North Texas Mean Green football
The North Texas Mean Green football program is the intercollegiate team that represents the University of North Texas in the sport of American football. The Mean Green compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the West Division of Conference USA (CUSA). They are coached by Seth Littrell, who has served in that position since 2016. North Texas has produced 24 conference championship titles, with eight postseason bowl appearances and four appearances in the former I-AA (now Football Championship Series) Playoffs. The Mean Green play their home games at the Apogee Stadium which has a seating capacity of 30,850.
|North Texas Mean Green football|
|Head coach||Seth Littrell|
3rd season, 23–17 (.575)
|Field surface||Field Turf|
|All-time record||507–502–33 (.502)|
|Bowl record||2–8 (.200)|
|Consensus All-Americans||Mean Joe Greene|
|Colors||Green and White|
|Fight song||UNT Fight Song|
|Marching band||Green Brigade Marching Band|
Before even becoming a fully-fledged state-recognized institution, the University of North Texas (then known as North Texas State Normal College) fielded its first football team in 1913. Under the direction of Professor J. W. Pender, the band of teachers-in-training played one game against TCU, a 13–0 loss at Eagle Field (located on the current site of Willis Library).
The next year saw North Texas assemble its first full schedule, with three home and three away games, against schools such as TCU and Sam Houston State. The Eagles picked up their first win in school history on the road against now-defunct Burleson College, a 25–0 shutout. They'd pick up their first home win a week later, beating the University of Dallas 13–2.
After Pender left the university in 1915, basketball coach James W. St. Clair took over the football program, coaching both teams and leading North Texas to a 20–11–2 record in his five years. St. Clair's final season saw the Eagles pick up their first win over a future major college program, beating TCU 14–6 in Fort Worth to open the 1919 campaign.
As the university itself worked its way towards full recognition by the Texas State Legislature in 1921, the school began making moves to improve its young football program. The university hired Theron J. Fouts in 1920, and joined the Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association in 1922. The jump in prestige allowed the school to schedule games against some of the conferences former members, including SMU and Baylor, who had moved from the TIAA to the Southwest Conference just a few years prior. The Eagles' first year in the TIAA saw them open up the season with a 55-0 loss to Baylor in Denton, also marked the first game in the history of the Safeway Bowl with rival SMU, with North Texas falling to the Mustangs 66–0.
The next few seasons saw average performances on the field. In 1929, the university hired Jack Sisco to coach the program. Sisco lead the team through some of its first years as a consistently-winning college football unit. The program won its first conference title in 1931 as members of the TIAA. In 1932, North Texas became a charter member of the new Lone Star Conference, compiling an 8–1–1 record, winning eight straight games after a 0–1–1 start, six of them via a shutout while allowing just 12 points against in that span. Sisco's tenure continued with conference championships in 1935, 1936, and a three-peat from 1939–-1941. Sisco was replaced by Lloyd Russell in 1942, who would only spend one season at the helm before the school temporarily disbanded its football program from 1943–1945 as many students went off to fight in World War II.
Odus Mitchell era (1946–1966)Edit
The revival of the program after the war turned out to be one of the most successful stretches in school history. North Texas hired Odus Mitchell from Houston-area Marshall High School to lead the team. In his first season, the Eagles went 7–3–1, winning the Lone Star Conference Championship and earning a bid to the team's first ever bowl game and victory, a 14–13 win over Pacific in the 1946 Optimist Bowl. The year was the first of seven consecutive winning seasons, which remains a school record. In his 21 years as head coach, Mitchell compiled 122 wins, and 10 conference titles, all of which still stand as school records for a single coach. Mitchell also coached North Texas to their first AP Ranking in school history (#16 during the 1959 season). He also oversaw the transition from Eagle Field to Fouts Field in 1952 (North Texas won its first game 55-0 at the new stadium over North Dakota).
