan
1993 December 18, 1993 Youngstown State (2) 17–5 Marshall Huntington, WV 29,218 Jim Tressel (2)
1994 December 17, 1994 Youngstown State (3) 28–14 Boise State Huntington, WV 27,674 Jim Tressel (3)
1995 December 16, 1995 Montana 22–20 Marshall Huntington, WV 32,106 Don Read
1996 December 21, 1996 Marshall (2) 49–29 Montana Huntington, WV 30,052 Bob Pruett
1997 December 20, 1997 Youngstown State (4) 10–9 McNeese State Chattanooga, TN 14,771 Jim Tressel (4)
1998 December 19, 1998 UMass 55–43 Georgia Southern Chattanooga, TN 17,501 Mark Whipple
1999 December 18, 1999 Georgia Southern (5) 59–24 Youngstown State Chattanooga, TN 20,052 Paul Johnson
2000 December 16, 2000 Georgia Southern (6) 27–25 Montana Chattanooga, TN 17,156 Paul Johnson (2)
2001 December 21, 2001 Montana (2) 13–6 Furman Chattanooga, TN 12,698 Joe Glenn
2002 December 20, 2002 Western Kentucky 34–14 McNeese State Chattanooga, TN 12,360 Jack Harbaugh
2003 December 19, 2003 Delaware 40–0 Colgate Chattanooga, TN 14,281 K. C. Keeler
2004 December 17, 2004 James Madison 31–21 Montana Chattanooga, TN 16,771 Mickey Matthews
2005 December 16, 2005 Appalachian State 21–16 Northern Iowa Chattanooga, TN 20,236 Jerry Moore
2006 December 15, 2006 Appalachian State (2) 28–17 UMass Chattanooga, TN 22,808 Jerry Moore (2)
2007 December 14, 2007 Appalachian State (3) 49–21 Delaware Chattanooga, TN 23,010 Jerry Moore (3)
2008 December 19, 2008 Richmond 24–7 Montana Chattanooga, TN 17,823 Mike London
2009 December 18, 2009 Villanova 23–21 Montana Chattanooga, TN 14,328 Andy Talley
2010 January 7, 2011 Eastern Washington 20–19 Delaware Frisco, TX 13,027 Beau Baldwin
2011 January 7, 2012 North Dakota State 17–6 Sam Houston State Frisco, TX 20,586 Craig Bohl
2012 January 5, 2013 North Dakota State (2) 39–13 Sam Houston State Frisco, TX 21,411 Craig Bohl (2)
2013 January 4, 2014 North Dakota State (3) 35–7 Towson Frisco, TX 19,802 Craig Bohl (3)
2014 January 10, 2015 North Dakota State (4) 29–27 Illinois State Frisco, TX 20,918 Chris Klieman
2015 January 9, 2016 North Dakota State (5) 37–10 Jacksonville State Frisco, TX 21,836 Chris Klieman (2)
2016 January 7, 2017 James Madison (2) 28–14 Youngstown State Frisco, TX 14,423 Mike Houston
2017 January 6, 2018 North Dakota State (6) 17–13 James Madison Frisco, TX 19,090 Chris Klieman (3)
2018 January 5, 2019 North Dakota State (7) 38–24 Eastern Washington Frisco, TX 17,802 Chris Klieman (4)
2019 January 11, 2020       Frisco, TX    

Note: 1987 champion Northeast Louisiana has been known as the University of Louisiana at Monroe (Louisiana–Monroe) since 1999.

MVPsEdit

 
Bo Levi Mitchell was MVP of the championship game for the 2010 season.

Since 2009, a Most Outstanding Player has been named for each championship game.[23]

Season Player Team Position
2009 Matt Szczur Villanova WR
2010 Bo Levi Mitchell Eastern Washington QB
2011 Travis Beck North Dakota State LB
2012 Brock Jensen North Dakota State QB
2013 Brock Jensen North Dakota State QB
2014 Carson Wentz North Dakota State QB
2015 Carson Wentz North Dakota State QB
2016 Bryan Schor James Madison QB
2017 Easton Stick North Dakota State QB
2018 Darrius Shepherd North Dakota State WR

Note: starting with the 2010 season, the championship game is played in January of the next calendar year.

Most appearancesEdit

The following table summarizes appearances in the championship game, by team, since the 1978 season, the first year of Division I-AA (the predecessor of FCS). Updated through completion of the 2018 season (41 championship games, 82 total appearances).

