University of the Pacific (United States)
University of the Pacific (Pacific or UOP) is a private Methodist-affiliated university with its main campus in Stockton, California, and graduate campuses in San Francisco and Sacramento. It is the oldest chartered university in California, the first independent coeducational campus in California, and both the first conservatory of music and first medical school on the West Coast.
|College of the Pacific (1911–1961)|
California Wesleyan College (1851)
|Established||July 10, 1851|
|Endowment||$463.3 million (2019)|
|431 full-time; 461 part-time|
|Campus||Urban, 175 acres (71 ha)|
|Colors||Orange and Black|
|Athletics||NCAA Division I – WCC|
Pacific was first chartered on July 10, 1851, in Santa Clara, California, under the name California Wesleyan College. The school moved to San Jose in 1871 and then to Stockton in 1923. Pacific is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). In addition to its liberal arts college and graduate school, Pacific has schools of business, dentistry, education, engineering, international studies, law, music, pharmacy, and health sciences.
Pacific was founded on July 10, 1851, in Santa Clara. It was originally named California Wesleyan College, but one month later, it petitioned to have its name changed to the University of the Pacific. In 1858, the college opened the first medical school on the West Coast, the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific. The medical school was later affiliated with University College under the name Cooper Medical College, and in 1908 it was taken over by Stanford University and became the Stanford University School of Medicine.
In 1871, the campus was moved to San Jose, to an area that came to be known as the College Park neighborhood, and opened its doors to women, becoming the first independent co-educational campus in California. In 1878, the Conservatory of Music was established at Pacific, making it the first of its kind west of the Mississippi River. In 1896, Napa College merged with the college. In 1911, the name was changed to College of the Pacific (COP).
In 1923, the campus relocated from the Bay Area to the city of Stockton becoming the first private four-year university in the Central Valley;[dubious ]. In 1925, the San Jose campus was sold to Santa Clara College which moved its Santa Clara Prep to the campus and renamed it Bellarmine College Preparatory.
The university expanded into graduate and professional education in the 1950s, establishing the School of Pharmacy in 1955 and the Graduate School in 1956. The School of Engineering was established in 1957. In 1961, the university resumed using the name University of the Pacific.
In 1962, Pacific merged with the San Francisco College of Physicians and Surgeons (established in 1896 in San Francisco), and then in 1966, with the McGeorge School of Law (established in 1924 in Sacramento).
In the late 1960s, when federal law surrounding funding of church-associated universities came into question, Pacific stopped receiving funding from the United Methodist Church, but maintains its affiliation with the church while operating as a non-denominational school. Also in the 1960s, three new colleges were established that were modeled after British universities Oxford and Cambridge, integrating faculty and students into distinct living and learning communities: Raymond College (1962) was introduced as an accelerated, interdisciplinary liberal arts program in which students could shape their courses of study; Elbert Covell College (1963) was a unique inter-American college, with half its students from the U.S. and half from Latin America and classes taught in Spanish; and Callison College (1967) focused on non-western studies, giving students the opportunity to spend a year of their studies in Asia. These independent colleges merged with the rest of the university in 1982.
In 2013, the university received an estate gift of $125 million from Robert and Jeanette Powell. It is the largest gift in the university's history. This gift increased Pacific's endowment to $334 million. That same year, Pacific awarded its highest honor, the Order of Pacific, to the Powells.
In fall 2018, the university announced a planned tuition increase and budget cuts. This was the third consecutive year of such plans. In response to these financial plans and the perceived secrecy with which they had been developed, faculty voted "no confidence" in the university's president Pamela Eibeck and students protested.
In May 2019, the university's Board of Regents approved a new health school, to launch in fall 2020 with four new graduate health care programs. The board also approved merging the Gladys L. Benerd School of Education with University College to form Benerd College, a new school focused on innovative educational programs with flexible pricing and delivery methods, including hybrid and online programs for working adults.
The Stockton Campus, featuring a tower, rose gardens, architectural columns, brick-faced buildings, and numerous trees, has been used in Hollywood films, due to its aesthetic likeness to East Coast Ivy League universities: High Time, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, The Sure Thing, Dead Man on Campus, All the Kings Men, Flubber (film), and Dreamscape, among others. Part of Disney's 1973 film The World's Greatest Athlete was also shot at Pacific.