Road to integration of college football in TexasEdit
As the Civil Rights Movement began its early years in the Jim Crow-era south, Mitchell instituted a new policy allowing "any African American students who showed interest in the football team to be given a fair chance." Incoming students Abner Haynes and Leon King both decided to try out for the freshman team (NCAA policy at the time prohibited freshmen from playing at the varsity level). After impressing Mitchell, he extended both a partial scholarship offer to play freshman football.
However, the rest of the Texas football landscape wasn't as accommodating. Haynes and King made their freshmen debuts on the road against Navarro College in 1956, where Navarro players repeatedly spat on and kicked the two players throughout the contest, with minimal calls from the officials. The abuse escalated to the Navarro College fans, who tried to confront both players after the game concluded. Mitchell's staff and the rest of the team were forced to form a human shield around Haynes and King as they slowly made their way to the team bus to take them back to Denton, an event that ended up uniting the team for the rest of the season.
While Haynes and King's experiences in Denton were much better (though they still were forced to live and eat off campus their freshman and sophomore seasons due to North Texas segregation policies at the time), other road trips were often similar to the experience at Navarro College. Restaurants and hotels in different cities often refused to serve the two players, but in response, the rest of the Eagles voted to refuse to eat or lodge at businesses that wouldn't accommodate the entire roster.
After having successful seasons in 1956 on the freshman roster, Mitchell promoted both players to the varsity squad for the 1957 season, making North Texas the first major college football team in Texas to have African-American players on their roster. While King's career in football ended after his time in Denton, Haynes went on to become one of the greatest players in the history of the program. As of 2019, he remains in the school's Top 10 career rushing yards list, and went on to be drafted by both the Dallas Texans of the American Football League and the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (he opted to sign with the Texans after two Pittsburgh officials sent to Denton made an extended stop at a Fry Street bar before heading to his house completely inebriated). His eight year pro career ended on top, as he won Super Bowl III as a member of the New York Jets before retiring.
Final seasons, Joe Greene, and the "Mean Green"Edit
In the summer of 1965, Mitchell offered a scholarship to defensive lineman Joe Greene of all-black Dunbar High School in Temple, Texas. In 1966, Mitchell's final season, North Texas State went 8-2-0 to win the Missouri Valley Conference championship, and Mitchell was named National Coach of the Year. The defense, anchored by the sophomore Greene, finished second nationally against the rush after allowing an average of less than two yards per carry. Their ferocity against the ground game led fans to nickname them the "Mean Green," and while the school's official mascot remained "Eagles" well into the 1990's, the "Mean Green" name was an instant success and predominantly appeared in most programs, media, and memorabilia by the end of the 1960's.
Hayden Fry era (1973–1978)Edit
After Mitchell left in early 1967, North Texas had just one conference title and three winning seasons over the next six years. In 1973, the Mean Green hired future Hall of Fame coach Hayden Fry, who had been controversially fired by rival SMU the previous season after leading the Mustangs one game shy of a Southwest Conference title. Fry's Mean Green unit won the Missouri Valley Conference in his first year despite putting up a 5–5–1 season. After a lackluster 2-7-2 finish in 1974, Fry, dissatisfied with the lack of support from students, alumni, and fans, began putting together a plan with university officials to move the program to the Southwest Conference. At the time, the SWC was one of the most prominent football conferences in college football, and besides Arkansas, all of its schools were based in Texas, with fellow metroplex schools TCU and SMU making up two of them. Fry felt distancing the program from a lower-tier conference was a good first step, so the team became a Division I-A Independent before the start of the 1975 season. His plan also included moving some home games into a more prominent venue than tiny Fouts Field could hold, so Fry began scheduling two home games per year at Texas Stadium in nearby Irving, already the home of the NFL's Dallas Cowboys and metroplex rival SMU. Fry also gave the school a complete visual makeover, adding lime green to the color scheme and introducing the infamous "flying worm" logo that became a staple of the university for years to come.