Team Record Appearances by season
Games W L Win pct. Won Lost
Georgia Southern^
8
6 2 .750 1985, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1999, 2000 1988, 1998
North Dakota State
7
7 0 1.000 2011*, 2012*, 2013*, 2014*, 2015*, 2017*, 2018*
Youngstown State
7
4 3 .571 1991, 1993, 1994, 1997 1992, 1999, 2016*
Montana
7
2 5 .286 1995, 2001 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2009
Marshall^
6
2 4 .333 1992, 1996 1987, 1991, 1993, 1995
Eastern Kentucky
4
2 2 .500 1979, 1982 1980, 1981
Delaware
4
1 3 .250 2003 1982, 2007, 2010*
Appalachian State^
3
3 0 1.000 2005, 2006, 2007
James Madison
3
2 1 .667 2004, 2016* 2017*
Furman
3
1 2 .333 1988 1985, 2001
UMass^
3
1 2 .333 1998 1978, 2006
Boise State^
2
1 1 .500 1980 1994
Eastern Washington
2
1 1 .500 2010* 2018*
McNeese State
2
0 2 .000 1997, 2002
Sam Houston State
2
0 2 .000 2011*, 2012*
Florida A&M
1
1 0 1.000 1978
Idaho State
1
1 0 1.000 1981
Northeast Louisiana^
1
1 0 1.000 1987
Montana State
1
1 0 1.000 1984
Richmond
1
1 0 1.000 2008
Southern Illinois
1
1 0 1.000 1983
Villanova
1
1 0 1.000 2009
Western Kentucky^
1
1 0 1.000 2002
Arkansas State^
1
0 1 .000 1986
Colgate
1
0 1 .000 2003
Illinois State
1
0 1 .000 2014*
Jacksonville State
1
0 1 .000 2015*
Lehigh
1
0 1 .000 1979
Louisiana Tech^
1
0 1 .000 1984
Nevada^
1
0 1 .000 1990
Northern Iowa
1
0 1 .000 2005
Stephen F. Austin
1
0 1 .000 1989
Towson
1
0 1 .000 2013*
Western Carolina
1
0 1 .000 1983
* Denotes championship games played in January of the following calendar year
^ Team is now a member of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).
Map

The below map shows the locations of teams that have won the championship; the color of the dot indicates the number of titles.

 
 
Georgia Southern
 
North
Dakota
State
 
Youngstown State
 
Appalachian State
 
Montana
 
Marshall
 
EKU
 
JMU
 

Delaware
 
Furman
 
UMass
 
Boise
State
 
Eastern Washington
 
Florida A&M
 
Idaho
State
 
Northeast
Louisiana
 
Montana State
 
Richmond
 
Southern Illinois
 
Villanova
 
WKU
Schools with FCS championships
  – 7 championships,   – 6 championships,   – 4 championships
  – 3 championships,   – 2 championships,   – 1 championship
Italics indicate schools that have since moved to FBS

Appearances by conferenceEdit

The following table summarizes appearances in the championship game, by conference, since the 1978 season, the first year of Division I-AA (the predecessor of FCS). Updated through completion of the 2018 season (41 championship games, 82 total appearances). Records reflect conference affiliations at the time each game was played.

Conference Record Appearances by season
Games W L Win pct. Won Lost
SoCon 16 8 8 .500 1988, 1992, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2007 1983, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2001
Big Sky 14 6 8 .429 1980, 1981, 1984, 1995, 2001, 2010* 1990, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2018*
MVFC 13 9 4 .692 1997, 2002, 2011*, 2012*, 2013*, 2014*, 2015*, 2017*, 2018* 1999, 2005, 2014*, 2016*
Independent 11 7 4 .636 1985, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994 1979, 1982, 1988, 1992
Southland 8 1 7 .125 1987 1984, 1986, 1989, 1997, 2002, 2011*, 2012*
CAA 7 3 4 .429 2008, 2009, 2016* 2007, 2010*, 2013*, 2017*
OVC 5 2 3 .400 1979, 1982 1980, 1981, 2015*
A-10 4 3 1 .750 1998, 2003, 2004 2006
MVC 1 1 0 1.000 1983  
SIAC 1 1 0 1.000 1978  
Patriot League 1 0 1 .000   2003
Yankee 1 0 1 .000   1978
  • Games marked with an asterisk (*) were played in January of the following calendar year.
  • The Missouri Valley Conference (MVC) and Missouri Valley Football Conference (MVFC) are historically related but independently operating entities. MVFC was known as the Gateway Football Conference until June 2008.
  • The only time two teams from the same conference have met in the championship game was the 2014 contest between MVFC teams.