The Stockton Campus is home to three main residential halls: Grace Covell Hall, Southwest Hall, and the Quad Buildings. The Quads are composed of several separate smaller residence halls in proximity to each other. Grace Covell is the largest residence hall on campus holding more than 350 students. Junior and seniors can find housing in the University Townhouses on the northwest side of campus, McCaffrey Center Apartments located in the center of campus or in the three apartment buildings: Monagan Hall, Chan Family Hall, and Calaveras Hall, which is named after the river that flows through the campus, the Calaveras River. There are also fraternity and sorority houses located on campus.
In 2008, the university opened the Don and Karen DeRosa University Center (DUC), at a cost of $38 million, to centralize all campus student-centered activities. The DUC houses a central dining hall, student cafe, pub, bookstore and conference centers, replacing facilities in the McCaffrey Center. The university also built a new $20 million Biological Sciences Center in 2008 that provides advanced classroom and laboratory facilities for students studying the natural sciences and the health sciences.
The university opened the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Gold-certified John T. Chambers Technology Center, home of the university's School of Engineering and Computer Science, in 2010. Calaveras Hall, a new apartment-style residence hall, opened in 2018. In 2019, the university renovated the William Knox Holt Memorial Library.
Pacific's 13-acre Sacramento Campus houses graduate and professional programs and a degree completion program in the Oak Park neighborhood, south of downtown. It consists of 24 buildings, including academic facilities, four residential facilities, and a fitness center/pool.
The campus includes the McGeorge School of Law, which is the only law school approved by the American Bar Association in Sacramento County. In 2015, Pacific began a transformation of its Sacramento Campus by adding graduate and professional programs. The campus now houses the School of Health Sciences, alongside McGeorge, with programs focused on law, health sciences, organizational leadership, and public policy.
San Francisco CampusEdit
Pacific's San Francisco Campus is located in San Francisco's South of Market neighborhood, containing classrooms, administrative offices, a simulation laboratory and clinics offering dental care to the public through the Dugoni School of Dentistry. The San Francisco Campus also includes graduate programs in analytics, audiology, food studies, and music therapy.
Campus sustainability effortsEdit
The university strives to promote environmental responsibility. Students are given opportunities to take part in sustainability service projects through the M.O.V.E. (Mountains, Ocean, Valley Experience) program. The on-campus dining services participates in the Farm to Fork Program, buying food locally where feasible. In 2009, students from the Residence for Earth and Environmental Living and Learning (a campus residential learning community), the Students for Environmental Action, and the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences designed and implemented the "Tap That" campaign, whose goal was to inform students, faculty and staff about the effects of disposable water bottles on the environment.
The university has been listed in the Sierra Club's list of "Cool Schools, " of universities that value sustainability. The university opened several LEED-certified buildings, including the Don and Karen DeRosa University Center, the John T. Chambers Technology Center, and the Vereschagin Alumni House and has an interactive garden program on its Stockton and Sacramento campuses. In 2019, Pacific was ranked 8th for the sustainability of campus buildings by the Association for Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education.
Pacific is currently installing solar panels over eight parking lots in the Stockton campus, which will provide over 30% of the energy needs of the Stockton campus once completed. The project also involves the installation of 16 electric car ports, in a partnership with Tesla.
As of 2020, the Stockton Campus had 4,692 students (3,505 undergraduates, 577 graduate, 610 first professional students). The University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco had 698 students (19 undergraduates, 186 graduate, 493 first professional students), and the McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento had 873 students (331 graduate, 542 first professional students).
|Black or African American||3.7%||12.7%|
|Asian / Pacific Islander||37%||5.4%|
|Native American||< 1%||0.8%|
Pacific is fully accredited and offers more than 80 undergraduate areas of study, including 12 accelerated programs, more than 30 graduate and professional programs in 10 schools and colleges and a continuing education program.
The university's 10 schools and colleges are:
- Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry: San Francisco
- Benerd College: Stockton, Sacramento, and San Francisco.
- College of the Pacific: The university's school of arts and sciences (liberal arts), Stockton
- Conservatory of Music: The first conservatory of music on the west coast, Stockton
- Eberhardt School of Business: Stockton 
- The Graduate School: Stockton, Sacramento and San Francisco
- Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy: Stockton
- McGeorge School of Law: Sacramento
- School of Engineering and Computer Science: Stockton
- School of Health Sciences: Sacramento
|(*SAT out of 1600)|
For fall 2020, Pacific received 14,035 freshmen applications; 9,932 were admitted (71%). The average GPA of enrolled freshmen was 3.84, while the middle 50% range of SAT scores were 550-660 for evidence-based reading and writing, 570-700 for math. The middle 50% range of the ACT Composite score was 23–31.
|U.S. News & World Report||133|
The 2021 U.S. News & World Report ranking of U.S. colleges and universities ranked University of the Pacific's undergraduate program tied at 133rd in the "Top National Universities" category. Also for 2021, USN&WR ranked Pacific 53rd in "Best Value School," tied at 93rd for "Best College for Veterans," and tied at 36th for "Top Performers on Social Mobility".