Fry's new-look Mean Green went 7-4-0 in 1974 and 1975, albeit with losses coming against games against Southwest Conference and Southeast Conference opponents. The 1975 season saw a 28-0 drubbing of the SWC's Houston, as well as a close 15-12 road loss to SEC's Mississippi State.
The 1976 season saw marked signs of improvement, with the Mean Green falling in close contests to all their major conference opponents (a 7-0 loss to Mississippi State was later forfeited to North Texas after it was revealed the Bulldogs used ineligible players). The Mean Green lost 17–14 against #19 Texas, 38-31 against SMU, 16-10 to the Big Eight Conference's Oklahoma State in Stillwater, and a memorable close 21-20 loss to Florida State in a rare Denton blizzard at Fouts Field.
1977 proved to be the high mark in the history of North Texas football. The Mean Green finished the season 10-1-0 while rolling off a seven-game winning streak, their only loss coming to #20 Florida State on the road late in the season. The program made the AP Rankings for the second time in school history, reaching the #16 spot prior to their loss to the Seminoles. Despite the double-digit wins, North Texas was passed over by every bowl committee. The most notable pass came from the officials of the Independence Bowl, who invited 8-1-2 Louisiana Tech just one week after the Mean Green pummeled them 41-14 at Joe Aillet Stadium in Ruston, Louisiana.
North Texas would see success again in 1978, finishing 9-2-0 with their only losses coming to Mississippi State and #12 Texas, despite hanging with both teams for the better half of three quarters. During the season, reports of sponsors in the state legislature to move the Mean Green to the Southwest Conference never materialized. Though they ended the season on a four-game win streak, Fry's team was once again left without a bowl invitation. With the escalating costs associated with North Texas' SWC bid, along with still-poor attendance and what he felt was a deliberate effort by the NCAA and SMU to keep a lesser-known school like North Texas out of the postseason (the Mustangs were reportedly adamant to the NCAA that North Texas could not play any potential SWC games at Texas Stadium, which Fry had intended to do), Fry began shopping around offers from other programs. The door on the Fry era was essentially slammed shut on December 7th, 1978 when the Southwest Conference announced it would not offer North Texas a bid to join the conference. Three days later, Fry accepted the head coaching job at the University of Iowa.
Demotion to Division I-AA (FCS), rebound to FBS, and presentEdit
The mounting debt left over from Fry's tenure reach a point where the NCAA ruled the program could not financially compete at the Division I-A level and the team was subsequently demoted to Division I-AA status. In 1982, the university recognized that the athletics program had a deficit of $1.6 million and voted to join the Southland Conference. The program experienced little success in subsequent years, but in 1995, a coordinated campaign by donors to purchase large blocks of seats at Fouts Field spiked the average attendance enough for the school to enter Division I-A once again in 1995.
After the school joined the Sun Belt Conference in 2001, Darrell Dickey briefly revived fortunes in Denton, winning four straight conference championships. The Mean Green played in the 2001 New Orleans Bowl despite a regular-season finish at 5–6 after winning the Sun Belt title with a 5–1 conference record. After going 2–9 and 3–9 in his eighth and ninth seasons, the athletic department fired Dickey on November 8, 2006.
The school then hired Todd Dodge, who had been offensive coordinator at UNT from 1991 to 1992, on December 12, 2006. Dodge had been one of the nation's most successful high school football coaches, amassing a 98–11 record overall at Carroll High School in Southlake, Texas, including a 79-1 record over his last five years. His teams at UNT struggled to win, however, compiling a 6–37 record overall and a 3–23 record in conference play. After a 1–6 start to the 2010 season, the school fired Dodge. He was replaced by offensive coordinator Mike Canales as interim head coach. In 2011, the university hired Dan McCarney as head coach. McCarney was the head coach at Iowa State from 1995 through 2006; he then served as defensive line coach for both the University of South Florida and the University of Florida just prior to his hiring at North Texas.