Game recordsEdit

  Record Team Opponent Year
Most points scored (one team) 59 Georgia Southern Youngstown State 1999
Most points scored (losing team) 43 Georgia Southern UMass 1998
Most points scored (both teams) 98 UMass (55) Georgia Southern (43) 1998
Fewest points allowed 0 Delaware Colgate 2003
Largest margin of victory 40 Delaware (40) Colgate (0) 2003
Attendance 32,106 Montana vs. Marshall 1995

Media coverageEdit

The game has been televised on an ESPN network since 1995.

Season(s) Television
1978–1981 ABC Sports
1982 CBS Sports
1983 ABC Sports
1984 Satellite Program Network
1985–1989 ESPN
1990–1994 CBS Sports
1995–2001 ESPN
2002–present ESPN2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Television Debut May Ignite FAMU". The Palm Beach Post. AP. November 18, 1978. p. 49. Retrieved January 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Recommends expansion for I-AA playoffs". The Des Moines Register. AP. April 10, 1982. p. 8. Retrieved January 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  3. ^ Sutton, Stan (November 29, 1981). "Delaware will be Eastern's playoff foe". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Kentucky. p. C9. Retrieved February 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  4. ^ "Blue Hens Get Berth; Earn Opening Bye". The Daily Times. Salisbury, Maryland. AP. November 22, 1982. p. 10. Retrieved February 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  5. ^ Sutton, Stan (September 9, 1982). "Will I-AA numbers hamper Eastern's playoff bid?". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Kentucky. p. 11. Retrieved January 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "SWAC loses automatic bid". The Times. Shreveport, Louisiana. October 28, 1983. p. 6. Retrieved January 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "I-AA playoffs". Daily Press. Newport News, Virginia. November 24, 1986. p. C5. Retrieved February 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  8. ^ Kasper, Jon (November 12, 2001). "NCAA changes format for playoff pairings". Missoulian. Missoula, Montana. p. D1. Retrieved February 2, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Kasper, Jon (November 12, 2001). "NCAA changes format for playoff pairings (cont'd)". Missoulian. Missoula, Montana. p. D6. Retrieved February 2, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  10. ^ Graham, Tony (April 26, 2008). "NEC granted access to playoffs". Asbury Park Press. Asbury Park, New Jersey. p. 28. Retrieved January 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  11. ^ Moorman, Chris (August 4, 2013). "Flyers set sights on playoff prize". Dayton Daily News. Dayton, Ohio. p. 37. Retrieved January 6, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  12. ^ a b Barnett, Zach (November 15, 2018). "With one week to go, here's your FCS playoff primer". footballscoop.com. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  13. ^ "Dr. Brad Teague - Staff Directory". ucasports.com. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  14. ^ "I-AA championship moved to Tacoma". Billings Gazette. Billings, Montana. AP. January 5, 1985. p. 2-C. Retrieved May 1, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  15. ^ Caplan, Jeff (2010-02-26). "20 teams to compete for FCS crown". ESPNDallas.com. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
  16. ^ "NCAA inks three-year extension to keep FCS title game in Frisco, Texas" (Press release). NCAA. December 19, 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-02-20. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  17. ^ "NCAA keeping FCS title game in Frisco through at least 2020". USA Today. Associated Press. January 8, 2016. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  18. ^ "FCS Championship Will Stay in Frisco Through 2025 With Option for 2026" (Press release). Southland Conference. January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  19. ^ Torre, Pablo (2007-11-29). "No playoffs for you!". SI. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  20. ^ David Burrick (2003-09-18). "Ivy League not likely to see I-AA playoffs". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved 2009-06-27.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ Craig T. Greenlee (2000-01-06). "Not Exactly for THE SPORT OF IT". Black Issues in Higher Education. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  22. ^ "FCS Football Championship History". NCAA.com. January 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  23. ^ "Outstanding players of FCS championship game". ESPN. AP. January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.

External linksEdit