Pacific had previously competed in the NCAA Division II California Collegiate Athletic Association conference but left in 1950. In 1952, Pacific became a charter member of the California Basketball Association, which soon became the West Coast Athletic Conference (WCAC) and is now the West Coast Conference (WCC). They remained in the WCAC until joining the Pacific Coast Athletic Association, now known as the Big West Conference, in 1969 for football and 1971 for other sports. Pacific dropped football after the 1995 season and returned to the WCC in 2013.
Facilities on the Stockton Campus include the 2,500-seat Klein Family Field for baseball, the 350-seat Bill Simoni Field for softball, the 6,150-seat Alex G. Spanos Center for basketball and volleyball, Knoles Field for soccer, Chris Kjeldsen Pool and Pacific Aquatics Center for swimming and water polo, the Eve Zimmerman Tennis Center, and the Janssen-Lagorio Gymnasium and Performance Center.
University of the Pacific competes in NCAA Division I athletics as the Pacific Tigers in the West Coast Conference. After over 40 years of being in a conference (the PCAA/Big West) in which they were the only private school ever to have been a member, they returned to a league that is now composed exclusively of private, faith-based schools. (BYU is affiliated with the LDS Church, Pepperdine with the Churches of Christ, and the other seven members are Catholic.) The athletics department sponsors 17 sports: baseball, men's and women's basketball, women's cross country, women's track and field, men's golf, men's and women's soccer, women's softball, men's and women's swimming, men's and women's tennis, women's volleyball, women's sand volleyball, and men's and women's water polo. The university's two national championships have come in women's volleyball, a sport in which the school advanced to 24 straight NCAA Tournaments (1981–2004) and appeared in nine Final Fours (2 AIAW, 7 NCAA). In fall 2019, the university hosted the NCAA Men's Water Polo Championships, where Pacific finished as the national runner-up.
On July 1, 2020, Christopher Callahan became the university's 26th president. Callahan, the founding dean of the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication at Arizona State University, was selected after a nationwide search and a unanimous decision by the Board of Regents.
The president is selected by the university's Board of Regents. The board has up to 35 members, many of whom are alumni, and strives to include graduates of all three campuses and professional schools. Former members include former NASA Astronaut José M. Hernández and former San Diego Chargers owner Alex G. Spanos.
Fraternities and sororitiesEdit
About 10% of students are members of a social fraternity or sorority at University of the Pacific, where there are three on-campus social fraternity houses and three on-campus social sorority houses overseen by the university. In addition to the four social fraternities and three social sororities, there are four multicultural organizations. There are also a variety of professional organizations and fraternities.
- Theta Chi—Iota Eta Chapter
- Pi Kappa Alpha—Kappa Nu Chapter
- Sigma Chi—Kappa Sigma Chapter
- Beta Theta Pi—Eta Kappa Chapter
- Omega Delta Phi—Alpha Nu Chapter
- Xi Chi Sigma
- Alpha Chi Sigma—Chemistry: Beta Pi Chapter
- Delta Epsilon Mu—Pre-Health: Tau Chapter
- Delta Sigma Pi—Business: Lambda Mu Chapter
- Kappa Delta Epsilon—Honors Education Fraternity: Delta Eta Chapter
- Kappa Psi—Pharmacy: Gamma Nu Chapter
- Mu Phi Epsilon—Music: Mu Eta Chapter
- Rho Pi Phi—Pharmacy: Lambda Sigma Delta Chapter
- Omega Eta Epsilon—Language: Alpha Chapter
- Phi Delta Chi—Pharmacy: Alpha Psi
- Phi Epsilon Kappa—Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences: Eta Kappa Chapter
- Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia—Music: Beta Pi Chapter
- Sigma Alpha Iota—Music: Eta Omega Chapter
- Sigma Gamma Epsilon—Earth Sciences: Eta Upsilon Chapter
- Theta Tau—Engineering: Lambda Delta Chapter
- Lambda Kappa Sigma—Pharmacy: Alpha Xi
- Arif Alvi, MS 1984, 13th President of Pakistan (2018–present)
- Scott Boras, PharmD 1977, JD 1982, American sports agent specializing in baseball
- Dave Brubeck, BM 1942, jazz pianist and composer
- Connie Callahan, 1974, judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
- Pete Carroll, BS 1973, Super Bowl-winning head coach of the Seattle Seahawks, former head coach of the New York Jets, New England Patriots, and the USC Trojans
- Tom Flores, 1958, NFL Super Bowl-winning coach of the Raiders and player
- José Hernández, 1985, Former NASA Astronaut
- Chris Isaak, BA 1981, American rock musician and occasional actor
- Nemir Kirdar, 1960, founder of Investcorp
- Janet Leigh, 1947, actress, singer, dancer and author
- George Moscone, 1953, California state senator and 37th mayor of San Francisco
- Theodore Olson, BA 1962, attorney and 42nd Solicitor General of the United States (2001-2004)
- Matt de la Peña, BA 1996, Newbery Medal-winning author
- Irene Roberts (mezzo-soprano), 2006, mezzo-soprano with the Deutsche Oper Berlin
- Brad Schumacher, 1997, 2005, Olympian: 1996 swimming, 2-time gold medalist, and 2000 water polo
- Robert D. Sharp, BA, 7th Director of the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency.