On May 4, 2012, the school held a press conference announcing that it had accepted an invitation to join Conference USA beginning with the 2013–2014 season. Florida International University, Louisiana Tech University, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and the University of Texas at San Antonio began play in Conference USA in 2013 as well,[needs update] bringing the conference to 13 members. The Mean Green finished 9-4 in their first season in Conference USA. They competed in the 2014 Heart of Dallas Bowl against the UNLV Rebels in which they won, 36–14. It was their first bowl game since 2004 and first win since 2002.
After the Heart of Dallas Bowl victory, the team saw two declining years; finishing 4–8 in 2014, and a 1–11 record in 2015, which included a 66–7 loss to Portland State, the worst loss by an FBS school to an FCS program in NCAA history. After the loss, Dan McCarney was fired. In December of that year, North Texas hired the previous offensive coordinator at the University of North Carolina, Seth Littrell, to take over.
The Mean Green improved by four wins in Littrell's first year at the helm, and despite having a 5-7 record, Academic Progress Rate scores from the previous year allowed the team to compete in the 2016 Heart of Dallas Bowl after there weren't enough 6-6 programs to fill all of the bowl game slots.
2017 and 2018 proved to be two of the best consecutive seasons the program had seen since the Hayden Fry era. In 2017, North Texas finished 9-5, capturing Conference USA's West Division crown. North Texas fell to Florida Atlantic in the 2017 Conference USA Football Championship Game, and went on to lose to Troy in the 2017 New Orleans Bowl. The 2018 team shot off to a 4-0 start before somewhat faltering down the stretch, finishing the season 9-4 after a loss to Utah State in the 2018 New Mexico Bowl.
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North Texas has been a member of eight different conferences, and has had three stints as an independent team.
- Independent (1913–1921)
- Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association (1922–1931)
- Lone Star Conference (1932–1948)
- Gulf Coast Conference (1949–1956)
- Missouri Valley Conference (1957–1974)
- Div. I-A Independent (1975–1982)
- Southland Conference (1983–1994)
- Div. I-A Independent (1995)
- Big West Conference (1996–2000)
- Sun Belt Conference (2001–2012)
- Conference USA (2013–present)
North Texas has won 25 conference champion titles.
|1931||Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association||Jack Sisco||8-3|
|1932||Lone Star Conference||Jack Sisco||8–1–1|
|1935†||Lone Star Conference||Jack Sisco||5–3–1|
|1936||Lone Star Conference||Jack Sisco||6–2–1|
|1939||Lone Star Conference||Jack Sisco||6–1|
|1940||Lone Star Conference||Jack Sisco||6–3|
|1941||Lone Star Conference||Jack Sisco||7–1|
|1946||Lone Star Conference||Odus Mitchell||7–3–1|
|1947||Lone Star Conference||Odus Mitchell||10–2|
|1950†||Gulf Coast Conference||Odus Mitchell||7–2–1|
|1951||Gulf Coast Conference||Odus Mitchell||8–4|
|1952||Gulf Coast Conference||Odus Mitchell||7–3|
|1955†||Gulf Coast Conference||Odus Mitchell||5–4–1|
|1956†||Gulf Coast Conference||Odus Mitchell||7–2–1|
|1958||Missouri Valley Conference||Odus Mitchell||7–2–1|
|1959||Missouri Valley Conference||Odus Mitchell||9–2|
|1966||Missouri Valley Conference||Odus Mitchell||8–2|
|1967||Missouri Valley Conference||Rod Rust||7–1–1|
|1973||Missouri Valley Conference||Hayden Fry||5–5–1|
|1983||Southland Conference||Corky Nelson||8–4|
|1994||Southland Conference||Matt Simon||7–4–1|
|2001†||Sun Belt Conference||Darrell Dickey||5–7|
|2002||Sun Belt Conference||Darrell Dickey||8–5|
|2003||Sun Belt Conference||Darrell Dickey||9–4|
|2004||Sun Belt Conference||Darrell Dickey||7–5|
Joining Conference USA in 2013, brought North Texas to its first conference with divisions. Split up by eastern and western teams, the Mean Green have to compete against the western teams for a spot in the conference championship game. North Texas won its first title in 2017.
|2017||CUSA West||Seth Littrell||Florida Atlantic||L 17–41|
NCAA Division I-AA Playoff appearancesEdit
In its time in Division I-AA (now known as the Football Championship Subdivision), the Mean Green qualified for the playoffs four times, garnering a record of 0–4.
|1987||First Round||Northeast Louisiana||L 9–30|
|1988||First Round||Marshall||L 0–7|
|1994||First Round||Boise State||L 20–24|
North Texas has played in 10 NCAA-sanctioned bowl games with a record of 2–8. North Texas competed in the Optimist Bowl as its first bowl game in 1946 against Pacific. North Texas won the game 14-13, but the contest was part of a fundraiser for homeless youths in Houston, TX put on by Optimist International and was not an NCAA-sanctioned bowl game, therefore it does not count towards the official record.
|1946*||Odus Mitchell||Optimist Bowl||Public School Stadium||Houston, TX||Pacific||W 14-13|
|1947||Odus Mitchell||Salad Bowl||Montgomery Stadium||Phoenix, AZ||Nevada||L 6–13|
|1959||Odus Mitchell||Sun Bowl||Kidd Field||El Paso, TX||New Mexico State||L 8–28|
|2001||Darrell Dickey||New Orleans Bowl||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans, LA||Colorado State||L 20–45|
|2002||Darrell Dickey||New Orleans Bowl||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans, LA||Cincinnati||W 24–19|
|2003||Darrell Dickey||New Orleans Bowl||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans, LA||Memphis||L 17–27|
|2004||Darrell Dickey||New Orleans Bowl||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans, LA||Southern Miss||L 10–31|
|2013||Dan McCarney||Heart of Dallas Bowl||Cotton Bowl||Dallas, TX||UNLV||W 36–14|
|2016||Seth Littrell||Heart of Dallas Bowl||Cotton Bowl||Dallas, TX||Army||L 31–38|
|2017||Seth Littrell||New Orleans Bowl||Mercedes-Benz Superdome||New Orleans, LA||Troy||L 30–50|
|2018||Seth Littrell||New Mexico Bowl||Dreamstyle Stadium||Albuquerque, NM||Utah State||L 13–52|
Since 2011, the Mean Green have played at Apogee Stadium, formerly named Mean Green Stadium. The stadium seats 30,850. The team boasts a 31–15 record at the stadium and went undefeated there in 2017. The average attendance was 23,353 at the stadium in 2018, the highest at the stadium and in the team's history. The most attended game in Apogee Stadium history was against La Tech on September 29, 2018, with 30,105 people in attendance. It is named after ResNet provider Apogee, who paid for the naming rights. The stadium has never been sold out, but is expandable to 50,000 if ever necessary. The stadium is widely viewed as one of the best smaller college football stadiums. It is part of the Mean Green Village, an athletic complex situated at the intersection of Interstate 35 east and west. The stadium is recognizable by its trademark eagle wing in the endzone, facing the freeway. It is the first stadium to be LEED certified, powered by three electric windmills.
From 1952 to 2010, the team played its home games at Fouts Field. The first game was a 55–0 win over the North Dakota Fighting Sioux in 1952. The final Mean Green game was a 49-41 loss to the Kansas State Wildcats in 2010. The Mean Green posted a final record at Fouts Field of 155–100–7. From 1971 through 2001, the Mean Green played 21 home games at Texas Stadium in Irving, Texas, 32 miles away from the university's campus in Denton. The team posted a 9–12 record while playing selected home games in Irving. Only one season, 1972, saw the Mean Green play more games at Texas Stadium (4) than on their home field (1) in Denton. Fouts Field was in notoriously poor condition for FBS football in its final years; most notably, one of the power outlets in the press box would cause the entire venue to lose power if used.