- Alex Spanos, owner of the San Diego Chargers, real estate developer
- Robert M. Widney, 1862, American lawyer, judge and one of the founders of the University of Southern California (USC)
- As of June 30, 2019. "U.S. and Canadian 2019 NTSE Participating Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2019 Endowment Market Value, and Percentage Change in Market Value from FY18 to FY19 (Revised)". National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Fast Facts 2019". University of the Pacific Institutional Research.
- "NAICU – Member Directory". Archived from the original on 2015-11-09. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
- "Key Dates in Pacific's History". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on June 15, 2008. Retrieved September 30, 2007.
- WASC Institutions, wascsenior.org/institutions/university-pacific, Retrieved March 30, 2014
- Welcome to the University Library. Library.pacific.edu. Retrieved on 2013–07–17.
- "Pacific's Mission". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- Wilson, John Long (1998). "Stanford University School of Medicine and the Predecessor Schools: An Historical Perspective". Lane Medical Library. Stanford University. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Pioneering Firsts". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "History and Mission". Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "History and Mission". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "In The Beginning". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on May 1, 2007. Retrieved September 30, 2007.
- "General Questions/Is Pacific a religious or church-related university?". University of the Pacific. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- "University of the Pacific receives $125 million gift". University of the Pacific. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
- "Endowment Investments". www.pacific.edu.
- Whitford, Emma (October 25, 2018). "Revolt at U of the Pacific". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- Whitford, Emma (November 6, 2018). "Faculty Vote No Confidence at U of the Pacific". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- "Board of Regents approves new health school and merger of Gladys L. Benerd School of Education". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "Beautiful Campus Environment". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Hollywood at Pacific". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Upper Division, Graduate and Professional Housing Options". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "John T. Chambers Technology Center". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "Calaveras Hall - Our Newest Housing Option". University of the Pacific. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
- "Renovation". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "Morris Chapel". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2007.
- "About McGeorge". University of the Pacific. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "University of the Pacific to launch five new graduate programs in Sacramento". Retrieved 2015-07-03.
- "Pacific announces new Sacramento degrees: Expansion is milestone in region's higher education". Archived from the original on 2015-07-05. Retrieved 2015-07-03.
- "The College Sustainability Report Card". University of the Pacific. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- "Sustainability at Pacific". University of the Pacific. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "We knew it already, but Pacific is a 'Cool School'". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "John T. Chambers Technology Center is Certified LEED Gold". University of the Pacific. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- "The Pacific Garden Program". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- See Demographics of the United States for references.
- "Majors and Programs". University of the Pacific. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
- "Schools and Colleges". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "Eberhardt School of Business". www.pacific.edu.
- "Fast Facts 2018". University of the Pacific Institutional Research.
- "Fast Facts 2017". University of the Pacific Institutional Research.
- "Fast Facts 2016". University of the Pacific Institutional Research.
- "Fast Facts 2015". University of the Pacific Institutional Research.
- "University of the Pacific". U.S. News & World Report. 2020.
- "Common Data Set 2018-2019" (PDF). University of the Pacific.
- "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings 2021". The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
- "2021 Best National University Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
- "2020 National University Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "QS World University Rankings 2022". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
- "University of the Pacific Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- "Christopher Callahan Begins Role as University of the Pacific President". University of the Pacific. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
- "University Fast Facts". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Greek Organizations". University of the Pacific. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- "Iota Gamma Website".