From the team's inception in 1913 until the opening of Fouts Field in 1952, North Texas played all its home games at tiny Eagle Field, a venue that seated less than 10,000 spectators on largely wooden bleachers. The bleachers sat just off the west sideline of the field (though temporary ones were often erected on the east side for bigger games), while a track wrapped around the length of the playing surface. The location as a whole was part of the larger Recreation Park, where athletic programs for students were held. Eagle Field was located on the current site of Willis Library on UNT's campus, situated slightly to the right of the Hurley Administration Building if facing Highland Street, though the field predated the construction of the building and its clock tower by a few decades. The program's first ever game occurred at Eagle Field, a 13–0 loss to TCU in 1913, while the final game was a 20–14 loss to Houston on December 5, 1951. North Texas accumulated a 92–25–5 record in their 36 seasons at Eagle Field for a winning percentage of .754%, which remains their highest at any of their three home stadiums. All that remains of the venue is the supports for the long-gone bleachers; the stretch of large rocks that are still behind Willis Library were the foundation for the installation of the seats.
The Safeway Bowl, is the North Texas-SMU rivalry. It was first played in 1922 and has been played 38 times. The Safeway name is derived from a challenge from then North Texas head coach Matt Simon issued in 1994 after a two-year break in the series, stating "I'd like to play because I think we could beat them, and my players feel the same way. If they'd like to play on a Safeway parking lot ... just give us a date and time." The rivalry is either played in Dallas or Denton. In total the two squads have met on the gridiron 38 times with SMU holding a 31–6–1 lead in the series through the 2018 season.
- 28 – Abner Haynes (1957–59)
- 33 – Ray Renfro (1949–50)
- 55 – Richard Gill (1968–69)
- 75 – "Mean" Joe Greene (1966–69)
College Football Hall of FamersEdit
Pro Football Hall of FamersEdit
Current NFL playersEdit
- Lance Dunbar, running back, Los Angeles Rams
- Jamize Olawale, running back, Dallas Cowboys
- Craig Robertson, linebacker, New Orleans Saints
- Jeff Wilson, running back, San Francisco 49ers
Former players notable in other fieldsEdit
Future non-conference opponentsEdit
Announced schedules as of June 8, 2019.
|Abilene Christian||Houston Baptist||Northwestern State||SMU||Stephen F. Austin||at South Alabama||at Wisconsin||at Wyoming||Texas Tech||at Baylor||Baylor|
|at SMU||at Texas A&M||at SMU||California||at SMU||SMU||at Army||Army||at Tulane||Tulane|
|at California||SMU||at Missouri||at Memphis||Memphis||at Texas Tech||South Alabama|
|Houston||at Houston||Liberty||Wyoming||at SMU|
North Texas games are broadcast on the radio by the Mean Green Sports Network, part of Learfield IMG College on 88.1 KNTU, 95.3 KHYI, and 1580 KGAF. Former Texas Rangers, Dallas Mavericks, and San Antonio Spurs announcer Dave Barnett does play by play, along with Hank Dickenson on color commentary and Zac Babb as sideline reporter. John Liddle, who also works North Texas women's basketball games, serves as a studio host.
- "UNT Colors". Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Rogers 2002, p. 617.
- Rogers 2002, p. 618.
- "UNLV vs. North Texas - Game Recap - January 1, 2014 - ESPN". ESPN.com.
- "Portland State vs. North Texas - Game Recap - October 10, 2015 - ESPN". ESPN.com.
- "2018 North Texas Football Fact And Records Book" (PDF). North Texas Athletics. pp. 119–124. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
- North Texas Mean Green Football Media Guide. Denton, Texas: University of North Texas. 2010. p. 93.
- Watkins, Calvin (2005-02-08). "SMU, North Texas to Resume Football Series". The Dallas Morning News.
- "North Texas Mean Green Football Future Schedules". FBSchedules.com. Retrieved June 8, 2019.